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A typical animal cell.

a term applied to molecules containing carbon, except those that are derivatives of carbon dioxide; practically all organic molecules contain carbon atoms linked together
Source: Noland, George B. 1983. General Biology, 11th Edition. St. Louis, MO. C. V. Mosby ...

In biology and ecology, an organism is a living being.

Organizing the Embryo: The Central Nervous System
In the embryonic development of a zygote, gradients of mRNAs and proteins, deposited in the egg by the mother as she formed it, give rise to cells of diverse fates despite their identical genomes.

Any foods grown without the use of chemical fertilisers or pesticides, in soil made rich by composting and mulching. Pertaining to carbon-based compounds produced by living plants, animals or by synthetic processes.

Organ (anatomy)
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Any membrane-limited structure found in the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells.

TAG: Organelle
(Date:3/28/2011)... Ky., (March 28, 2011) University of Kentucky plant ... role early on in the ability of plants, animals, ... range of pathogens at the cellular level, which is ... been known for more than 100 years, but the ... mystery. , The findings of the UK College of ...

Now in the big group of organic compounds perhaps the most useful of them are the organic polymers. Now I’ll get into what are polymers in just a moment but the four basic groups are the lipids which are things like well fats and waxes.

Cells and Organelles
Much of what you will need to know applies to the structure of eukaryotic cells. They are characterised by having membrane-bound organelles.

An organelle is a subcellular structure that has one or more specific jobs to perform in the cell, much like an organ does in the body.

Organizing knowledge to enable personalization of medicine in cancer
Benjamin M Good1, Benjamin J Ainscough23, Josh F McMichael2, Andrew I Su1* and Obi L Griffith24*
Author Affiliations ...

Organ Systems
The major organ systems of the body and their functions are the (1) integumentary system for protection, excretion, receipt of external stimuli (outer covering of skin); (2) muscular system for movement, posture, heat production;
The Muscular System and the Skeletal System ...

(Organa Genitalia Muliebria)
The female genital organs consist of an internal and an external group. The internal organs are situated within the pelvis, and consist of the ovaries, the uterine tubes, the uterus, and the vagina.

Organic Base
A base is a chemical compound which can neutralize an acid. It can combine with a hydrogen from an acid. Organic bases are bases witha carbone backbone. Purines and pyrimidines are organic bases.
This is a search for orgamicbase in our database
orgamicbase on Wikipedia ...

What Is Organic Chemistry?
What do you think of when you think of when you hear the word organic? Do you think of the baby carrots that you saw in the grocery store the other day or do you think of something entirely different?

Organic molecules are those that: 1) formed by the actions of living things; and/or 2) have a carbon backbone. Methane (CH4) is an example of this. If we remove the H from one of the methane units below, and begin linking them up, while removing other H units, we begin to form an organic molecule.

Well, the organic spores, I'm not really familiar with how they use those, because they don't use them a lot in this particular area because of the lower incidence of corn borer.

Ecology: Organisms and Their Environments
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Eukaryotic Organelles: The Cell Nucleus, Mitochondria, and Peroxisomes

Problems ...

Leaf Tissue Organization
The plant body is divided into several organs: roots, stems, and leaves. The leaves are the primary photosynthetic organs of plants, serving as key sites where energy from light is converted into chemical energy.

UNC-69 and UNC-76 regulate presynaptic organization cooperatively
We showed above that UNC-69 is required for localization of synaptic vesicles in axons. Does UNC-76 also have a role in this process, and if so, does UNC-76 control presynaptic organization together with UNC-69?

Organic compounds are found in living things, their wastes, and their remains. Examples of organic compounds : carbohydrates (sugars, starches), lipids (fats & waxes), proteins, nucleic acids (DNA & RNA).
Examples of inorganic compounds : water, carbon dioxide.

Organization of Plants and Animals - Cells, Tissues, Organs, Organ Systems
Plant and animals have a hierarchy of cellular architecture
At the lowest level are cells ...

Organelles of the Cell
Eukaryotic cells (all organisms except bacteria and archaea (prokaryotes)) have complex organelles which are surrouned by their own membrane (similar to the cell membrane).

