Literati style - bunjingi Drawing by NICOGUSA. A lot of Thanks!
the name is from the Literati of imperial China
grown with a few branches and a thin trunk
Trees that suit this style are: ...
Literati trees, or Bunjingi, are the ones that have a long trunk, usually with curves, with a few small branches at the apex. The idea behind this tree is to show his struggle to survive in hard conditions.
A term evoking a minimal image of trunks and branches inspired by singular trees on horizons with striking silhouette with dead branches and a feeling of a hard life, and a tenuous grip on life.
Literati Bonsai style
In nature this style of tree is found in areas densely populated by many other trees and competition is so fierce that the tree can only survive by growing taller then all others around it.
The literati style, with its emphasis on trunk line and movement, demands roots that do not detract from that movement.
Literati - Bumjin-gi style
Traditionally, juniper, spruce and pine are used in this elegant style.
Broom - Hokidachi style
This style is best suited to deciduous trees such as ginkgos, Japanese gray-bark elms and Japanese maple.
Literati Style (Bunjingi)
Usually there are only a very few branches towards the top of the tree. The trunks twist and curve several times without taper, and the top often only has a sparce collection of downwards leaning branches.
Also known as the bunjin form, the Literati takes its name from an elite class of Chinese scholars who practiced in the arts. Their paintings had abstract, calligraphic forms that depicted trees growing in mountainous landscapes.
The literati style, or Bunjin-gi, bonsai is characterized by a generally bare trunk line, with branches reduced to a minimum, and typically placed higher up on a long, often contorted trunk.
- Literati - Medium depth circular, inward pointing lip, square, hexagonal, unglazed
- Broom - Medium/shallow oval or round
- Weeping - Medium-depth square, hexagonal, round or octagonal ...
LITERATI/BUNJIN. Good literati is the essence of simplicity. I know a good literati when I see it, but only one in a hundred are really good and I still don't have one that satisfys me.
John Mellanby from Aberdeen, UK, says : ...
Literati, informal upright, cascade and windswept are all style possibilities for a sea grape bonsai.
New branches grow quickly.
Trunks develop less quickly, so for bonsai, it's best to begin with a heavy trunk.
Literati style- A bonsai style in which the trunk is long and slender and the foliage is sparse.
Mamé bonsai -A miniature bonsai under six inches tall. It is pronounced "maw-may".
Literati (Bunjin) - Free form
Pierneef - Umbrella crown
Raft (Netsuranari) - Shoots sprouting from surface roots, or roots sprouting from a fallen trunk ...
"Literati Style". This style of bonsai is generally unconventional, often breaking well established rules.
"Literati" redirects here. For the Yahoo! game, see Literati (game).
An intellectual is one who tries to use his or her intellect to work, study, reflect, speculate, or ask and answer questions about a wide variety of different ideas.
The literati style is the hardest to define, but is seen often. The word literati is used in place of the Japanese "bunjin" which is a translation of the Chinese word "wenjen" meaning "scholars practiced in the arts".
The literati style is a very old bonsai tree style named for the scholars that practiced it. These trees are meant to copy trees struggling against harsh climates.
The "literati" bonsai style. One of the basic styles. The idea behind Bunjingi is that in nature the tree, under adverse environmental conditions, has found its way to survive, being forced to contortions and unnormal shapes.
upright or informally upright trunk bare of branches except at the top, characterized by a tasteful simple elegance. hokidachi broom broom style trees have an upright trunk, with branches evenly fanned out.
This styles is named for the Chinese scholars and the way they depicted trees in their paintings of rugged mountain sides. Trunks are sixty to eighty percent bare of branches and have little taper and lots of movement.
Bunjingi - literati
Ishitsuki - over rock
Pots come in a variety of shapes and sizes.
Jack E. Billet
This type of tree is more of a feeling than a style. Most of the other styles, or even no style at all, can be used for Bunjin. It often deviates from the accepted guidelines.
