Angular Measurements In astronomy, we often use angular measurements to describe the apparent size of an object in space and the apparent distances between objects. Often these angles are very small. Angles are also used to describe an object's location in space.
[edit] Angular measurement Using a marine sextant to measure the altitude of the sun above the horizon ...
Angular measure, 1/360 of a circle. Density The amount of matter contained within a given volume. Density is measured in grams per cubic centimeter (or kilograms per liter). The density of water is 1.0, iron is 7.9, and lead is 11.3.
Angular Measurement The angle covered or subtended by something (measured in degrees, minutes of arc, seconds of arc), as opposed to linear size of something (measured in units of kilometers or parsecs). angular momentum ...
angular measure Measure of the apparent diameter of a celestial object, or the distance between two objects, expressed as an angle, usually in degrees, arcminutes or arcseconds.
A unit of angular measure equal to 60 arc minutes or 3600 arc seconds. One degree is equal to the diameter of two full Moons. density The amount of mass per unit of volume.
The unit of angular measure, defined as the ratio of a length of arc intercepted by two radii to the length of the radius. P radians = 180°. radiant  (n.) The point in the sky from which all the meteors in a meteor shower appear to be coming.
Spacecraft Angular Measurement The spacecraft's position in the sky is expressed in the angular quantities Right Ascension and Declination.
A radian is an angular measurement. If we draw two straight lines that cross at the centre of a circle such that the length of the circumference between them (an arc) equals the radius, then the angle between these lines is 1 radian.
As it is unlikely that the ship is sailing across the Pampas, the position in the Atlantic is the correct one. Note that the lines of position in the figure are distorted because of the map's projection; they would be circular if plotted on a globe. Angular measurement ...
degree A unit of angular measure. There are 360 degrees in a complete circle. density A measure of the compactness of the matter within an object, computed by dividing the mass by the volume of the object.
The phase difference of two periodically recurring phenomena of the same frequency, expressed in angular measure. 2. The angle at a celestial body between the sun and earth. phase constant See propagation constant.
difference of latitude (NASA SP7, 1965) The shorter arc of any meridian between the parallels of two places, expressed in angular measure.
Arc Degree A unit of angular measure in which there are 360 arc degrees in a full circle. Arc Minute Abbreviated arcmin. A unit of angular measure in which there are 60 arc minutes in 1 arc degree Arc Second Abbreviated arcsec.
MORE PRECISELY 11Angular Measure The size and scale of things are often specified by measuring lengths and angles. The concept of length measurement is fairly intuitive.
Recall that the total angular measure around a circle is 360 degrees. The angle from (say) the eastern to western horizon (through the point directly overhead, the zenith) is 180 degrees.
(b) A unit of angular measure equal to the angle subtended at the centre of a circle by an arc the length of which is equal to the radius. The name is reputed to have been made up by James Thomson in an examination paper in Belfast about 1870 and it was first published in 1873[5].
A unit of angular measure consisting of 1/60th of an arcminute. A dime seen from a distance of 2 miles transects 1 arc second. There are 3,600 arcseconds in a onedegree angle. It is used to measure the separations of double stars or small deepsky objects, like planetary nebulas.
05 arc seconds, and this is an angular measurement. So if you've ever played with a protractor, you know it's 180 degrees from left to right, and there's 60 minutes in a degree, there's 60 seconds in a minute and if you pull out a piece of hair (and I'm not going to do that), ...
A unit of solid (threedimensional) angular measure. One steradian is equal to the angle subtended at the centre of a sphere by an area of surface equal to the square of the radius. The name for the unit seems to have come into use about 1880 and was comparatively common by the turn of the century.
Arc Second abbreviated arcsec. A unit of angular measure in which there are 60 arc seconds in 1 arc minute and therefore 3600 arc seconds in 1 arc degree. There are 206,265 arcseconds per radian. One arc second is equal to about 725 km on the Sun.
Arcsecond A unit of angular measure equal to one sixtieth of one sixtieth of a degree, or one sixtieth of an arcminute. As an example, the apparent diameter of Jupiter is about 45 arcseconds.
So if the universe is "flat," meaning it's angular measurements have lines that stay parallel to each other, (assumedly in all 3 dimensions) wouldn't that make our universe more like an expanding box (or quadrilateral maybe), except with invisible edges?
minute of arc: An angular measure; each degree is divided into 60 minutes of arc. molecular cloud: An interstellar gas cloud that is dense enough for the formation of molecules; discovered and studied through the radio emissions of such molecules.
RADIAN  A radian is an angular measurement. The angular circumference of a circle is 2π radians, or 360°; thus, 1 radian = 360/2π degrees = 57.29578° (57° 17' 44.8").
Minute of Arc  A unit of angular measurement equal to 1/60 of a degree Mode of Oscillation  A particular pattern of vibration of the Sun Molecular Cloud  A relatively dense, cool interstellar cloud in which molecules are common ...
f. It is convenient to be able to convert between angular measurement and sidereal time measurement. Twenty four (24) hours is equivalent to 360 degrees. From this we can produce the following conversions. Time measurement Angle measurement ...
radian; rad The supplementary SI unit of angular measure, defined as the central angle of a circle whose subtended arc is equal to the radius of the circle. radiation Energy radiated in the form of waves or particles; photons.
True field  How much sky, in angular measure, is seen through an eyepiece. Guide to Amateur Astronomy, Planets and Constellations ...
Declination: Celestial coordinate which is equivalent to the latitude of an object on Earth. This is an angular measure of how far above the celestial equator an object lies. Density: Mass per unit volume; a measure of how much material is in a given space.
The word arc is added to denote an angular measure rather than time. The diameter of the Moon is near 30 arc minutes, for example, while the apparent diameter of Jupiter when closest to Earth is 50 arc seconds.) The comet's brightness was reported as about magnitude 14, ...
The determination of distances and motion along the line of sight is another branch of astronomy, although purely angular measurements within the solar system combined with a knowledge of masses of the planets etc can lead to a complete description of their orbits, including distance.
In the 12th century, Sharaf alDin alTusi invented the linear astrolabe, sometimes called the "staff of alTusi", which was "a simple wooden rod with graduated markings but without sights. It was furnished with a plumb line and a double chord for making angular measurements and bore a perforated ...
The six orbital elements used for comets are usually the following: time of perihelion passage (T) [sometimes taken instead as an angular measure called "mean anomaly", M]; perihelion distance (q), usually given in AU; eccentricity (e) of the orbit; ...
See also: Astro, Earth, Sky, Astronomy, Planet
