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Sponge

Animals  Spittlebug  Spoonbill
04/17/2014

Sponge
Sponge, a simple, aquatic animal that looks like a plant. The term is also used for the skeleton of certain types of these animals; the skeleton soaks up fluid easily.


Sponges
Sponges grow in the sea.
They are not plants, but animals.
They suck in water and pump it out.
Their body takes food out of the water.
People use dead sponges for washing.

Sponge Comments (4)
Deema
"Wow this website is the best website ever. it helps me a lot with my presentation. thank you website ^_^" ...

Where do sponges live?
Sponges are thought to have evolved around 500 million years ago, and today there are more than 5,000 known species of sponge with another 5,000 species thought to have not yet been discovered.

Sponge
Related Category: Zoology: Invertebrates
common name for members of the aquatic animal phylum Porifera, and for the dried, processed skeletons of certain species used to hold water.

Sponges have several cell types:
* Choanocytes (also known as "collar cells"), flagellated cells which function as the sponge's digestive system, are remarkably similar to the protistan choanoflagellates.

Sponges are filter feeders. They draw water in through the pores located throughout their body wall into a central cavity. The central cavity is lined with collar cells which have a ring of tentacles that surround a flagellum.

Blue Sponge Adocia species
The exact identity of this beautiful, bright blue sponge has not yet been ascertained. It is soft and spongy in texture and grows in irregular branches with a row of large, round osculae running along each branch.

The body of a sponge is supported by a matrix of fibers made of spongin (a structural protein) and an interlocking skeleton of spicules. High powers of healing and regeneration are within this sponge's sphere.

Sponge Communication - Received from Micheal Lee in Torrance, CA.
Q: In school, I have the assignment of putting together a report on how sponges communicate, and I can't seem to find any answers.

Sponges
Despite their plant-like appearance, sponges are primitive animals with bodies like water canal systems. They feed by drawing seawater through the tiny holes in their surface.

Sponges are found in virtually all aquatic habitats, although they are most common and diverse in the marine environment. Many species contain toxic substances, probably to discourage predators.

Sponges are the principal diet of hawksbills once they enter shallow coastal waters and begin feeding on the bottom. While diet studies have focused on the Caribbean, there is evidence that eating sponges is a worldwide feeding habit.

Sponges, algae, bryozoans, zooantharians, gorgonians, and tunicates
INCUBATION:
Species exhibits dioecism. Fertilization is external. Species is open water/substratum egg scatterer. Spawning primarily occurs in late summer.

Spongehead catshark (Apristurus spongiceps) ' more
Panama ghost catshark (Apristurus stenseni) ' more
Preservation ...

Sponges - 1 set for cleaning, one for rinsing, and one for disinfecting.
Cleaning schedule ...

The sponges (Porifera) were long thought to have diverged from other animals early. They lack the complex organization found in most other phyla. Their cells are differentiated, but in most cases not organized into distinct tissues.

Food
sponges, soft corals, sea grasses, molluscs
Breeding
Hawksbills nest on beaches in tropical oceans of the world, often sharing beaches with green turtles. Nests are typically placed under vegetation.

Feeds on sponges, algae, bryozoans, zoantharians, gorgonians, and tunicates.
Life History
Spawning pairs are strongly territorial, with usually both members vigorously defend their areas against neighboring pairs.

Category: Sponges view all from this category
Description Varies from a thin encrusting layer less than 1/8" (3 mm) high and covering a few square inches to 8" (20 cm) wide and 8" (20 cm) high with many fanlike branches. Red to orange.

Primarily sponges, supplemented by algae, tunicates, hydroids, and bryozoans
INCUBATION:
Species exhibits dioecism. Fertilization is external. Species is open water/substratum egg scatterer.

Inexpensive
Sponge cartridges can be rinsed out and reused, cutting down on costs
Carbon cartridges can be rinsed and refilled with carbon of your choice
Suction cups don't detach from the filter so it doesn't float away
Very quiet ...

Carnivore. Sea sponges, coral, and similar sea animals and, although primarily carnivorous, they eat algae and sea grasses.
Predators and Threats
Larger marine animals including octopuses, giant groupers, and some sea anemones.

A Crested Morwong resting against a sponge
A Crested Morwong resting on a sponge
A Crested Oyster Goby caught at Lake Illawarra
A Crested Oyster Goby near Minnamurra River mouth
A Crested Weedfish at Kurnell ...

Juveniles and adults show a wide variety of prey, mostly such as conchs, clams, crabs, horseshoe crabs, shrimps, sea urchins, sponges, fishes, squids, and octopuses.

Leaves are chewed and then wadded to make a sponge to soak up water from rain-filled plants. They form gloves from leaves when climbing prickly surfaces.

We find simple aquarium sponge filters to be the most cost efficient. They also do not cause much turbulence, which is good when dealing with angelfish. One or two large sponge filters will handle most aquariums.

The walls also had a number of moray eels, small triplefins, sponges, tunicates, anemones, and the wonderful Lord Howe Coralfish, a tropical species in the butterflyfish family that reaches the edge of its range in the Poor Knights.

Habits: Adults feed on fish, gastropods, echinoderms (sea urchins), and in particular, sponges. A throat lined with spines aids in digestion of sponges.

