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ground plan - a floor plan for the ground level of a building
floor plan - scale drawing of a horizontal section through a building at a given level; contrasts with elevation
Translations ...

Ground Floor of "Freedom Tower"
By Jackie Craven
Architect David Childs adapted plans for the proposed "Freedom Tower," giving the skyscraper a symmetrical, square footprint.

HumanitiesWeb.org - Glossary definition: Foreground Foreground
The area of a picture or field of vision, often at the bottom, that appears to be closest to the viewer. Also, to give priority to one aspect of a thing over another.

Grounds - Wooden strips of plaster thickness found behind inside window and door casings and baseboards to provide adequate nailing surface.
Glass Block - A window type formed by a compilation of small translucent cubes of glass.

Ground lime: quicklime which has been ground down to a specified particle size range.

Ground Heave: Swelling of clay sub-soil due to absorption of moisture: can cause an upward movement in foundations.
Gully: An opening into a drain, normally at ground level, placed to receive water etc. from downpipes and wastepipes.

Ground Floor Finishes/Floating Floor
Ground floor finish layed when the structure is watertight which generally consists of Vapour barrier / 60mm Polystyrene and 18mm V313 Moisture resistant floor decking POWER FLOAT FLOOR - A finished concrete floor that is layed using a power float machine ...

Groundmass - The main part of an igneous rock made up of finer grains in which the larger crystals are set.
H ...

in painting, the prepared surface of the support to which the paint is applied.
Ground plan ...

Background Drawing - A simplified floor plan of a building, used to help in coordinating the preparation of shop drawings for building services (such as air conditioning)
Background Heating - A heating system run at a low temperature, supplemented by gas or electric fires etc.

Background Noise -T The total noise floor from all sources of interference in a measurement system, independent of the presence of a data signal ...

Dead-ground - Close to the wall, where the defenders can't shoot.
Diaper work - Decoration of squares or lozenges.
Diaphragm - Wall running up to the roof-ridge.

Ground glass
- obscure glass formed by grinding one face, usually with sand.

Ground floor rooms often have quite small windows to the street, covered with heavy grilles. The grilles themselves, as in the case of the Palazzo Pitti, were often fine works of art, their metallic quality being a foil to the rusticated stonework.
Mullioned windows were popular.

GROUND HEAVE - Swelling of clay sub-soil due to absorption of moisture, or tree removal: can cause an upward movement in foundations.
GROUT - Filling for joists or cracks, especially in tiling.
GULLIES - Exterior drains into which waste and storm water discharges.

ground plan or floor plan: Horizontal cross-section of a building as the building would look at ground level. A ground plan shows the basic outlined shape of a building and, usually, the outlines of other interior and exterior features. Compare with cross section
H ...

Foundations, drainage, levelling and other building operations involving digging.
Grout: ...

The ground floor of this building is rusticated while the rest is of smooth red brick. The lintels and sills are also rusticated, and on the tower and the bay window, a continuous band of rough stone continues this motif.

Its ground plan is a Latin cross, with comparatively wide transept. But the plan is made complex and is visually disguised from the exterior by the accretion of numerous side chapels which cluster around it at different angles, and the abutment of the large Bishop's Palace to the south.

"The ground-plan of a typical Auvergnese church was developed from the early Christian basilica plan.

Underground room, usually at E end of church.
A connecting wall between towers.

underground room, often, but not always, beneath the east end of a church.
a small, usually square or circular, domed turret surmounting the roof, usually containing a clock and/or a bell.

Underground or half underground room usually below the east end of a church.
Ring Crypt.
Early mediaeval circular or polygonal corridor crypt surrounding the apse of a church and often used with chambers for relics and the pilgrims visiting these.

Underground room of interment.
Arched roof, ceiling or arch-like structures with ribs radiating from a central point. See also Fan Vaulting, Groined Vault, Lierne Vault, Quadripartite Vault, Sexpartite Vault, Tierceron Vault.

An underground chamber.
Flowing tracery of windows as seen in the latter period of the Decorated style.

On what grounds are heretics strangers and enemies to the apostles, if it is not from the difference of their teaching, which each individual of his own mere will has either advanced or received.

Found or ground
Classified under:
Verbs of thinking, judging, analyzing, doubting ...

