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ground plan - a floor plan for the ground level of a building
floor plan - scale drawing of a horizontal section through a building at a given level; contrasts with elevation
Translations ...

Ground Floor of "Freedom Tower"
By Jackie Craven
Architect David Childs adapted plans for the proposed "Freedom Tower," giving the skyscraper a symmetrical, square footprint.

HumanitiesWeb.org - Glossary definition: Foreground Foreground
The area of a picture or field of vision, often at the bottom, that appears to be closest to the viewer. Also, to give priority to one aspect of a thing over another.

Grounds - Wooden strips of plaster thickness found behind inside window and door casings and baseboards to provide adequate nailing surface.
Glass Block - A window type formed by a compilation of small translucent cubes of glass.

Ground lime: quicklime which has been ground down to a specified particle size range.

~ Heave: Swelling of clay sub-soil due to absorption of moisture: can cause an upward movement in foundations.
Gully: An opening into a drain, normally at ~ level, placed to receive water etc. from downpipes and wastepipes.

~ Floor Finishes/Floating Floor
~ floor finish layed when the structure is watertight which generally consists of Vapour barrier / 60mm Polystyrene and 18mm V313 Moisture resistant floor decking POWER FLOAT FLOOR - A finished concrete floor that is layed using a power float machine ...

~mass - The main part of an igneous rock made up of finer grains in which the larger crystals are set.
H ...

in painting, the prepared surface of the support to which the paint is applied.
~ plan ...

Back~ Drawing - A simplified floor plan of a building, used to help in coordinating the preparation of shop drawings for building services (such as air conditioning)
Back~ Heating - A heating system run at a low temperature, supplemented by gas or electric fires etc.

Back~ Noise -T The total noise floor from all sources of interference in a measurement system, independent of the presence of a data signal ...

Dead-~ - Close to the wall, where the defenders can't shoot.
Diaper work - Decoration of squares or lozenges.
Diaphragm - Wall running up to the roof-ridge.

~ glass
- obscure glass formed by grinding one face, usually with sand.

~ floor rooms often have quite small windows to the street, covered with heavy grilles. The grilles themselves, as in the case of the Palazzo Pitti, were often fine works of art, their metallic quality being a foil to the rusticated stonework.
Mullioned windows were popular.

~ HEAVE - Swelling of clay sub-soil due to absorption of moisture, or tree removal: can cause an upward movement in foundations.
GROUT - Filling for joists or cracks, especially in tiling.
GULLIES - Exterior drains into which waste and storm water discharges.

~ plan or floor plan: Horizontal cross-section of a building as the building would look at ~ level. A ~ plan shows the basic outlined shape of a building and, usually, the outlines of other interior and exterior features. Compare with cross section
H ...

Foundations, drainage, levelling and other building operations involving digging.
Grout: ...

The ~ floor of this building is rusticated while the rest is of smooth red brick. The lintels and sills are also rusticated, and on the tower and the bay window, a continuous band of rough stone continues this motif.

Its ~ plan is a Latin cross, with comparatively wide transept. But the plan is made complex and is visually disguised from the exterior by the accretion of numerous side chapels which cluster around it at different angles, and the abutment of the large Bishop's Palace to the south.

"The ~-plan of a typical Auvergnese church was developed from the early Christian basilica plan.

Under~ room, usually at E end of church.
A connecting wall between towers.

under~ room, often, but not always, beneath the east end of a church.
a small, usually square or circular, domed turret surmounting the roof, usually containing a clock and/or a bell.

Under~ or half under~ room usually below the east end of a church.
Ring Crypt.
Early mediaeval circular or polygonal corridor crypt surrounding the apse of a church and often used with chambers for relics and the pilgrims visiting these.

Under~ room of interment.
Arched roof, ceiling or arch-like structures with ribs radiating from a central point. See also Fan Vaulting, Groined Vault, Lierne Vault, Quadripartite Vault, Sexpartite Vault, Tierceron Vault.

An under~ chamber.
Flowing tracery of windows as seen in the latter period of the Decorated style.

On what ~s are heretics strangers and enemies to the apostles, if it is not from the difference of their teaching, which each individual of his own mere will has either advanced or received.

Found or ~
Classified under:
Verbs of thinking, judging, analyzing, doubting ...

