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JUPITER, LORD OF THE PLANETS
Jupiter is the giant of the solar system. Its mass is over two times that of all the other planets, moons, asteroids and comets put together.
All the inner planets (Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars) are largely made of rock. Jupiter is the first of the gas giants.


Jupiter's Moon, Io
Jupiter's moon Io is 778 million kilometers from the Sun. Except at its volcanic hot spots, Io's surface temperature is well below freezing. Instruments aboard the space probe Galileo measured infrared energy emitted by volcanic hot spots on the satellite's surface.

Jupiter-type Comets
Jupiter-type comets are short-period comets with orbital periods less than 20 years. They are named as such since their current orbits are primarily determined by the gravitational influence of Jupiter.

Jupiter
Jupiter is the fifth planet from the Sun and by far the largest within our solar system; some have described the solar system as consisting of the Sun, Jupiter, and assorted debris. It and the other gas giants Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune are sometimes referred to as "Jovian planets.

Jupiter's Ring System
Jupiter's ring was discovered by Voyager 1 in a single image that was targeted specifically to search for a faint ring system. Subsequently, Voyager 2 was reprogrammed to take a more complete set of images. The ring is now known to be composed of three major components.

~, the largest planet
~ is the fifth planet from the sun and the largest in the solar system. Named after the ruler of the gods in Roman mythology, ~ has 1400 times the volume of Earth but only 318 times more mass.

~
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~ is the largest planet in our solar system. Not just by a tiny bit, but it is 2.5 times more massive than all of the other planets combined or 317 times the mass of Earth. Sort of an SUV in a solar system full of clown cars.

~
~ storm. Reta Beebe, Amy Simon & NASA ~ is the largest planet in the solar system.

~'S RINGS
Jupiter has faint, dark, narrow rings composed of tiny rock fragments and dust. They do not contain ice, like Saturn's rings.

~'s got acne!
Poor ~. It's breaking out*.
The Great Red Spot is a vast, planet-sized hurricane that's been blowing on ~ for hundreds of years. In 2006 it was joined by a smaller storm - though still thousands of miles across - called Oval BA (no relation).

~ XIII
Leda ("LEE duh") is the ninth of ~'s known satellites and the smallest: orbit: 11,094,000 km from ~ diameter: 16 km mass: 5.68e15 kg Leda was queen of Sparta and the mother, by Zeus in the form of a swan, of Pollux and Helen of Troy.
Discovered by Kowal in 1974.

~ robbed Mars of building material
DR EMILY BALDWIN
ASTRONOMY NOW
Posted: 08 June 2011 ...

~ vt.
[IRC] To kill an IRC bot or user and then take its place by adopting its nick so that it cannot reconnect. Named after a particular IRC user who did this to NickServ, the robot in charge of preventing people from inadvertently using a nick claimed by another user.

~, the most massive planet of the solar system and the fifth in distance from the Sun. It is one of the brightest objects in the night sky; only the Moon, Venus, and sometimes Mars are more brilliant. ~ is designated by the symbol ♃.
Images
Videos ...

~'s fifteenth moon, Pasiphae, was discovered by P. Melotte in 1908. Pasiphae was the wife of Minos and mother, by a white bull, of the Minotaur
Sorry no pictures available
Sinope ...

~
A liquid-giant planet whose atmosphere is composed of hydrogen and helium, with methane, ammonia, H2S, and water as condensable aerosols. These gases interact in complex ways to produce rotating horizontal bands and spinning cyclones (such as the Great Red Spot).

~ radiates more energy into space than it receives from the Sun. Traditionally, this heat was thought to be produced from the slow gravitational compression of the planet so that its core may be as hot as 20,000 C (or F).

~ has several unique characteristics:
The first one is its immense size. It is indeed, as its name suggests, the king of the planets. About 1,320 Earths could fit inside of it.
The second characteristic is the Great Red Spot.

~ is composed mostly of gas. This enormous planet radiates twice as much heat as it absorbs from the Sun. It also has an extremely strong magnetic field. It is slightly flattened at its poles and it bulges out a bit at the equator.
SIZE
~'s diameter is 88,700 miles (142,800 km).

