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Architecture  Elizabethan architecture  Elliptical arch

elliptical arch, an arch in the form of a true ellipse.
An elliptical arch is not the same thing as a three-centred or five-centred arch, or even a seven-centred arch. The greater the number of centres, the nearer the arch will approach an ellipse.

elliptical arch:
an oval arch
the upper section of a classical order, resting on the capital and including the architrave, frieze and cornice ...

Elliptical columned portico

Broken pediment:
Heyward-Washington House, Charleston, South Carolina ...

The semi-elliptical dry arch at the south end of the bridge. Note the flatness of the arch and the mass of masonry containing the carriageway.
- see bridge case study.

The semi-elliptical fan transom set above a paneled door with glazed sidelights is the hallmark of the Neo-Classical design. Elegantly fluted white pilasters with simple bases and capitals form the frame. The door is painted a dramatically contrasting black.

A round or ~ halo usually framing the figure of Christ or the Virgin Mary.
View Site reports using this term.

Rising from an ~ reflecting pool in the Martin Luther King Memorial Park, Robert Kelly's sculpture is a symbolic memorial to the slain civil rights leader.

in palce and transform the vertical pressure of the structure above into lateral pressure; Can be round-headed, pointed, two-centered, or drop; ogee - pointed with double curved sides, upper arcs lower concave; lancet - pointed formed on an acute-angle triangle; depressed - flattened or ~; ...

- ~: arch with a head that is ~.
- FOUR-CENTRED: head drawn with the compasses in four different places.
- SEGMENTAL: head formed from a single segment of a circle.
- STEPPED: arch consisting in section of two plain steps.

round fanlight or ~ fanlight with sidelights at doors
six- or eight- panel door
Pilasters to sides of doors (may have pediment)
Classical one or two story columns
Full-height entry porch(commonly with pediment) ...

The ~ diagonals of the Romans did not commend themselves to the builders of the North, and the doming that resulted from the uniform use of semicircular arches, while not offensive in the case of square areas, became impossible where oblong spaces were to be covered, ...

Wire nail - A nail made by cutting and shaping a piece of round or ~ steel wire
Wirecut brick - Clay bricks made by extruding a strip of clay through a die and cutting it with wires held in frame, followed by drying and firing ...

Semi-circular or ~ fanlight over the front door
Decorative crown or roof over the front door
Narrow sidelights flanking the front door
Double-hung sash windows arranged symmetrically vertically and horizontally around a centered doorway
Windows are never in adjacent pairs ...

Such stairs may also be built around an ~ or oval planform. A double helix is possible, with two independent helical stairs in the same vertical space, allowing one person to ascend and another to descend, ...

Usually of ~ shape and bearing a coat of arms or inscription, often found above monuments. Many have an indication of a nose and eyes in the top or bottom of the scrollwork.

Fanlight - A semi-circular or semi-~ window with a horizontal sill often above a door.
Fascia - A horizontal band or board, often used to conceal the ends of rafters; the front of an object. Same as a face board.
Fenestration - The stylistic arrangement of windows in a building.

A semi-circular or semi-~ window, with wedge-shaped panes of glass separated by mullions arranged like the spokes of a wagon wheel. Fan lights are usually found over entrance doors and windows, particularly in Federal and Greek Revival homes.
Fireplace Surround ...

fanlight A semicircular or semi~ window above a door, usually inset with radiating glazing bars.
fascia A horizontal, flat element, often combined with a cornice and architrave.
fenestration The organization and design of windows in a building.

Fanlight - window, semicircular or semi-~ in shape, with glazing bars or tracery sets radiating out like an open fan.
Fascia - The horizontal piece covering the end of rafters.
Fenestration - The organization and design of windows in a building.

A vaulted structure with an ~ plan, usually a cross-section of a sphere, used to distribute an equal thrust in all directions.
US Capitol, Washington DC
St. Peter's Basilica, Rome ...

A groove or channel, usually semicircular or semi~ in section; used decoratively, as along the shaft of a column. There are
(20) flutes in the Greek Doric Order and (24) in the Ionic, Corinthian, and Composite Orders. Flutes are not typically seen for
the Tuscan Order.

fanlight — A window above a door, usually semicircular or semi~, with glazing bars radiating out like a fan. [B]
finial — An ornament, usually foliated, on top of a peak of an arch or arched structure, e.g., a spire, pinnacle or a gable. [B] ...

FANLIGHTfan-shaped (semi-circular or ~) window which usually forms part of door unit
FASCIAa plain horizontal band
FINIALa vertical ornament usually applied to the peak of dormer ...

four-centered arch, Tudor arch - a low ~ or pointed arch; usually drawn from four centers
voussoir - wedge-shaped stone building block used in constructing an arch or vault ...

Arch - can be round-headed, pointed, two-centered, or drop; ogee - pointed with double curved sides, upper arcs lower concave; lancet - pointed formed on an acute-angle triangle; depressed - flattened or ~; corbelled - triangular, peaked, ...

The building, constructed in brick in a typical Baroque style, has an ~ centre façade. This facade offers the only domestic project to make use of the undulating 'concave - convex - concave' rhythm. It was the birth place of the first King of Italy, Victor Emmanuel II in 1820.

dome - a convex covering over a circular, square, or polygonal space. Domes may be hemispherical, semi-~, pointed or onion-shaped. Also, a large rounded roof or ceiling on a circular or many-sided base, cupola.

A tubular structural steel member, either circular ('CHS'), rectangular ('RHS') or square ('SHS'). ~ hollow sections are also available.
Honeycomb brickwork:
Built with gaps between the bricks, to allow ventilation.

Other ornamentation is primarily based on curved lines, as well as a Palladian window set within a recessed wall arch, and circular or ~ windows.

See also: See also: What is the meaning of House, Architecture, Ornament, Brick, Classical?

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