Grade - ~ level.
Grout - A mixture of cement, sand and water used to fill cracks and cavities. Sometimes used under base plates to obtain uniform bearing surfaces. Often it refers to material used around ceramic tile as filler.

The prepared ~ of plaster and size for painting.
View Site reports using this term.

A vaulted under~ room usually at the east end of the church, beneath the chancel. In medieval times the crypt was a stone chapel built beneath the floor of the church to hold the tombs of the deceased.

Crypt, under~ chamber beneath the altar in a church, usually containing a saint's relics. It sometimes extends as far as the crossing, so that the choir and altar are sometimes considerably higher than the nave and aisle.

Under~ or half-under~ area, usually below the east end of a church.
Small polygonal or circular domed turret crowning a roof.

fore~-within the depicted space of an artwork, the area that is closest to the picture plane
middle ~-within the depicted space of an artwork, the area that takes up the middle distance of the image ...

Dead-~ - close to the wall, where the defenders can't shoot.
Desmene - area of land reserved for a lord.
Diaper work - decoration of squares or lozenges.
Diaphragm - wall running up to the roof-ridge.

Crypt. Under~ chamber or vault, usually beneath the presbytery of a church and used for burial or sometimes as an oratory.
Cupola. *Dome.
Decumanus. * Cardo.

Transept The ~ plan of many churches forms the shape of a cross. The two 'arms' of the cross are the transepts.
Return to page of Things to Do
Return to Sacred Space index page ...

Cawood Castle, ~s of Cawood , Yorkshire, England
Ghost Haunting, Pregnant Woman ...

Cistern - an under~ area used to store water. Unlike a well, water does not naturally flow into a cistern from a subterranean source.
Cornice - a ledge-like crown projecting from a wall.
Cushion Capital - a simple rectangular or cube-like capital with the bottom corners tapered.

The jail, usually a ~ level in one of the towers.
die Schiessscharte ...

sala terrena: a ~-floor room giving access to the garden, often decorated naturalistically or like a grotto.
Salomonic term: descriptive of a column twisted like barley-sugar.
sedilia: seats for clergy carved in stone on the south wall of a chancel.

B Bailey: The ward or courtyard inside the castle walls, includes exercise area, parade ~, emergency corral. Ballflower: A globular motif often used in concave moldings of English Gothic architecture.

Often used to ventilate the underside of timber ~ floors, fireplaces or a roof space.
Apron - a metal strip, usually lead or zinc, used as a seal. Often fitted to chimney stacks and tile hanging. Also a section of wall below a window.

grand style the style of painting, promoted by Reynolds as President of the Royal Academy, in which the figures and back~ are painted in highly formal and idealized ways; such paintings demonstrate the artist's elevated thought and dignified composition.

Example 1: Gymnasiums and sanctuaries palePale comes from the Latin palus=stake, and means a pointed wooden stake driven into the ~ to make a paling fence. palissadePalissade is a French term for a fence made of pales.

CATCH BASIN: An under~ structure for drainage into which the water from a roof or floor will drain. It is connected with a sewer drain or sump pump.CAULKING: Soft, elastic material used to seal small openings around doors, windows, etc.

by curved timbers rising from the walls and not by aisle posts set on the floor Basinettower, turret or other construction that projects out from a wall length or commonly found projecting from the corner junction of two walls, that allows defenders to both see and fire upon the ~ in front ...

Base crucks have blades rising from ~ level to a tie-beam or collar-beam which supports the roof timbers. Full crucks have blades rising from ~ level to the apex of the roof, serving as the main members of a roof truss.

with access from an upper storey Bargeboard A sloping board fixed to the edge of a gable roof, often decorated by fretwork or similar artistry Bay A projection from the outside wall, forming a bow window if curved, a faceted window or bay if angled, an oriel window if suspended above ~ ...

With the Gothic vault, a ~ plan could take on a variety of shapes. The general plan of the cathedrals, however, consisting of a long three-aisled nave intercepted by a transept and followed by a shorter choir and sanctuary, differs little from that of Romanesque churches.

The Khajuraho temples now grace the posters of the Indian Tourist office, and numerous films have been shot at the temple ~s. It is with these temples in the back~ that some of the greatest exponents of Indian classical dance have performed for admiring audiences.