~ is usually one of the brighter objects in the night sky. Amongst the planets visible to the naked eye, it is usually second only to Venus in terms of brightness. With even a modest sized telescope you can see all sorts of details of ~, including cloud features and its major moons.

~'s moons are at it again.
Last week, on August 26-27, you had a chance to see a double shadow on the face of ~, cast by Ganymede and Europa. I had the good fortune to see this event, and it was a splendid sight (though I'm still paying for the sleep deprivation.

~ also has a giant magnetic field--with an equivalent central magnet about 20,000 times the Earth's, its field at the planet's visible edge about 10 times more intense than ours.

~ & Cancer take Center Stage in April
Yearly on April Fool's Day, the constellation Cancer stands due south at 8 p.m. local time, reaching its highest point in the sky for the night. The Sun passes within its borders from July 21 to August 11.

~ is massive because it has a large diameter (11.2 times that of Earth). Its density is only 1.33 g/cc, which is 1/4 that of Earth, and only slightly more than the 1 g/cc characteristic of water.

~
Mean Distance from the Sun
5.20 AU (778.33 million km / 471.72 million miles) ...

~
Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - Cite This Source
~ is the fifth planet from the Sun and the largest planet within the solar system. It is two and a half times as massive as all of the other planets in our solar system combined.

~ ~, fifth planet from the Sun, may itself have been a prototype Sun which just wasn't big enough to become a star. As a planet, however, ~ is by far the largest of nine planets circling the Sun.

Planet Jupiter Moons: Amalthea
Amalthea is a moon of the planet Jupiter.
For a listing of other moons, see Moons of the planets.

What Is Jupiter Like?
Jupiter is a giant gas planet. The planet is covered in thick red, brown, yellow and white clouds. Jupiter is a very windy planet with winds that blow more than 400 mph. That is faster than hurricanes and tornadoes! ...

~ in True and False Color
These color composite frames of the mid-section of ~ were acquired by the Cassini spacecraft on December 31, 2000. The frame on the left is a natural color composite yielding the color that ~ would have if seen by the naked eye.

~ is the most massive of all the planets.
~'s four Galilean Moons Io, Europa, Ganymede, and Callisto were the first moons discovered orbiting another planet. This discovery was made by Galileo in 1610.
~ has more moons than any other planet in the solar system with 63.

~ and its four largest moons
~ has 63 confirmed moons, giving it the largest retinue of moons with "reasonably secure" orbits of any planet in the Solar System.

~ is by far the brighter of the two, and can be found in the southeastern sky just after sunset. If you go out then and look to the southeast, ~ will be the brightest object by far in that area.

~ is now setting soon after sunset. But three times in 2008, Texans (and North Americans generally) will have a chance to see what you're describing: on March 6th near 5:40 a.m. Central Standard Time, then on October 20th between 8 and 9 p.m.

~ can be seen as a bold star-like object rising in the east at sunset and by midnight will appear highest in the sky, before being visible in the west before dawn.

Himalia is the only moon other than the Galilean moons of ~ that is visible in an amateur size telescope. It is much farther from ~ than the other moons with an orbit around ~ that takes just over 250 days to complete.

Short Description: Students investigate how the density of ~'s moons is related to their diameter and their distance from ~.
Why We Chose This Lesson
This lesson was chosen for its quality and potential alignment to Next Generation Science Standards.
Disciplinary Core Ideas ...

~
Fifth planet from the Sun. Mass 1.90 1030 g = 318 times Earth's. It is more massive than all other planets and satellites combined; if it were about 80 times more massive, it would become self-luminous. Equatorial radius 7.135 109 cm = 11 times Earth's; polar radius 6.

~’S GREAT RED SPOT - Feature in the upper atmosphere of ~ ranging from ~25,000 to 40,000 kilometers in longest dimension (large enough to contain two to three Earths).

~ is more massive than all the other planets combined. It emits electromagnetic energy from charged atomic particles spiraling through its strong magnetic field. If this sizzling magnetosphere were visible to our eyes, ~ would appear larger then the full Moon in Earth's sky.