Organisms depend on the cohesion of water molecules.
The hydrogen bonds joining water molecules are weak, about 1/20 as strong as covalent bonds.
They form, break, and reform with great frequency. Each hydrogen bond lasts only a few trillionths of a second.

organ of Corti
The actual hearing organ of the vertebrate ear, located in the floor of the cochlear canal in the inner ear; contains the receptor cells (hair cells) of the ear.
organelle ...

organic /ore-GAN-ik/ (1) of or relating to organisms or the chemical compounds made by them; (2) referring to a chemical compound containing carbon.

organelle -- n. A membrane-bound structure in a eukaryotic cell that partitions the cell into regions which carry out different cellular functions, e.g., mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, lysosomes.

Organic agriculture: A concept and practice of agricultural production that focuses on production without the use of synthetic pesticides. See the USDA's National Organic Program for an established a set of national standards, which are available online.

organic. A material (e.g. pesticide) whose molecules contain carbon and hydrogen atoms. Also may refer to plants or animals which are grown without the use of synthetic fertilizers or pesticides.
outer bark. In older trees, the dead part of the bark.
oviposit. To lay or deposit eggs.

organogenesis - creation of specific tissues and bodily organs by cell interaction and rearrangement following gastrulation.
oviparous - producing offspring from externally laid eggs. Contrast with viviparous ...

organelles: Separated components within a cell with specialized functions, e.g. nuclei (containing most of the genetic material), mitochondria (respiratory energy supply for the cell), chloroplasts (location of photosynthesis) etc. [IUPAC Biotech] ...

organelles microscopic bodies within the cytoplasm that perform distinct functions.
osmosis the movement of water molecules across a membrane from a region of high concentration to a region of low concentration.

Organelle the "body parts" within a cell
(organum = an instrument implement engine; -elle = small)
Oriental Realm the biogeographical realm consisting of India and southeast Asia
(orient(al) = rising east) ...

The cell is a unit of organization
Cells are classified by fundamental units of structure and by the way they obtain energy. Cells are classified as prokaryotes or eukaryotes, which will be covered in more detail in the next two pages of this tutorial.

In organic compounds, carbon atoms are bound to each other by?
Study Biochemistry Introduction .
During the first four days after conception, the zygote undergoes rapid cell divisions and becomes multicellular. What is this cell division called?
Read Embryonic Development .

centimorgan (cM) The metric used to describe linkage distances. A centimorgan is the distance between two genes that will recombine with a frequency of exactly one percent. This term is named afer Thomas Hunt Morgan, who first conceptualized linkage while working with Drosophila.

Centimorgan. Metric used to describe linkage distances. 1 cM = 1% chance that a marker at one genetic locus will be separated from a marker at a second locus due to crossing over in a single generation. In humans, 1 cM=1,000,000 bp. See linkage map.

The unit of linkage that refers to the distance between two gene loci determined by the frequency with which recombination occurs between them. Two loci are said to be one centimorgan (cM) apart if recombination is observed between them in 1% of meioses.

Moving Organisms
Beyond the role they play in internal cell movement, microtubules also work together to form larger structures that work on the outside of the cells. They can combine in very specific arrangements to form cilia and flagella.

Centimorgan (cM)
A unit of measure of recombination frequency. One centimorgan is equal to a 1% chance that a marker at one genetic locus will be separated from a marker at a second locus due to crossing over in a single generation.

Target Organ/Tissue
Effect on organ:
Motor neurone releases:
Parasympathetic Stimulation
Inhibitory effect / relaxation
Acetylcholine (ACh) ...

Organization: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Organization: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
Organization: Smoking and Nicotine Addiction (Medline Plus)
TV Show Website: Moyers on Addiction (Close to Home, PBS) ...

Organic nutrients. Nutrients in the form of molecules synthesized by or originating from other organisms
Osmoconformer. An organism whose body fluids change directly with a change in the concentrations of dissolved ions in the external medium ...

Organisation of African Unity (now known as the African Union)
Organisation de Coopration et de Dveloppement Economiques ...

Organisms are physicochemical systems with a history shaped by evolutionary processes over the course of billions of years.
Even processes as amazing as dreaming and laughing are based on natural systems, and so can be studied scientifically.

organism having a notochord at some stage of development - a rigid cartilaginous rod in the back extending from anterior to posterior; this group includes the vertebrates.

Organisms get oxygen from their environment in a variety of ways. Many land animals breath oxygen directly from the air, while ocean bearing animals often use the oxygen dissolved in the water to survive. No matter how they get it, oxygen is an important need for almost all life forms.

