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Ridge

Architecture  Richardsonian Romanesque  Ridge board
04/24/2014

ridge - a long narrow natural elevation or striation
bank - a long ridge or pile; "a huge bank of earth"
bar - a submerged (or partly submerged) ridge in a river or along a shore; "the boat ran aground on a submerged bar in the river" ...


Ridge Rafter - The wooden member supporting rafter-ends at the ridge of a roof.
Rise - The vertical distance from one stair tread to the next.
Riser - The vertical portion of a step. The board covering the open space between stair treads.

Ridge - The horizontal line at the junction of two roof surfaces where an external angle greater than 180* is formed.
Riprap - Stones or other material placed on a slope to prevent erosion by water action.

Ridge crest: The ornamentation of the ridge of a roof
Copper Shop, Roycroft Campus, East Aurora, NY
147 Linwood Ave.
Franklin W. Caulkins House, 415 Franklin Street ...

Ridgepole The horizontal beam at the ridge of a roof, to which rafters are attached.
Riser The vertical portion of a step.
Rubble Masonry construction using stones of irregular shape and size.

Ridge The peak of a roof; the point of meeting of the upper slopes of a roof.
Riser The vertical part of a step.
S ...

Ridge: The apex of a roof.
Riser: The vertical part of a step or stair.
Rising Damp: Moisture soaking up a wall from below ground, by capillary action causing rot in timbers, plaster decay, decoration failure etc.

Ridge The highest part or apex of a roof where two slopes meet.
Ridge Tile A specially shaped angular or half round tile for covering and making weather-tight the ridge of a roof.
Riser The vertical part of a step or stair.

Ridge Board - The horizontal structural member at the top of a roof where the rafters meet.

ridge rib: longitudinal rib extending the whole length of a vault.
Rococo: late Baroque phase, highly ornate; usually refers to interior decoration.

RIDGE RIB See rib vault
RISE The vertical distance between the springline and the keystone of an arch, or between the springline and boss of a vault. See diagram.

Ridge Turret:
Found more commonly on churches without towers, located over the crossing and named for their location on the ridge of the roof.
top of page ...

Ridge - Uppermost point at which two intersecting planes of a roof meet. Sometimes decorative.
Rock-face - Axe-dressed stone surface.

Roofridge - Summit line of roof.
Rubble - Fill; unsquared stone not laid in courses.
Rustication - Worked ashlar stone with the faces left rough.

Drawbridge
A movable bridge; originally moved horizontally like a gangway.

Ridge roll
- a tightly tied bundle of thatching material, laid along the ridge, to give an edge to the final course of thatch and to provide a base for a ridge cap.

RIDGE CRESTING
Ornament along a roof ridge.
RISER
Vertical part of a stair step.

Ridge Roll - Rounded cap covering exterior peak of roof
Rincleau - Scroll or vines cut in stone
Rubble - Undressed broken stone used in construction ...

RIDGE - Horizontal top to a pitched roof, usually covered with ridge tiles.
RISER - The vertical part of a step or stair.

Ridge: The crest of the glacis.
Ring wall: A stone wall which replaced the timber palisade surrounding the summit of a motte of a 'motte and bailey castle'. Also known as a shell keep.

Cambridge - England (16th c.)
Hospital de la Santa Creu - Barcelona - Spain (1905)
Château de Blois - France (1500) ...

Cambridge (England)
Building: King's College Chapel
Date: completed 1547
Exterior view of chapel ...

DRAWBRIDGE: A movable bridge. Early drawbridges were removed horizontally like a gangway.
FOSSE: A ditch.
GALLEY: A long passage or room.

Drawbridge: a wooden bridge leading to a gateway, capable of being raised or lowered
Drum Tower: a round tower built into a wall
Dungeon: the jail, usually found in one of the towers ...

"Cambridge History of English Literature
" "York, Newstead, Westminster, Fountains Abbey, Ripon, Beverly, and Dundee,"works to which the key is lost, with the sentiment which created them ..."
"Ralph W. Emerson ...

Drawbridge:
der Zugbrücke
A wooden bridge, capable of being raised or lowered, used to open a passageway or gate.

Drawbridge
wooden bridge that could be raised and lowered, sited in front of a tower or gatehouse, across a ditch
Dressing ...

the stacked ridges the horizontally segment a northern-style Hindu temple's shikhara.
Bhūmisparsha
see mudrā.

longitudinal ridge rib: A rib which runs down the apex of the vault in a longitudinal direction. Other types of ribs: diagonal, lierne, tierceron, transverse See also rib vault.

A cricket is a ridge structure designed to divert water on a roof. Generally found on the high side of a chimney or the transition from one roof area to another. The cricket is normally the same pitch as the rest of the roof, but not always.

Ridge - The horizontal line of a roof top.
Road / Street Line - The line defining the said limits of a street.

More elaborate vaults may include ridge-ribs along the crown of a vault or bisecting the bays; tiercerons, extra decorative ribs springing from the corners of a bay; and liernes, short decorative ribs in the crown of a vault, ...

gambrel:
a ridged roof having two slopes on each side, the lower slope having the steeper pitch
grilles:
a metal grating used as a screen, barrier or decorative element as in a window or gateway ...

Roofridge - summit line of roof.
Roundel - low, circular, semicircular or U-shaped tower for artillery, projecting from the wall face.
Rubble - fill; unsquared stone not laid in courses.

