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Architecture  Richardsonian Romanesque  Ridge board

ridge - a long narrow natural elevation or striation
bank - a long ridge or pile; "a huge bank of earth"
bar - a submerged (or partly submerged) ridge in a river or along a shore; "the boat ran aground on a submerged bar in the river" ...

Ridge Rafter - The wooden member supporting rafter-ends at the ridge of a roof.
Rise - The vertical distance from one stair tread to the next.
Riser - The vertical portion of a step. The board covering the open space between stair treads.

Ridge beam: A beam for supporting the upper ends of rafters below the ridge of a roof. Thicker than a ridge board.

Ridge - The horizontal line at the junction of two roof surfaces where an external angle greater than 180* is formed.
Riprap - Stones or other material placed on a slope to prevent erosion by water action.

Ridge: The apex of a roof.
Riser: The vertical part of a step or stair.
Rising Damp: Moisture soaking up a wall from below ground, by capillary action causing rot in timbers, plaster decay, decoration failure etc.

Ridge The highest part or apex of a roof where two slopes meet.
Ridge Tile A specially shaped angular or half round tile for covering and making weather-tight the ridge of a roof.
Riser The vertical part of a step or stair.

Ridge Board - The horizontal structural member at the top of a roof where the rafters meet.

ridge rib: longitudinal rib extending the whole length of a vault.
Rococo: late Baroque phase, highly ornate; usually refers to interior decoration.

Ridge - Uppermost point at which two intersecting planes of a roof meet. Sometimes decorative.
Rock-face - Axe-dressed stone surface.

Roofridge - Summit line of roof.
Rubble - Fill; unsquared stone not laid in courses.
Rustication - Worked ashlar stone with the faces left rough.

A movable bridge; originally moved horizontally like a gangway.

Drawbridge - Lifting bridge that could be raised to keep out an enemy.
Dressing - Carved or smoothed stonework around openings and along edges.
Drum-Tower - A large, circular tower, usually shorter and wider then a normal tower.

Roof Ridge
The horizontal intersection of two roof slopes at the top of a roof.
Roofline ...

Ridge roll
- a tightly tied bundle of thatching material, laid along the ridge, to give an edge to the final course of thatch and to provide a base for a ridge cap.

Ridge turret : Found more commonly on churches without towers, located over the crossing and named for their location on the ridge of the roof.

Ornament along a roof ridge.
Vertical part of a stair step.

Ridge Roll - Rounded cap covering exterior peak of roof
Rincleau - Scroll or vines cut in stone
Rubble - Undressed broken stone used in construction ...

RIDGE - Horizontal top to a pitched roof, usually covered with ridge tiles.
RISER - The vertical part of a step or stair.

Ridge: The crest of the glacis.
Ring wall: A stone wall which replaced the timber palisade surrounding the summit of a motte of a 'motte and bailey castle'. Also known as a shell keep.

Cambridge - England (16th c.)
Hospital de la Santa Creu - Barcelona - Spain (1905)
Château de Blois - France (1500) ...

Cambridge (England)
Building: King's College Chapel
Date: completed 1547
Exterior view of chapel ...

DRAWBRIDGE: A movable bridge. Early drawbridges were removed horizontally like a gangway.
FOSSE: A ditch.
GALLEY: A long passage or room.

Drawbridge: a wooden bridge leading to a gateway, capable of being raised or lowered
Drum Tower: a round tower built into a wall
Dungeon: the jail, usually found in one of the towers ...

der Zugbrücke
A wooden bridge, capable of being raised or lowered, used to open a passageway or gate.

A raised ridge or fold formed in sheet metal to provide stiffness
A term indicating articles of hardware designed for application to the surface of the door or frame ...

the stacked ridges the horizontally segment a northern-style Hindu temple's shikhara.
see mudrā.

Located on a ridge outside the city of Agrigento, Sicily lie the remains of seven Greek temples called the Valley of the Temples.

longitudinal ridge rib: A rib which runs down the apex of the vault in a longitudinal direction. Other types of ribs: diagonal, lierne, tierceron, transverse See also rib vault.

