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Symmetrically placed dormers
Dormer: a window set vertically into a a small gable projecting from a sloping roof; the gable holding such a window. (From French: sleeping room).
Illustration: 109 Chapin Pkwy ...

Symmetrical clapboard or brick exterior with little or no ornamentation
Usually three-story design, commonly box-shaped two or more rooms deep, sometimes modified with projecting wings
Low pitched gabled roof or flat roof with a balustrade ...

Symmetrical façade
2 to 3 stories
Brick or wood siding
Simple, classical detailing
Gable roof
Pillars and columns
Multi-pane, double-hung windows with shutters
Temple-like entrance: porticos topped by pediment ...

Symmetrical facades of brick or painted clapboards display such classical details as dentils along the roof line, monumental pilasters or quoins at the corners. Doors are paneled with rows of glass panes alongside or above. Windows have double-hung sashes with 6, 9, or 12 panes of glass.

Its symmetrical concentric design, involving four successive lines of fortifications, represented the state of the art for the late 13th century. This outstanding castle, built in Gritstone, is a World Heritage inscribed site.
Click here for more ....

(The 2 ~ towers int he front of the church, this is a very good example of the main use of towers)
Domes : a roof, or part of a roof top, that has a circle shape and the circle is visible because it stands out above the main roof, a roof could be one big dome itself.

Gambrel - a ~ two-sided roof with two slopes on each side
Garretting, properly Galletting - the process in which the gallets or small splinters of stone are inserted in the joints of coarse masonry to protect the mortar joints. They are stuck in while the mortar is wet.

rinceau A ~, swirling foliate ornament.
rustication Rough-surfaced stonework, often with beveled edges.
sacistry In a church, a room for the storage of sacred objects and for the carrying-out of certain church activities.

~- both sides of a work are exactly the same
asymmetrical- each side of the work is different
outline- or contour, whether actual or implied, defines the outside borders of a shape
flatness-level, even, or smooth in surface ...

All New England Colonial style houses have these features:
2 - 2.5 stories
gable roof
~ placement of windows and doors
classical details: columns, cornices, shuttered windows
simple, rectangular shape ...

This formal and ~ composition follows the Canadian Farmer prototype to the letter. The central frontispiece has a large broken pediment with paired cornice brackets. The second-storey central window is round-headed and multi-paned.

Some 16th-century ~ Western European country houses built on U-shaped groundplans resulted in a sheltered central door in a main range that was embraced between projecting wings, but the formalized cour d'honneur is first found in the great palaces and mansions of 17th-century Europe, ...

Centrally-planned building: A building in which the sides are of equal length and in which the main space is ~ when bisected laterally and longitudinally. A centrally-planned building may be square, circular, or polygonal.

Sidesway The lateral movement of a structure when subjected to lateral loads or un~ vertical loads. Simple or Single Span A span with supports at each end, no intermediate support, that restrain only against vertical displacement with the ends of the member being free to rotate.

The oldest example of a rectangular canal pattern is at Passargadae, in Iran, and the oldest example of a square garden with ~ crossing canals is at the Alhambra.

Classical architecture - Different from other types of architecture because everything was ~ from the doors to the windows and to the decorations. Classical architecture is also known for the elegant foundations and figures.

The overall features of Georgian house plans can be described as a ~ composition enriched by classical detail. The structural and detail aspects of Georgian house plans show distinctions among regions as do other architectural styles.

Colonial - The defining characteristics of colonial architecture are its square, ~ shape, central door, and straight lines of windows on the first and second floor. There is usually a decorative crown above the door and flattened columns to either side of it.

The French Eclectic style is rectangular in plan and ~ in design, and is at least one-and-a-half stories in height. The main distinguishing characteristic of the style is a massive hip roof with its ridge paralleling the front of the house.

~ shapes on either side of the center line
Paneled front doors with sidelights and topped with transoms or fanlights
Constructed with one or two materials, usually wood, brick, or stone
Classical and colonial detailing: columns, cornices, entablatures
Plain end chimneys
Porches ...

Gambrel roof - a ~ two-sided roof with two slopes on each side.
Gingerbread - Fanciful, delicate trimwork.
Groin vault - also known as square vault, made by intersecting two barrel vaults at right angles. The spaces created by this vault were called bay areas.

