The vertical distance between a standard reference point, such as sea level, and the top of an object or point on the Earth, such as a mountain. At 8,850 m (29,028 ft), the summit of Mount Everest is the highest elevation on Earth.
ElevationAny face of a building or side of a room. In a drawing, the same or any part of it, represented in two dimensions.ElidedUsed to describe a compound feature, e.g. an entablature, with some elements omitted or combined.
Elevation - A scale drawing of the upright parts of a structure.
Equity - Broadly, any interest which will receive recognition in a court of equity, whether or not such interest rests on legal ownership; specifically, the interest, usually expressed in money, ...
Elevation -- Any one of the external faces of a building.
Ell -- The rear wing of a house, generally one room wide and running perpendicular to the principal building.
Engaged Column -- A round column attached to the wall.
A vertical wall face of a building.
Episcopal statutes, or laws, concerning the furnishing and maintenance of parish churches provide us with a unique portrait of the interior of a medieval parish church. The earliest statutes date to the early 13th century.
~ A drawing or photograph that shows one face of a building.
ENGAGED or ATTACHED COLUMN A column applied to a wall.
ENTABLATURE A horizontal arrangement of architrave, frieze, and cornice that is supported by columns or found on a wall.
One of the external faces of a building; also, an architect's drawing of a facade, set out to scale.
A splayed opening in a wall that frames an opening.
An orthographic projection of the vertical side of a building
~ : An orthographic view of some vertical feature of a house. (Front, rear, side, interior ~)
entablature : The upper horizontal part of an order, between a capital and the roof; it consists of the architrave, frieze, and cornice.
an architectural diagram showing the exterior (or, less often, interior) surface of a building as if projected onto a vertical plane.
~ - Two-dimensional graphic representation of a building.
Encaustic - Late Victorian flooring tiles, which are patterned by baking in colours to form the surface of the tile and in geometric shapes.
The Greek Revival dwelling is bold in silhouette, broad in proportions, and simplified in details. The paradigm is the monumental two-story temple front with pedimented gable (trimmed by moldings along the base and sloping sides) or flat entablature.
~ An exterior face of a building; also, a drawing thereof.
enframement A general term referring to any elements surrounding a window or door.
English bond A pattern of brickwork with alternate courses of headers and stretchers.
~s for the farmhouse which became the Gothic Revival Cottage, the single most popular home style in Canada until 1950.
~ - a drawing defined as a horizontal orthographic projection of a building on to a vertical plane, the vertical plane normally being parallel to one side of the building; the most common view used to describe the external appearance of a building, ...
Nave ~ of Chartres: nave arcade, triforium, and clerestory. Note how the clerestory windows begin below the springing of the vault.
Flying Buttresses from the north side of Chartres Cathedral.
Detail of the flying buttresses from the north side of Chartres Cathedral.
2 WTC West ~
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Side ~s for Early Gothic was mostly quadripartite ~, with four stories of windows and levels, labeled the nave arcade, gallery, triforium, and clerestory. Ceiling vaulting was sexpartitite, meaning that there were 6 seperate sections in the vault.
FLANK - Side ~ of building.
FLASHING - Building technique used to prevent leakage at a roof joint. Normally metal (lead, zinc, copper) but can be cement, felt or proprietary material.
FLAUNCHING - Contoured cement around the base of chimney pots, to secure the pot and to throw off rain.
~ - Drawing of one aspect of a planned building in the vertical plane.
Embassy - An ambassadors official residence.
Enclosed Staircase - A staircase separated by fire resistant walls from the rest of the buildings.
Other parts of interior ~s: arcade, gallery or tribune, triforium Cloister: Part of a monastery; a quadrangle surrounded by covered passages. It connects the domestic parts of the monastery with the church. Usually located on the south side of the church.
BATTER BOARDS: Horizontal boards at exact ~s nailed to posts just outside the corners of a proposed building. Strings are stretched across the boards to locate the outline of the foundation for workers.
triforium-the element of the interior ~ of a church, found directly below the clerestory and consisting of a series of arched openings; can be made up of openings from a passageway or gallery or can be a purely decorative device built into the wall ...
JBE Abbreviation for 'Joist Bearing ~'. Jib Crane A cantilevered boom or beam with a hoist and trolly used to pick up loads in all or part of a circle around which it is attached Jig A device which holds work or pieces of materal in a certain position until rigidly fastened or welded during ...
