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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A typical animal cell.

a term applied to molecules containing carbon, except those that are derivatives of carbon dioxide; practically all organic molecules contain carbon atoms linked together
Source: Noland, George B. 1983. General Biology, 11th Edition. St. Louis, MO. C. V. Mosby ...

In biology and ecology, an organism is a living being.

Organizing the Embryo: The Central Nervous System
In the embryonic development of a zygote, gradients of mRNAs and proteins, deposited in the egg by the mother as she formed it, give rise to cells of diverse fates despite their identical genomes.

Any foods grown without the use of chemical fertilisers or pesticides, in soil made rich by composting and mulching. Pertaining to carbon-based compounds produced by living plants, animals or by synthetic processes.

~ (anatomy)
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Any membrane-limited structure found in the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells.

TAG: ~elle
(Date:3/28/2011)... Ky., (March 28, 2011) University of Kentucky plant ... role early on in the ability of plants, animals, ... range of pathogens at the cellular level, which is ... been known for more than 100 years, but the ... mystery. , The findings of the UK College of ...

Now in the big group of ~ic compounds perhaps the most useful of them are the ~ic polymers. Now I’ll get into what are polymers in just a moment but the four basic groups are the lipids which are things like well fats and waxes.

Cells and ~elles
Much of what you will need to know applies to the structure of eukaryotic cells. They are characterised by having membrane-bound ~elles.

An ~elle is a subcellular structure that has one or more specific jobs to perform in the cell, much like an ~ does in the body.

~izing knowledge to enable personalization of medicine in cancer
Benjamin M Good1, Benjamin J Ainscough23, Josh F McMichael2, Andrew I Su1* and Obi L Griffith24*
Author Affiliations ...

~ Systems
The major ~ systems of the body and their functions are the (1) integumentary system for protection, excretion, receipt of external stimuli (outer covering of skin); (2) muscular system for movement, posture, heat production;
The Muscular System and the Skeletal System ...

(~a Genitalia Muliebria)
The female genital ~s consist of an internal and an external group. The internal ~s are situated within the pelvis, and consist of the ovaries, the uterine tubes, the uterus, and the vagina.

~ic Base
A base is a chemical compound which can neutralize an acid. It can combine with a hydrogen from an acid. ~ic bases are bases witha carbone backbone. Purines and pyrimidines are ~ic bases.
This is a search for orgamicbase in our database
orgamicbase on Wikipedia ...

What Is ~ic Chemistry?
What do you think of when you think of when you hear the word ~ic? Do you think of the baby carrots that you saw in the grocery store the other day or do you think of something entirely different?

~ic molecules are those that: 1) formed by the actions of living things; and/or 2) have a carbon backbone. Methane (CH4) is an example of this. If we remove the H from one of the methane units below, and begin linking them up, while removing other H units, we begin to form an ~ic molecule.

Well, the ~ic spores, I'm not really familiar with how they use those, because they don't use them a lot in this particular area because of the lower incidence of corn borer.

Ecology: ~isms and Their Environments
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Eukaryotic ~elles: The Cell Nucleus, Mitochondria, and Peroxisomes

Problems ...

Leaf Tissue ~ization
The plant body is divided into several ~s: roots, stems, and leaves. The leaves are the primary photosynthetic ~s of plants, serving as key sites where energy from light is converted into chemical energy.

UNC-69 and UNC-76 regulate presynaptic ~ization cooperatively
We showed above that UNC-69 is required for localization of synaptic vesicles in axons. Does UNC-76 also have a role in this process, and if so, does UNC-76 control presynaptic ~ization together with UNC-69?

~ic compounds are found in living things, their wastes, and their remains. Examples of ~ic compounds : carbohydrates (sugars, starches), lipids (fats & waxes), proteins, nucleic acids (DNA & RNA).
Examples of inorganic compounds : water, carbon dioxide.

~ization of Plants and Animals - Cells, Tissues, ~s, ~ Systems
Plant and animals have a hierarchy of cellular architecture
At the lowest level are cells ...

~elles of the Cell
Eukaryotic cells (all ~isms except bacteria and archaea (prokaryotes)) have complex ~elles which are surrouned by their own membrane (similar to the cell membrane).

~isms depend on the cohesion of water molecules.
The hydrogen bonds joining water molecules are weak, about 1/20 as strong as covalent bonds.
They form, break, and reform with great frequency. Each hydrogen bond lasts only a few trillionths of a second.

~ of Corti
The actual hearing ~ of the vertebrate ear, located in the floor of the cochlear canal in the inner ear; contains the receptor cells (hair cells) of the ear.
~elle ...