An ornamental ridge to the top of a wall or roof.
A projecting knob of stylised foliage, associated mainly with Gothic architecture. Crockets are regularly spaced on spires and pinnacles.

A cricket is a ridge structure designed to divert water on a roof. Generally found on the high side of a chimney or the transition from one roof area to another. The cricket is normally the same pitch as the rest of the roof, but not always.

Ridge - The horizontal line of a roof top.
Road / Street Line - The line defining the said limits of a street.

More elaborate vaults may include ridge-ribs along the crown of a vault or bisecting the bays; tiercerons, extra decorative ribs springing from the corners of a bay; and liernes, short decorative ribs in the crown of a vault, ...

of land reserved for a lord Diaper workDecoration of squares or lozenges DogtoothDiagonal indented pyramid DonjonAnother name for a great tower or keep Dormer windowWindow placed vertically in sloping roof DrawbridgeWooden bridge ...

The ridge poles of these houses are parallel to the streets, and hence these houses requiring large, expensive lots. This style comes in simple, inexpensive and expensive forms, depending on the materials used, as the photos show: ...

a ridged roof having two slopes on each side, the lower slope having the steeper pitch
a metal grating used as a screen, barrier or decorative element as in a window or gateway ...

Roofridge - summit line of roof.
Roundel - low, circular, semicircular or U-shaped tower for artillery, projecting from the wall face.
Rubble - fill; unsquared stone not laid in courses.

And then, east of Ridge Road in North Arlington, is the diminutive Pizzaland. This squat, brick-sided structure is less than fifteen feet wide, but it makes up for its small size by shouting its name: the sign is as wide as the building.

Barbican: The gateway or outworks defending the drawbridge; An outwork or forward extension of a castle gateway. Bar Hole: Horizontal hole for timber bar used as a door-bolt.

Cruck Beams - pairs of curved timbers, which run from ground level and meet at the ridge.
Cut Valley - a gutter at the junction of two roof where the slates or tiles are cut to meet on the valley line.

GABLE: the triangular piece of wall at the end of a ridged roof. GABLET: a small gable (for example, above a lucarne). GADROONING: a simple moulding formed of a line of convex ridges, frequently angled and slightly overlapping.

* Barbican - The gateway or outworks defending the drawbridge. Known from Antiquity, it seems to have been introduced into western architecture during the Crusades.

RIDGEBOARD: Horizontal wood framing member to which the top of rafters are attached. RIDGE CAP: A wood or metal cap used over roofing at the ridge. RIPRAP: Stones placed on a slope to prevent erosion. Also broken stone used for foundation fill.

Double-framed: if longitudinal members (such as a ridge beam) are employed. As a rule in such cases the rafters are divided into stronger principals and weaker subsidiary rafters.
Hipped: roof with sloped instead of vertical ends.

Winchester nave and York choir; Westminster Hall, King's College Chapel, Cambridge, and St.

Malthoid A bituminous membrane for covering low roofs or floors in the inter war period Mansard-roof Double-pitched roof sloping from ridge to eaves on 2 sides, ...

Repton favoured the idea and designed American gardens for Ashridge and Woburn Abbey. amphitheatreThe etymology of Amphitheatre is from amphi (both, or both sides + theatron (theatre). It means a circular theatre with seating on both sides.

In later vaults there are also ribs running along the ridges of the vault (i e ridge-ribs).
VENETIAN WINDOW: round-headed window flanked by two narrower square-headed ones (C17-C18).
VOLUTE: spiral device on the corner of a capital.

Examples used as schools or other educational uses include Ashridge House, Bramshill House, Dartington Hall, Harlaxton Manor, Heslington Hall, Prior Park, Scarisbrick Hall, Stowe House, Tring Park & Westonbirt House.

A simple salt box roof is pitched with opposed planes of unequal split and, or, differing slopes (like two opposed shed roofs with differing pitches) sharing a common ridge. A combined pitched form has a vertical offset along a common ridge line.

King's College Chapel, Cambridge
Gothic architecture in Britain has been neatly divided into 4 periods, or styles.

Cambridge: MIT Press, 1977.
Muccigrosso, Robert. Celebrating the New World: Chicago 's Columbian Exposition of 1893. Chicago: I.R. Dee, 1993.
Platt, Frederick. America's Gilded Age: Its Architecture and Decoration. South Brunswick: A.S.

