One of a group of nonribosomal proteins required for continued translation of mRNA following initiation. (Figure 4-39) ...
Savelsbergh A, Katunin VI, Mohr D, Peske F, Rodnina MV, Wintermeyer W: An G-induced ribosome rearrangement precedes tRNA-mRNA translocation.
Wilson DN, Nierhaus KH: The ribosome through the looking glass. ...
A protein that facilitates protein synthesis.
An enzyme that makes breaks in a molecule of DNA by hydrolyzing internal phosphodiester bonds.
- GTP-dependent proteins that help bring aa-tRNA to the acceptor site of a ribosome during translation. s also help in the translocation process. Energy is supplied by the hydrolysis of GTP to GDP.
an elongation factor (called EF-Tu in bacteria)
GTP (the source of the needed energy) ...
EF ; s are proteins facilitating translational elongation.
efferent /EF-er-rənt/ Leading or carrying away.
During translation elongation, tRNA first binds to the ribosome as part of a complex with elongation factor Tu (EF-Tu) or its eukaryotic (eEF-1) or archaeal counterpart. This initial tRNA binding site is called the A/T site.
The aminoacyl-tRNA is brought to the ribosome through a series of interactions with EF-Tu (an ).
During codon recognition, an elongation factor assists hydrogen bonding between the mRNA codon under the A site with the corresponding anticodon of tRNA carrying the appropriate amino acid.
This step requires the hydrolysis of two GTP.
Transformant (← links)
Rna polymerases (← links)
Mesokaryotic (← links)
Codon initiator (← links)
Purples (← links)
Clone cells (← links)
Ribosome (← links)
Heat-shock proteins (← links) ...
A molecule of water is released ( it is a condensation reaction) (Diagram 3b). This only happens after hydrolysis of a GTP into GDP which allows the elongation factor to leave.
and translation - the two central processes in molecular biology - do not show the typical bacterial features, but are extremely similar to those of eukaryotes. For instance, archaean translation uses eukaryotic initiation and s, ...
of the cytoplasm but it also requires of course that messenger RNA that's the guide for the ribosomes as well as other helping molecules called t-RNa for transfer RNA and other factors sometimes they're called initiation factors or elongation factors ...
See also: Trans, Protein, Proteins, Sequence, Translation