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New Moon from a new moon
When I get too frustrated with things, when I'm annoyed at people, when the dickishness of the commentariat gets too overwhelming, I'll just click the bookmark I made that goes to this picture:
Sigh. Much better.

New Moon
The Moon does not emit its own light, shining instead by reflecting sunlight. Depending on the relative positions of the Earth, Sun and Moon, varying amounts of the lunar surface appear to be illuminated.

New moons occur on
where n is an integer. The number is defined such that lunation n = 1 corresponds to the new moon that occurred in 1923.

Uranus' New Moons
Several tiny moons have been discovered recently, most from ground based imagery! With these discoveries, Uranus joins the jovian planets in having a number of small moons in irregular orbits. Here is more up to date data.
Caliban and Sycorax ...

But you've put your finger on a key factor in seeing the crescent as soon as possible after new Moon (see the question before this one). Another requirement is for the Moon to be near perigee (closest to Earth), when it will make the quickest possible getaway from the Sun's vicinity.

~ - when the moon's disk is dark (and invisible to us) because the moon is between the sun and the Earth
Quarter Moon - (also called half moon) when we can see one half of the moon's disk (this is one-quarter of the entire moon's surface) ...

~ Phase of the moon during which none of the lunar disk is visible.
Newtonian mechanics The basic laws of motion, postulated by Newton, which are sufficient to explain and quantify virtually all of the complex dynamical behavior found on Earth and elsewhere in the universe.

~s of Pluto
Using NASA's Hubble Space Telescope to probe the ninth planet in our solar system, astronomers have discovered that Pluto may have not one, but three moons.
Hidden Territory on Mercury Revealed ...

~let, in white circle, orbiting Uranus, bottom left
Source: International Astronomical Union
22 moons in 2002. Uranus has more than 20 satellites.

The Moon when it lies in the same direction as the Sun and the beginning of a cycle of lunar phases. The ~ rises and sets with the Sun. The Moon is between Earth and the Sun at ~.

The phase of the Moon when the dark hemisphere of the Moon faces the Earth.
Newton's laws of gravity
See law of universal gravitation.

The lunar phase which occurs when the Moon and Sun are in the same location in the sky. The moon is, therefore, not visible as the far side of the Moon is illuminated.

The ~ occurs when the Moon is directly on the Sun side of the Earth, or to put that another way, the Moon is "new" when it is between the Earth and the Sun.
The ~ rises and sets along with the Sun at about the same time.

Jun 8: ~ phase
Jun 21: Summer Solstice(05:04 UTC)
Jun 23: Full Moon phase
Jul 8: ~ phase
Jul 22: Full Moon phase
Jul 22: Conjunction of Mars and Jupiter
Jul 28-29: Southern Delta Aquarids meteors ...

~: lighted side of the Moon faces away from the Earth.
Waxing Crescent: a small part of the Moon appears lighted and grows larger on successive days.
First Quarter: the right half of the Moon appears lighted, with the lighted part growing larger on successive days.

The ~ is the phase of the moon when the moon is not visible from Earth, because the side of the moon that is facing us is not being lit by the sun.

The following moons have just recently been discovered. We still do not have any pictures, or information about them: Caliban, Sycorax, Prospero, Setebos, Stephano, and 1986U10 ...

~ is considered as the beginning of the cycle, hence the term ~. However, because the moon is between Earth and the Sun the Sun only illuminates the face that we do not see, the ‘Far Side of the Moon'.

~ - (n.)
The phase of the moon when the side of the moon facing the earth is the side that is not illuminated by sunlight.
Newtonian telescope - (n.) ...

~s and Rings found at Uranus, SPACE.com
Two more rings discovered around Uranus, MSNBC
Planets-Uranus A kid's guide to Uranus.
Uranus at Jet Propulsion Laboratory's planetary photojournal.
Spring Has Sprung on Uranus ...

A ~let and strange vertical structures are among the treasure trove of goodies revealed by the Cassini spacecraft as Saturn nears equinox.
A ~let has been detected in the B ring as Saturn approaches its 11 August equinox. Image: NASA/JPL/Space Science Institute.

At ~, the Sun and Moon are seen from the Earth against the same background stars.

~ is in line with the Sun, so it does everything exactly when the Sun does its stuff - rises at 6 AM, sets at 6 PM, and on the meridian at Noon.
2. Full Moon does everything at opposite times relative to the Sun - rises at 6 PM, sets at 6 AM, and is highest (on the meridian) at Midnight.

If the ~ passes exactly between the Earth and the Sun it prevents the Sun's light from reaching a small part of the Earth's surface for a few minutes and an eclipse of the Sun occurs.

When a ~ aligns with perigee, the next ~ returns sooner than 29 days 12 hours and 44 minutes later, the mean period between successive ~s.

May 4 - ~. The Moon will be directly between the Earth and the Sun and will not be visible from Earth. This phase occurs at 22:45 UTC.

The two ~s are between 12-16 km (8-10 miles) - about the size of San Francisco. They are so faint that even Voyager 2, which discovered 10 ~s of Uranus, was unable to detect them.

~, 12:50 UT
3 Nov. The Moon eclipses the Sun for observers across the northern Atlantic and the equatorial regions of Africa.

November 25 ~ Solar Eclipse 2 Sagittarius
Current Solar Data From NOAA
Current Earthquake Activity USGS ...

~ The moon at conjunction, when little or none of it is visible to an observer on the earth because the illuminated side is away from him. Also called change of the moon. See phases of the moon.