~floor entrance
Trellis over driveway
View from downstream
View of driveway
Interior view of entrance to study
Exterior view #1 of east living room terrace
Exterior view #2 of east living room terrace
Exterior view #3 of east living room terrace
Exterior view #4 of east living room terrace ...

quonset - a half-cylinder on the ~ that is covered with corrugated metal. The frame of the original 16 x 36 foot Quonset was curved steel T-ribs, its floor tongue-and-groove and its exterior galvanized.

A-Frame - The steep slope of the A-frame roof is designed to help heavy snow to slide to the ~ instead of remaining on top of the house and weighing it down. At the same time, the sloped roof provides two other benefits.

Horizontal low to the ~ design
Variety of shapes: square, rectangular, L-, T-, or Y-shaped
One or two stories with single-story wings or porches
Hipped or low-pitched gable roofs with broad eaves extending well beyond the walls
Inconspicuous entrances ...

Tilted Joist A joist which is supported in a manner such that the vertical axes of the joist is not perpendicular with respect to the ~. Toe The outside points of each leg of a structural angle. Toe of Fillet 1) The end or termination edge of a fillet weld 2)The end or termination edge of a ...

The logical sense, that demanded the ~ing of every downward thrust of vault rib either at the pavement or on the abacus of the pier or column caps, was not operative, and in most cases the vault shafts were stopped on corbels above the level of nave capitals.

The theory gained some of its strongest ~ early on in French academia. In 1979 Jean-Fran├žois Lyotard wrote a short but influential work The Postmodern Condition : a report on knowledge.

For purposes of defense early settlers naturally chose elevated ~, frequently a hill with precipitous sides. These early citadels became in many parts of the world the nuclei of large cities which grew up on the surrounding lower ~.

Horizontal, rambling layout: long, narrow, and low to the ~
Attached garages, with the garage often an exterior focal point
Rectangular, L-shaped, or U-shaped design
Casement windows, picture windows, and sliding windows
A patio linking the outdoors with the indoors ...

Thestone was initially sealed by a layer of size, perhaps animal glue;next a thin layer of lead white was applied to form a ~; andfinally a thin layer of oil sealant added to prevent absorption intothe porous ~ of binding media from subsequent paint layers, ...

Geodesic Domes have been used for just about every building type from play~ equipment to military radar stations, to civic and recreation buildings, exhibition attractions, and single family homes.

Stylobate: the masonry at ~ level on which a column rests
Templum: a space defined by ritual auguries and auspices; many templa were not considered aedes, e.g., the Rostra and Curia.
Togate: describing a statue dressed in the toga, indicative of the subject's civilian status ...

canted bay, a projecting ~-floor window with angled sides, which may rise through several storeys [Latin: campter, a turning, bending, or angle].
case and frame, a Scottish term occasionally used to indicate a box-sash; more frequently used is sash and case.

Oversite The finish to the ~ surface beneath suspended floors.
Pantile A curved roof tile which hooks over adjoining tiles, typical in some 1930 s construction.
Parapet Low wall along the edge of a roof or balcony, or extending over the roof slopes above a party or gable wall.

CRYPT - A vaulted under~ room beneath a church which may be used either as a burial place or for storage.
CUPOLA - A dome, usually small, topping a roof or turret. There is a copper one on top of the central building of the Houses of Rest for Miners, Hucknall.
TOP ...

Solar: originally a room above ~ level, but commonly applied to the great chamber or a private sitting room off the great hall
Springald: war engine of the catapult type, employing tension
Trebuchet: war engine developed in the Middle Ages employing counterpoise ...

Foundation - The stonework below the ~ that supports the entire structure.
Fresco - Painting on wet plaster whereby the pigment becomes absorbed into the wall rather than sitting on top of it.
Greek Cross - A cross in which all the arms are the same length.

cruciform : cross-shaped (e.g. the ~ plan of a church with transepts)
diagonal ribs / arches : they rise up from the top of each corner pier and meet in the centre, marking the diagonals in a rib vault. They are the most visible features of such a vault ...

Cryptoporticus - concealed or covered passage, generally under~, though lighted and ventilated from the open air. One of the best-known examples is the crypto-porticus under the palaces of the Caesars in Rome.