~ has more mass than all other planets in the solar system combined. It helps protect Earth by steering comets either towards the sun or ejecting them to the outer reaches of the solar system or beyond.

~'s Large Moons
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~ is the fifth planet from the Sun and the Solar system by size planet within the Solar System. It is two and a half times as massive as all of the other planets in our Solar System combined....
. It is occupied by numerous irregularly shaped bodies called asteroid
Asteroid ...

~: ~ is the largest planet in our solar system. It features the famous ‘Red Spot’ and a large number of orbiting moons.

~
Viewing the giant of the solar system can
be more than fun - even with a modest
telescope you can easily see the cloud bands
and ~'s largest moons. NASA/ESA
[larger image] ...

~'s Moon Europa
Before Galileo's arrival, some researchers had theorized that Europa is completely covered by an ocean of liquid water whose top is frozen at the low temperatures that prevail so far from the Sun.

~ I The innermost Galilean satellite of ~, similar in size and density to the Moon (R 1850 km from Pioneer 10, period 1.77 days; e = 0.01, i = 0.03). ~'s decametric radiation has been linked at least partially to Io. Mean density (from Pioneer 10) 3.

A ~-like Planet Orbiting the Nearby M Dwarf GJ832
Dec. 2, 2008 BAILEY J., BUTLER P., TINNEY Ch., JONES H., O'TOOLE S., CARTER B. & MARCY G.
ApJ., 690, 743
paper ...

~ was the ruler of the gods, god of sky, lightning and thunder
Venus was the goddess of love and beauty
Saturn, god of agriculture and harvest
Mars, the god of war
Mercury, the messenger of the gods
Neptune, brother of ~ and god of the sea and oceans ...

~
The fifth planet from the Sun and the largest planet in our solar system, twice as massive as all the other planets combined. ~ is a gaseous planet with a very faint ring system. Four large moons and numerous smaller moons orbit the planet.

~'s Great Red Spot...
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Search over 100 encyclopedias and dictionaries: ...

~, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune.
giant star - (n.)
A type of star brighter than main sequence stars of the same spectral type.

~
~ is the largest planet in our solar system and the fifth planet from the sun. This gas giant has a thick atmosphere, 17 moons, and a dark, barely-visible ring. Its most prominent features are bands across its latitudes and a great red spot (which is a storm).

~ is a collection of gas, mostly hydrogen and helium that wasn't massive enough to start those gases fusing.

~ is covered by a gaseous cloud cover. ~ rotates on its axis faster than any other planet in the Solar System — about two and a half times every Earth day. Combined with its gaseous cloud cover, this results in permanent atmospheric storms.

~like planets with large diameters and low densities.
Julian Day
The Julian Day is the number of days since the year -4712. The Julian Day begins at 12:00 Noon Greenwich mean time.

A ~-like planet in short orbit about the eighth magnitude K dwarf HD 189733 (63 light years away) is also seen to transit across the star, allowing the orbital tilt, exact planetary mass, density, and something of the chemistry to be found.
THE PLANET
The class K1.

~ is about 30 light minutes from the Sun (hence about 20--40 light-minutes from Earth depending upon the relative locations in orbit. ~'s Great Red Spot is a gigantic storm in the upper atmosphere. At right, Io , with its huge volcano erupting fumes of sulfur.

May 9 - ~ at Opposition. The giant planet will be at its closest approach to Earth and its face will be fully illuminated by the Sun. This is the best time to view and photograph ~ and its moons.

Ghost of ~ (NGC3242) Planetary Nebula in Hydra
(RA 10h 24.8m , Dec. -18 38', 7.8 mag., >16" in diameter)
This bright planetary nebula is easy to notice as a "star" even in 8 x 50 finder. vIt is located 150' SSW of m Hydrae (see finder chart below).

Moons of ~
Observations of the planet ~ over successive night revealed four star-like objects in a line with it. The objects moved from night to night, sometimes disappearing behind or in front of the planet.

As large as ~ is, it is far below the mass a planet can have without driving the thermonuclear fusion of hydrogen. This limit is 25,000 time Earth's mass, or 7.5% of the Sun's mass. Anything above this limit is a star.

