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Elongation factor

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elongation factor
One of a group of nonribosomal proteins required for continued translation of mRNA following initiation. (Figure 4-39) ...

Savelsbergh A, Katunin VI, Mohr D, Peske F, Rodnina MV, Wintermeyer W: An elongation factor G-induced ribosome rearrangement precedes tRNA-mRNA translocation.
Wilson DN, Nierhaus KH: The ribosome through the looking glass. ...

Elongation factor
A protein that facilitates protein synthesis.
An enzyme that makes breaks in a molecule of DNA by hydrolyzing internal phosphodiester bonds. An endonuclease may be specific for either single or double stranded DNA or RNA.

Elongation factor - GTP-dependent proteins that help bring aa-tRNA to the acceptor site of a ribosome during translation. Elongation factors also help in the translocation process. Energy is supplied by the hydrolysis of GTP to GDP.

an elongation factor (called EF-Tu in bacteria)
GTP (the source of the needed energy) ...

EF ~; ~s are proteins facilitating translational elongation.
efferent /EF-er-rษ™nt/ Leading or carrying away.
egest /ee-JEST, ษ™-JEST/ Broadly: to pass waste matter out by any means; specifically: to pass undigested matter out of the digestive tract.

Cdk9 binds to T-type cyclins (T1 and T2) as a subunit of the positive transcription ~ b (P-TEFb) that stimulates elongation. Cdk9 is the ortholog of Bur1, which contributes to phosphorylation of the Ser2 mark at the 5โ€ฒ ends of genes [16,35].

During translation elongation, tRNA first binds to the ribosome as part of a complex with ~ Tu (EF-Tu) or its eukaryotic (eEF-1) or archaeal counterpart. This initial tRNA binding site is called the A/T site.

The aminoacyl-tRNA is brought to the ribosome through a series of interactions with EF-Tu (an ~). This step involves the hydrolysis of GTP: EF-Tu-GTP โ†' EF-Tu-GDP (The hydrolyzed GDP is switched for GTP through another series of reactions with EF-Ts.) ...

During codon recognition, an ~ assists hydrogen bonding between the mRNA codon under the A site with the corresponding anticodon of tRNA carrying the appropriate amino acid.
This step requires the hydrolysis of two GTP.

~ (โ† links)
Transformant (โ† links)
Rna polymerases (โ† links)
Mesokaryotic (โ† links)
Codon initiator (โ† links)
Purples (โ† links)
Clone cells (โ† links)
Ribosome (โ† links)
Heat-shock proteins (โ† links)
Heat-shock factor (โ† links) ...

A molecule of water is released ( it is a condensation reaction) (Diagram 3b). This only happens after hydrolysis of a GTP into GDP which allows the ~ to leave. This delay allows for proof reading as a wrong tRNA would leave before the reaction takes place.

However, their genetic transcription and translation - the two central processes in molecular biology - do not show the typical bacterial features, but are extremely similar to those of eukaryotes. For instance, archaean translation uses eukaryotic initiation and ~s, ...

of RNA and enzymes that are floating around side of the cytoplasm but it also requires of course that messenger RNA that's the guide for the ribosomes as well as other helping molecules called t-RNa for transfer RNA and other factors sometimes they're called initiation factors or ~s ...

See also: See also: What is the meaning of Trans, Protein, Proteins, Sequence, Translation?

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