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Biology  Rudolf Steiner  Run-off

1. The act or process of ruminating, or chewing the cud; the habit of chewing the cud. Rumination is given to animals to enable them at once to lay up a great store of food, and afterward to chew it. (Arbuthnot) ...

An animal, such as a cow or a sheep, with an elaborate, multicompartmentalized stomach specialized for an herbivorous diet.

ruminant /ROOM-ə-nənt/ A mammal that chews cud. MORE INFORMATION
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ruminant. Any of the hoofed mammals (including cattle, deer, sheep) that chew the cud.
runner. Stolon of a strawberry plant, on which a daughter plant may develop.

Ruminants have cotyledonary placenta, which is really many small placentas where the fetus' cotyledons interface with the dams' caruncle, forming a placentome.
Carnivores have a zonary placenta.

ruminant Cud-chewing artiodactyl mammals with a complex four-chambered stomach.
ruminant animals Cud-chewing animals, such as cattle, sheep, goats, and buffalo, with multichambered stomachs in which cellulose is digested with the aid of bacteria.

Ruminant any mammal that posseses a rumen (a chamber found at the interior of the gut)
Salinity a measure of the salt concentration of water.

Grassland based livestock production relies upon plant material such as shrubland, rangeland, and pastures for feeding ruminant animals.

of affected animals can cause prions to accumulate slowly, especially when cannibalism or similar practices allow the proteins to accumulate over more than one generation. Laws in developed countries now proscribe the use of rendered ruminant ...

These are the genes that distinguish the ruminants from other mammals, and may reflect special needs of ruminants, which retain the low-grade food they ingest, along with any associated pathogens, ...

Ungulate: Any fourfooted, hoofed, grazing mammal (such as a ruminant, swine, camel, hippopotamus, horse, tapir, rhinoceros, elephant, or hyrax) that is adapted for running but is not necessarily related to other ungulates.
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Some animals, particularly ruminants and termites, can digest cellulose with the help of symbiotic micro-organisms - see methanogen.

The most elaborate adaptations for a herbivorous diet have evolved in the ruminants, which include deer, cattle, and sheep.
When the cow first chews and swallows a mouthful of grass, boluses enter the rumen and the reticulum.

Bacteria give yogurt its tangy flavor and sourdough bread its sour taste. They make it possible for ruminant animals (cows, sheep, goats) to digest plant cellulose and for some plants, ...

We've been counting and measuring everything in them year after year after year for 20-some years. Nobody else does this kind of thing. People aren't out there counting all the species in other ruminant stands.

See also: See also: Animal, Organ, Animals, Trans, Human

Biology  Rudolf Steiner  Run-off

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