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Jupiter

Astronomy  Juno  Kaff

JUPITER, LORD OF THE PLANETS
Jupiter is the giant of the solar system. Its mass is over two times that of all the other planets, moons, asteroids and comets put together.
All the inner planets (Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars) are largely made of rock. Jupiter is the first of the gas giants.


Jupiter's Moon, Io
Jupiter's moon Io is 778 million kilometers from the Sun. Except at its volcanic hot spots, Io's surface temperature is well below freezing. Instruments aboard the space probe Galileo measured infrared energy emitted by volcanic hot spots on the satellite's surface.

Jupiter-type Comets
Jupiter-type comets are short-period comets with orbital periods less than 20 years. They are named as such since their current orbits are primarily determined by the gravitational influence of Jupiter.

Jupiter
The fifth planet from the Sun and the largest planet in our solar system. Jupiter orbits the Sun at an average distance of 5.2 time Earth's distance (about 465 million miles/745 million km). The planet has a mass 318 times the mass of Earth and a radius 11.2 times the radius of Earth.

Jupiter
Jupiter is the fifth planet from the Sun and by far the largest within our solar system; some have described the solar system as consisting of the Sun, Jupiter, and assorted debris. It and the other gas giants Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune are sometimes referred to as "Jovian planets.

Jupiter's Ring System
Jupiter's ring was discovered by Voyager 1 in a single image that was targeted specifically to search for a faint ring system. Subsequently, Voyager 2 was reprogrammed to take a more complete set of images. The ring is now known to be composed of three major components.

Jupiter, the largest planet
Jupiter is the fifth planet from the sun and the largest in the solar system. Named after the ruler of the gods in Roman mythology, Jupiter has 1400 times the volume of Earth but only 318 times more mass.

Jupiter
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Jupiter is the largest planet in our solar system. Not just by a tiny bit, but it is 2.5 times more massive than all of the other planets combined or 317 times the mass of Earth. Sort of an SUV in a solar system full of clown cars.

Jupiter
Jupiter storm. Reta Beebe, Amy Simon & NASA Jupiter is the largest planet in the solar system.

JUPITER'S RINGS
Jupiter has faint, dark, narrow rings composed of tiny rock fragments and dust. They do not contain ice, like Saturn's rings.

Jupiter's got acne!
Poor Jupiter. It's breaking out*.
The Great Red Spot is a vast, planet-sized hurricane that's been blowing on Jupiter for hundreds of years. In 2006 it was joined by a smaller storm - though still thousands of miles across - called Oval BA (no relation).

Jupiter XIII
Leda ("LEE duh") is the ninth of Jupiter's known satellites and the smallest: orbit: 11,094,000 km from Jupiter diameter: 16 km mass: 5.68e15 kg Leda was queen of Sparta and the mother, by Zeus in the form of a swan, of Pollux and Helen of Troy.
Discovered by Kowal in 1974.

Jupiter's Europa Harbors Possible "Warm Ice" or Liquid Water
Tantalizing new images of Jupiter's moon Europa from NASA's Galileo spacecraft indicate that "warm ice" or even liquid water may have existed, and perhaps still exists today beneath Europa's cracked icy crust.

Jupiter and the Moon Shine Together Tonight: How to See It
Jupiter and the moon will meet up in the night sky on Feb. 3, 2015. The planet will be just to the left of the moon.
Credit: Starry Night software
View full size image ...

Jupiter robbed Mars of building material
DR EMILY BALDWIN
ASTRONOMY NOW
Posted: 08 June 2011 ...

jupiter vt.
[IRC] To kill an IRC bot or user and then take its place by adopting its nick so that it cannot reconnect. Named after a particular IRC user who did this to NickServ, the robot in charge of preventing people from inadvertently using a nick claimed by another user.

Jupiter, the most massive planet of the solar system and the fifth in distance from the Sun. It is one of the brightest objects in the night sky; only the Moon, Venus, and sometimes Mars are more brilliant. Jupiter is designated by the symbol ♃.
Images
Videos ...

Jupiter's fifteenth moon, Pasiphae, was discovered by P. Melotte in 1908. Pasiphae was the wife of Minos and mother, by a white bull, of the Minotaur
Sorry no pictures available
Sinope ...