There were a number of puzzles, wall thicknesses varied suggesting at least two periods of building, and there were differences between the thickness of the astragals in the windows, on the rear and front ~s where they were thinner and more graceful (Illustration).
Palladio would often model his villa ~s on Roman temple facades. The temple influence, often in a cruciform design, later became a trademark of his work. Palladian villas are usually built with three floors: a rusticated basement or ground floor, containing the service and minor rooms.
In Islamic architecture, a proportion of 1: √2 was often used—the plan would be a square and the ~ would be obtained by projecting from the diagonal of the plan.
Façade - the front face or ~ of a building. (All buildings have a facade though some are decorated more than the rest of the building).
Fanlight - window, semicircular or semi-elliptical in shape, with glazing bars or tracery sets radiating out like an open fan.
By omitting the second-story gallery derived from Romanesque churches but retaining the triforium, a simplified three-story ~ was reestablished. Additional height was now gained by means of a lofty clerestory that was almost as high as the ground-story arcade.
Classical style principal ~ to a monumental building (traditionally a temple or church) modelled on the temples of ancient Greece and Rome. Temple fronts are dominated by porticos that carry a giant pediment.
Tie Jamb: ...
aedicule an architectural ~ in miniature; a decorative niche, often housing an altar.
aerugo A sheen or patina either naturally occurring or simulated, which gives the appearance of age.
Not visible outside, its usual function is to fill the vertical space corresponding with the fall of a lean-to aisle roof, which would otherwise create too great a discontinuity in the internal ~.
An arcaded wall passage in a Gothic nave wall, between the clerestory and the main arcade in a three-story ~; in a four-story ~, it appears between the gallery and the clerstory. Image courtesy of Gail Gould ...
facade - the front ~ of a building.
free classical - classical ornamental forms that are not constricted to Classical proportions but are used freely.
(p. 28, p. 32, p. 34).
clerestory: An upper story of a building with windows above adjacent roofs.
See also ~. Other parts of interior ~s: arcade, gallery,triforium.
Oblique opening in wall for watching the ~ of the Host (also called a squint).
string course: a horizontal band of brick or masonry, usually projecting from a wall, running right across an ~.
stucco: external plastering, usually moulded and painted to give the appearance of stone.
stylobate: the platform on which a colonnade stands.
Capillary Tubes A small metal tube that is placed into a insulated units spacer to equalize pressure differences. Capillary tubes are used most frequently to equalize a unit that in shipping, will experience significant ~ changes. Unlike breather tubes, moisture cannot pass into the unit.
Wreath Turn: A transition or turning section of railing or stair carriage/stringer which is curved in both plan and ~ views.
A style based on the architecture developed in Italy from the end of the fifteenth century. It is essentially astylar, with
aediculated openings, and a large cornicione capping the ~.
The side of a window, door, chimney with bears the weight of the wall.
Axis (pl. axes) - The centerline of openings or objects that align in a row along an imaginary line. A primary element in architectural composition, around which it is possible to create a sense of symmetry both in plan and in the ~ of a building.
The major divisions of the interior ~ of the Gothic nave and choir are likewise derived from Romanesque precedents.
Small bell hung on the exterior of the church, usually in the own turret at the junction of the nave and the chancel. The bell is rung at the ~ of the host.
Scolloped Capital ...
What was mostly transmitted was Wright's personal style based on an emphasis on horizontality and an importance given to the roof as a character-giving feature, whether it is a series of flat slabs or pitched roofs. In many designs, the structures plan is reflected in the ~s, ...
were also building massive, gently sloping banks of earth called glacis in front of ditches so that the walls were almost totally hidden from horizontal artillery fire. The main benefit of the glacis was to deny enemy artillery the ability to fire point blank. The higher the angle of ~, ...
Stucco and stone are frequently used, trimmed with painted timbers, windows boxes, wrought iron railings and brick highlights around windows and doors.
The ~s of our French Country Home Plans reflect these time honored elements, ...
Step Flashing:Discontinuous flashing in masonry walls which follows the ~ of a sloped roof, and is therefore inserted into successive courses, forming steps.Substrate:The surface upon which the roofing or waterproofing membrane is applied (i.e., the structural deck or insulation).
See also: What is the meaning of Architecture, House, See, Floor, Page?