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Gross weight

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ATOG - Allowable Takeoff Gross Weight - Maximum Aircraft Weights
Tags: FMC, takeoff, Weight & Balance
ATOG - Allowable Takeoff Gross Weight is the weight that's limited by takeoff, enroute, landing or structural weight, whichever is more restrictive.

Gross Weight
The total weight of the aircraft at any particular time. Thus Basic Empty Weight plus Pilot, Crew and their baggage plus payload (passengers and cargo) plus fuel load. Gross Weight may not exceed the maximum weight permissible for any given manoeuvre at any time.

GROSS WEIGHT - The total weight of an aircraft when fully loaded; aka Takeoff Weight.
GROUND CONTROL - Tower control, by radioed instructions from air traffic control, of aircraft ground movements at an airport.

GROSS WEIGHT - The total weight of an aircraft when fully loaded, including fuel, cargo, and passengers; aka Takeoff Weight.

Gross Weight - 1. A 350-pound pilot (also see "Split S"). 2. Maximum permissible takeoff weight plus two suitcases, 10 cans of oil, four sleeping bags, four rifles, eight cases of beer, and the groceries.

Hangar - Home for anything that flies, mostly birds.

Maximum ~: The maximum permissible weight of the airplane.

Maximum Take-Off Weight: The maximum weight approved for the start of the take-off run.

MAXIMUM ~ (TAKE-OFF). The total weight of the aircraft when it is completely loaded for the mission. This is operating weight plus fuel, cargo, and passengers. This total weight must not exceed the maximum ~ indicated in the technical manual for the aircraft.

Where W = ~ (lbs.)
S = wing area (sq. ft.)
BHP = Rated Brake Horsepower of engine ...

Max ~ - The maximum ~ of the aircraft is the greatest weight that the aircraft has been certified to where it is compliant with the certification envelope.

TOGW Take-off ~ (not necessarily MTOW).
TOW Tube-launched, Optically-tracked, Wire-guided (anti-tank guided missile). Designation = BGM-71.
ton Imperial (long) ton = 1 016 t or 2 240 Ib, US (short) ton = 0.9072 t or 2 000 lb.

TOGW: Take Off ~.
Ton (UK): Mass equal to 2 240 lb or 1 016 kg/1.016 tonnes. Commonly known as a long or gross ton.
Ton (US): Mass equal to 2,000 lb or 907.20 kg/0.907 tonnes. Commonly known as a short ton.

The speed with which the nose of the aircraft needs to be pitched up is related to ~, density altitude, wind, and airspeed. Generally if ~ is high, a more aggressive flare will be required. If density altitude is high, a more aggressive flare is required.

All runway charts in POH's are predicated on full ~, so we're not talking about lengths beyond those in the POH. What we're talking about is an airplane that is suddenly going to take 40% more runway than the student is used to seeing.

~: 800 feet per minute
Minimum single-engine control speed (red mark on the airspeed indicator): 80 knots
Recommended safe single-engine speed: 95 knots
Best single-engine angle of climb speed: 100 knots ...

Amount of coning depends on RPM, ~, and G-Forces experienced during flight. If RPM is held constant, coning increases as ~ and G-force increase. If ~ and G-forces are constant, decreasing RPM will cause increased coning.

In fact, though there's a slight climb improvement in the SP, the primary benefit of its additional horsepower is a higher ~ that generates additional payload.

When first introduced in 1956, the 172 had a maximum ~ of 2,200 pounds. ~s were increased to 2,250 pounds in the 172C (1962), and bumped up another 50 pounds with the introduction of the 172D in 1963.

Figure 13 shows the fuel consumption versus ~ for a large transport airplane traveling at a constant speed (obtained from actual data). Since the speed is constant the change in fuel consumption is due to the change in induced power.

The ratio of helicopter ~ to rotor disc area.
Display Cases
Once complete it is a good idea to finish the model and keep it clean with a display case. There are a number of different ways in which a display case may be constructed. more......

However, those figures are based on maximum ~, the number usually given in a POH. At the end of a flight, however, the airplane may be several hundred pounds under max gross, which means the POH numbers are high to begin with and must be adjusted for the lighter weight.

Because the Approach Speed for an aircraft is based on the Maximum ~, the speed can vary between flights in the same aircraft. If a plane has full cargo and passengers, then its Approach Speed will be higher than if the plane was empty.
Quick Quote
Type of Travel ...

Split S - What happens to the pants of overweight pilots (also see "~").
Stall - Technique used to explain to the bank why your car payment is late because you spent the money on flying.
Stewardess - A pretty gal who asks you what you want, then straps you in so can't get it.

A Cherokee Six is a rather popular airplane. It has very good load-carrying ability; more than half of the legal max ~ is useful load. Even allowing for a bantamweight pilot and a modest amount of fuel, you can imagine flying it at half of max ~.

Glide Slope - ILS component which provides vertical guidance during the approach and landing phase
~ - Maximum permissible weight of the aircraft
GPS - Global Positioning System
- H - ...

These vortices are the most predominant parts of aircraft wake turbulence and their rotational force is dependent upon the wing loading, ~, and speed of the generating aircraft. The vortices from medium to heavy aircraft can be of extremely high velocity and hazardous to smaller aircraft.

For a Boeing 747-400 type aircraft, this would reduce the Takeoff ~ from 800,000 lbs to approximately 600,000 lbs. Thus, the performance of a hydrogen-fueled aircraft is a trade-off of the larger wetted area and lower fuel weight. This tradeoff depends on the size of the aircraft.

See also: See also: What is the meaning of Weight, Pilot, Flight, Aircraft, Landing?

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