The colors and finishes you choose can transform your house. But, how do you find harmonious color combinations for your siding and trim? Check out these resources for advice, color charts, free online paint color tools, and more.
Broom-finish Concrete - A floor slab that is floated and trowelled smooth, then finished by drawing a stiff broom across it to make it a non slip surface
Brooming - Scratching a floating coat with a stiff broom to make a key for plaster, or giving a broom finish to concrete ...
Builders' hardware that has been scoured with an abrasive to achieve a dull lustre
Finish Floor - A finished walking surface.
Fire Brick - A fire resistant brick used to line a fireplace.
Fire Cut - An angled cut on joist ends found in solid masonry wall construction designed to prevent wall collapse in case of fire.
- a final coat of render or plaster, usually very smooth, often with painting in mind. The application of this coat is often referred to by the plasterers as "fining off".
~ed with a sloping surface, recessed slightly at the top and protruding slightly at the bottom of the joint.
Structural Engineering: ...
Faux Finish Glossary of Terms at Creative Evolution.net
Glossary of Medieval Art at University of Pittsburgh
New Jersey Churchscape Glossary ...
The exterior finish of a building is what protects the interior from the elements: rain, wind, snow. In Ontario, exterior finishes are necessarily quite durable.
Fieldstone - Brockville ...
Rubbed: A finish obtained by using an abrasive to remove surface irregularities
Rubbing brick/Rubber: Bricks that were rubbed, i.e., smoothed
Rubbing stone or brick: A hard stone or brick used to rub, i.e., smooth, hand made bricks ...
2. vt (finishing tape) → toccare
1. n (Anat, Culin) → petto; (of woman) → seno, mammella
to make a clean breast of it (fig) → vuotare il sacco ...
DadoThe finishing (often with panelling) of the lower part of a wall, usually in a classical interior; in origin a formalized continuous pedestal. Dado rail: the moulding along the top of the dado.Dagger ...
The finished surface below the fascia and rafters is called the soffit or eave. A soffit is also often installed between the ceiling and the top of wall cabinets in a kitchen, set at a 90 degree angle to the horizontal soffit which projects out from the wall ...
Ground floor finish layed when the structure is watertight which generally consists of Vapour barrier / 60mm Polystyrene and 18mm V313 Moisture resistant floor decking POWER FLOAT FLOOR - A finished concrete floor that is layed using a power float machine before the timber frame arrives.
An ornamental finish along the top of a wall, screen or canopy.
View Site reports using this term.
Trim - The finish materials to a building, such as moldings applied around openings (window trim, door trim) or at the floor and ceiling of rooms (baseboard, cornice, picture molding).
Hand-planned finish - A distressing treatment by which a new floor or board is scraped with blades by hand to give an undulating and worn effect.
Hardwood - A botanical group of trees featuring board leaves. The term does not necessarily refer to the hardness of the species.
Pointing The finished mortar treatment of bricks and masonry joints.
Portico A porch supported by columns and open on at least one side.
Proportion The relationship of the size of parts of a building to each other and to the whole.
Oversite The finish to the ground surface beneath suspended floors.
Pantile A curved roof tile which hooks over adjoining tiles, typical in some 1930 s construction.
Parapet Low wall along the edge of a roof or balcony, or extending over the roof slopes above a party or gable wall.
When the work was finished on the Last Judgment in (October 1541), Michelangelo was accused of intolerable obscenity for his depictions of naked figures showing genitals (and inside a church, and in St.Peter's, the most important one).
Pointing: the finished surface layer in the joints between masonry units.
Porosity: the extent to which a solid material has pores or voids.
It usually covers the joints between the frame and the wall finish, thus hiding any shrinkage gaps, which may occur.
Asbestos - material used in the past for insulation and fire protection. Can sometimes be a health hazard and specialist advice may be needed if asbestos is suspected or found.
Blind Nailing:Nailing in such a way that the nail heads are not visible on the finished work.Blind Rivet:Riveting in such a way that the rivets are not visible on the finished work.Brass:A copper alloy having zinc as its principal alloying element.
LAP DOVETAIL: an overlapping form of dovetail joint which is not finished flush. LATTICED SUPERTRANSOM: a latticed transom above the springing level. LATTICED TRANSOM: a horizontal connection between the mullions of a window, formed by intersecting curved bars at the same level in adjacent lights.
