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Sunrise

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Sunrise is the instant at which the upper edge of the Sun appears above the horizon in the east.


Sunrise on the Bay of Rainbows
By Brian Ventrudo
A day or two after the Moon reaches first quarter, sunlight spreads over a striking region on the Moon known as Sinus Iridum, the 'Bay of Rainbows'.

Sunrise is the time at which the leading limb of the first rises above the .

How do sunrise and sunset times change with altitude?
Hi, I am a professional airline pilot and an amateur astronomer and would appreciate it if could provide me with a formula or method in how to calculate the affect of altitude on sun set/rise ...

Happy autumnal equinox: here's a year of sunrises
At 09:05 UTC (05:05 Eastern US time) this morning, the position of the center of the Sun's disk, moving south, crossed the celestial equator on the sky.

Sunrise, Sunset
Who hasn't enjoyed watching a sunset as the Sun's red disk sinks below the horizon. Why does the Sun now appear red?

Sunrise, Sunset: Apparent Motion of the Sun
Objectives:
Identify the Sun as the source of Earth's light.
Observe and describe changes in the Sun's altitude and position.
Recognize that day and night are determined by our view of the Sun.

Sunrise at the South Pole
Today's autumnal equinox heralds the dawn of a new day at the South Pole as Earth joins three other planets in the solar system where it is autumn in the northern hemisphere.
Just Passing By Earth ...

Sunrise -- For technical definition, please follow this link to the U.S. Naval Observatory Astronomical Applications website.

Sunrise/Sunset
The times at which the apparent upper limb of the Sun is on the astronomical horizon; i.e.

12 : Sunrise or sunset, as seen from the surface of the Moon, appears to us here on Earth as the Moon's ...
maria.
rays.
Lunar Transient Phenomena (LTP).
terminator.

A Misty Sunrise Over Olympus Mons
Mars has several other *very* large volcanoes. Some of them are located on top of a big bulge in the side of Mars called the Tharsis Ridge.

Sunrise & Sunset Calendar
Another way of keeping track of the seasons is to watch the sunrise and sunset points on the horizon. The Sun rises and sets at its southernmost point for the year on the day of the Southern solstice.

Sunrise
Noon
The phase diagram seems to show that a solar and lunar eclipse should happen every month but eclipses actually happen only twice a year. You can see why if you look at the Moon's orbit from close to edge-on.

Is sunrise any faster in the tropics--or actually slower--or else, latitude really makes no difference? Explain.

During sunrise and sunset, sunlight is attenuated due to Rayleigh scattering and Mie scattering from a particularly long passage through Earth's atmosphere and the direct Sun is sometimes faint enough to be viewed comfortably with the naked eye or ...

Rises at sunrise, transits meridian at noon, sets at sunset
A
Waxing Crescent ...

* Latest sunrise of the year.
Click here to return to the calendar page.
*William G. Swan stayed aloft for 30 minutes over Atlantic City, N.J., in a glider powered with 10 small rockets (1931) ...

Sacagawea Sunrise
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Search over 100 encyclopedias and dictionaries: ...

The time from one sunrise to the next is called a solar day. The time between successive risings of any given star is one sidereal day.

The exact time of sunrise and sunset (and similar data for moonrise and moonset) may be calculated for any date and 22,000 named cities in the United States, or by specifying the latitude and longitude of any location worldwide, using this program.

The site includes a sunrise and sunset time calculator, visibility predictions for the new crescent Moon, maps of forthcoming eclipses and information on UK public holidays.

green flash (NASA SP-7, 1965) A brilliant green coloring of the upper edge of the sun as it appears at sunrise or disappears at sunset when there is a clear, distinct horizon.

But first we need to define "sunrise." The World Almanac defines it as the instant the upper limb of the Sun touches the horizon. By this definition we can't see a sunrise until the Sun has risen after having been completely below the horizon.

The Babylonians and Hindoos began their day at sunrise, the Athenians and Jews at sunset, the ancient Egyptians and Romans at midnight. -- Day blindness. Med. See Nyctalopia.

