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Architecture  Grotto  Grounds

ground plan - a floor plan for the ground level of a building
floor plan - scale drawing of a horizontal section through a building at a given level; contrasts with elevation
Translations ...

Ground Floor of "Freedom Tower"
By Jackie Craven
Architect David Childs adapted plans for the proposed "Freedom Tower," giving the skyscraper a symmetrical, square footprint.

Grounds - Wooden strips of plaster thickness found behind inside window and door casings and baseboards to provide adequate nailing surface.
Glass Block - A window type formed by a compilation of small translucent cubes of glass.

Ground Heave: Swelling of clay sub-soil due to absorption of moisture: can cause an upward movement in foundations.
Gully: An opening into a drain, normally at ground level, placed to receive water etc. from downpipes and wastepipes.

in painting, the prepared surface of the support to which the paint is applied.
Ground plan ...

Background Drawing - A simplified floor plan of a building, used to help in coordinating the preparation of shop drawings for building services (such as air conditioning) ...

Background Noise -T The total noise floor from all sources of interference in a measurement system, independent of the presence of a data signal ...

Dead-ground - Close to the wall, where the defenders can't shoot.
Diaper work - Decoration of squares or lozenges.
Diaphragm - Wall running up to the roof-ridge.

Ground glass
- obscure glass formed by grinding one face, usually with sand.

Groundbreaking commenced October 12, 1897 and construction costs of just over three thousand dollars provided for the original structure to be styled in the fashion of St. Oswald's Church in Grasmere, England.

GROUND HEAVE - Swelling of clay sub-soil due to absorption of moisture, or tree removal: can cause an upward movement in foundations.
GROUT - Filling for joists or cracks, especially in tiling.

ground plan or floor plan: Horizontal cross-section of a building as the building would look at ground level. A ground plan shows the basic outlined shape of a building and, usually, the outlines of other interior and exterior features.

The ground floor of this building is rusticated while the rest is of smooth red brick. The lintels and sills are also rusticated, and on the tower and the bay window, a continuous band of rough stone continues this motif.

Its ground plan is a Latin cross, with comparatively wide transept. But the plan is made complex and is visually disguised from the exterior by the accretion of numerous side chapels which cluster around it at different angles, ...

Underground or half underground room usually below the east end of a church.
Ring Crypt.
Early mediaeval circular or polygonal corridor crypt surrounding the apse of a church and often used with chambers for relics and the pilgrims visiting these.

On the ground floor, the rooms were very large and each room had its own purpose. There were columns on this floor to support the second floor. There were also columns on the second level to support the roof.

An underground chamber.
Flowing tracery of windows as seen in the latter period of the Decorated style.

On what grounds are heretics strangers and enemies to the apostles, if it is not from the difference of their teaching, which each individual of his own mere will has either advanced or received.

Grade - Ground level.
Grout - A mixture of cement, sand and water used to fill cracks and cavities. Sometimes used under base plates to obtain uniform bearing surfaces. Often it refers to material used around ceramic tile as filler.

Ground floor plan of the Kiosk of...
Eastern view of the Revan Kiosk,...

A vaulted underground room usually at the east end of the church, beneath the chancel. In medieval times the crypt was a stone chapel built beneath the floor of the church to hold the tombs of the deceased.

Underground or half-underground area, usually below the east end of a church.
Small polygonal or circular domed turret crowning a roof.

Dead-ground - close to the wall, where the defenders can't shoot.
Desmene - area of land reserved for a lord.
Diaper work - decoration of squares or lozenges.
Diaphragm - wall running up to the roof-ridge.

Crypt. Underground chamber or vault, usually beneath the presbytery of a church and used for burial or sometimes as an oratory.
Cupola. *Dome.
Decumanus. * Cardo.

Transept The ground plan of many churches forms the shape of a cross. The two 'arms' of the cross are the transepts.
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Return to Sacred Space index page ...

Cistern - an underground area used to store water. Unlike a well, water does not naturally flow into a cistern from a subterranean source.
Cornice - a ledge-like crown projecting from a wall.

The jail, usually a ground level in one of the towers.
die Schiessscharte ...

sala terrena: a ground-floor room giving access to the garden, often decorated naturalistically or like a grotto.
Salomonic term: descriptive of a column twisted like barley-sugar.

B Bailey: The ward or courtyard inside the castle walls, includes exercise area, parade ground, emergency corral. Ballflower: A globular motif often used in concave moldings of English Gothic architecture.

CRYPT: an underground chamber in a church, usually beneath the chancel. CUPOLA: a small dome crowning a larger dome or roof.

Often used to ventilate the underside of timber ground floors, fireplaces or a roof space.
Apron - a metal strip, usually lead or zinc, used as a seal. Often fitted to chimney stacks and tile hanging. Also a section of wall below a window.

Typically it takes the form of large louvers which direct the sound of church bells from a bell tower toward the ground. abacus Rectangular strip running along the top of a capital, sometimes decoratively carved.

grand style the style of painting, promoted by Reynolds as President of the Royal Academy, in which the figures and background are painted in highly formal and idealized ways; ...

