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Granules are small (about 1000 km across) cellular features that cover the entire Sun except for those areas covered by sunspots.

A convective cell in the solar photosphere.
gravitational attraction
See gravity.

Granule - A bright convective cell or current of gas in the Sun's photosphere. Granules appear bright because they are hotter than the descending gas that separates them ...

supergranule: A large granule on the sun's surface including many smaller granules.
superluminal expansion: The apparent expansion of parts of a quasar at speeds greater than the speed of light.

Granules are regions of the sun where hot solar material comes to the solar surface. Granules are about 600 miles (1,000 km) across and only exist for about 5 to 10 minutes before they fade away. It is almost as though the surface of the Sun is bubbling like a pot of boiling water.

Each ~ forms the topmost part of a solar convection cell. Spectroscopic observation within and around the bright regions shows direct evidence for the upward motion of gas as it "boils" up from within. This evidence proves that convection really does occur just below the photosphere.

Figure 2. ~s on the surface of the Sun. Each bubble is around 1000 km in size. The differences in the shades is due to temperature differences, with lighter areas being hotter. Image courtesy of NASA's Solar Physics Research Site.

~s Small bright features of the photosphere of the sun, covering 50 to 60 percent of the surface. They have been likened in appearance to rice grains. graph A diagram indicating the relationship between two or more variables.

~ (SOHO Glossary - GSFC) A roughly circular region on the Sun whose bright center indicates hot gases rising to the surface, and whose dark edges indicate cooled gases that are descending towards the interior.

~ (solar) small, roundish patch of dark nebulosity that may be the precursor of a protostar. grating optical surface (transmissive or reflective) upon which is ruled a large number of finely spaced grooves.

Hot gas rises in the middle of each ~ bringing energy from the interior to the surface and sinks back down on the border of a ~. The hot gas rising in the center is brighter than the cooler gas sinking at the borders. Each ~ will last for about 8 minutes.
Solar Atmosphere ...

The surface of the sun consists of convection cells termed ~s. The ~s have diameters of 1000 km and lifetimes of 5-10 min and are observable in visible light.

Intergranular - angular interstices between feldspars occupied by pyroxene ~s (very small grains).
Intersertal - interstices filled with a mixture of glass and some pyroxene.
Matrix, groundmass, or mesostasis - fine-grained or glassy medium in which large grains are set.

Traditionally, active carbons are made in particular form as powders or fine ~s less than 1.0 mm in size with an average diameter between .15 and .25 mm. Thus they present a large surface to volume ratio with a small diffusion distance.

How fast are these bits and pieces and ~s moving around in the stream? And maybe it ain't the earth getting hit by meteoroids so much as these little bits and pieces just floating around out there are getting slammed by the earth as it comes whizzing by, rotating in its orbit around the sun.

The Sun's photosphere is composed of convection cells called ~s-cells of gas each approximately 1000 kilometres in diameter with hot rising gas in the center and cooler gases falling in the narrow spaces between them.

February 1, 2004: The crater floor surrounding Opportunity is covered with gray ~s containing hematite. In fact, the idea that the mineral hematite existed on Meridiani Planum was the principal reason the site was selected by NASA for exploration.

Solar faculae are bright spots that form in the canyons between solar ~s, short-lived convection cells several thousand kilometers across that constantly form and dissipate over timescales of several minutes.

Convective cells (about 1000 km in diameter) in the solar photosphere. Each ~ lasts about 5 minutes on the average and represents a temperature roughly 300 higher than the surrounding dark areas. At any one time, ~s cover about one-third of the solar photosphere. [H76]
Graticule ...

8 million kilometres across, with huge spots covering its surface (~s blown up large) and clouds of boiling plasma. As it expands, it reaches 772.5 million kilometres across.

Individual ~s last for a few minutes and are thought to be the tops of convection cells.
The collapse of an object when its internal forces are no longer able to support it against the force of gravity.

A meteorite with embedded pebble-sized ~s that contain significant quantities of organic (complex carbon-rich) matter.
Cassegrain telescope ...

granulation: The cellular structure of the photosphere. "~s" are formed by convection, each one is quite large, about 700 to 1000 km (400 - 600 miles) in diameter.
H ...

Intergranular lanes are dark, cool areas between ~s where material is descending below the surface of the Sun.

The surface of the Sun can be seen, through a telescope (SEE WARNING), to have a granular appearance. These ~s are the convection cells that carry the energy from below the apparent surface.

The Sun's surface in 3D. Note the sunspots neat top right. Hundreds of solar ~s, each about 1,000 km across are visible in the image.

Short-lived (lifetime from rising to falling is about 15 minutes) jets vertical to the solar surface that are several thousand kilometers long and about 1 kilometer thick. The birth rate is comparable to ~s and there are hundreds of thousands of spicules on the Sun.

Spectra of the centers of the ~s shows these regions to be a few hundred Kelvin hotter than the surrounding darker lanes. Individual granuales last for about 20 minutes. The gas within them can reach speeds of 7 km/sec (15,000 mph), faster than the speed of sound in air.

See also: See also: What is the meaning of Granules, Solar, Sun, Earth, Astro?

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