SAND FINISH: A final plaster coat; a skim coat. SAP: All the fluids in a tree. SASH: Individual frame into which glass is set; the movable part of a double-hung window. SCAB: A small wood member, used to join other members, which is fastened on the outside face.
Eave Height The vertical distance from finished floor to the eave. Eave Strut A structural member located at the eave of a building which supports a roof and/or wall panels.
When the chevet of Le Mans was finished, in 1254, the beginnings recorded in Jumièges two centuries before had worked themselves out to a point beyond which further wholesome development was impossible.
Workforce included German POW's; wiring, plumbing and finishes used requisitioned German materials. In 1949, it was praised, in 1952 criticized, and in 1955 Khruschev personally labelled it as "a pinnacle of excesses".
Decorative gable trim, corbels, and a variation of exterior finishes. This style actually is a combination of several other main styles like Italianate, Second Empire and Queen Anne. Designers began to implement characteristics of several styles to create what is most commonly known as Victorian.
The following year, he finished the construction of the royal apartment in the Residenz Palace in Munich, which was followed three years later by the addition of an opulent conservatory or Winter Garden on the palace roof.
The kind of surface finishing the intonaco should have is a matter of personal taste and often involves the use particular types of plastering materials and troweling techniques such as a marble dust intonaco - a dry marble dust is sifted through a 34 mesh or finer sift and then is miexed with ...
Annulet : A circular finishing found on pillars or piers, sometimes decorated with carvings.
Archivolt : An ornamental molding seen often in arch shaped portals following the lines of the face with sculpted figures.
Image at right : Portal archivolt at the Monastery of Batalha, Portugal.
Tuckpointed - Method of ~ing joints of face-brickwork, with mortar, coloured to match the bricks on which a lime-putty bead is run to form a crisp white delineation of the bonding. A common ~ing treatment of polychromatic brickwork and the red brick of Edwardian architecture.
Annulet: A circular ~ing found on pillars or piers often decorated with carvings as in Gothic Architecture.
Arcade: A series of arches supported by columns or piers.
Armatures: Iron framework used within mason-less Rose Windows to support the glass weight.
finial - the top or ~ing stone of a pinnacle.
flying buttress - a buttress arched over at the top to engage with a main wall. A principal feature of Gothic architecture, lending strength and solidity to the main structure.
Fines — The residue resulting from the stone fabrication processes. ~ - the final appearance exposed stone slab surfaces are fabricated to meet. ~ed stone - building stone with one or more mechanically dressed surface(s). fireproof - relatively incombustible.
Building stone that has been squared and ~ed, and the masonry constructed of such blocks. Courtesy of Heather Russell
A half-cylindrical vault, semicircular or pointed in cross section; also called tunnel vault. Image courtesy of Heather Russell ...
Spina: the divider down the middle of a circus, ~ed with metae at either end
Stylobate: the masonry at ground level on which a column rests
Templum: a space defined by ritual auguries and auspices; many templa were not considered aedes, e.g., the Rostra and Curia.
molding (molding) - decorative ~ing strip.
Mullion - vertical bar of wood, metal or stone which divides a window into two or more parts (cf. transom).
Muqarna - type of decorative corbel used in Islamic architecture that in some circumstances, resembles stalactites.
ArchitraveA moulding surrounding, or framing, a doorway or window opening Arrow-loop or slitLong, narrow and usually vertical opening in a wall or merlon, through which arrows were shot ArtilleryFirearms, such as handguns and cannons AshlarBuilding stone precisely cut and ~ed to ...
PEDIMENT A gable ~ed with a horizontal moulding between the two lower corners, ultimately derived from Greek temples. A broken pediment has this horizontal moulding partially left open.
SNAGGING - Minor building works to be ~ed off after practical completion.
SNAP HEADERS - Cut bricks to outer skin of cavity wall or rounded bays.
SOAKAWAY - Arrangement for disposal of rainwater, utilising graded aggregate laid below ground.
Monumental in appearance, usually in a temple form
Smooth stone ~es
Full-length porches that rise to the top of the building
Balconies and pedimented porches on the front facade
Symmetrical, with rectangular rooms ...