And then, east of Ridge Road in North Arlington, is the diminutive Pizzaland. This squat, brick-sided structure is less than fifteen feet wide, but it makes up for its small size by shouting its name: the sign is as wide as the building.

Barbican: The gateway or outworks defending the drawbridge; An outwork or forward extension of a castle gateway. Bar Hole: Horizontal hole for timber bar used as a door-bolt.

COLLAR PURLIN: a major roof beam that connects the collar beams at the midpoint and which thus runs immediately below the ridge beam. COLONNADE: a row of columns. COLONNETTE: a small pier.

Cruck Beams - pairs of curved timbers, which run from ground level and meet at the ridge.
Cut Valley - a gutter at the junction of two roof where the slates or tiles are cut to meet on the valley line.

Double-framed: if longitudinal members (such as a ridge beam) are employed. As a rule in such cases the rafters are divided into stronger principals and weaker subsidiary rafters.
Hipped: roof with sloped instead of vertical ends.

Winchester nave and York choir; Westminster Hall, King's College Chapel, Cambridge, and St.

The courses of the wall are marked by narrow ridges (approximately 0.5 cm wide) formed by the faces of the stones leaning outwards. This is a masonry technique characteristic of pre-Islamic Yemeni architecture.

Malthoid A bituminous membrane for covering low roofs or floors in the inter war period Mansard-roof Double-pitched roof sloping from ridge to eaves on 2 sides, ...

Repton favoured the idea and designed American gardens for Ashridge and Woburn Abbey. amphitheatreThe etymology of Amphitheatre is from amphi (both, or both sides + theatron (theatre). It means a circular theatre with seating on both sides.

A simple salt box roof is pitched with opposed planes of unequal split and, or, differing slopes (like two opposed shed roofs with differing pitches) sharing a common ridge. A combined pitched form has a vertical offset along a common ridge line.

King's College Chapel, Cambridge
Gothic architecture in Britain has been neatly divided into 4 periods, or styles.

The ridges of each roof carries figurines and/or mythical creatures. The curve of each roof can be no more than a sweep and the most intricate designs on the roof are almost always pointing south-east.

Cambridge: MIT Press, 1977.
Muccigrosso, Robert. Celebrating the New World: Chicago 's Columbian Exposition of 1893. Chicago: I.R. Dee, 1993.
Platt, Frederick. America's Gilded Age: Its Architecture and Decoration. South Brunswick: A.S.

Identifying characteristics include a low, horizontal structure, usually one-and-a-half stories (two-story more common in northeastern and mid-western United States); broad overhanging eaves with exposed roof rafters and ridge beams; ...

MOT Press, Cambridge, Mass. 1996.
"Pavilion Plan... for "zoned living"" Sunset Ideas for Planning Your New Home. Lane Books, Menlo Park, CA. 1967., pg 12.
"A Pavilion Reserved for Recreation"" Sunset Ideas for Recreation Rooms.

Gable Roof -- A roof with a central ridge and one slope at each side.,
Greek Revival Style -- Mid-19th century revival of forms and ornament of architecture of ancient Greece.
Hipped Roof -- A roof with uniform slopes on all four sides.

Sheet metal that has been formed into parallel ridges to provide additional strength, usually made of aluminum or galvanized steel. Is widely used on industrial buildings and has increasingly been incorporated into Modern style homes.
Course ...

a slab of which the upper face is ridged down the middle, and sometimes hipped at each end.
Corbel
a projecting stone or piece of timber for the support of a super-incumbent weight.

Two sloping roofs join to create a ridge.
Romanesque Style
Develed in Italy and western Europe, Romanesque architecture appeared after the Roman classical period and prior to the Gothic period.

Cresting - A decorative fence-like ornament on the ridge of a roof.
Cupola - A small dome, a rounded roof on a circular or polygonal base crowning a roof or turret. Also, a small, often squarish tower on a roof.

Hornton Stone was used in the building of Oxford and Cambridge Universities, [no-glossary]St Paul's[/no-glossary] and Canterbury Cathedral. It was also the favourite material used by the Sculptors Henry Moore and Eric Gill." ...

Pyramidal roof: A pyramidal roof is a hipped roof which lacks a ridge, the four isosceles-triangular planes of the roof meeting at a common apex. As the name suggests, it resembles a pyramid.

Triangular upper part of a wall at the end of a ridged roof.
Gargoyle
A water spout projecting from the parapet of a wall or tower, often carved in a human, animal or grotesque shape.

Auburn Cemetery Gateway, Cambridge, Jacob Bigelow, 1832, rebuilt 1842-43 - Egyptian Revival.
St. William’s Church, Dorchester (demolished), Edward Sheehan, c. 1912 - Spanish Mission style (Image: Dorchester Atheneum).

Another term for battlements, but used to describe decorative battlements. Often these are made of ashlar or fine brick and include arrow slits. Many later medieval houses and churches were crenellated, like Oxbrugh Hall and Jesus College, Cambridge.

The masterpiece of the style, the chapel of King's College (begun 1443), Cambridge, achieves a majestic homogeneity through the use of the new fan vaulting, ...

See also: See also: Architecture, House, Ornament, Frame, Tower

Architecture  Richardsonian Romanesque  Ridge board
04/24/2014

 
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