~ic /ore-GAN-ik/ (1) of or relating to ~isms or the chemical compounds made by them; (2) referring to a chemical compound containing carbon.

~elle -- n. A membrane-bound structure in a eukaryotic cell that partitions the cell into regions which carry out different cellular functions, e.g., mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, lysosomes.

~ic agriculture: A concept and practice of agricultural production that focuses on production without the use of synthetic pesticides. See the USDA's National ~ic Program for an established a set of national standards, which are available online.

~ic. A material (e.g. pesticide) whose molecules contain carbon and hydrogen atoms. Also may refer to plants or animals which are grown without the use of synthetic fertilizers or pesticides.
outer bark. In older trees, the dead part of the bark.
oviposit. To lay or deposit eggs.

~ogenesis - creation of specific tissues and bodily ~s by cell interaction and rearrangement following gastrulation.
oviparous - producing offspring from externally laid eggs. Contrast with viviparous ...

~elles: Separated components within a cell with specialized functions, e.g. nuclei (containing most of the genetic material), mitochondria (respiratory energy supply for the cell), chloroplasts (location of photosynthesis) etc. [IUPAC Biotech] ...

~elles microscopic bodies within the cytoplasm that perform distinct functions.
osmosis the movement of water molecules across a membrane from a region of high concentration to a region of low concentration.

~elle the "body parts" within a cell
(~um = an instrument implement engine; -elle = small)
Oriental Realm the biogeographical realm consisting of India and southeast Asia
(orient(al) = rising east) ...

The cell is a unit of ~ization
Cells are classified by fundamental units of structure and by the way they obtain energy. Cells are classified as prokaryotes or eukaryotes, which will be covered in more detail in the next two pages of this tutorial.

In ~ic compounds, carbon atoms are bound to each other by?
Study Biochemistry Introduction .
During the first four days after conception, the zygote undergoes rapid cell divisions and becomes multicellular. What is this cell division called?
Read Embryonic Development .

centim~ (cM) The metric used to describe linkage distances. A centim~ is the distance between two genes that will recombine with a frequency of exactly one percent. This term is named afer Thomas Hunt Morgan, who first conceptualized linkage while working with Drosophila.

Centim~. Metric used to describe linkage distances. 1 cM = 1% chance that a marker at one genetic locus will be separated from a marker at a second locus due to crossing over in a single generation. In humans, 1 cM=1,000,000 bp. See linkage map.

The unit of linkage that refers to the distance between two gene loci determined by the frequency with which recombination occurs between them. Two loci are said to be one centim~ (cM) apart if recombination is observed between them in 1% of meioses.

Moving ~isms
Beyond the role they play in internal cell movement, microtubules also work together to form larger structures that work on the outside of the cells. They can combine in very specific arrangements to form cilia and flagella.

Centim~ (cM)
A unit of measure of recombination frequency. One centim~ is equal to a 1% chance that a marker at one genetic locus will be separated from a marker at a second locus due to crossing over in a single generation.

Target ~/Tissue
Effect on ~:
Motor neurone releases:
Parasympathetic Stimulation
Inhibitory effect / relaxation
Acetylcholine (ACh) ...

~ization: National Institute on Drug Abuse
~ization: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
~ization: Smoking and Nicotine Addiction (Medline Plus)
TV Show Website: Moyers on Addiction (Close to Home, PBS) ...

~ic nutrients. Nutrients in the form of molecules synthesized by or originating from other ~isms
Osmoconformer. An ~ism whose body fluids change directly with a change in the concentrations of dissolved ions in the external medium ...

~isms that depend only on flesh or meat of other ~isms for their nutrition.
For Example:
Carnivorous animals: Tiger, crocodile, shark, cheetah
Carnivorous plants: Pitcher plant, Venus fly trap, Sundew ...

~isation of African Unity (now known as the African Union)
~isation de Coopration et de Dveloppement Economiques ...

~isms are physicochemical systems with a history shaped by evolutionary processes over the course of billions of years.
Even processes as amazing as dreaming and laughing are based on natural systems, and so can be studied scientifically.

~ism having a notochord at some stage of development - a rigid cartilaginous rod in the back extending from anterior to posterior; this group includes the vertebrates.

~isms get oxygen from their environment in a variety of ways. Many land animals breath oxygen directly from the air, while ocean bearing animals often use the oxygen dissolved in the water to survive. No matter how they get it, oxygen is an important need for almost all life forms.

