In evolutionary biology, fitness landscapes or adaptive landscapes are used to visualize the relationship between genotypes (or phenotypes) and reproductive success. It is assumed that every genotype has a well defined...
The surface plotted in a three-dimensional graph; with all possible combinations of allele frequencies for different loci plotted in the plane; and mean fitness for each combination plotted in the third dimension.
In evolutionary biology, fitness landscapes or adaptive landscapes are used to visualize the relationship between genotypes (or phenotypes) and reproductive success.
Wright also came up with the idea of the adaptive landscape -- an idea that remains influential to this day. Its influence remains even though P. A. P. Moran has shown that, mathematically, adaptive landscapes don't exist as Wright envisioned them.
A high point (perhaps one of several) on an adaptive landscape; selection tends to drive the genotype composition of the population toward a combination corresponding to an adaptive peak.
Adaptive landscape ...
In 1932, Wright introduced the concept of an adaptive landscape and argued that genetic drift and inbreeding could drive a small, isolated sub-population away from an adaptive peak, ...
Alcantara JM, Rey PJ, Manzaneda AJ, Boulay R, Ramirez JM, Fedriani JM: Geographic variation in the adaptive landscape for seed size at dispersal in the myrmecochorous Helleborus foetidus. ...
See also: Population, Selection, Fitness, Allele, Organ