Grade - Ground level.
Grout - A mixture of cement, sand and water used to fill cracks and cavities. Sometimes used under base plates to obtain uniform bearing surfaces. Often it refers to material used around ceramic tile as filler.

The prepared ground of plaster and size for painting.
View Site reports using this term.

A vaulted underground room usually at the east end of the church, beneath the chancel. In medieval times the crypt was a stone chapel built beneath the floor of the church to hold the tombs of the deceased.

Crypt, underground chamber beneath the altar in a church, usually containing a saint's relics. It sometimes extends as far as the crossing, so that the choir and altar are sometimes considerably higher than the nave and aisle.

Underground or half-underground area, usually below the east end of a church.
Small polygonal or circular domed turret crowning a roof.

foreground-within the depicted space of an artwork, the area that is closest to the picture plane
middle ground-within the depicted space of an artwork, the area that takes up the middle distance of the image ...

Dead-ground - close to the wall, where the defenders can't shoot.
Desmene - area of land reserved for a lord.
Diaper work - decoration of squares or lozenges.
Diaphragm - wall running up to the roof-ridge.

Crypt. Underground chamber or vault, usually beneath the presbytery of a church and used for burial or sometimes as an oratory.
Cupola. *Dome.
Decumanus. * Cardo.

Transept The ground plan of many churches forms the shape of a cross. The two 'arms' of the cross are the transepts.
Return to page of Things to Do
Return to Sacred Space index page ...

Cawood Castle, grounds of Cawood , Yorkshire, England
Ghost Haunting, Pregnant Woman ...

Cistern - an underground area used to store water. Unlike a well, water does not naturally flow into a cistern from a subterranean source.
Cornice - a ledge-like crown projecting from a wall.
Cushion Capital - a simple rectangular or cube-like capital with the bottom corners tapered.

The jail, usually a ground level in one of the towers.
die Schiessscharte ...

sala terrena: a ground-floor room giving access to the garden, often decorated naturalistically or like a grotto.
Salomonic term: descriptive of a column twisted like barley-sugar.
sedilia: seats for clergy carved in stone on the south wall of a chancel.

B Bailey: The ward or courtyard inside the castle walls, includes exercise area, parade ground, emergency corral. Ballflower: A globular motif often used in concave moldings of English Gothic architecture.

Often used to ventilate the underside of timber ground floors, fireplaces or a roof space.
Apron - a metal strip, usually lead or zinc, used as a seal. Often fitted to chimney stacks and tile hanging. Also a section of wall below a window.

grand style the style of painting, promoted by Reynolds as President of the Royal Academy, in which the figures and background are painted in highly formal and idealized ways; such paintings demonstrate the artist's elevated thought and dignified composition.

Example 1: Gymnasiums and sanctuaries palePale comes from the Latin palus=stake, and means a pointed wooden stake driven into the ground to make a paling fence. palissadePalissade is a French term for a fence made of pales.

CATCH BASIN: An underground structure for drainage into which the water from a roof or floor will drain. It is connected with a sewer drain or sump pump.CAULKING: Soft, elastic material used to seal small openings around doors, windows, etc.

by curved timbers rising from the walls and not by aisle posts set on the floor Basinettower, turret or other construction that projects out from a wall length or commonly found projecting from the corner junction of two walls, that allows defenders to both see and fire upon the ground in front ...

Base crucks have blades rising from ground level to a tie-beam or collar-beam which supports the roof timbers. Full crucks have blades rising from ground level to the apex of the roof, serving as the main members of a roof truss.

with access from an upper storey Bargeboard A sloping board fixed to the edge of a gable roof, often decorated by fretwork or similar artistry Bay A projection from the outside wall, forming a bow window if curved, a faceted window or bay if angled, an oriel window if suspended above ground ...

With the Gothic vault, a ground plan could take on a variety of shapes. The general plan of the cathedrals, however, consisting of a long three-aisled nave intercepted by a transept and followed by a shorter choir and sanctuary, differs little from that of Romanesque churches.

The Khajuraho temples now grace the posters of the Indian Tourist office, and numerous films have been shot at the temple grounds. It is with these temples in the background that some of the greatest exponents of Indian classical dance have performed for admiring audiences.