The external angle formed by the meeting of the sloping sides of a roof, which have their wall-plates running in different directions: thus, when a roof has the end sloped back, instead of ~ing with a gable, the pieces of timber in these angles are ...
1. A person who poses for an artist
2. the preliminary form of a sculpture, often ~ed in itself, but preceding the final casting or carving.
3. to make by shaping a plastic substance, such as clay-- either modelling clay or ceramic clay-- or wax.
"~ed with Clapboards or Shingles" The Small Home, October 1930.
Editors of the Architectural Forum, The 1938 Book of Small Houses. Simon & Schuster, Inc. New York, NY, 1937.
Schweitzer, Robert & Michael Davis, America's Favorite Homes Wayne State Unversity Press, Detroit, MI, 1990.
Stonework, hammered to a projecting rock-faced ~, sometimes also known as bull-faced.
Pitched roof without gables, where all sides of the roof meet at an angle.
Head board: A flat board that fits the contour of a bow or bay window at the top and that ~es off the ceiling inside the window.
Header: A heavy beam extended across the top of the rough opening to help support the weight of the building.
Dressing. Stone surface of a building, worked to a ~, whether smooth or moulded. Also the decorative stonework around any of the openings.
Drop arch. * Arch.
Drum. * Dome.
Coping / Coping Stone: Usually stone or concrete, laid on top of a wall as a decorative ~ and to stop rainwater soaking into the wall.
Corbell: Projection of stone, brick, timber or metal jutting out from a wall to support a weight.
polychrome: a many-coloured ~.
porch: a roof structure or room providing shelter at the front of a building.
portal: a doorway.
Aluminum-clad windows and doors: Windows or doors of wood construction covered on the exterior with extruded (Eagle windows) or roll-formed aluminum. Has a factory-applied ~ to deter the elements.
in ceramics, a mixture of clay and water used (a) as a decorative ~ or (b) to attach different parts of an object (e.g., handles to the body of a vessel).
Head Board A flat board cut to fit the contour of a bow or bay window and installed between the head jambs and the flat wall surface to ~ off that area which would normally be ceiling.
Denotes the later phase of the pre-historic stone age civilisation which preceeded the use of metals; characterised by the use of polished, highly ~ed tools and weapons.
Vertical hollow, or ornamental recess, in a wall originally designed to hold a small statue.
One was for weighing raw materials which would in that location weigh less than actual, and the other one of weighing ~ed goods which would register more weight than actual. Very neat, one may say, and very tempting for the factory owner.
It was built in the late 5th century BC and has 6Ã-14 Doric columns. Several things suggest that the temple was never actually ~ed. The Doric columns have not been fluted as they normally would have been and the temple also seems to have lacked a roof over the main chamber.
HOOD-MOULDING: A narrow, plain or moulded projecting band of stone over the lintel, or arch of a window or door. It usually bends or returns downwards at the ends of the lintel and bends again outwards and downward or ~es in a narrow point or a carved ornament.
to his care, he chose the wiser course: he amassed considerable resources and undertook to rebuild, from top to bottom, the edifice of the main church, which formerly had been consecrated in honor of the Cross of Christ. While he and his people were hastening to complete the work in order to ~ ...
Grandiose examples have ambitious decorative programs inside and out, with sculpture, carving, decorative ironwork, and classical columns, balustrades, cartouches, and other details, often executed in grey granite to a high degree of ~.
Some of the catacombs are decorated with Christian paintings. ceramic tile : Any of a wide range of sturdy floor and wall tiles made from fired clay and set with grout. May be glazed or unglazed. Colors and ~es vary. May be used in doors or out.
This photo shows one of four Lustron houses (made of steel with baked enamel ~ inside and out) in Eau Claire, with the only Lustron garage from 1949. These houses and trailers have no basements.
rustication the roughened ~, naturally or artificially created, on blocks of stone or masonry, and the deep engraving of the joints between the blocks; rustication is often used on the facade of the ground floor of a Palladian building.
TOOLING: smoothing or ~ing of a stone, using a chisel,
TRACERY: intersecting bars or panelling at the top of Gothic windows. The main types are as follows:
Â- BAR: development of plate tracery (qv) with thinner mullions and head (second half of C13) ...
See also: What is the meaning of Architecture, House, Floor, See, Page?