Organisms taken from patient with necrotizing fasciitis, these bacteria are sometimes called "flesh-eating bacteria" - can be fatal in occasional cases. Shown growing time-lapse in culture.
1.3 Necrosis in neutrophil eating leukotoxic Strep ...

Organisms have short sequences of bases which are repeated many times. These are called satellite DNA. These repeated sequences vary in length from person to person. The DNA is copied using PCRand then cut up into small fragments using restriction enzymes.

Organisms are not passive targets of their environment. Each species modifies its own environment. At the least, organisms remove nutrients from and add waste to their surroundings. Often, waste products benefit other species. Animal dung is fertilizer for plants.

organ A structure composed of different tissues, such as root, stem, leaf, or reproductive (e.g., flower) parts.
organ of Ruffini Sensory receptor in the skin believed to be a sensor for touch-pressure, position sense of a body part, and movement. Also known as corpuscle of Ruffini.

ORGANIZATION: The living beings present a functional and structural organization. Both, structure and function, are narrowly interrelated.

organic phenomenon ((biology) a natural phenomenon involving living plants and animals)
mutant; mutation; sport; variation ((biology) an organism that has characteristics resulting from chromosomal alteration)
biologist; life scientist ((biology) a scientist who studies living organisms) ...

Organ a structure within a multicellular organism that is made up different types of tissues working together to perorm a particular function, e.g. the stomach in a human or a leaf in a plant.
Organelle a functionally and structurally distinct part of cell, for example a ribosome or mitochondrion ...

All organisms begin as a single cell, but multicellular organisms have programming to produce cells that have considerably different characteristics, even though the DNA is presumably identical. Kim, et al.

A central organizing concept in biology is that life changes and develops through evolution, and that all life-forms known have a common origin.

anaerobe - organism that wants very little or no oxygen
autotrophs - organisms that need no preformed organic foods
bacterial endospores - see endospores ...

Organisms whose individuals produce only one type of gamete; i.e. humans (either male or female). See monoecious.
Related Terms:
Mature male or female reproductive cell (sperm or ovum) with a haploid set of chromosomes (23 for humans).

Chromosome organized in nucleosomes composed of histones and other protein factors.
Chromosome ...

An organism comprised of cells from 2 or more zygotes.
Related Terms:
Mostly diploid cell formed by union of twogametes or reproductive cells. Ovum (female gamete) fertilized by a sperm (male gamete).

4. How these organisms obtain food & oxygen, reproduce, move and protect themselves.
5. How this phylum relates to the rest of the world - are there any parasites? Does it have economic significance? Medical uses?
The more original information you include, the better your project will be.

Pest: An organism that interferes with human activities, property, or health, or is objectionable.
Pest management: see Integrated pest management.
Pesticide: A substance that is used to kill, debilitate, or repel a pest.

Jacobson's organ: In some vertebrates, an accessory olfactory organ developed in connection with the roof of the mouth.

An organism that is different from other organisms of the same species due to genetic differences.

Microtubule organizing center (MTOC) - Region of the cell from which microtubules extend and which appears to serve as the major site of assembly of microtubules from tubulin subunits.

Human Genome Organization (HUGO): The Human Genome Organization (HUGO) is the international organization of scientists involved in the Human Genome Project (HGP), the global initiative to map and sequence the human genome.

An organelle of eukaryotic cells that is bounded by a nuclear membrane and contains the chromosomes whose genes control the structure of proteins within the cell.
Covered in: BIOL1020 Lab 3 Cells
O ...

Parasite: An organism that is intimately associated with and metabolically dependent on another living organism (the host) for completion of its life cycle, and which is typically detrimental to the host.
More Biology Terms ...

Carotenoids: organic pigments occurring in plants, such as carotene, many of which can be converted to Vitamin A in humans.
Chromosome: the structure in the eukaryotic nucleus and in the prokaryotic cell that carries most of the DNA.

inflammation of the organ in the uterus to which the embryo is attached ...

Base sequence -- a partnership of organic bases found in DNA and RNA; adenine forms a base pair with thymine (or uracil) and guanine with cytosine in a double-stranded nucleic acid molecule.

Genetic loci Places in the genetic material of an organism where specific DNA sequences can be found. Genetics The study of the patterns of inheritance of specific traits.