Groundfloor entrance
Trellis over driveway
View from downstream
View of driveway
Interior view of entrance to study
Exterior view #1 of east living room terrace
Exterior view #2 of east living room terrace
Exterior view #3 of east living room terrace
Exterior view #4 of east living room terrace ...

quonset - a half-cylinder on the ground that is covered with corrugated metal. The frame of the original 16 x 36 foot Quonset was curved steel T-ribs, its floor tongue-and-groove and its exterior galvanized.

A-Frame - The steep slope of the A-frame roof is designed to help heavy snow to slide to the ground instead of remaining on top of the house and weighing it down. At the same time, the sloped roof provides two other benefits.

Horizontal low to the ground design
Variety of shapes: square, rectangular, L-, T-, or Y-shaped
One or two stories with single-story wings or porches
Hipped or low-pitched gable roofs with broad eaves extending well beyond the walls
Inconspicuous entrances ...

Tilted Joist A joist which is supported in a manner such that the vertical axes of the joist is not perpendicular with respect to the ground. Toe The outside points of each leg of a structural angle. Toe of Fillet 1) The end or termination edge of a fillet weld 2)The end or termination edge of a ...

The logical sense, that demanded the grounding of every downward thrust of vault rib either at the pavement or on the abacus of the pier or column caps, was not operative, and in most cases the vault shafts were stopped on corbels above the level of nave capitals.

The theory gained some of its strongest ground early on in French academia. In 1979 Jean-Fran├žois Lyotard wrote a short but influential work The Postmodern Condition : a report on knowledge.

For purposes of defense early settlers naturally chose elevated ground, frequently a hill with precipitous sides. These early citadels became in many parts of the world the nuclei of large cities which grew up on the surrounding lower ground.

Horizontal, rambling layout: long, narrow, and low to the ground
Attached garages, with the garage often an exterior focal point
Rectangular, L-shaped, or U-shaped design
Casement windows, picture windows, and sliding windows
A patio linking the outdoors with the indoors ...

Thestone was initially sealed by a layer of size, perhaps animal glue;next a thin layer of lead white was applied to form a ground; andfinally a thin layer of oil sealant added to prevent absorption intothe porous ground of binding media from subsequent paint layers, ...

Geodesic Domes have been used for just about every building type from playground equipment to military radar stations, to civic and recreation buildings, exhibition attractions, and single family homes.

Stylobate: the masonry at ground level on which a column rests
Templum: a space defined by ritual auguries and auspices; many templa were not considered aedes, e.g., the Rostra and Curia.
Togate: describing a statue dressed in the toga, indicative of the subject's civilian status ...

canted bay, a projecting ground-floor window with angled sides, which may rise through several storeys [Latin: campter, a turning, bending, or angle].
case and frame, a Scottish term occasionally used to indicate a box-sash; more frequently used is sash and case.

Oversite The finish to the ground surface beneath suspended floors.
Pantile A curved roof tile which hooks over adjoining tiles, typical in some 1930 s construction.
Parapet Low wall along the edge of a roof or balcony, or extending over the roof slopes above a party or gable wall.

CRYPT - A vaulted underground room beneath a church which may be used either as a burial place or for storage.
CUPOLA - A dome, usually small, topping a roof or turret. There is a copper one on top of the central building of the Houses of Rest for Miners, Hucknall.
TOP ...

Solar: originally a room above ground level, but commonly applied to the great chamber or a private sitting room off the great hall
Springald: war engine of the catapult type, employing tension
Trebuchet: war engine developed in the Middle Ages employing counterpoise ...

Foundation - The stonework below the ground that supports the entire structure.
Fresco - Painting on wet plaster whereby the pigment becomes absorbed into the wall rather than sitting on top of it.
Greek Cross - A cross in which all the arms are the same length.

cruciform : cross-shaped (e.g. the ground plan of a church with transepts)
diagonal ribs / arches : they rise up from the top of each corner pier and meet in the centre, marking the diagonals in a rib vault. They are the most visible features of such a vault ...

Cryptoporticus - concealed or covered passage, generally underground, though lighted and ventilated from the open air. One of the best-known examples is the crypto-porticus under the palaces of the Caesars in Rome.

