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Square sail

Boating  Square rigged  SSB
04/24/2014

Square sail
A square sail hung from a yard on the mast. Best used when sailing downwind.
SSB
Single sideband radio. A type of radio used on a boat to transmit for long distances.


[edit] Square Sails
The parts of a square sail.
Many of the same names are used for parts of a quadrilateral square rigged sail.

Square sails are set on the jib-mast and main-mast. In addition a square sail is set below the bowsprit, the so called 'blinde'. On the mizzen-mast a lateen sail is set.

SQUARE SAIL-A rectangular sail attached to a spar suspended at the middle from a mast.
SWELL-The waves that continue after the wind that created them has changed in direction or vanished.

Square sail set above the main sail on the top mast.
Topmast
{Mastelero} ...

SQUARE SAIL See Sailing Rigs
boating terms
STANCHION A post along the edge of the deck used to support the life lines.

The primitive square sail of antiquity embodies the same principle as that governing the motion through the water of the modem full-rigged ship, which is admirably adapted for efficient beating to windward, or sailing against the wind.

In yachts with square sails - the spar on which the sail is suspended.
Yawl
A two-masted sailboat.

skysail - A square sail set above the royals.
sky scraper - A triangular sail set above the skysail. Never used now.
Sky Pilot - A term applied by sailors to chaplains.

Foresail - lowest square sail on the foremast
Forestay - Wire, sometimes rod, support for the mast, running from the bowsprit or foredeck to a point at or near the top of the mast.
Foretriangle The triangle formed by the forestay, mast, and fore deck.

A spar from which a square sail is hung./font
Yaw
To swing off course; caused by the action of waves or bad steering.

On a square sail this is accomplished with leech and clew lines. See "Scandalize"
Breakers Waves breaking over rocks or shoals.

Clew - The lower aft corner of a fore and aft sail, both lower corners of a spinnaker, and the lower corners of a square sail
Clew Outhaul - The tackle used to adjust the clew in and out on the boom.

rope attached to middle of square sail to haul it up to the yard
burgee
small ship's flag used for identification or signalling
cable
heavy rope or chain for mooring a ship
cabotage
shipping and sailing between points in the same country ...

BARK, BARQUE A three-masted vessel having square sails on fore and main masts, and a spanker on the mizzen. BATTEN DOWN Secure hatches and loose objects both within the hull and on deck. BEAM The greatest width of the boat.

Mainsail - The lowest square sail on the mainmast.
Marline - A light twine size line which has been tarred.
Marline Selling - A tool for opening the strands of a rope while splicing.

YARD A term applied to a spar attached at its middle portion to a mast and running athwartship across a vessel as a support for a square sail, signal halyards, lights, etc. YARDARM A term applied to the outer end of a yard.

-the lowest square sail on the mainmast.
Marlinspike: A tool for opening the strands of a rope while splicing.
Mast: A large wooden pole used to hold up the sails.
Measured mile: A course marked by buoys or ranges measuring one nautical mile.

Leech - The aft or trailing edge of a fore-and-aft sail; the leeward edge of a spinnaker; a vertical edge of a square sail. The leech is susceptible to twist, which is controlled by the boom vang and mainsheet.

Yard, Yards, Yardarm: A wooden spar, comparatively long and slender, slung at its centre from, and forward of, a mast and serving to support and extend a square sail which is bent to it.

"Squareriggers" and Viking longboats tend to have square sails. Most modern boats are rigged with sails that are closer in shape to triangles because they are easier to handle and more efficient.

Snow:The largest type of two-masted sailing vessel of the era, the snow, carried square sails on both masts, ...

A sheet is a rope line which controls the tension on the downwind side of a square sail. If, on a three masted fully rigged ship, the sheets of the three lower course sails are loose, the sails will flap and flutter and are said to be "in the wind".

square rigged - A sailboat having square sails hung across the mast.
SSB - Single sideband radio. A type of radio used on a boat to transmit for long distances.
stability sail - A vertical pole on which flags can be raised.

Brail - Partially furling sails to lessen wind resistance. On a square sail this is accomplished with leech and clew lines. See "Scandalize".
Bridge - The location from which a vessel is steered and its speed controlled.

Bunt:
(1) The middle part of a square sail.
(2) The line(s) attached to the middle of the foot of the sail used to haul the bunt up to the center of the yard.
Bunting:
Thin cloth of woven wool in various colors used to make flags.

Yard - a spar usually fixed horizontally to a mast to support a square sail.
Yardarm-That part of the yard that lies between the lift and the outer end
Yarn-A sea tale.

SQUARE-RIGGED : Fitted mostly with square sails.
STARBOARD : The right side of the ship when you are facing forward. Opposite side to port.

A spar attached to the mast and used to hoist square sails.
yard arm
The end of a yard.

yardarm - The horizontal booms which hold the square sails out crosswise from the foremast ...

A TOP SAIL SCHOONER a variation on the schooner, with square sails at the top of the foremast.

Yard: A wooden spar, comparatively long and slender, slung at its centre from, and forward of, a mast and serving to support and extend a square sail which is bent to it. _______________________________
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Ropes fixed to the lower corners of square sails, &c.
To sheet home
To haul the sheets of a sail home to the block on the yard-arm.

Yard - A long spar, tapered at the ends, attached at its middle to a mast and running athwartships; used to support the top of a square sail.
Yaw - To swing or steer off course, as when running with a quartering sea.

Xebek: A small three-masted (originally two-masted) vessel, commonly lateen-rigged but with some square sails, used in the Mediterranean, formerly as a ship of war, now as a merchant-ship. (from around 1756)
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barquentine barketeen-3 Masted with Sq rigged on fore mast only with the main and mizen being fore and aft rigged .It was used for coastal shipping of it's ability to go into the wind with the fore-aft sails, but still has the square sails to catch ...

to draw up the clews of a square sail to the yard lowering the lower aft corner of a sail.
Clew Down - to force (a yard) down by hauling on the clew lines.
Clew Up - to draw (a sail) up to the yard, as for furling.

See also: See also: Aft, Sailing, Mast, Forward, Fore

Boating  Square rigged  SSB
04/24/2014

 
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