A Neoclassical building is likely to have some (but not necessarily all) of these features: ~ shape , tall columns that rise the full height of the building, triangular pediment, domed roof.

baroque - having elaborate ~ ornamentation; "the building...frantically baroque"-William Dean Howells
churrigueresco, churrigueresque
fancy - not plain; decorative or ornamented; "fancy handwriting"; "fancy clothes" ...

Axis (plural: axes) - The centre-line or fulcrum of a ~ composition, one side of which reflects the other.
Banded column - Column with shaft interrupted by rectangular blocks. Band (of a shaft) -moulding(s) encircling Early English, Gothic, Pier shaft.

Balustrade: A railing with ~ supports.
Bay: A major vertical division of a large, interior wall. There are usually more than one, such as a nave that is divided into seven bays (fig.1).

Description of two figures placed ~ly face to face.
(Literally ‘A wing') Subsidiary space alongside the nave, choir or transept of a church, separated from it by columns or piers.

Applied to pairs of figures, animals etc., placed ~ly, facing one another. They are still affronted if their bodies face one another with their heads turned back. Also called confronted.
View Site reports using this term.

Kouros : statues of the archaic period that were ~ stiff standing males, the female representations are called Kore
Kufic : decorative elements that immitate the old Arabic writing in which the Koran was first written in the city of Kufa, in present-day Iraq.

Classical ornament like a ~ palm shoot.Panel frame
(Scots): Moulded stone frame round an armorial panel, often placed over the entrance to a tower house.Panelling ...

Ornamental tracery in the form of a flower with four ~ petals, or any ornament with four foils or lobes.
Dressed stones at the angles of a building. Sometimes all the stones are of the same size; more often they are alternately large and small.

Labyrinth - A symbolic maze which for our purposes applies to the intricate ~ diagrams found on Cathedral floors.
Lancet window - Slender rectangular window with pointed arch.
Lintel - A beam of any material used to span an opening.

A circular window, usually found in churches and ~ly decorated with stained glass.
Notre-Dame, Paris
National Cathedral, Washington, DC ...

TREFOIL - Ornamental tracery in the form of a flower with three ~ petals.
TURRET - A small, often ornamental tower projecting from a building, usually at a corner.

English 'Classical' or 'Neoclassical' buildings have a regular, formal appearance and ~ facades and might also incorporate Classical details such as an entablature at the wall top or pilasters dividing bays.

Popular from 1900 to 1940, the Georgian Revival style may be described as ~ composition enriched with classical detail ...

The five storey ~ facade is composed of 953 small casements in a huge curve each with a projecting balcony and crowning arch. The fact that it is no more, in architectural terms, than a facade points to the continued Indian fascination with dissimulation.

Ornamental tracery in the from of a flower with four ~ petals

Arch - /ärCH/: a method of spanning an opening, stronger than a lintel. Usually a curved or pointed structural member, however there are many different types. A curved ~ structure spanning an opening and typically supporting the weight of a bridge, roof, or wall above it..

a form of decoration composed of strips or ribbons that are intertwined, usually ~ly about a longitudinal axis.
see Order.

The overall features of Georgian Revival may be described as ~ composition enriched with classical detail. [Features
included] [p]aneled front door, usually centered and capped by an elaborate decorative crown (entablature) supported by decorative pilasters
(flattened columns).

The main impulse of Elizabethan architecture was toward a well-ordered symmetry; Elizabethan ~ facades, often filled with huge windows, were different from those of the heavy castlelike Gothic and early Tudor country residences.

ATRIUM: An open court within a building. ATTIC: The space between the roof and the ceiling. AWNING WINDOW: An out-swinging window hinged at the top. AXIS: Line around which something rotates or is ~ly arranged.

QUEEN-POSTS: a pair of major roof struts, rising ~ly from a tie beam to the junctions between a collar beam, a pair of purlins and a pair of principal rafters. QUOINS: blocks of masonry at the corners of a building. RAFTER: a wall timber sloping from the wall plate to the ridge.

See also: See also: What is the meaning of Architecture, House, Classical, Floor, Ornament?

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