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Battering Ram - A large beam of wood capped with a metal tip. Used to knock down castle gates.
Belfry - Or Siege Tower. Tower built of wood which was wheeled up to the castle walls so attackers could storm the castle from the top of the belfry via a wooden bridge onto the castle parapet.


Batter - An inclined face of wall; hence battered.
Batter Boards - Boards erected at the corners of a proposed building to specifically locate and show corners and show foundation wall height.

Batter - A sloping part of a curtain wall. The sharp angle at the base of all walls and towers along their exterior surface; talus.

BATTER - An inclined face of wall; hence battered. The Sutton war memorial is described as a battered square pedestal, not because it has been knocked around, but because it narrows slightly from the base to the top.

Battered (a flared base) wall

Illustration: 40 Tillinghast Pl.
Other example: 42 Tillinghast Pl.

~
An inclined face of wall; hence ~ed
BAYS
Internal compartments of a building; each divided from the other not by solid walls but by divisions only marked in the side walls (columns, pilasters, etc) or the ceiling (beams, etc).

~: where a wall is built intentionally with a sloping face ? the slope is termed ๋the ~ํ.
Bay: a compartment of a building; the space between two pairs of columns or two roof principals.
Bay-window: a bow-window; projecting beyond or from the general surface of the building.

~ — A wall or column with sloping faces or sides making it narrower at the top than at the bottom. [B] ...

~ed: leaning inward.
bay: (1) division of a church between one pier and the next; (2) division of a facade corresponding to one window.
belvedere: a tower or loggia for enjoying the view.

~ed chimney - a brick or masonry chimney with sides that are graduated so that its rectangular shape is wider at the bottom than the top.

~
Slight but regular inward slope of a wall from the base upwards.
Bastle ...

~:
The inclined surface of a wall, most pronounced at the base.
Battlement: ...

~ - To step back or gently slope inward, a wall or embankment. To be smaller at the top than at the bottom.

~
- an inclined face on an external wall surface, most pronounced at the base.

~ - upwardly receding slope of a wall or column.
Bays - internal compartments of a building; each divided from the other by subtle means such as the boundaries implied by divisions marked in the side walls (columns, pilasters, etc) or the ceiling (beams, etc).

~:
der Teig
That part of the outside base of the curtain wall which is sloped at a 45บ angle. It is used to bounce rocks off of into attacking forces.

~ing: See ~.
~y: A work consisting of an epaulment or breastwork which was used to protect a gun or mortar emplacement, when used for guns embrasures were made in the parapet so that the guns could be fired through them.

Ram: ~ing ram
Revet: face with a layer of stone, stone slabs etc., for more strength. Some earth mottes were revetted with stone.
Sapping: undermining, as of a castle wall ...

* Ram - See: ~ing-ram
* Rampart - Defensive stone or earth wall surrounding castle.
* Rath - Low, circular ringwork.
* Ravelin - Outwork with two faces forming a salient angle; like in a star-shaped fort.
* Rear-arch - Arch on the inner side of a wall.

Genouillere
In ~y
porthole
Tuyere
The other bank of the stream was open ground -- a gentle slope topped with a stockade of vertical tree trunks, loopholed for rifles, with a single embrasure through which protruded the muzzle of a brass cannon commanding the bridge.

~ - also known as talus or plinth. A sloping part of a curtain wall. The sharp angle at the base of all walls and towers along their exterior surface; talus. Outward slope of a revetment.
~y - grouping of artillery.
~ed Plinth - lovely jargon.

~: A masonry or concrete wall which slopes backward from the perpendicular. ~ BOARDS: Horizontal boards at exact elevations nailed to posts just outside the corners of a proposed building. Strings are stretched across the boards to locate the outline of the foundation for workers.

turret or other construction that projects out from a wall length or commonly found projecting from the corner junction of two walls, that allows defenders to both see and fire upon the ground in front of the walls Bastle HouseSmall tower house with a living room over a byre ~Sloping ...

~ - An artificial, uniform, steep slope or its inclination, expressed as one horizontal to so many vertical units
~ Peg - A peg driven into the ground to show the limits of an earth slope ...

~: The inward sloping of a wall-face. The stronger inclination at the foot of a wall being called a base-~ or talus.
BATTLEMENTS: A parapet, usually divided into short lengths or merlons by regularly placed openings or embrasures. Also called CRENELLATION ...

Forts thus evolved complex shapes that allowed defensive ~ies of cannons to command interlocking fields of fire. Forward ~ies commanded slopes which defended walls deeper in the complex from direct fire.

With the exception of the western facade, the exterior of the Gothic cathedral, with its towering buttresses and ~ies of winglike fliers, is essentially an exoskeleton designed for the support of the vaults. The west front, on the other hand, was independently composed.

The terrorist attacks on New York City demolished the World Trade Center, yet parts of a spherical sculpture by German artist Fritz Koenig miraculously survived. Koenig's Sphere was salvaged from the ruins and placed in ~y Park near New York Harbor.

When concrete or stucco is applied, it usually has a smooth surface. Other common character defining features include ~ed walls, piers which taper downward towards their base, and solid balcony railings that inclined outward.

See also: See also: What is the meaning of Architecture, House, See, Ground, Tower?

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