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Planetesimal

Astronomy  Planetary system  Planetesimals
04/23/2014

Planetesimals
Planetesimals are small bodies of rock and/or ice that form by accretion in the protoplanetary disks of protostellar systems. These small objects continue to accrete and merge until finally a planetary system is formed.


Planetesimal Theory
Related Category: Astronomy: General
(pln´´ts´ml): see solar system.
More on Planetesimal Theory ...

Definition: planetesimals: Primordial bodies of intermediate size that accreted into planets or asteroids.
Space Tragedies9 Planets in Nine DaysAstronomy 101
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Planetesimals are solid objects thought to exist in protoplanetary disks and in debris disks.

Planetesimal Compositions in Exoplanet Systems
Aug. 17, 2012 JOHNSON T., MOUSIS O., LUNINE J. & MADHUSUDHAN N.
ApJ, accepted
arxiv ...

planetesimal Term given to objects in the early solar system that had reached the size of small moons, at which point their gravitational fields were strong enough to begin to influence their neighbors.

PLANETESIMAL HYPOTHESIS
The planetesimal hypothesis is a theory about the formation fo the Solar System. It was proposed by Thomas Chrowder Chamberlain (Sept. 25, 1843 - Nov. 15, 1928), an American geologist and teacher.

PLANETESIMALS - Hypothetical solid celestial body that accumulated during the last stages of accretion.

planetesimal
A small body of primordial dust and ice from which the planets were formed.
plasma
A hot ionized gas.

Planetesimal
a rocky and/or icy body, a few to several tens of kilometers in size, that was produced in the solar nebula.
Precambrian
a geological term denoting the time in Earth history prior to 570 million years ago.

Planetesimals: Bodies ranging in size from meters up to hundreds of kilometers in diameter that formed during the process that formed the planets by accretion. Most planetesimals accreted to form the planets.

planetesimal: One of the small bodies that formed from the solar nebula and eventually grew into protoplanets.
plastic: A material with the properties of a solid but capable of flowing under pressure.

Planetesimals
Asteroid-sized solid bodies that are hypothesized to form when the protosolar nebula collapsed into a disk and fragmented. Most of the planetesimals subsequently accumulated into planets.
Planetocentric Coordinates ...

Planetesimal - A primordial solar system body of intermediate size that accreted with other planetesimals to form planets and satellites
Planetology - The comparative study of the properties of planets ...

Planetesimals that became modest in size but did not merge to form larger bodies became asteroids and comets.

Planetesimal
A small body of rock and/or ice - under 10 kilometers (6 miles) across - formed during the early stages of the solar system. Planetesimals are the building blocks of planets, but many never combined to form large bodies.

Planetesimals within the region which would become the asteroid belt were too strongly perturbed by Jupiter's gravity to form a planet. Instead they continued to orbit the Sun as before, while occasionally colliding.

PLANETESIMAL
A planetesimal is a small object that orbits the Sun. Planetesimals are thought to have formed when the Solar System itself formed, and they were perhaps the building blocks from which the planets were built.

planetesimal - (n.)
A small (diameter up to several hundred kilometers) solar-system body of the type that first condensed from the solar nebula. Planetesimals are thought to have been the principal bodies that combined to form the planets.

Planetesimal
A solid object that is believed to exist in protoplanetary disks and in debris disks.

The planetesimals in the Oort Cloud and Kuiper Belt probably consist of chunks of rock mixed with frozen water and gases. Astronomer Fred Whipple once described them as "dirty snowballs.

Icy planetesimals formed in the outer solar system.
Composition Mainly ice and dust Orbits Highly elliptical, taking them very close to the Sun and back out into deep space, often far beyond the orbit of Pluto.

Large planetesimals were created as the new Sun's heat acted on nearby metal grains and chunks of rock during formation of the Solar System.

The Colliding Planetesimals Theory: The interaction of earth-orbiting and Sun-orbiting planetesimals (very large chunks of rocks like asteroids) early in the history of the Solar System led to their breakup. The Moon condensed from this debris.

Comets are icy planetesimals usually from 1 to 50 km across and containing bits of fragile dust resembling carbonaceous chondrite material.

planetesimals small solid bodies believed to have formed during the condensing stage of the solar nebula. plasma hot ionized gas that is electrically conductive.

Within these disks, planetesimals collide and agglomerate into larger protoplanetary bodies that eventually form planets.

The theory by which planetesimals are assumed to collide with one another and coalesce, eventually sweeping up enough material to form the planets. [Silk90]
Achernar ...