~isms taken from patient with necrotizing fasciitis, these bacteria are sometimes called "flesh-eating bacteria" - can be fatal in occasional cases. Shown growing time-lapse in culture.
1.3 Necrosis in neutrophil eating leukotoxic Strep ...

~isms have short sequences of bases which are repeated many times. These are called satellite DNA. These repeated sequences vary in length from person to person. The DNA is copied using PCRand then cut up into small fragments using restriction enzymes.

~isms are not passive targets of their environment. Each species modifies its own environment. At the least, ~isms remove nutrients from and add waste to their surroundings. Often, waste products benefit other species. Animal dung is fertilizer for plants.

~ A structure composed of different tissues, such as root, stem, leaf, or reproductive (e.g., flower) parts.
~ of Ruffini Sensory receptor in the skin believed to be a sensor for touch-pressure, position sense of a body part, and movement. Also known as corpuscle of Ruffini.

~IZATION: The living beings present a functional and structural ~ization. Both, structure and function, are narrowly interrelated.

~ic phenomenon ((biology) a natural phenomenon involving living plants and animals)
mutant; mutation; sport; variation ((biology) an ~ism that has characteristics resulting from chromosomal alteration)
biologist; life scientist ((biology) a scientist who studies living ~isms) ...

~ a structure within a multicellular ~ism that is made up different types of tissues working together to perorm a particular function, e.g. the stomach in a human or a leaf in a plant.
~elle a functionally and structurally distinct part of cell, for example a ribosome or mitochondrion ...

All ~isms begin as a single cell, but multicellular ~isms have programming to produce cells that have considerably different characteristics, even though the DNA is presumably identical. Kim, et al.

A central ~izing concept in biology is that life changes and develops through evolution, and that all life-forms known have a common origin.

anaerobe - ~ism that wants very little or no oxygen
autotrophs - ~isms that need no preformed ~ic foods
bacterial endospores - see endospores ...

~isms whose individuals produce only one type of gamete; i.e. humans (either male or female). See monoecious.
Related Terms:
Mature male or female reproductive cell (sperm or ovum) with a haploid set of chromosomes (23 for humans).

Chromosome ~ized in nucleosomes composed of histones and other protein factors.
Chromosome ...

An ~ism comprised of cells from 2 or more zygotes.
Related Terms:
Mostly diploid cell formed by union of twogametes or reproductive cells. Ovum (female gamete) fertilized by a sperm (male gamete).

4. How these ~isms obtain food & oxygen, reproduce, move and protect themselves.
5. How this phylum relates to the rest of the world - are there any parasites? Does it have economic significance? Medical uses?
The more original information you include, the better your project will be.

Pest: An ~ism that interferes with human activities, property, or health, or is objectionable.
Pest management: see Integrated pest management.
Pesticide: A substance that is used to kill, debilitate, or repel a pest.

Jacobson's ~: In some vertebrates, an accessory olfactory ~ developed in connection with the roof of the mouth.

An ~ism that is different from other ~isms of the same species due to genetic differences.

Microtubule ~izing center (MTOC) - Region of the cell from which microtubules extend and which appears to serve as the major site of assembly of microtubules from tubulin subunits.

Human Genome ~ization (HUGO): The Human Genome ~ization (HUGO) is the international ~ization of scientists involved in the Human Genome Project (HGP), the global initiative to map and sequence the human genome.

An ~elle of eukaryotic cells that is bounded by a nuclear membrane and contains the chromosomes whose genes control the structure of proteins within the cell.
Covered in: BIOL1020 Lab 3 Cells
O ...

Parasite: An ~ism that is intimately associated with and metabolically dependent on another living ~ism (the host) for completion of its life cycle, and which is typically detrimental to the host.
More Biology Terms ...

Carotenoids: ~ic pigments occurring in plants, such as carotene, many of which can be converted to Vitamin A in humans.
Chromosome: the structure in the eukaryotic nucleus and in the prokaryotic cell that carries most of the DNA.

2014-11-03 2+ to ~ism at the Level of Molecule and Single Cell"The Toxicity Evaluation of Ni2+ to ~ism at the Level of Molecule and Single Cell
2013-05-07 The Study of Construction in Mouse Myocadial Connection and Connective Protein Changing as Age Advancing ...

inflammation of the ~ in the uterus to which the embryo is attached ...

Base sequence -- a partnership of ~ic bases found in DNA and RNA; adenine forms a base pair with thymine (or uracil) and guanine with cytosine in a double-stranded nucleic acid molecule.

Genetic loci Places in the genetic material of an ~ism where specific DNA sequences can be found. Genetics The study of the patterns of inheritance of specific traits.