In fact, the length of the "lunar month" from one ~ to the next (or from one full Moon to the next) is 29.53 days, but the Moon's orbital period is actually 2.21 days shorter (this is discussed in the section on the calendar).

The ~s of Neptune
The six newly-discovered moons orbit with direct motion nearly in the equatorial plane. Most are closer to Neptune than its rings. Because this lies inside the Roche limit, these moons could not have formed by accretion in their present location.

The Moon would then begin to shrink, becoming first a waning gibbous and eventually reaching third quarter. Following third quarter it becomes a waning crescent, and continues to shrink until it becomes invisible at ~.

The moon is said to be at first quarter when it has completed one-fourth of its cycle from ~.
2. The stage of aggregation of a substance, for example solid, liquid, or gas.

Any ~ during this period will cause a solar eclipse. For Lunar eclipses the period is shorter only about 22 days. A full moon occurring during this time will cause a lunar eclipse.
Eclipse Year
The 346.62 days it takes the sun to return to a node
Eclipsing Binary ...

The minimum value (for a distant ~) is based on a similar scaling using the maximum Earth-Moon distance of 407 000 km (given in the factsheet) and by calculating the brightness of the earthshine onto such a ~.

Initial observations suggest the ~s have circular orbits around Pluto in the same plane as Charon. The orbits of Charon and the two ~s appear to be in "resonance"; for every 12 times that Charon circles Pluto, P2 orbits three times and P1 twice. (More at hubblesite.

Surprisingly enough, while weather was really unstable earlier (during ~ ), it got really clear for a number of nights around and after First Quarter. On one of those clear late afternoons, March 19, I have decided to try hunting down as many Messier objects as possible with my CCD camera.

~s are continually being reported in orbit of the outer planets, but I've only listed those that have been recognized and officially named. In addition to their moons, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune are all orbited by diffuse rings, though only Saturn's rings are easily observable.

Altair will be NASA's ~ lander for astronauts. The lander will play an important part in the future of human space exploration. It is being built as a part of NASA's new human exploration program, Constellation.

A solar eclipse occurs when a ~ passes between the Sun and Earth, and are usually defined as either total, partial, or annular. These natural phenomenona take place on average twice each year, but with the rarer total solar eclipses happening about once every 1.5 years.

Why don't we have a solar eclipse during every ~? This is because the Moon's orbit around the Earth is at an angle to the ecliptic. The ~ usually passes above or below the Sun as seen from the Earth and thus there is no eclipse.

Of course, this can also only occur when there would normally have been a ~. It is only when these "eclipse seasons" match up with the date of a ~ that solar eclipses occur. Since this will occur at 1:20 EST, the Sun will be about 20 degrees west of south during the eclipse.

In this movie, the bright object below S/2003 U 2 is Belinda, whose orbital path is just 200 to 450 miles (300 to 700 km) from the ~.

June 27 - 4:08 A.M. EDT: ~. 5 A.M. EDT: The June Bootid meteor shower is at peak activity.
June 28 - 11 P.M. EDT: The Moon is 5 south of Jupiter.
June 30 - 3:10 P.M. EDT: The Moon is at apogee, the point in its orbit when it is farthest from Earth.

solar eclipse -- the passage of the ~ directly between the Sun and the Earth when the Moon's shadow is cast upon the Earth. The Sun appears in the sky either partially or totally covered by the Moon.

~, First Quarter, Full Moon, and Last Quarter are defined as the times at which the excess of the apparent celestial longitude (see Longitude, Celestial) of the Moon over that of the Sun is 0, 90,180, and 270, respectively. [S92]
Lunation ...

Cyclically recurring apparent forms of the Moon. ~, First Quarter, Full Moon, and Last Quarter are defined as the times at which the excess of the apparent celestial longitude (see Longitude, Celestial) of the Moon over that of the Sun is 0, 90,180, and 270, respectively.
Lunation ...

Month, Synodic. The interval between two successive ~'s (a lunation), equal to 29.53 days.
Month, Tropical. The time taken for the Moon to return to the same celestial longitude (7 seconds shorter than the sidereal month).

Is the season when the Sun is close enough to a node for an eclipse to occur, An eclipse season is 32 days. Any ~ during this period will cause a solar eclipse. For Lunar eclipses the period is shorter only about 22 days. A full moon occurring during this time will cause a lunar eclipse.

Waxing Crescent - The Moon's crescent phase that occurs just after ~
Weight - The gravitational force exerted on a body by the Earth (or another astronomical object)
White Dwarf - A small, dense star that is supported against gravity by the degenerate pressure of its electrons ...

spring tide: Ocean tide of high amplitude that occurs at full and ~.
standard candle: Object of known brightness which astronomers use to find distance - for example, Cepheid variable stars and supernovae.

the interval of a complete lunar cycle, between one ~ and the next. A lunation is equal to 29 days, 12 hours, and 44 minutes.
M ...

He features in the books Twilight , ~ , Eclipse and Breaking Dawn, as well as the Twilight , and the as yet unfinished novel Midnight Sun - a re-telling of the events of Twilight from Edward's perspective....
plan to go to Dartmouth as a ruse.

Earthshine - reflected earthlight visible on the Moon's night side when the Moon is in the evening or morning crescent phase; Earthshine is also known as the Moon's ashen glow or as the old Moon in the ~'s arms; for examples, see Earthshine; ...

His theory gave reasonably satisfactory results for the motion at Full and ~. Hipparchus was dissatisfied however, for, as he appreciated, the errors at quadrature (when the Moon stands at first and last quarters) were too great.

See also: See also: What is the meaning of Moon, Earth, Astro, Sun, Planet?

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