Jupiter
A liquid-giant planet whose atmosphere is composed of hydrogen and helium, with methane, ammonia, H2S, and water as condensable aerosols. These gases interact in complex ways to produce rotating horizontal bands and spinning cyclones (such as the Great Red Spot).

Jupiter radiates more energy into space than it receives from the Sun. Traditionally, this heat was thought to be produced from the slow gravitational compression of the planet so that its core may be as hot as 20,000 C (or F).

Jupiter has several unique characteristics:
The first one is its immense size. It is indeed, as its name suggests, the king of the planets. About 1,320 Earths could fit inside of it.
The second characteristic is the Great Red Spot.

Jupiter is composed mostly of gas. This enormous planet radiates twice as much heat as it absorbs from the Sun. It also has an extremely strong magnetic field. It is slightly flattened at its poles and it bulges out a bit at the equator.
SIZE
Jupiter's diameter is 88,700 miles (142,800 km).

Jupiter is usually one of the brighter objects in the night sky. Amongst the planets visible to the naked eye, it is usually second only to Venus in terms of brightness. With even a modest sized telescope you can see all sorts of details of Jupiter, including cloud features and its major moons.

Jupiter's moons are at it again.
Last week, on August 26-27, you had a chance to see a double shadow on the face of Jupiter, cast by Ganymede and Europa. I had the good fortune to see this event, and it was a splendid sight (though I'm still paying for the sleep deprivation.

Jupiter also has a giant magnetic field--with an equivalent central magnet about 20,000 times the Earth's, its field at the planet's visible edge about 10 times more intense than ours.

Jupiter & Cancer take Center Stage in April
Yearly on April Fool's Day, the constellation Cancer stands due south at 8 p.m. local time, reaching its highest point in the sky for the night. The Sun passes within its borders from July 21 to August 11.

Jupiter is massive because it has a large diameter (11.2 times that of Earth). Its density is only 1.33 g/cc, which is 1/4 that of Earth, and only slightly more than the 1 g/cc characteristic of water.

Jupiter
Mean Distance from the Sun
5.20 AU (778.33 million km / 471.72 million miles) ...

Jupiter
Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - Cite This Source
Jupiter is the fifth planet from the Sun and the largest planet within the solar system. It is two and a half times as massive as all of the other planets in our solar system combined.

Jupiter Jupiter, fifth planet from the Sun, may itself have been a prototype Sun which just wasn't big enough to become a star. As a planet, however, Jupiter is by far the largest of nine planets circling the Sun.

Jupiter's Moons - General
Jupiter: Moons
Jovian Satellite Fact Sheet - NASA (just the numbers)
USGS Astrogeology: Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature (information about the background behind the names of planetary bodies in our solar system).

Planet Jupiter Moons: Amalthea
Amalthea is a moon of the planet Jupiter.
For a listing of other moons, see Moons of the planets.

Planet Jupiter Facts
1. Jupiter is the largest planet in our solar system with a mean diameter of 139,822 km (86,881 miles).
2. Jupiter's mass is 318 times larger than Earth. The diameter is 11 times, volume is 1,321 times, and surface area is 122 times of Earth.

What Is Jupiter Like?
Jupiter is a giant gas planet. The planet is covered in thick red, brown, yellow and white clouds. Jupiter is a very windy planet with winds that blow more than 400 mph. That is faster than hurricanes and tornadoes! ...

Jupiter in True and False Color
These color composite frames of the mid-section of Jupiter were acquired by the Cassini spacecraft on December 31, 2000. The frame on the left is a natural color composite yielding the color that Jupiter would have if seen by the naked eye.

Jupiter is the most massive of all the planets.
Jupiter's four Galilean Moons Io, Europa, Ganymede, and Callisto were the first moons discovered orbiting another planet. This discovery was made by Galileo in 1610.
Jupiter has more moons than any other planet in the solar system with 63.

Jupiter and its four largest moons
Jupiter has 63 confirmed moons, giving it the largest retinue of moons with "reasonably secure" orbits of any planet in the Solar System.

Jupiter is by far the brighter of the two, and can be found in the southeastern sky just after sunset. If you go out then and look to the southeast, Jupiter will be the brightest object by far in that area.

Jupiter and the other giant planets are made mostly of hydrogen. Hydrogen is very explosive. We have also seen lightning on some of the giant planets. Why doesn't the lightning make the hydrogen explode?
When hydrogen explodes, it does so by combining with oxygen in the following reaction: ...