Some of the initial planetesimals get ejected out beyond the orbit of Pluto to form the nuclei of the comets. The young sun continues to heat things up, and blows excess gas and dust out of the solar system.

The gravity of the planetesimals tended to divide the solar nebula into ring-shaped zones. This process explains item (i) above. F. More massive planetesimals had stronger gravity and could pull in more of the surrounding solar nebula material.

Chamberlin-Moulton planetesimal hypothesis
Chameleon (constellation)
Chandler wobble
Chandra X-ray Observatory
Chandrasekhar Limit
chaotic inflationary theory
chaotic orbit
chaotic terrain
Chara (Beta Canum Venaticorum)
characteristic length ...

In regions where the average velocity of the collisions was too high, the shattering of planetesimals tends to dominate over accretion, preventing the formation of planet-sized bodies.

Comets also are cosmic debris, probably planetesimals that originally resided in the vicinity of the orbits of Uranus and Neptune rather than in the warmer regions of the asteroid belt.

Rocky planets are thought to have formed from the accretion of dust into 'planetesimals,' the planetesimals into proto-planets and finally the proto-planets into planets.

This caused the planetesimals to grow quickly, and to become large enough that their gravity could capture hydrogen and helium which was very abundant in the protoplanetery disk.

It has an inner disc, with a radius between six and fifteen astronomical units (897 million to 2.2 billion kilometres); a planetesimal disc between 90 and 300 AU (13.4 billion to 44.8 billion kilometres) and an extended halo reaching out to 1000 AU ...

Most of these large objects, called planetesimals, ultimately combined to form the dense, rocky planets of the inner solar system (Mercury through Mars).

The Giant Impactor Theory (sometimes called The Ejected Ring Theory): This theory proposes that a planetesimal (or small planet) the size of Mars struck the Earth just after the formation of the solar system, ...

This suggested the theory that the Moon was produced when a huge planetesimal, perhaps as big as Mars, slammed into the still-forming Earth, ripping material out of its crust.

Furthermore, the second authors mistakenly derive the collision rate appropriate for planetesimals *within* the dust belt while Fomalhaut b is located well outside of it.

As Jupiter accreted into a giant planet, its gravitational pull began to disturb the orbits of the nearest planetesimals so that collisions became more violent.

TRAnsiting Planets and PlanetesImals Small Telescope
Danish 1.54-metre telescope
TÚlescope ├ Action Rapide pour les Objets Transitoires
ESO 1-metre Schmidt telescope
ESO 1.52-metre telescope
ESO 1-metre telescope
ESO 0.5-metre telescope ...

Current theories hold that the planets and moons formed from the blocks - called planetesimals - and their gravity later ejected the left over material from the solar system or to its outer reaches.

"We will use ALMA to image the 'birth ring' of planetesimals that we believe orbits this young star. Only with ALMA, however, can we hope to discover clumps in these dusty asteroid belts, which can be the markers of unseen planets.

The period since the Earth's formation from planetesimals, measured to be 4.6 billion years.
Age of the Universe
About 13 billion years, as determined by big bang model and age of oldest stars.

Thomas Chrowder Chamberlain (Sept. 25, 1843 - Nov. 15, 1928) was an American geologist and teacher who proposed the planetesimal hypothesis of the formation of the Solar System.

Planetesimals, from which the planets were originally formed, are sub-planetary bodies that accreted during the first years of the solar system and that no longer exist.

What are comets?
A comet is a small world which scientists sometimes call a planetesimal. They are made out of dust, and ice. Kind of like a dirty snow ball.

At this point, the solar system is composed only of solid, protoplanetary bodies and gas giants. The "planetesimals" would slowly collide with each other and become more massive.

The planets were originally formed from planetesimals, sub-planetary bodies that accreted together during the first years of the solar system and no longer exist.

An process involving the selective removal of atmospheric species from impacts of planetesimals.

Current evidence suggests that the moon may have been blasted away from the earth about 4.5 billion years ago when a Mars-sized "planetesimal" collided with the newly formed Earth. More info at Bill Arnett's "The Nine Planets". ...

A minor planet is a general term for small-bodies in our solar system not classified as comets. Asteroids and trans-Neptunian objects are considered minor planets. These objects may also be called planetesimals.

of another planet (several moons in the Solar System are bigger than Pluto); it has to be not massive enough to cause thermonuclear fusion (in which case it would classify as a star); and it must have cleared its neighbouring region of planetesimals ...

See also: See also: Planet, Astro, Solar, Orbit, Planetesimals

Astronomy  Planetary system  Planetesimals
04/23/2014

 
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