Sleeper wall - A wall to support the ground floor, usually honeycombed in construction to provide ventilation.
Back to top
Snagging - When a builder attends the site to resolve outstanding matters after the main construction has been completed.
Back to top ...

bay window A projecting form containing windows that rises from the ground or from some other support, such as a porch roof; see also oriel.
bracket A projecting angled or curved form used as a support, found in conjunction with balconies, lintels, pediments, cornices, etc.

palisade - a strong fence constructed from wooden stakes driven into the ground vertically.
peel tower - a castle consisting of a large, isolated tower typically without any surrounding walls. Common throughout the Border country of Scotland and England. See also "tower house".

Sleepers - Any of the pieces of timber. Stone, iron or steel, on or near the ground level, to support some superstructure, to steady framework, to receive floor joists.
Soil Pipe - Amy pipe which conveys the discharges of water-closets or fixtures having similar functions.

The culmination of all the classical revivals, buildings in the Beaux Arts style feature symmetrical massing, flat roofs, and a hierarchy of interior spaces expressed externally by a rusticated ground floor, grand entrance portals, and large windows on the elevated first story.

Oriel Window: Begins above the ground and heads up.
Bay Window: See top of page.
Reveal Window: Just sticks out from the wall.
Source:Victorian Architecture Vocabulary ...

PIANO NOBILE The principal storey, containing the reception rooms and raised above the ground storey, in a building of the classical style.
PIER A square or rectangular post or pillar.
PILASTER A rectangular column applied to a wall and usually in a classical order.

The sculpture of stone or metal where figures and objects project slightly from the background. This type of decoration can be found on friezes, plaques etc.
The inward plane of a door or window opening between the edge of the external wall and the window or doorframe.

A mode of wall construction in French Colonial America in which tall posts are rammed into the ground, and the spaces between them are filled with mud plaster, also known as bousillage. Due to the impermanent nature of this construction, very few Poteau- en-terre buildings remain.
Projection ...

Floor covering of marble chips and cement ground to a smooth finish. Metal strips are used to separate different colours and create designs
Thermal Stress
Stress within a material caused by temperature variations ...

The upper slope is usually not visible from the ground. The term "mansard" comes from the French architect Fran├žois Mansart (1598-1666) of the Beaux Arts School of Architecture in Paris, France.

Basement - Lowest, subordinate story of building often either entirely or partially below ground level.
Belt course - Narrow horizontal band projecting from exterior walls, usually defining interior floor levels.

Turret - A small tower, frequently ornamental, beginning above the ground level.

Tuscan - The Tuscan Order is the most basic of all columns, and is plain and unfluted.

imprimatura A thin layer of colour or paint-tinted size, used to tint and/or reduce the absorbancy of the basic ground of a painting.
intaglio A technique of stylized engraving which is carved beneath the surface layer of a hard material, often stone or metal.

A vaulted space under part of a building, wholly or partly underground; in Medieval churches, normally the portion under an apse or a chevet.

This Third Ward Bungalow, on the other hand, used the original roof line to add a passive solar room partially below the ground (facing south), thus maintaining its original style.
Offices also used Shed designs, as this one in Oakwood's.

Piano Nobile
The principal reception and living area in an Italian palace, the first floor above the ground. Image courtesy of Gretchen Ranger
The Italian term for a city square. Image courtesy of Phil Gruen ...

1. Square or lozenge shaped panes of glass supported by lead strips. In medieval times they were sometimes painted with a yellow stain. They usually form a background for painted figures.
2. Square floor tiles, or slabs.
Synonyms: Quarry Quatrefoilsearch for term ...

quarry-faced granite — Squared blocks with rough surfaces that look as if they just came out of the ground, squared off only for the joints; usually
used in massive work. [B] ...

Plinth, Plinth board - (c/f Base, Pedestal). The square section lowest component of the base of a column. The plain, projecting lowest section of a wall. Timber board placed on edge, on the ground beneath weatherboards, pickets or palings fixed to posts or stumps of a fence.

turret A small tower, usually starting at some distance from the ground, attached to a building such as a castle or fortress. Tuscan Order A Roman order resembling the Doric without a fluted shaft. Back to Top
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(empty) Back to Top
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UNDERCROFT: a vaulted room, either underground or with an upper storey. VAULT: an arched or domed, ceiling or roof. VENETIAN WINDOW: another term for PALLADIAN WINDOW. VESTRY: a room attached to a church, in which vestments are kept.

See also: See also: Architecture, House, See, Floor, Tower

Architecture  Grotto  Grounds

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