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Square sail

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Square sail
A square sail hung from a yard on the mast. Best used when sailing downwind.
SSB
Single sideband radio. A type of radio used on a boat to transmit for long distances.


[edit] Square Sails
The parts of a square sail.
Many of the same names are used for parts of a quadrilateral square rigged sail.

square sail
TFD: a four-sided sail set beneath a horizontal yard suspended at the middle from a mast F: is a sail extended to a yard, which hangs parallel to the horizon, as distinguished from the other sails which are extended by booms and stays placed obliquely.

Square sails are set on the jib-mast and main-mast. In addition a square sail is set below the bowsprit, the so called 'blinde'. On the mizzen-mast a lateen sail is set.

SQUARE SAIL-A rectangular sail attached to a spar suspended at the middle from a mast.
SWELL-The waves that continue after the wind that created them has changed in direction or vanished.
SWING THE BOAT-To rotate the vessel to check the compass on known courses.

~ set above the main sail on the top mast.
Topmast
{Mastelero} ...

~ See Sailing Rigs
boating terms
STANCHION A post along the edge of the deck used to support the life lines.

A ~ hung from the bowsprit yards, less used by 1793, as the function had been taken over by the jibs, although the rigging of their yards helps to brace the bowsprit against sideways pressure.
Stag
(Slang) To turn against your own.

The primitive ~ of antiquity embodies the same principle as that governing the motion through the water of the modem full-rigged ship, which is admirably adapted for efficient beating to windward, or sailing against the wind.

2. The lowest ~ on the Mainmast.
3. The largest Sail.
see also: ...

skysail - A ~ set above the royals.
sky scraper - A triangular sail set above the skysail. Never used now.
Sky Pilot - A term applied by sailors to chaplains.

Foresail - lowest ~ on the foremast
Forestay - Wire, sometimes rod, support for the mast, running from the bowsprit or foredeck to a point at or near the top of the mast.
Foretriangle The triangle formed by the forestay, mast, and fore deck.

Royals Small ~s, carried next above the main topgallant sail, and used only in light winds because their masts are poorly supported and their position is such that they set with a long leverage and have a tendency to bury the ship and retard her progress in heavier winds.

A spar from which a ~ is hung./font
Yaw
To swing off course; caused by the action of waves or bad steering.

The lower corner of ~s, and the after corner of a fore-and-aft sail.
To clew up is to haul up the clew of a sail.
Clew-Garnet ...

Courses: the lowest ~ on each mast- The mainsail, foresail, and the mizzen on a four masted ship (the after most mast usually sets a gaff driver or spanker instead of a ~).
Coxswain or cockswain (/ˈk'ksən/): The helmsman or crew member in command of a boat.

On a ~ this is accomplished with leech and clew lines. See "Scandalize"
Breakers Waves breaking over rocks or shoals.

Clew - The lower aft corner of a fore and aft sail, both lower corners of a spinnaker, and the lower corners of a ~
Clew Outhaul - The tackle used to adjust the clew in and out on the boom.

rope attached to middle of ~ to haul it up to the yard
burgee
small ship's flag used for identification or signalling
cable
heavy rope or chain for mooring a ship
cabotage
shipping and sailing between points in the same country
camber ...

BARK, BARQUE A three-masted vessel having ~s on fore and main masts, and a spanker on the mizzen. BATTEN DOWN Secure hatches and loose objects both within the hull and on deck. BEAM The greatest width of the boat. BEAT To sail obliquely to windward.

It is also possible for a sloop to be square rigged (having large ~s like a Napoleonic Wars-era ship of the line). Note that a "sloop of war," in the naval sense, may well have more than one mast, and is not properly a sloop by the modern meaning.

Mainsail - The lowest ~ on the mainmast.
Marline - A light twine size line which has been tarred.
Marline Selling - A tool for opening the strands of a rope while splicing.

The yardarms on a sailing ship are the horizontal timbers or spars mounted on the masts, from which the ~s are hung.

YARD A term applied to a spar attached at its middle portion to a mast and running athwartship across a vessel as a support for a ~, signal halyards, lights, etc. YARDARM A term applied to the outer end of a yard.

Leech - The aft or trailing edge of a fore-and-aft sail; the leeward edge of a spinnaker; a vertical edge of a ~. The leech is susceptible to twist, which is controlled by the boom vang and mainsheet.
Lee side - The side of a ship sheltered from the wind (cf. weather side).

Yard, Yards, Yardarm: A wooden spar, comparatively long and slender, slung at its centre from, and forward of, a mast and serving to support and extend a ~ which is bent to it.