Jupiter
Galactography Other Major Polities, Empires, and Meta-Empires Solar Organisation
Galactography Systems and Worlds Systems & Worlds I - J
Image from Steve Bowers" ...

Jupiter is now setting soon after sunset. But three times in 2008, Texans (and North Americans generally) will have a chance to see what you're describing: on March 6th near 5:40 a.m. Central Standard Time, then on October 20th between 8 and 9 p.m.

Jupiter can be seen as a bold star-like object rising in the east at sunset and by midnight will appear highest in the sky, before being visible in the west before dawn.

Himalia is the only moon other than the Galilean moons of Jupiter that is visible in an amateur size telescope. It is much farther from Jupiter than the other moons with an orbit around Jupiter that takes just over 250 days to complete.

Short Description: Students investigate how the density of Jupiter's moons is related to their diameter and their distance from Jupiter.
Why We Chose This Lesson
This lesson was chosen for its quality and potential alignment to Next Generation Science Standards.
Disciplinary Core Ideas ...

Jupiter
Fifth planet from the Sun. Mass 1.90 1030 g = 318 times Earth's. It is more massive than all other planets and satellites combined; if it were about 80 times more massive, it would become self-luminous. Equatorial radius 7.135 109 cm = 11 times Earth's; polar radius 6.

JUPITER’S GREAT RED SPOT - Feature in the upper atmosphere of Jupiter ranging from ~25,000 to 40,000 kilometers in longest dimension (large enough to contain two to three Earths).

Jupiter is more massive than all the other planets combined. It emits electromagnetic energy from charged atomic particles spiraling through its strong magnetic field. If this sizzling magnetosphere were visible to our eyes, Jupiter would appear larger then the full Moon in Earth's sky.

Jupiter has more mass than all other planets in the solar system combined. It helps protect Earth by steering comets either towards the sun or ejecting them to the outer reaches of the solar system or beyond.

Jupiter's Large Moons
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Jupiter is the fifth planet from the Sun and the Solar system by size planet within the Solar System. It is two and a half times as massive as all of the other planets in our Solar System combined....
. It is occupied by numerous irregularly shaped bodies called asteroid
Asteroid ...

Jupiter: Jupiter is the largest planet in our solar system. It features the famous ‘Red Spot’ and a large number of orbiting moons.

Jupiter. Taken with a Maksutov-Cassegrain telescope D = 150 mm, effective focal length F ~ 22,500 mm, ISO 100, 6 sec exposure time.
Saturn left. Taken with a Maksutov-Cassegrain telescope D = 150 mm, effective focal length F ~ 22,500 mm, ISO 100, 12 sec exposure time.

Jupiter
Viewing the giant of the solar system can
be more than fun - even with a modest
telescope you can easily see the cloud bands
and Jupiter's largest moons. NASA/ESA
[larger image] ...

Jupiter's Moon Europa
Before Galileo's arrival, some researchers had theorized that Europa is completely covered by an ocean of liquid water whose top is frozen at the low temperatures that prevail so far from the Sun.

Jupiter I The innermost Galilean satellite of Jupiter, similar in size and density to the Moon (R 1850 km from Pioneer 10, period 1.77 days; e = 0.01, i = 0.03). Jupiter's decametric radiation has been linked at least partially to Io. Mean density (from Pioneer 10) 3.

Jupiter
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A Jupiter-like Planet Orbiting the Nearby M Dwarf GJ832
Dec. 2, 2008 BAILEY J., BUTLER P., TINNEY Ch., JONES H., O'TOOLE S., CARTER B. & MARCY G.
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paper ...

Jupiter was the ruler of the gods, god of sky, lightning and thunder
Venus was the goddess of love and beauty
Saturn, god of agriculture and harvest
Mars, the god of war
Mercury, the messenger of the gods
Neptune, brother of Jupiter and god of the sea and oceans ...

Jupiter
The fifth planet from the Sun and the largest planet in our solar system, twice as massive as all the other planets combined. Jupiter is a gaseous planet with a very faint ring system. Four large moons and numerous smaller moons orbit the planet.

Jupiter's Great Red Spot...
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Search over 100 encyclopedias and dictionaries: ...

Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune.
giant star - (n.)
A type of star brighter than main sequence stars of the same spectral type.