Identifying characteristics include a low, horizontal structure, usually one-and-a-half stories (two-story more common in northeastern and mid-western United States); broad overhanging eaves with exposed roof rafters and ridge beams; ...

MOT Press, Cambridge, Mass. 1996.
"Pavilion Plan... for "zoned living"" Sunset Ideas for Planning Your New Home. Lane Books, Menlo Park, CA. 1967., pg 12.
"A Pavilion Reserved for Recreation"" Sunset Ideas for Recreation Rooms.

Gable Roof -- A roof with a central ridge and one slope at each side.,
Greek Revival Style -- Mid-19th century revival of forms and ornament of architecture of ancient Greece.
Hipped Roof -- A roof with uniform slopes on all four sides.

Sheet metal that has been formed into parallel ridges to provide additional strength, usually made of aluminum or galvanized steel. Is widely used on industrial buildings and has increasingly been incorporated into Modern style homes.
Course ...

a slab of which the upper face is ridged down the middle, and sometimes hipped at each end.
a projecting stone or piece of timber for the support of a super-incumbent weight.

Two sloping roofs join to create a ridge.
Romanesque Style
Develed in Italy and western Europe, Romanesque architecture appeared after the Roman classical period and prior to the Gothic period.

He attended Cambridge University, where he earned a Bachelor's degree in Architecture and a Master's degree in Mathematics. He earned a Ph.D. in Architecture from Harvard University, and moved to Berkeley in 1963.

Cresting - A decorative fence-like ornament on the ridge of a roof.
Cupola - A small dome, a rounded roof on a circular or polygonal base crowning a roof or turret. Also, a small, often squarish tower on a roof.

Hornton Stone was used in the building of Oxford and Cambridge Universities, [no-glossary]St Paul's[/no-glossary] and Canterbury Cathedral. It was also the favourite material used by the Sculptors Henry Moore and Eric Gill." ...

Pyramidal roof: A pyramidal roof is a hipped roof which lacks a ridge, the four isosceles-triangular planes of the roof meeting at a common apex. As the name suggests, it resembles a pyramid.

Triangular upper part of a wall at the end of a ridged roof.
A water spout projecting from the parapet of a wall or tower, often carved in a human, animal or grotesque shape.

Auburn Cemetery Gateway, Cambridge, Jacob Bigelow, 1832, rebuilt 1842-43 - Egyptian Revival.
St. William’s Church, Dorchester (demolished), Edward Sheehan, c. 1912 - Spanish Mission style (Image: Dorchester Atheneum).

An autumnal walk around Stockbridge
Climbing the Scott Monument in Edinburgh
Andy Warhol exhibition at the Scottish Parliament ...

longitudinal rib / vault (or longitudinal ridge rib) A rib / vault which runs parallel to the nave axis in a longitudinal direction ...

For a more detailed account of Carolingian book production see the chapter from the New Cambridge Medieval History entitled Book Production in the Carolingian empire and the spread of the Caroline minuscule.

Rafter Structural members of a roof that support the roof load and run from the ridge to the eaves (overhang).
Rails The horizontal members of a window sash or door panel.

Crocket, an ornament consisting of a projecting piece of sculptured stone or wood. Used to decorate the sloping ridges of gablets, spires, and pinnacles. Usually carved as foliage.

When the dome is erected on a square or rectangular base, resulting in its curved surfaces joining in an apex or ridge, it is called a domical vault.

hip roof: a roof with sloping ends instead of verticle ends and sloping sides that meet at a ridge.
1. French Regency house ...

purlin In timber roof construction, a secondary horizontal component parallel to the ridge and supported at each end by a rafter.

Rafter - Timbers that form the main part of the roof frame going from the wall plate up to the ridge.
Back to top ...

The masterpiece of the style, the chapel of King's College (begun 1443), Cambridge, achieves a majestic homogeneity through the use of the new fan vaulting, ...

See also: See also: Architecture, House, See, Floor, Ornament

Architecture  Richardsonian Romanesque  Ridge board

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