Tack: (a) One of the lines controlling a ~ (b) The forward lower corner of a fore-and-aft sail (c) As a verb, to turn a vessel through approximately 90 by turning her head through the wind, so as to bring the wind on the other side; ...

"Squareriggers" and Viking longboats tend to have ~s. Most modern boats are rigged with sails that are closer in shape to triangles because they are easier to handle and more efficient.

the horizontal spar from which a ~ is suspended. Not to be mistaken for yardarm. 2. the spar from which a quadrilateral fore-and-aft sail like a spanker or lugsail is suspended. 3. an area where boats are built, stored or repaired.

DRIVER. A spanker is commonly called the driver. Also a ~, cut like a studdingsail, and set with a great yard on the end of the spanker boom, across the taffrail.
DROP. An expression used to denote the depth of any ~.
DRUMHEAD. Top of a capstan.

Snow:The largest type of two-masted sailing vessel of the era, the snow, carried ~s on both masts, with a trysail on a jacknast known as a snowmast --which was a spar set on the deck about a foot behind the mainmast and attached at the top to the mainmast.

A sheet is a rope line which controls the tension on the downwind side of a ~. If, on a three masted fully rigged ship, the sheets of the three lower course sails are loose, the sails will flap and flutter and are said to be "in the wind".

A small triangular or ~ set flying from the masthead in clippers and other big sailing craft.
Raft, to
To moor several boats side by side, all lying to the single anchor or mooring of one of them.

SQUARE-RIGGED : Fitted mostly with ~s.
STARBOARD : The right side of the ship when you are facing forward. Opposite side to port.
STARTING ROPE : A short length of heavy rope with a knot in the end that the Bosun uses to beat crew members to make them work harder.

square rigged - A sailboat having ~s hung across the mast.
SSB - Single sideband radio. A type of radio used on a boat to transmit for long distances.
stability sail - A vertical pole on which flags can be raised.

Brail - Partially furling sails to lessen wind resistance. On a ~ this is accomplished with leech and clew lines. See "Scandalize".
Bridge - The location from which a vessel is steered and its speed controlled.
Bridge Deck - The partition between the cockpit and the cabin.

Clew - The lower corners of ~s or the corner of a triangular sail at the end of the boom.
Clew-Lines - Used to truss up the clews, the lower corners of ~s.

Leech: The back edge of a triangular or quadrilateral sail. The two vertical sides of a ~.
Leeward: Nautical term meaning downwind or away from the wind.
Leeway: The leeward drift of a boat due to the force of the wind in the sails and against the hull.

Bunt:
(1) The middle part of a ~.
(2) The line(s) attached to the middle of the foot of the sail used to haul the bunt up to the center of the yard.
Bunting:
Thin cloth of woven wool in various colors used to make flags.

Yard - a spar usually fixed horizontally to a mast to support a ~.
Yardarm-That part of the yard that lies between the lift and the outer end
Yarn-A sea tale.
Yawl boat: - smaller powered boat used to provide steerage-way when not under sail.

A spar attached to the mast and used to hoist ~s.
yard arm
The end of a yard.

yardarm - The horizontal booms which hold the ~s out crosswise from the foremast ...

A TOP SAIL SCHOONER a variation on the schooner, with ~s at the top of the foremast.

Yard: A wooden spar, comparatively long and slender, slung at its centre from, and forward of, a mast and serving to support and extend a ~ which is bent to it. _______________________________
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Ropes fixed to the lower corners of ~s, &c.
To sheet home
To haul the sheets of a sail home to the block on the yard-arm.

1) A sailing direction to weather. 2) The lower forward corner of a fore and aft sail or the upper corner at the foot of a ~..
See Also:
port tack, starboard tack, sailing directions ...

Xebek: A small three-masted (originally two-masted) vessel, commonly lateen-rigged but with some ~s, used in the Mediterranean, formerly as a ship of war, now as a merchant-ship. (from around 1756)
.

Barkentine barquentine barketeen-3 Masted with Sq rigged on fore mast only with the main and mizen being fore and aft rigged .It was used for coastal shipping of it's ability to go into the wind with the fore-aft sails, but still has the ~s to catch long wind currents.

Foresail: The lowest ~ on the most forward mast
Forestay: The wiring that supports the mast and keeps it from falling backwards. Leads from masthead to bowsprit or foredeck.
Foretriangle: The triangle that is formed by the forestay, mast and deck.

to draw up the clews of a ~ to the yard lowering the lower aft corner of a sail.
Clew Down - to force (a yard) down by hauling on the clew lines.
Clew Up - to draw (a sail) up to the yard, as for furling.

See also: See also: What is the meaning of Square, Sailing, Vessel, Mast, Ship?

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