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Active Immunization or Vaccination
The terms vaccination and vaccine derive from the work of Edward Jenner who, over 200 years ago, ...

a substance composed of dead or weakened bacteria (or other pathogens), or their toxins, that induces immunity when introduced into a body
Source: Noland, George B. 1983. General Biology, 11th Edition. St. Louis, MO. C. V. Mosby ...

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The vaccine only has a 95% success rate.
This disease was once thought to have been eradicated, but is actually showing a resurgence.

~ A preparation containing dead or weakened pathogens that when injected into the body elicit an immune response.
vacuoles Membrane-bound þuid-?lled spaces in plant and animal cells that remove waste products and store ingested food. PICTURE ...

A harmless variant or derivative of a pathogen that stimulates a host's immune system to mount defenses against the pathogen.
vacuole ...

Vaccination to activate a long term immune response has erradicated small pox, and has nearly eliminated polio as a human disease. Major efforts are underway to develop HIV ~s.

~ /VAK-seen/ n. A preparation eliciting an immune response when injected into the body. ~s contain dead or weakened pathogens.
vacuole /VAK-yoo-ōl/ n. In plant and animal cells, organelles that remove waste and store food. PICTURE ...

Why no ~ against HIV is made yet?
Plz if someone knows the answer then do tell. Read AIDS . Click on post comments to answer.
Click here to write your own.
The immune system review done? Go to physiology main page and choose the next subject ...

Because ~s are down the road, how important is it to continue really strong public health policies and prevention information and education, and get that information out to people? ...

~s are injections given to you to prevent a viral or other pathogen induced illness. The ~ mimics the pathogen.

~s for malaria are under development, with no completely effective ~ yet available (as of November 2004).

~ A preparation of either killed microorganisms; living, weakened (attenuated) microorganisms; or inactivated bacterial toxins (toxoids); administered to induce development of the immune response and protect the individual against a pathogen or toxin.

~ derived from recombination of rabies glycoprotein gene from ERA strain in the depleted thymidine-kinase region of the Copenhagen strain of vaccinia virus genome ...

~ (vaccination) - material used to induce specific protective immunity to a pathogen. Vaccination is an artificial introduction of a killed or attenuated pathogen to promote protective immunity.
vascular supply B blood supply
vascular system B blood circulation system ...

The ~ reserve that was made to combat the possible H5N1 threat took even longer, because the H5N1 viruses were so virulent that they killed chick embryos before much virus was made, ...

7 Center for ~ Development, Bamako, Mali
8 University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA
9 Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA ...

In addition to ~s, a few other weapons have been designed to combat the flu. The antiviral medications amantadine and rimantadine can help reduce severity of illness in individuals with influenza that begin utilizing the drugs within two days of the onset of symptoms.

Agents, such as ~s, that give immunity to diseases or harmful biotic stresses. Biomass. The total dry weight of all organisms in a particular sample, population, or area. Bioremediation. The use of microorganisms to remedy environmental problems. See Bioaugmentation, Bioenrichment.

For example, healthcare workers are routinely vaccinated with a recombinant hepatitis B ~ made by inserting a piece of the hepatitis B virus genome (the part that codes for the HBsAg) into yeast cells via a plasmid.

the various functions of the midbrain; Moniz for discovering the therapeutic effect of lobotomy 1950 Edward Calvin Kendall, Tadeus Reichstein, Philip Showalter Hench for the discovery of the hormones of the adrenal cortex, their structure and function 1951 Max Theiler for developing a ~ for ...

Using the immune system to treat disease, for example, in the development of ~s. May also refer to the therapy of diseases caused by the immune system.
See also: cancer (ORNL)
A phenomenon in which the disease phenotype depends on which parent passed on the disease gene.

Fifteen serotypes and no cross-protection between Hps serotypes have been documented, hampering development of ~ with cross-protection. Although some molecular studies are in progress, the function of some important genes was still unclear.

In addition to his work on ~s and food safety, Pasteur proposed the Germ Theory of Disease. This theory asserted that many human diseases were the result of infection with microbes, as opposed to other non-biological reasons.

There is some people who have started using the this idea to investigate ways to create ~s in potatoes and that's incredible because if you think about it ~s are great way to stop diseases like small pox or whatever but they require large investments in manufacturing plants in chemical ...

Oil ~ (← links)
Gel transfer (← links)
Fingerprint (← links)
Fingerprinting (← links)
Northern blot analysis (← links)
Imbibition (← links)
Sephacryl (← links)
Sephadex (← links)
Sepharose (← links)
Humor vitreus (← links)
Brush heap structure (← links) ...

Knowing the genetic sequence of a virus can help in disease prevention, allowing for more rapid ~ development. A ~ typically contains either a milder version of the virus or individual viral proteins that are made in a lab.

One type of treatment is a ~ which can prevent you from ever getting sick in the first place. If you do get sick, there are also a range of antibiotics, antivirals, and antifungals available too, depending on which type of disease you picked up.

cytotoxic T lymphocyte, CD4 T lymphocyte, CD8 T lymphocyte, cancer ~, natural killer cell, apoptosis, tumor induced lymphocyte
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The common flu virus changes (evolves) enough every year that a new flu ~ must be produced to protect the human population from repeat infection.

Researchers are studying whether the microbe can be used to deliver ~s and other therapeutic compounds to people.
Sequenced by: Wageningen Centre for Food Sciences & Greenomics L. plantarum WCFS1 Abstract
Image: Wageningen Centre for Food Sciences ...

Post-translational modifications similar to those in mammalian cells
Cost, though more than for culturing bacteria and yeast, less than for mammalian cells e.g. potential ~ for AIDS virus produced by expression of one of the HIV glycoproteins with this system ...

transformation, vector, pathogen, cell theory, electrophoresis, human genome project, light microscope, observation, prediction, resolution, scientific method, transgenic animal, virulent, control group, DNA, gene cloning, hypothesis, magnification, pH, probe, restriction enzyme, theory, ~ ...

Viruses are very interesting in that they can only survive inside a living cell. So they must have a living cell in order to survive and replicate. Antibiotics are not effective against viruses, but ~s are, as well as some antivirals.

See also: See also: What is the meaning of Human, Trans, Biology, Organ, Cells?

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