HUGOAcronym for Human Genome Organization, an international organization conceived in 1988 to co-ordinate the Human Genome Project. Human Genome ProjectA worldwide project to map and sequence the human genome.

Expressivity — A parameter used in genetic models that quantifies the degree to which an inherited characteristic is expressed in an organism.

In genetics, conferring the right or title to genes, gene variations, or identifiable portions of sequenced genetic material to an individual or organization.
See also: gene (ORNL)
A family tree diagram that shows how a particular genetic trait or disease has been inherited.

Homonym One of two or more scientific names that are identical but pertain to different organisms, e.g., Eriococcus mancus Ferris, 1955 and Eriococcus mancus (Maskell, 1897); Onceropyga Ferris, 1955 and Onceropyga Turner, 1904.
Incertae sedis A name of uncertain identity.

Cell The basic structural unit of all living organisms. A human cell is made up a central nucleus (containing DNA) a cytoplasm and a outer cell membrane.
Centimorgan (cM) A unit of measure of recombination frequency.

Mitochondrial DNAMitochondria, and chloroplasts in plants, carry their own small chromosomes, usually in multiple copies per organelle. These carry a limited number of genes which code for rRNA, tRNA and a few organelle proteins. This DNA is maternally inherited.

It is also about molecules, genes, mutations, populations, and sex in living organisms. All of these things are primary sources of data about evolutionary processes that occur when organisms try to survive and reproduce.

Listed in the Guinness Book of World Records as the most radiation-resistant organism known, this bacterium can survive a thousand times more radiation than a person can. Although radiation shatters the organism's DNA, it repairs the genome in a matter of hours.

Angiosperm: The most recently evolved and the largest group of plants whose reproductive organs are in their flowers (flowering plants). A superclass in the sperm plants (Spermatophyta) division belonging to the vascular plants (Tracheophyta) phylum of the plant kingdom.

(shows how 2 organisms are related. EX: bird and butterfly wings not similar in structure, but similar in function. Analogous structures do not have a common structure arrangement, but are similar in functions.(does not show a common ancestor).

directed acyclic graph A way of organizing objects according to their relationships to one another. The relationship between objects is directed; parent objects can have children.

Genome: The total DNA contained in each cell of an organism. Mammalian genomic DNA (including that of humans) contains 6x109 base pairs of DNA per diploid cell.

Microbes are extremely small organisms that cannot be see without a microscope. Microbes are all around us. They can survive under some of the most extreme conditions, they are sometimes harmful to us, and they are essential to our survival.

lysosomes - membrane-bounded organelle in eucaryotic cells containing digestive enzymes, which are typically most active at the acid pH found in the lumen of lysosomes ...

Bacteria: Tiny one-celled organisms.
Bases: The molecular building blocks of DNA and RNA: adenine, cytosine, guanine, thymine, and (in RNA only) uracil. In DNA, A attaches only to T, and C attaches only to G. In RNA, A attaches only to U, and C attaches only to G.

GMO stands for genetically modified organism. This refers to bacteria or other microorganisms, or multicellular organisms such as plants and animals, whose genetic makeup has been altered by scientists.

embryo [Gr. embryon]. The stage in a developing organism after cleavage has occurred and before hatching or birth.
endocardium [Gr. endon - within; Gr. kardia - The inner layer of the heart rudiment that arises from splanchnic mesoderm and fuses with the epimyocardium to form the heart wall.

Gene: An ordered sequence of nucleotides which act as the functional subunit of hereditary information. The collection of genes in an organism determine the characteristics of that organism.
Guanine: A nitrogenous base. Pairs with cytosine in DNA molecules.

Biological Membranes are membranes produced by living organisms: for example, the plasma membrane (= cell membrane) and the membranes which surround organelles.

A procedure in which, at low temperature, the cellular water of, for example, cryofixed material is replaced by a series of organic solvents, including chemical fixative.

Body Plan: asymmetrical, bilateral symmetry, body cavity, body plan, cell, organ, organ system, tissue, curve, nervous system ...

If a significant amount of blood has been lost it can cause shock, harm to various parts of the body including major organs, and even death. Take urgent action to stop the bleeding ...

Conservation Genetics
Environmental Toxicology
Epidemiology of Fish & Wildlife Diseases
Genetically Engineered Organisms ...

See also: See also: What is the meaning of Trans, Biology, Cells, Human, Cell?

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