"Galileo to ~," NASA, JPL 400-15 7/79, GPO: 1979-691-547, p. 1.
* X-1, flown by Capt. Charles E. Yeager, climbed 23,000 feet after launch at record rate of 13,000 feet per minute, at Muroc (1949).

Go back to Mars , ~, Mercury, Saturn, Neptune, Venus , Moon, Earth, Asteroids, Comets, Sun , Missions, Uranus ...

Jovian planet: ~like planet with large diameter and low density.
jumbled terrain: Strangely disturbed regions of the moon opposite the locations of the Imbrium Basin and Mare Orientale.

Galilean Moons: ~'s four largest moons: Io, Europa, Ganymede, and Callisto, discovered independently by Galileo Galilei and Simon Marius in 1609-1610.

Amalthea (NASA Thesaurus) Innermost satellite of ~. AMBAL (Plasma Physics and Fusion Energy Glossary) An ambipolar trap (tandem mirror) located at Novosibirsk in Russia. ambient (NASA SP-7, 1965) (symbol , used as a subscript) ...

Small Rocky worlds, most of which lie between Mars and ~ in the asteroid belt.
Astrometric Binary
A binary star identified by its irregular proper motion
Astronomical Unit (AU)
Is the average distance from the Earth to the Sun. 1 AU = 93 million miles or 1.5 X 1011 meters or 1.5 X 109 km.

0 au, and perihelion distances qSee also: Asteroid, Aten asteroids, Perihelion distance, Semimajor axis Asteroid One of a number of objects ranging in size from sub-km to about 1000 km, most of which lie between the orbits of Mars and ~; also called 'minor planet'.

1979 - ~ - Success - Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 send back images of ~ and its system
1980 - Sun - Success - Solar Maximum Mission solar probe succeeded after being repaired in Earth orbit
1980 - Saturn - Success - Voyager 1 sends back images of Saturn and its system ...

Asteroid belt - a region of the solar system, between the orbits of Mars and ~, in which most of the asteroids orbit.
Astronomical Unit (A.U.) - The average distance from the Earth to the Sun.
Astrophysics - The science of applying the laws of physics to the universe.

Galaxy Galilean satellite four natural satellites of ~ discovered by Galileo: lo, Europa, Ganymede, Callisto. gamma rays highest-energy photons of radiation possessing the shortest wavelengths (less than about 0.1 angstrom) and energies greater than 100,000 electron volts.

In January 1610 Galileo used one of his telescopes to discover ~'s four largest moons (which we often call "the Galilean satellites"). However, a fellow named Simon Marius may have seen them slightly earlier. Marius is certainly credited with naming them - Io, Europa, Ganymede and Callisto.

URANUS and NEPTUNE: Like ~ and Saturn, Uranus and Neptune are mostly gaseous planets, and only the upper layers of their atmosphere can be studied. Infrared studies of Uranus and Neptune can give us information about the composition and structure of their atmospheres.

This will cause the Moon and ~ and Saturn all to have a very pale color. My camera has three white balance settings. One for sunlight, one for yellow (incandescent) light and one for blue (mercury vapor) light. To get the proper color, I use the sunlight setting of my camera.

1610 - The Italian mathematician and physicist Galileo Galilei develops an astronomical telescope powerful enough to indentify moons orbiting ~, sunspots on the Sun and the different phases of Mercury, ...

Most Solar System asteroids orbit in a belt between Mars and ~ astro a prefix that means "star" in the Greek language astronaut a person who travels in space. The word, 'astronaut' comes from the Greek words meaning "space sailor.

In 1906 Max Wolf discovered 588 Achilles near the Lagrangian point preceding ~ in its orbit. Within a year August Kopff had discovered two more: 617 Patroclus, located near the following Lagrangian point, and 624 Hector near the preceding Lagrangian point.

~, however, is a strong radio emitter at the long (
10cm) radio wavelengths. At shorter wavelengths (around 3 cm) ~ has a brightness temperature of around 140 K which is consistent with infrared measurements.

But five unusually bright stars - Mercury, Venus, Mars, ~ and Saturn behaved differently. Within a single night they would remain in a fixed position relative to the other stars.