Example 1: Gymnasiums and sanctuaries palePale comes from the Latin palus=stake, and means a pointed wooden stake driven into the ground to make a paling fence. palissadePalissade is a French term for a fence made of pales.

Causeway A bank built across marshy ground with a path running along the top
Celestory Windows or opening set high in a wall to illuminate the area below
Cell A monastic dependency of a religious house ...

Base crucks have blades rising from ground level to a tie-beam or collar-beam which supports the roof timbers. Full crucks have blades rising from ground level to the apex of the roof, serving as the main members of a roof truss.

sloping board fixed to the edge of a gable roof, often decorated by fretwork or similar artistry Bay A projection from the outside wall, forming a bow window if curved, a faceted window or bay if angled, an oriel window if suspended above ground ...

With the Gothic vault, a ground plan could take on a variety of shapes.

UNDERCROFT Undercroft is not a fancy term for the church cellar, it is an architectural term referring to ground floor of a fortified — or fortifiable — medieval stone building, such as a manor house or church.

Groundfloor entrance
Trellis over driveway
View from downstream
View of driveway
Interior view of entrance to study
Exterior view #1 of east living room terrace
Exterior view #2 of east living room terrace
Exterior view #3 of east living room terrace ...

quonset - a half-cylinder on the ground that is covered with corrugated metal. The frame of the original 16 x 36 foot Quonset was curved steel T-ribs, its floor tongue-and-groove and its exterior galvanized.

A-Frame - The steep slope of the A-frame roof is designed to help heavy snow to slide to the ground instead of remaining on top of the house and weighing it down. At the same time, the sloped roof provides two other benefits.

Horizontal low to the ground design
Variety of shapes: square, rectangular, L-, T-, or Y-shaped
One or two stories with single-story wings or porches
Hipped or low-pitched gable roofs with broad eaves extending well beyond the walls ...

The logical sense, that demanded the grounding of every downward thrust of vault rib either at the pavement or on the abacus of the pier or column caps, was not operative, ...

For purposes of defense early settlers naturally chose elevated ground, frequently a hill with precipitous sides. These early citadels became in many parts of the world the nuclei of large cities which grew up on the surrounding lower ground.

Horizontal, rambling layout: long, narrow, and low to the ground
Attached garages, with the garage often an exterior focal point
Rectangular, L-shaped, or U-shaped design
Casement windows, picture windows, and sliding windows ...

Geodesic Domes have been used for just about every building type from playground equipment to military radar stations, to civic and recreation buildings, exhibition attractions, and single family homes.

Hypogeum - An underground room or vault.
Hypostyle - A hall or other large space over which the roof is supported by rows of columns like a forest.
Hypotrachelium - The groove round a Doric column between the shaft and the necking.

Sewer A large, underground pipe or drain used for conveying waste water and sewage. The Local Authority is usually responsible for the sewers, which collect the effluent from various drains, the drains being the responsibility of the land owners.

a window projecting out from a building at ground level, either rectangular or polygonal, of one or more storeys. A window that projects out from a building above ground level is known as an oriel window
Belfry ...

Stylobate: the masonry at ground level on which a column rests
Templum: a space defined by ritual auguries and auspices; many templa were not considered aedes, e.g., the Rostra and Curia.

Solar: originally a room above ground level, but commonly applied to the great chamber or a private sitting room off the great hall
Springald: war engine of the catapult type, employing tension ...

Foundation - The stonework below the ground that supports the entire structure.
Fresco - Painting on wet plaster whereby the pigment becomes absorbed into the wall rather than sitting on top of it.

The culmination of all the classical revivals, buildings in the Beaux Arts style feature symmetrical massing, flat roofs, and a hierarchy of interior spaces expressed externally by a rusticated ground floor, grand entrance portals, ...

Oriel Window: Begins above the ground and heads up.
Bay Window: See top of page.
Reveal Window: Just sticks out from the wall.
Source:Victorian Architecture Vocabulary ...

A ceiling with a height two-stories above ground level, employed to open up a space with additional light and air. Often a balcony on the second floor overlooks the vaulted ceiling and room below.
Veneer ...

Balcony- A small porch that sticks off a building above ground level.

Bay window- A window that projects out from a building ( if it is only on an upper floor, it's called an ORIEL WINDOW ). ...

1. Square or lozenge shaped panes of glass supported by lead strips. In medieval times they were sometimes painted with a yellow stain. They usually form a background for painted figures.
2. Square floor tiles, or slabs.

The square section lowest component of the base of a column. The plain, projecting lowest section of a wall. Timber board placed on edge, on the ground beneath weatherboards, pickets or palings fixed to posts or stumps of a fence.

- A double-storeyed open-sided structure comprising a cattle or cart shelter on the ground floor with a hayloft above.
Lych gate or Lynch gate.

See also: See also: Architecture, House, Arches, Floor, Tower

Architecture  Grotto  Grounds

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