Sleeper wall - A wall to support the ~ floor, usually honeycombed in construction to provide ventilation.
Back to top
Snagging - When a builder attends the site to resolve outstanding matters after the main construction has been completed.
Back to top ...

bay window A projecting form containing windows that rises from the ~ or from some other support, such as a porch roof; see also oriel.
bracket A projecting angled or curved form used as a support, found in conjunction with balconies, lintels, pediments, cornices, etc.

palisade - a strong fence constructed from wooden stakes driven into the ~ vertically.
peel tower - a castle consisting of a large, isolated tower typically without any surrounding walls. Common throughout the Border country of Scotland and England. See also "tower house".

Sleepers - Any of the pieces of timber. Stone, iron or steel, on or near the ~ level, to support some superstructure, to steady framework, to receive floor joists.
Soil Pipe - Amy pipe which conveys the discharges of water-closets or fixtures having similar functions.

The culmination of all the classical revivals, buildings in the Beaux Arts style feature symmetrical massing, flat roofs, and a hierarchy of interior spaces expressed externally by a rusticated ~ floor, grand entrance portals, and large windows on the elevated first story.

Oriel Window: Begins above the ~ and heads up.
Bay Window: See top of page.
Reveal Window: Just sticks out from the wall.
Source:Victorian Architecture Vocabulary ...

PIANO NOBILE The principal storey, containing the reception rooms and raised above the ~ storey, in a building of the classical style.
PIER A square or rectangular post or pillar.
PILASTER A rectangular column applied to a wall and usually in a classical order.

The sculpture of stone or metal where figures and objects project slightly from the back~. This type of decoration can be found on friezes, plaques etc.
The inward plane of a door or window opening between the edge of the external wall and the window or doorframe.

A mode of wall construction in French Colonial America in which tall posts are rammed into the ~, and the spaces between them are filled with mud plaster, also known as bousillage. Due to the impermanent nature of this construction, very few Poteau- en-terre buildings remain.
Projection ...

Floor covering of marble chips and cement ~ to a smooth finish. Metal strips are used to separate different colours and create designs
Thermal Stress
Stress within a material caused by temperature variations ...

The upper slope is usually not visible from the ~. The term "mansard" comes from the French architect Fran├žois Mansart (1598-1666) of the Beaux Arts School of Architecture in Paris, France.

Basement - Lowest, subordinate story of building often either entirely or partially below ~ level.
Belt course - Narrow horizontal band projecting from exterior walls, usually defining interior floor levels.

Turret - A small tower, frequently ornamental, beginning above the ~ level.

Tuscan - The Tuscan Order is the most basic of all columns, and is plain and unfluted.

imprimatura A thin layer of colour or paint-tinted size, used to tint and/or reduce the absorbancy of the basic ~ of a painting.
intaglio A technique of stylized engraving which is carved beneath the surface layer of a hard material, often stone or metal.

A vaulted space under part of a building, wholly or partly under~; in Medieval churches, normally the portion under an apse or a chevet.

This Third Ward Bungalow, on the other hand, used the original roof line to add a passive solar room partially below the ~ (facing south), thus maintaining its original style.
Offices also used Shed designs, as this one in Oakwood's.

Piano Nobile
The principal reception and living area in an Italian palace, the first floor above the ~. Image courtesy of Gretchen Ranger
The Italian term for a city square. Image courtesy of Phil Gruen ...

1. Square or lozenge shaped panes of glass supported by lead strips. In medieval times they were sometimes painted with a yellow stain. They usually form a back~ for painted figures.
2. Square floor tiles, or slabs.
Synonyms: Quarry Quatrefoilsearch for term ...

quarry-faced granite — Squared blocks with rough surfaces that look as if they just came out of the ~, squared off only for the joints; usually
used in massive work. [B] ...

Plinth, Plinth board - (c/f Base, Pedestal). The square section lowest component of the base of a column. The plain, projecting lowest section of a wall. Timber board placed on edge, on the ~ beneath weatherboards, pickets or palings fixed to posts or stumps of a fence.

turret A small tower, usually starting at some distance from the ~, attached to a building such as a castle or fortress. Tuscan Order A Roman order resembling the Doric without a fluted shaft. Back to Top
- U -
(empty) Back to Top
- V - ...

UNDERCROFT: a vaulted room, either under~ or with an upper storey. VAULT: an arched or domed, ceiling or roof. VENETIAN WINDOW: another term for PALLADIAN WINDOW. VESTRY: a room attached to a church, in which vestments are kept.

See also: See also: What is the meaning of Architecture, House, See, Floor, Tower?

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