The Bunjingi bonsai emulates trees growing in the wasteland soil of sandy
and barren areas. The trunks are thin from the bottom to top, the branches ...
Bunjin The Literati Bonsai Style
Another really popular Bonsai style is the Bunjun or literati. This simple looking technique, with a slight, angled trunk and modest branches is surprisingly difficult to recreate.
Free form (literati)
A sparse single upright trunk - straight,slanted, or curved characterized by a tasteful, simple elegance.
Another variation of upright is the Literati style. Literati is a very common shape of bonsai tree. The literati shape consists of a bare trunk and a few branches. The branches of this style are all positioned near the top.
Literati (Bunjin) Long thin trunks that bend in difficult ways characterize this style. The foliage has the feel of cascading but the main flow of the tree is not necessarily flowing downward.
Bunjin - a traditional Japanese bonsai style; also called literati. This is a tree that has a tall, slender trunk with foliage growing only near the top; illustrating maturity and the casting off of material things.
Some other similar styles include Bunjingi or Literati Style (a few branches at the top of a long slanted trunk, usually in a small, shallow pot), and Fukinagashi Style (Windswept Style, with all the branches coming off one side of the trunk).
literati trees are usually potted in round pots which can be primitive in design
cascade and semi cascade trees require deep pots, both for stability and visual balance ...
Slanting trunk, windswept or literati can all fall into shakan design. A leaning bonsai for instance, we know, will not fall over. The tree can be balanced with a root on the opposite side, keeping the tree from falling over.
I have played around with various styling options but feel the literati style utilises the best feature of the tree which is the visually-pleasing, twisting trunk.
Other styles include the literati (bunjin-gi), which shows a bare trunk line and reduced number of branches, as well as foliage positioned on top of the contorted trunk.
This is a wonderful literati-styled tree. The artist made good use of the "less is more" philosophy with the foliage and the shari looks nice, but where did the artist influence the movement of the trunk? It is unchanged by man, except for the shari.
Before, bonsai care and design skill was limited to the much revered Lingnan prune-and-grow method developed by the ancient Chinese philosophers responsible for the Literati school of landscape painting and design.
Premna is a perfect species for the expressionistic styles—literati, windswept or raft - and appeals to enthusiasts who like the natural jin and shari.
Right: Shohin Premna. Note the regular sized leaf at the bottom.
When he finished his second demonstration, Danny had produced a beautiful, dramatic bonsai that combined elements of informal upright and bunjin (literati,) with one major branch in a cascade.
Example 2): The tree is maybe 30 cm in height, but because it is the "bunjin" style ("literati"), having few branches, little mass of leafs and therefore having the appearance of being a small thing (shohin), and acceptable as a shohin.
All except Formal upright and Literati, which should always be conifers ...
Literati/abstract (many trees, especially junipers and pines);
Multiple trunks or multiple tree planting (especially ficus, ginkgo, elm, liquidamber, heavenly bamboo, maple, olive); ...
Pruning and wiring: The bald cypress lends itself to formal upright, informal upright, slanting, literati, twin-trunk and group styles. The most natural style is 'Flat Top' design.
It also refers to the distance between the base of the tree and the first branch. This is frequently seen in trunks of literati style. In some instances, koshidaka can be attractive, but it tends to give a feeling of instability.
Some of the other styles that can be applied are twin trunk, root over rock, clasped to rock, group, broom, literati, windswept and exposed root.
The field maple bonsai is naturally inclined in the informal broom style, but it can also be trained in most other styles. The exception is the literati style.
In nature, succulents follow such bonsai styles as broom, informal upright, slanted, prostrate, semicascade, windswept, literati, and grotesque.
bunjin - Japanese term for an educated person or literati, a tree grown in this style, usually emphasizing a thin trunk, with a lean appearance and container with rough-hewn appearance.
See also: Bonsai, Tree, Trunk, Style, Plant