JUPITER
Jupiter is the largest planet in our solar system and the fifth planet from the sun. This gas giant has a thick atmosphere, 17 moons, and a dark, barely-visible ring. Its most prominent features are bands across its latitudes and a great red spot (which is a storm).

Jupiter is a collection of gas, mostly hydrogen and helium that wasn't massive enough to start those gases fusing.

Jupiter is covered by a gaseous cloud cover. Jupiter rotates on its axis faster than any other planet in the Solar System — about two and a half times every Earth day. Combined with its gaseous cloud cover, this results in permanent atmospheric storms.

Jupiter Largest planet in the Solar System; it is 318 times as massive as the Earth and revolves about the Sun in an orbit with an average radius of 5.203 AU. The orbital period is 11.86 years.

Jupiterlike planets with large diameters and low densities.
Julian Day
The Julian Day is the number of days since the year -4712. The Julian Day begins at 12:00 Noon Greenwich mean time.

A Jupiter-like planet in short orbit about the eighth magnitude K dwarf HD 189733 (63 light years away) is also seen to transit across the star, allowing the orbital tilt, exact planetary mass, density, and something of the chemistry to be found.
THE PLANET
The class K1.

Jupiter is about 30 light minutes from the Sun (hence about 20--40 light-minutes from Earth depending upon the relative locations in orbit. Jupiter's Great Red Spot is a gigantic storm in the upper atmosphere. At right, Io , with its huge volcano erupting fumes of sulfur.

May 9 - Jupiter at Opposition. The giant planet will be at its closest approach to Earth and its face will be fully illuminated by the Sun. This is the best time to view and photograph Jupiter and its moons.

Ghost of Jupiter (NGC3242) Planetary Nebula in Hydra
(RA 10h 24.8m , Dec. -18 38', 7.8 mag., >16" in diameter)
This bright planetary nebula is easy to notice as a "star" even in 8 x 50 finder. vIt is located 150' SSW of m Hydrae (see finder chart below).

Moons of Jupiter
Observations of the planet Jupiter over successive night revealed four star-like objects in a line with it. The objects moved from night to night, sometimes disappearing behind or in front of the planet.

As large as Jupiter is, it is far below the mass a planet can have without driving the thermonuclear fusion of hydrogen. This limit is 25,000 time Earth's mass, or 7.5% of the Sun's mass. Anything above this limit is a star.

"Galileo to Jupiter," NASA, JPL 400-15 7/79, GPO: 1979-691-547, p. 1.
* X-1, flown by Capt. Charles E. Yeager, climbed 23,000 feet after launch at record rate of 13,000 feet per minute, at Muroc (1949).

SATURN: Like Jupiter, Saturn also radiates about twice as much radiation in the infrared as it received from the Sun. ISO was recently used to study the concentrations of heavy and ordinary hydrogen in the atmosphere of Saturn.

Q: The planet Jupiter is known to have an infrared luminosity of L = 2.85 x 1019 Watts. On the night of Tuesday, May 3, 2011, the infrared flux from Jupiter is measured to be 2.93 x 10-6 Watts per square meter. What is the luminosity distance to Jupiter?

The name given to Jupiter's four largest moons, Io, Europa, Callisto & Ganymede. They were discovered independently by Galileo Galilei and Simon Marius.
Gamma-ray
The highest energy, shortest wavelength form of electromagnetic radiation.

This VLA image of Jupiter doesn't look like a planetary disk at all. Most of the radio emission is synchrotron radiation from electrons in Jupiter's magnetic field. Image credit ...

Go back to Mars , Jupiter, Mercury, Saturn, Neptune, Venus , Moon, Earth, Asteroids, Comets, Sun , Missions, Uranus ...

Jovian planet: Jupiterlike planet with large diameter and low density.
jumbled terrain: Strangely disturbed regions of the moon opposite the locations of the Imbrium Basin and Mare Orientale.

Galilean Moons: Jupiter's four largest moons: Io, Europa, Ganymede, and Callisto, discovered independently by Galileo Galilei and Simon Marius in 1609-1610.

Amalthea (NASA Thesaurus) Innermost satellite of Jupiter. AMBAL (Plasma Physics and Fusion Energy Glossary) An ambipolar trap (tandem mirror) located at Novosibirsk in Russia. ambient (NASA SP-7, 1965) (symbol , used as a subscript) ...

