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Groin vault

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Groin vault - also known as square vault, made by intersecting two barrel vaults at right angles. The spaces created by this vault were called bay areas.


groin vault - or square vault, made by intersecting two barrel vaults at right angles. The spaces created by this vault were called bay areas. (See barrel vault) ...

Groin Vault
A vault formed when two barrel vaults of identical size intersect at right angles (also called a cross vault). Image courtesy of Gail Gould
Hall Church
A church in which the nave and aisles are the same height, giving the building the appearace of a great hall.

groin vault: a vault caused by the intersection at right angles of two barrel vaults, the edges meeting in a cross.
grotesque: decorative painting or sculpture, fantastic interweaving of human or animal forms with foliage; comically distorted figures.

Groin vault
A compound vault formed by the perpendicular intersection of two vaults forming groins.
Hood mold
A projecting molding to throw off the rain. On the face of a wall, above an arch, doorway or window. Also called "dripstone." ...

Groin vault, type of vaulting caused by two equally large barrel vaults (q.v.) crossing at right angles; the angle formed by the intersecting vaults is the groin.

Intrados, the inner face of an arch or vault. ...

[edit] Groin vault
Groin vaults occur very frequently in earlier Romanesque buildings, and also for the less visible and smaller vaults in later buildings, particularly in crypts and aisles.

groin vault: A vault produced by the intersection at right angles of two barrel (tunnel) vaults.(4B) groin vault: A vault produced by the intersection at right angles of two barrel vaults. Sometimes the arches of groin vaults may be pointed instead of round. See also: barrel vault ...

Nave with groin vault.
St. Étienne at Caen: or Abbaye aux Hommes, founded by William the Conqueror in 1064 and dedicated in 1077. Vaulted about 1130-35.

Groin vault: A vault produced by the intersection at right angles of two barrel (tunnel) vaults. Sometimes the arches of groin vaults may be pointed instead of round. Groined: Roof with sharp edges at intersection of cross-vaults.

In Roman construction the thrust of barrel vaults had been neutralized by walls of great thickness, that of groin vaults either by the same clumsy expedient or by transverse walls; when the Lombards first threw their transverse arches across narrow aisles, ...

Romanesque A style developed in western and southern Europe after 1000 characterized by heavy masonry and the use of the round arch, barrel and groin vaults, narrow openings, and the vaulting rib, the vaulting shaft, and central and western towers. Back to Top
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A groin vault is formed from intersecting barrel vaults. The edges (groins) where the vaults meet do not have ribs or other strengthening. A rib vault is similar to a groin vault but the vault surface (or webbing) is supported by diagonal ribs at the intersections of the compartments.

rounded arches for support and decoration
development of vaults - barrel vaults and groin vaults
massive doors inset within arches through massive walls
Gothic-type towers begin to replace Byzantine domes
small windows
Christian churches with a floorplan designed around the Latin cross ...

A tunnel or barrel vault intersecting at right angles. Also known as a groin vault; the groin is the line created by the intersection.
Examples:
Seville Cathedral
St. Paul's Church, Antwerp ...

Groin
- sharp edges where surfaces meet in a groin vault, not covered by ribs.
See vault.

Romanesque - Medieval architectural style, from c7 until the development of Gothic in 1140, characterised by round arches, groin vaults, clear bold forms and planning.
Rosettes - Circular decoration with a stylised floral motif usually in timber or metal.

(Fine Arts & Visual Arts / Architecture) denoting, relating to, or having the style of architecture used in W and S Europe from the 9th to the 12th century, characterized by the rounded arch, the groin vault, massive-masonry wall construction, and a restrained use of mouldings See also Norman [6] ...

a roof or ceiling of masonry constructed on the arch principle; see also barrel vault, groin vault, quadrant vaulting, ribbed vault.
Vedikā ...

vault An arched ceiling constructed of masonry materials; the undersurface, or soffit, is usually curved. If the vault is generated from a series of pointed, rather than round, arches, it is called a groin vault.
veneer A very thin layer used as a facing.

Cross Vault - Arch made by two barrel vaults at right angles to each other, meeting in the middle. Also known as groin vault.
Crucks - Pairs of large curved beams used as the principal framework members of English houses until the 16th century.

See also: See also: What is the meaning of Groin, Vault, Architecture, Roman, Gothic?

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