HUGOAcronym for Human Genome ~ization, an international ~ization conceived in 1988 to co-ordinate the Human Genome Project. Human Genome ProjectA worldwide project to map and sequence the human genome.

Expressivity — A parameter used in genetic models that quantifies the degree to which an inherited characteristic is expressed in an ~ism.

In genetics, conferring the right or title to genes, gene variations, or identifiable portions of sequenced genetic material to an individual or ~ization.
See also: gene (ORNL)
A family tree diagram that shows how a particular genetic trait or disease has been inherited.

Homonym One of two or more scientific names that are identical but pertain to different ~isms, e.g., Eriococcus mancus Ferris, 1955 and Eriococcus mancus (Maskell, 1897); Onceropyga Ferris, 1955 and Onceropyga Turner, 1904.
Incertae sedis A name of uncertain identity.

Cell The basic structural unit of all living ~isms. A human cell is made up a central nucleus (containing DNA) a cytoplasm and a outer cell membrane.
Centim~ (cM) A unit of measure of recombination frequency.

Mitochondrial DNAMitochondria, and chloroplasts in plants, carry their own small chromosomes, usually in multiple copies per ~elle. These carry a limited number of genes which code for rRNA, tRNA and a few ~elle proteins. This DNA is maternally inherited.

It is also about molecules, genes, mutations, populations, and sex in living ~isms. All of these things are primary sources of data about evolutionary processes that occur when ~isms try to survive and reproduce.

Listed in the Guinness Book of World Records as the most radiation-resistant ~ism known, this bacterium can survive a thousand times more radiation than a person can. Although radiation shatters the ~ism's DNA, it repairs the genome in a matter of hours.

Angiosperm: The most recently evolved and the largest group of plants whose reproductive ~s are in their flowers (flowering plants). A superclass in the sperm plants (Spermatophyta) division belonging to the vascular plants (Tracheophyta) phylum of the plant kingdom.

(shows how 2 ~isms are related. EX: bird and butterfly wings not similar in structure, but similar in function. Analogous structures do not have a common structure arrangement, but are similar in functions.(does not show a common ancestor).

directed acyclic graph A way of ~izing objects according to their relationships to one another. The relationship between objects is directed; parent objects can have children.

Genome: The total DNA contained in each cell of an ~ism. Mammalian genomic DNA (including that of humans) contains 6x109 base pairs of DNA per diploid cell.

Microbes are extremely small ~isms that cannot be see without a microscope. Microbes are all around us. They can survive under some of the most extreme conditions, they are sometimes harmful to us, and they are essential to our survival.

lysosomes - membrane-bounded ~elle in eucaryotic cells containing digestive enzymes, which are typically most active at the acid pH found in the lumen of lysosomes ...

Bacteria: Tiny one-celled ~isms.
Bases: The molecular building blocks of DNA and RNA: adenine, cytosine, guanine, thymine, and (in RNA only) uracil. In DNA, A attaches only to T, and C attaches only to G. In RNA, A attaches only to U, and C attaches only to G.

GMO stands for genetically modified ~ism. This refers to bacteria or other micro~isms, or multicellular ~isms such as plants and animals, whose genetic makeup has been altered by scientists.

embryo [Gr. embryon]. The stage in a developing ~ism after cleavage has occurred and before hatching or birth.
endocardium [Gr. endon - within; Gr. kardia - The inner layer of the heart rudiment that arises from splanchnic mesoderm and fuses with the epimyocardium to form the heart wall.

Gene: An ordered sequence of nucleotides which act as the functional subunit of hereditary information. The collection of genes in an ~ism determine the characteristics of that ~ism.
Guanine: A nitrogenous base. Pairs with cytosine in DNA molecules.

Biological Membranes are membranes produced by living ~isms: for example, the plasma membrane (= cell membrane) and the membranes which surround ~elles.

A procedure in which, at low temperature, the cellular water of, for example, cryofixed material is replaced by a series of ~ic solvents, including chemical fixative.

Body Plan: asymmetrical, bilateral symmetry, body cavity, body plan, cell, ~, ~ system, tissue, curve, nervous system ...

If a significant amount of blood has been lost it can cause shock, harm to various parts of the body including major ~s, and even death. Take urgent action to stop the bleeding ...

Conservation Genetics
Environmental Toxicology
Epidemiology of Fish & Wildlife Diseases
Genetically Engineered ~isms ...

See also: See also: What is the meaning of Trans, Biology, Cells, Human, Cell?

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