Since its greatest elongation (the angle made between the sun, the earth, and Venus) is 47, it can never be seen much longer than 3 hr after sunset or 3 hr before sunrise. Venus revolves around the sun at a mean distance of c.

This heliacal rising is the first time in the year when Sirius was seen in the sky just before sunrise. This rising of Sirius (known by the Egyptians as Sothis) signaled the beginning of festivals celebrating fertility and renewal.

nearly an hour before sunrise, Perseus will be due east. The Moon, nearly 40 degrees away, should present a minimal problem. Also, low towards the cast are the planets Venus and Mars huddled close together.

(Do we mean a 24 hour period or do we mean the time between sunrise and sunset?) We usually do not have to define it with great quantitative precision to make use of it.

It started to move away just before sunrise and once Sun cleared horizon, through a narrow gap between layers of clouds, I noticed Venus immediately as a black disk against deep red, deformed face of our Star! ...

It was three hours before the Martian sunrise when it landed. The probe quickly deflated the air bags, then opened up like a flower - each "petal" being a solar panel to generate power. Four hours later, it broadcast a signal to Earth.

Sometimes, at sunrise or sunset, there are flashes of green light visible near the sun. This effect only happens when there are no clouds nearb the sun.

We had stuck something in our arguments to get his attention because, had we maintained the Apollo 8 target for Apollo 10, we would have had a pre-sunrise, quasi-nighttime splashdown. And he'd been nervous about that.

This dust originates from comets and from asteroid collisions, and can sometimes be seen with the naked eye as a triangular glow above the horizon just before sunrise or after sunset.

As it does so, it goes from being the 'Evening star', visible after sunset, to being the 'Morning star', visible before sunrise.

The interval of time preceding sunrise and following sunset (see Sunrise; unset) during which the sky is partially illuminated.

The use of 'East' to mean the 'in' direction (actually 'in' → 'East' → 'sunrise' → 'up') may appear unnecessarily contrived.

*Venus can be viewed with the naked eye in the east up to 3 hours before sunrise, and in the west up to 3 hours before sunset.

It was taken one hour before sunrise on the rover's 63rd martian day, or "sol." The final image is a mosaic of the navigation camera showing a broad view of the sky and the panoramic camera image of Earth.

On Mercury, which is longer, one solar day (sunrise to sunrise on Mercury) or one year (one revolution around the Sun)?
Day Year 8. Does it ever get cold on Mercury?
Yes No 9. On Mercury, would you feel lighter or heavier than on Earth?

Some are only seen near the Sun, either around the time of sunrise or sunset (Mercury and Venus are the two that do this - in the animation, the Sun is the yellow dot, Mercury is the red dot, and Venus is the bluish dot.

When the Sun is close to the horizon, such as at Sunrise and Sunset, the light must pass through a much longer path in the atmosphere; more of the blue light is scattered out of this direction, leaving only the red light.

The Leonids were great, I had even seen meteors before the sunrise, on an incredibly clear sky. In the first night the activity was scarce, with only one spectacular meteor.

For example, more than 400,000 people gathered for the Sunrise Event on New Year's Day in Busan City, South Korea. In Brazil, the 2009 Brazilian Olympiad of Astronomy and Astronautics saw more than 750,000 students participate from 32,500 schools.

Cards are convenient at the telescope, easy to stuff in the pocket of your shirt or coat, and easy of light on the sunrise or sunset limb of Mars.

Early in the 20th century, the English astronomer Sir Norman Lockyer demonstrated that the northeast axis aligned with the sunrise at the summer solstice, leading other scholars to speculate that the builders were sun worshipers.

Terminator: The line between night and day, where sunrise or sunset is occurring.
Terrestrial Planets: A rocky planet with a relatively thin atmosphere. Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars are the four terrestrial planets in our solar system.

At many locations, surface turbulence follows a diurnal cycle from a minimum just after sunrise, steeply rising to a peak during early afternoon, declining to a secondary minimum shortly after sunset, ...

Sunlight creates sunsets and sunrises that range from quiet and peaceful to colorfully spectacular. It is observed in the blue sky, in rainbows and colored rings, and in peaceful twilights.

