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Groin vault

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Groin vault - also known as square vault, made by intersecting two barrel vaults at right angles. The spaces created by this vault were called bay areas.


groin vault - or square vault, made by intersecting two barrel vaults at right angles. The spaces created by this vault were called bay areas. (See barrel vault) ...

Groin Vault
A vault formed when two barrel vaults of identical size intersect at right angles (also called a cross vault). Image courtesy of Gail Gould
Hall Church
A church in which the nave and aisles are the same height, giving the building the appearace of a great hall.

groin vault: a vault caused by the intersection at right angles of two barrel vaults, the edges meeting in a cross.
grotesque: decorative painting or sculpture, fantastic interweaving of human or animal forms with foliage; comically distorted figures.

Groin vault
A compound vault formed by the perpendicular intersection of two vaults forming groins.
Hood mold
A projecting molding to throw off the rain. On the face of a wall, above an arch, doorway or window. Also called "dripstone." ...

~, type of vaulting caused by two equally large barrel vaults (q.v.) crossing at right angles; the angle formed by the intersecting vaults is the groin.

Intrados, the inner face of an arch or vault. ...

[edit] ~
~s occur very frequently in earlier Romanesque buildings, and also for the less visible and smaller vaults in later buildings, particularly in crypts and aisles.

~: A vault produced by the intersection at right angles of two barrel (tunnel) vaults.(4B) ~: A vault produced by the intersection at right angles of two barrel vaults. Sometimes the arches of ~s may be pointed instead of round. See also: barrel vault ...

Nave with ~.
St. Étienne at Caen: or Abbaye aux Hommes, founded by William the Conqueror in 1064 and dedicated in 1077. Vaulted about 1130-35.

~: A vault produced by the intersection at right angles of two barrel (tunnel) vaults. Sometimes the arches of ~s may be pointed instead of round. Groined: Roof with sharp edges at intersection of cross-vaults.

In Roman construction the thrust of barrel vaults had been neutralized by walls of great thickness, that of ~s either by the same clumsy expedient or by transverse walls; when the Lombards first threw their transverse arches across narrow aisles, ...

Romanesque A style developed in western and southern Europe after 1000 characterized by heavy masonry and the use of the round arch, barrel and ~s, narrow openings, and the vaulting rib, the vaulting shaft, and central and western towers. Back to Top
- S - ...

A ~ is formed from intersecting barrel vaults. The edges (groins) where the vaults meet do not have ribs or other strengthening. A rib vault is similar to a ~ but the vault surface (or webbing) is supported by diagonal ribs at the intersections of the compartments.

rounded arches for support and decoration
development of vaults - barrel vaults and ~s
massive doors inset within arches through massive walls
Gothic-type towers begin to replace Byzantine domes
small windows
Christian churches with a floorplan designed around the Latin cross ...

A tunnel or barrel vault intersecting at right angles. Also known as a ~; the groin is the line created by the intersection.
Examples:
Seville Cathedral
St. Paul's Church, Antwerp ...

Groin
- sharp edges where surfaces meet in a ~, not covered by ribs.
See vault.

Romanesque - Medieval architectural style, from c7 until the development of Gothic in 1140, characterised by round arches, ~s, clear bold forms and planning.
Rosettes - Circular decoration with a stylised floral motif usually in timber or metal.

(Fine Arts & Visual Arts / Architecture) denoting, relating to, or having the style of architecture used in W and S Europe from the 9th to the 12th century, characterized by the rounded arch, the ~, massive-masonry wall construction, and a restrained use of mouldings See also Norman [6] ...

a roof or ceiling of masonry constructed on the arch principle; see also barrel vault, ~, quadrant vaulting, ribbed vault.
Vedikā ...

vault An arched ceiling constructed of masonry materials; the undersurface, or soffit, is usually curved. If the vault is generated from a series of pointed, rather than round, arches, it is called a ~.
veneer A very thin layer used as a facing.

Cross Vault - Arch made by two barrel vaults at right angles to each other, meeting in the middle. Also known as ~.
Crucks - Pairs of large curved beams used as the principal framework members of English houses until the 16th century.

See also: See also: What is the meaning of Groin, Vault, Architecture, Roman, Gothic?

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