If we were to measure the apparent size of the Great Red Spot (GRS) on ~ and desire to know how large it is with respect to the size of the Earth, then we find the relative angular size of the GRS to the disk of ~ and convert that to kilometers.

They each refer to the small rocky bodies that are mainly confined to the asteroid belt between the planets Mars and ~. The radius of the asteroid belt varies from 2.0 AU to 3.3 AU from the Sun with holes (called Kirkwood gaps) in the distribution of objects.

This large size difference is responsible for many other differences between the two groups, for instance ~ and Saturn both have sufficiently high internal pressures to 'squeeze' large quantities of Hydrogen into a metallic state in their cores, ...

After the Sun, the next largest bodies in the solar system are the so-called ``gas giant'' planets, ~, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune. Of these ~ is the largest and most massive.

This model generally led to reasonable predictions of planetary positions, but it has several unexplained coincidences: the centers of the epicycles for Mercury and Venus always line up with the position of the Sun, and the lines from the epicycle center to the planet for Mars, ~ and Saturn ...

Pertaining to the planet ~.
Julian day. A system of counting days from noon 1st January 4713 BC. The name has nothing to do with Julius Caesar but was invented by the mathematician Scaliger who named it in honour of his father, Julius Scaliger.

The extrasolar planet orbiting it is the prototype for a class of planets known as Hot ~s; planets with mass equal or greater than that of the planet ~, that orbit the parent star within 1.05 AU.

A raging red swirling storm located in ~'s upper atmosphere that can be seen as a red spot on ~ from Earth. The storm has been observed for the last 300 years, and appears to rotate counterclockwise, like a hurricane, once every six days.

The planet closer to the star is almost double the mass of ~, while the more distant planet is slightly less massive than ~. The inner planet has an orbital period of 614 days and the outer one orbits the star every 825 days.

Only as large as ~, it has a luminosity about 1/65,000 of the Sun's; its absolute magnitude is calculated at 16.7m. Its Epoch 2000 values are: right ascension 10h 56m, declination 07 degrees, one second. If using Tirion's SkyAtlas 2000.

Ptolemy believed the planets and Sun to orbit the Earth in the order Mercury, Venus, Sun, Mars, ~, Saturn.

However, in the case of the "outer" Jovian satellites (such as Pasiphae), the perturbations by Saturn and even the Galilean satellites dominate those due to ~'s gravitational harmonics.

NGC 3242 The Ghost of ~. This is a very impressive planetary nebula, showing a blue-green disk almost 1' in diameter with a bright center and fuzzy edges. I saw a bright spot on the SE edge, and another but fainter brightening to its NW.
CORVUS ...

They are in the order as they appear moving towards from the sun, Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, ~, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, Pluto.

-2.8 Maximum brightness of Mars, ~ often this bright
-1.5 Brightest star at visible wavelengths: Sirius
0 The zero point by definition - in olden days this was Vega
Polaris (now determined to be a variable star)
+3.0 Faintest stars visible in an urban neighborhood ...

Galileo
The first space probe to enter the atmosphere of ~ in 1995. On its journey to ~, Galileo was also the first probe to flyby an asteroid, flying by both Gaspra in 1991 and by Ida in 1994.
gamma ray
Radiation with the highest amount of energy.

Mercury Venus Earth Mars ~ Saturn Uranus Neptune or (My Very Evil Mom Just...
what planets in our solar system have a lot of asteroids?
Asteroids can be most found in orbit around the sun. Asteroids sometimes...

Trojan Asteroid - One of a group of asteroids that orbit the Sun at ~'s distance and lie 60 degrees ahead of or behind ~ in its orbit
Tropical Year - The interval of time, equal to 365.242 solar days, between successive appearances of the Sun at the vernal equinox ...

The grouping of asteroids orbiting between Mars and ~.
astrobiology
The study of life on Earth and beyond; emphasizes research into questions of the origin of life, the conditions under which life can survive, and the search for life beyond Earth.

See also: See also: What is the meaning of Planet, Astro, Solar, Earth, Orbit?

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