A partial transit can be seen in progress at sunrise throughout Europe, western Asia, and eastern Africa. A partial transit can be seen in progress at sunset throughout most of North America, Central America, and western South America.

Here on earth we know it's time for breakfast when the sun comes up, but what does that mean on the International Space Station where astronauts get to see a sunrise every hour and a half? We either have to find solution to this problem.

It will emerge in the morning sky by late March, when it will shine as a bright beacon low in the east shortly before sunrise. As the year progresses, Jupiter will rise earlier and grow brighter, eventually moving into the evening sky.

It refers to the apparent standstill of sunrise and sunset points at midsummer and midwinter. (i) The most southerly and northerly declinations of the Sun. (ii) The date on which the Sun attains its greatest declination.

A planet seen in the eastern sky before sunrise, especially Venus
nebula
A hazy mass of gases and particles in space ...

The zenith skyglow at sunrise or sunset.
The Distribution of Glow Across the Sky ...

morning star: Any planet visible in the sky just before sunrise.
multiringed basin: Very large impact basins in which there are concentric rings of mountains.
mutant: Offspring born with altered DNA.

Like Mercury, Venus is close to the Sun and so we can only see it before sunrise or after sunset. However, it can appear further above the horizon than Mercury.

Since comets are brightest when near the Sun, they are usually visible only at sunrise or sunset. Charts showing the positions in the sky of some comets can be created with a planetarium program.
More about comets ...

twilight: the time after sunset or before sunrise when the sky is not fully dark.

A planet visible in the Morning shortly before sunrise is a morning star, a planet visible just before sunset is the Evening Star.
N
Nanometer ...

full moon
The phase of the Moon in which it is fully illuminated and rises at sunset and sets at sunrise.
fusion crust
The melted exterior of a meteorite caused by the intense heat of entering the Earth's atmosphere.

The name Sirius comes from the Greek Σείριος (Seirios), which means "scorching," "glowing" or "searing." In ancient times, the star rose just before sunrise during the hottest summer period, the so-called Dog Days.

heel stone -- the large upright boulder (or menhir) at Stonehenge that is aligned with the summer solstice sunrise.
latitude -- distance on the Earth (measured in degrees) north or south of the equator.

To an observer situated on the planet's hot pole at aphelion during a sunrise, the Sun would approach the zenith (getting larger as it does so), but since the orbital angular velocity is greater than the constant-spin angular velocity for a time, ...

Zodiacal Light
a faint cone of light that can sometimes be seen above the horizon after sunset or before sunrise. Zodiacal light is caused by sunlight reflecting off small particles of material in the plane of the Solar System.

Full Moon
The Moon when it lies directly opposite the Sun. The Moon is full two weeks after new Moon. The full Moon rises at sunset and sets at sunrise. Earth is between the full Moon and the Sun.

Noon was what most people still think is noon: when the Sun crosses the meridian -- that is, when the Sun is due south (for people at north temperate latitudes), at its highest point of the day, and halfway between sunrise and sunset.

Hoisting the youth on his shoulders, Orion headed east towards the sunrise, which an oracle had told him would restore his sight. As the sun's healing rays fell on his sightless eyes at dawn, Orion's vision was miraculously restored.

the joke that you could take a look at the Sun through a telescope only twice in your life - once with your left eye, and again with your right eye. The only time you could look directly at the solar disk with your naked eyes is right after sunrise ...

away from its normal great-circle path, which is the shortest distance between two points on Earth. Strong horizontal gradients are associated with the equatorward boundary of the auroral oval (especially in the night sector) and the sunrise ...

When the planet is at maximum EASTERN elongation the planet is seen in the evening close to sunset. When the planet is at maximum WESTERN elongation, the planet is seen in the morning close to sunrise (see diagram 2).

It then sets in the daytime, after the sun rises. Eventually, the moon rises so late at night that it's actually rising around sunrise, and it's setting around sunset. That's when it's a new moon once again.

See also: See also: Earth, Astro, Sun, Planet, Sky

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