Small Rocky worlds, most of which lie between Mars and Jupiter in the asteroid belt.
Astrometric Binary
A binary star identified by its irregular proper motion
Astronomical Unit (AU)
Is the average distance from the Earth to the Sun. 1 AU = 93 million miles or 1.5 X 1011 meters or 1.5 X 109 km.

MAIN BELT: The area between Mars and Jupiter where most of the asteroids in our solar system are found.
MAIN SEQUENCE: The band on the HR Diagram where stars lie for much of their life.
MAIN SEQUENCE TURNOFF: When stars age, they run out of hydrogen in their cores.

0 au, and perihelion distances qSee also: Asteroid, Aten asteroids, Perihelion distance, Semimajor axis Asteroid One of a number of objects ranging in size from sub-km to about 1000 km, most of which lie between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter; also called 'minor planet'.

1979 - Jupiter - Success - Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 send back images of Jupiter and its system
1980 - Sun - Success - Solar Maximum Mission solar probe succeeded after being repaired in Earth orbit
1980 - Saturn - Success - Voyager 1 sends back images of Saturn and its system ...

Asteroid belt - a region of the solar system, between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter, in which most of the asteroids orbit.
Astronomical Unit (A.U.) - The average distance from the Earth to the Sun.
Astrophysics - The science of applying the laws of physics to the universe.

Galaxy Galilean satellite four natural satellites of Jupiter discovered by Galileo: lo, Europa, Ganymede, Callisto. gamma rays highest-energy photons of radiation possessing the shortest wavelengths (less than about 0.1 angstrom) and energies greater than 100,000 electron volts.

In January 1610 Galileo used one of his telescopes to discover Jupiter's four largest moons (which we often call "the Galilean satellites"). However, a fellow named Simon Marius may have seen them slightly earlier. Marius is certainly credited with naming them - Io, Europa, Ganymede and Callisto.

URANUS and NEPTUNE: Like Jupiter and Saturn, Uranus and Neptune are mostly gaseous planets, and only the upper layers of their atmosphere can be studied. Infrared studies of Uranus and Neptune can give us information about the composition and structure of their atmospheres.

This will cause the Moon and Jupiter and Saturn all to have a very pale color. My camera has three white balance settings. One for sunlight, one for yellow (incandescent) light and one for blue (mercury vapor) light. To get the proper color, I use the sunlight setting of my camera.

1610 - The Italian mathematician and physicist Galileo Galilei develops an astronomical telescope powerful enough to indentify moons orbiting Jupiter, sunspots on the Sun and the different phases of Mercury, ...

Most Solar System asteroids orbit in a belt between Mars and Jupiter astro a prefix that means "star" in the Greek language astronaut a person who travels in space. The word, 'astronaut' comes from the Greek words meaning "space sailor.

In 1906 Max Wolf discovered 588 Achilles near the Lagrangian point preceding Jupiter in its orbit. Within a year August Kopff had discovered two more: 617 Patroclus, located near the following Lagrangian point, and 624 Hector near the preceding Lagrangian point.

Jupiter, however, is a strong radio emitter at the long (
10cm) radio wavelengths. At shorter wavelengths (around 3 cm) Jupiter has a brightness temperature of around 140 K which is consistent with infrared measurements.

But five unusually bright stars - Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn behaved differently. Within a single night they would remain in a fixed position relative to the other stars.

If we were to measure the apparent size of the Great Red Spot (GRS) on Jupiter and desire to know how large it is with respect to the size of the Earth, then we find the relative angular size of the GRS to the disk of Jupiter and convert that to kilometers.

Then Jupiter, the largest planet in our solar system, is about the size of a cherry pit, orbiting at a distance of some 260 feet from the orange, while Pluto, the most distant planet, is a mere grain of sand orbiting 1050 feet (three and one-half football fields) away! ...

They each refer to the small rocky bodies that are mainly confined to the asteroid belt between the planets Mars and Jupiter. The radius of the asteroid belt varies from 2.0 AU to 3.3 AU from the Sun with holes (called Kirkwood gaps) in the distribution of objects.

This large size difference is responsible for many other differences between the two groups, for instance Jupiter and Saturn both have sufficiently high internal pressures to 'squeeze' large quantities of Hydrogen into a metallic state in their cores, ...

See also: See also: Planet, Astro, Solar, Earth, Orbit

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