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Grotesque (Grottesque)
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Art chracterized by an incongruous mixture of parts of humans and animals interwoven with plants.


HumanitiesWeb.org - Glossary definition: Grotesque Grotesque
A decorative style similar to Arabesque only more bizarre, deriving from a reference to "grottos" and those plants and animals though to inhabit such places.
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Grotesque: the Gothic form of arabesques, consisting of plaited scrolls budding into figures, masks and animals of fantastic character.

grotesque - a carving usually of a demon, dragon, or half human/half animal, serving no utilitarian purpose. Often confused with gargoyles.
impost - the row of stones on which an arch rests.
jamb - the stones forming the side of a door or window. ...

grotesque: decorative painting or sculpture, fantastic interweaving of human or animal forms with foliage; comically distorted figures.

Grotesque. Derived from the term grotto which was used in the 16th century to describe the ruins of the Domus Aurea (Nero's palace in Rome).

GROTESQUE - A kind of ornament used in antiquity consisting of representations of medallions, sphinxes, foliage, and imaginary creatures. St. Wilfrid's church, Kirkby, has many examples of grotesques, depicting people, symbols of the apostles, and dragons.

Grotesque
A carved or painted decoration that combines human elements with animal and plant elements in an unrecognized motif, i.e. not a centaur, satyr, putto, mermaid, or recognizable religious figure.

Grotesques: A decorative sculpture known as a Grotesque. A grotesque may function solely as decoration not as a water spout as in a Gargoyle.

Grotesques : A class of decorative sculpture forms often found in or on Gothic structures. A term used broadly for gargoyles, although traditionally a gargoyle serves as a drainage spout for rain water, while a grotesque may function solely as decoration.

Grotesque - Strange. ugly protuberances on Gothic buildings, especially Churches. The grotesque forms, when not used as drain-spouts, should not be called gargoyles, but rather referred to simply as grotesques
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grotesque - art characterized by an incongruous mixture of parts of humans and animals interwoven with plants
kitsch - excessively garish or sentimental art; usually considered in bad taste
mosaic - art consisting of a design made of small pieces of colored stone or glass ...

A grotesquely carved figure that serves as a spout to carry water from a gutter away from the building.
Examples:
Notre-Dame, Paris
Sacré-Coeur, Paris ...

Synonyms grotesque
A figure made up of human, animal or imaginary forms combined to present a frightening, bizarre or comic appearance.
View Site reports using this term.

York Minster Grotesques
Washington National Cathedral
Codex Justinianus (Bologna, 3rd quarter of the 13th century) ...

Marmosets: Grotesque human and animal figures sculpted in stone, often underlying jamb figures. From the Old French word marmouset (1280). At the end of the 15th century, the same word was used to describe small squirrel-like monkeys of the New World.

Grotesque(lit. grotto-esque): Wall decoration adopted from Roman examples in the Renaissance. Its foliage scrolls incorporate figurative elements. Compare Arabesque. Also used for a figure or head with distorted or unnatural features in medieval art and architecture.

GARGOYLE: water-spout projecting from a parapet and carved, usually with a grotesque face.
GARRETTED: see Galletted.
GESSO: plaster or decoration carried out in plaster.
GREEK CROSS: A cross where all four arms are the same length.

gothic general term for a style of architecture and ornament prevalent between the twelfth and sixteenth centuries, considered old-fashioned in the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries, characterized by pointed arches, ribbed vaulting, and flying buttresses, and by grotesque decorations; ...

Grotesque: A marginal figure or animal, or hybrid combination of human and animal or plant, frequent especially in Gothic manuscript illumination and especially in marginal illumination. Ground plan: Horizontal cross-section of a building as the building would look at ground level.

Originally a jewelers term applied to a rough pearl, now applied to a vigorous, exuberant style - grotesque, extravagant, whimsical - in vogue from the mid 16th to the late 18th century: sometimes used as equivalent to rococo.
Barrack - A building for soldiers, especially in garrison.

" He loves striking contrasts, violent and astounding oppositions, the monstrous-grotesque, the antithetic and inverted. Thinking of his double life as monk and stateman of Christendom, he called himself: "the chimera of my age.

A gargoyle may also be called a grotesquery, meaning that it is grotesque. These grotesque sculptures can suggest monkeys, devils, dragons, lions, griffins, humans, or any other creature, but they will always serve the practical purpose of directing rain water from the roof.

Corbel
A projecting bracket often carved with grotesque monster heads.
Corbel table
A row of corbels used as a decorative feature. Often placed below the eaves of a roof, possibly in imitation of the carved ends of projecting roof beams.

Misericord, In the choir stalls of medieval church, a bracket (often grotesquely or humorously carved) beneath a hinged seat which, when the seat was tipped up, gave some support to a person standing during a lengthy service.

Narthex, the single-story porch of a church ...

gargoyle A figurine that projects from a roof or the parapet of a wall or tower and is carved into a grotesque figure, human or animal.
gazebo A small lookout tower or summerhouse with a view, usually in a garden or park, but sometimes on the porch or roof of a house; also called a belvedere.

A water spout projecting from the parapet of a wall or tower, often carved in a human, animal or grotesque shape.
Glazing Bars.
Wooden or metal bars separating and supporting glazed panels.. eg in a Stained Glass Window. Modern material used is Phosphor Bronze.

Gargoyle - Originally a decorative waterspout featuring a lion or grotesque creature.

Glazed Brick - Another term for enameled brick, it refers to a "glassy" or lustrous surface.

Gargoyle
- a projecting water spout, usually grotesquely carved in the form of an animal or human figure.

Baroque means "irregular, contorted, grotesque". This was a time of theatre on a grander scale. Domes were big, facades were highly ornamented which found its total cartharsis in the Rococo Period which pushed the style to its most extreme. (p. 42, see Rococo) ...

HARPY
A monster with the head and breasts of a woman and wings and claws of a bird - usually found in Grotesque ornament.
HAWKSBEAK
A crown molding of the Greek Doric Order like a cyma recta with the upper concave curve concealed by a beak-like overhang.

Gable The upper triangular part of an external wall at the end of a double-pitched roof Gable-roof A double pitched roof, sloping straight from the ridge to the eaves on two sides, with a gable on the other two sides Gargoyle A grotesque spout projecting from a building to ...

Carved stone waterspouts, built outwards from the gutter or side of the church in order to threw water clear from the roof. Some support a rainwater pipe; most are carved in the form of animals, mythological creature or grotesques, although some less ambitious examples do portray human heads.

baroque — A style of art and architecture prevalent from the latter part of the 16th century to the latter part of the 18th century marked by
dynamic opposition and the use of curved and plastic figures, and especially in the later phases, by an elaborate sometimes grotesque
ornamention...

See also: See also: Architecture, Ornament, Capital, Roman, Church

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