An alternative to fruit is to cut a piece of new sponge to fit inside a small animal feeding bowl or custard-size cup.

Use a sponge filter or internal box filter that does not use chemical filtration or Carbon, for these products will remove many types of medications.

Diet: Hawksbills are omnivorous, consuming sea grasses, sea urchins, barnacles, small animals and their favorite food, sponges.

Members of the phylum Porifera, ("pore-bearer") are commonly known as sponges, and approximately 5,000 have been described by scientists. Until the 18 th century, scientists mistook them for plants.

The dolphins break sponges off and cover their snouts with them thus protecting their snouts while foraging.

The males now become greatly emaciated, and cease to gobble, their breast-sponge becoming flat. They then separate from the hens, and one might suppose that they had entirely deserted their neighbourhood.

Encrusting sponges are obvious on the exterior, as are the effects of two boring sponges. Smaller borings are the result of Cliona, whereas Siphonodictyon produces larger holes. Halimeda flakes and worm tubes are also present.

The hawksbill lives the early part of its life in the open ocean but then is more often found around coral reefs and shallow lagoons, where it feeds mostly on sea sponges.

They are carnivores that slowly ply their range grazing on algae, sponges, anemones, corals, barnacles, and even other nudibranchs. To identify prey, they have two highly sensitive tentacles, called rhinophores, located on top of their heads.

Scientists currently think that cnidarians, ctenophores and bilaterians are more closely related to calcareous sponges than these are to other sponges, and that anthozoans are the evolutionary "aunts" or "sisters" of other cnidarians, ...

They feed mainly on sponges by using their narrow pointed beaks to extract them from crevices on the reef, but also eat sea anemones and jellyfish.

Chimps sometimes chew leaves to make them absorbent and then use them as a sponge, dipping them in water and sucking out the moisture.

They create tools from natural objects and have been observed using rocks to smash nutshells, sticks as weapons, and even leaves as sponges. This fascinating behavior, however, is not instinctual, but is culturally acquired through observation.

all except sponges and cnidarians), the middle layer of tissue, between the ectoderm and the endoderm. In vertebrates, for instance, the mesoderm forms the skeleton, muscles, heart, spleen, and many other internal organs.

... wetlands help control flooding by acting like a sponge and absorbing water.
... water is constantly being cycled between the earth and the atmosphere. What Do You Think? Click here to test your marine communities knowledge.
NatureFiles ...

Hobbles, and splinting or taping the legs to a sponge or through holes in a foam traction device have been tried with great success.

These jaws are perfectly adapted for collecting its preferred food, sponges. Although sponges are composed of tiny glasslike needles, this potentially dangerous diet apparently causes the turtle no harm.

Diet in the wild: fish, sponges, small crustaceans, nematode worms, protozoans.
Diet in the zoo: Fish Food and Dried Shrimp
Location in the zoo: James R Record Aquarium ...

Yes but so are Insects, Reptiles, Spiders, Sponges and Slugs. We need to do better than that.
Mammals are warm-blooded. Yes but so are birds, and birds are not mammals either.
So how do we describe a mammal??

Worms, diatoms, dead organic material, algae, small mollusks, sponges, and other shrimp
Predators
Spot shrimp themselves are often the diet of large predator fish such as halibut, Pacific cod, walleye pollock, flounders, and salmon ...

They employ branches to test water depth or poke termite holes, and they utilize leaves as umbrellas, sponges, or napkins.

Delivering RNA With Tiny Sponge-Like Spheres
Quantum Microphone Captures Very Weak Sound
Glow and Be Eaten: Bacteria Lure Plankton, Fish ...

This bony casque surrounding their beak is very light, being composed of a thin outer covering of horn that is filled with a sponge like cellular tissue.

The larvae are maggots that feed on decaying animal or plant material, and the adults have sponge-like mouthparts for sucking up liquids. House flies spread germs which they often carry on their feet.

Tub and Tile Cleaner: Rub in baking soda with a damp sponge and rinsing, or wipe with vinegar first and follow with baking soda as a scouring powder.
Window and Glass Cleaner: ...

It feeds on algae and invertebrates like moss animals, sponges, small worms, echinoderms, mollusks, crabs and carrion. By flipping the large tail fan the European Spiny Lobster can quickly escape backwards in case of danger.

Diet: Barnacles, chitons, snails, urchins, limpets, sponges,
and sea anemones
Habitat: Worldwide in all of earth's oceans ...

Then, cut up a sponge to fit into the cup and keep it filled with water for a nice butterfly bath. Or, you can try using an old aluminum pan lined with a cotton tea towel or paper towels as a butterfly bath.

Diet is variable; juveniles are primarily carnivorous, while adults may specialise in sea grass and algae, bottom-dwelling invertebrates or corals and sponges depending on species.

Between the highly weatherproofed plumage and layer of fat there is a mantle of warmed air that also helps keep them warm. Without all this protection, the penguins would absorb water just like a sponge and quickly sink to the bottom of the sea.

During the breeding season they supplement their fish diet with caddisflies, mayflies, backswimmers, flies, water striders, dragonflies, crane flies, beetles, caterpillars, freshwater sponges, spiders, snails, mussels, and other invertebrates.

See also: See also: Shell, Turtle, Shark, Sea Turtle, Coral

Animals  Spittlebug  Spoonbill
04/17/2014

 
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