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Bonsai  Stratification  Subspecies

Styles of Bonsai
There are many styles of Bonsai and all refer to natural styles in nature. Many have Japanese names such as Ikadabuki, Netsuranari, Nebari and Shari.

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You probably know that bonsai are the miniaturized versions of the big, aged trees found in nature. But do you know that bonsai have their miniature versions as well? These bonsai trees are commonly known as shohin bonsai and mame bonsai. 'Shohin' is a Japanese word.

Styleing literati bonsai - bunjingi
It's called "Literati" because it was favored among many educated artists such as poets and calligraphers.
Key points to make this shape ...

Styles and Styling
INTERNATIONAL BONSAI ACADEMY with Walter Pall - Episode XI - Dilemmas, small things big difference

Pierneef style
Imagine yourself in the middle of the African savanna. Acaccia trees in endless fields of grass, with slow moving herds of Wildebeeste, Zebra and Giraffe. Passing herbivores nibble on the branches within reach, resulting in only the highest branches having foliage.

The two basic ~s of bonsai are the classic (koten) and the informal or `comic` (bunjin). In the former, the trunk of the tree is wider at the base and tapers off towards the top; it is just the opposite in the `bunjin`, a ~ more difficult to master.

Raft-~, or Netsuranari, bonsai mimic a natural phenomenon that occurs when a tree topples onto its side (typically due to erosion or another natural force). Branches along the top side of the trunk continue to grow as a group of new trunks.

Raft ~ (Korabuki)
Raft ~ imitates those trees that have fallen down but continue to grow with the branches on one side becoming like individual trees.

Broom ~ Bonsai
The broom ~ is suited for deciduous trees with extensive, fine branching. The trunk is straight and upright and does not continue to the top of the tree; it branches out in all directions at about 1/3 the height of the tree.

Basic ~s of Bonsai Trees
The following are among the common ~s of bonsai trees including the key features and specifications of each.
1. Informal Upright ...

Bonsai ~s
Why Have ~ Classifications?
Many may ask what the purpose of this intricate ~ classification system is for Bonsai trees. The main purpose for the system is standardization, but it also has an aesthetic function.

Bonsai ~s, some pointers
The problem with providing a set of ~s for folk who are new to the hobby is that it is easy to lead them to believe that, if their tree doesn't conform to one of the ~s, it's a bad bonsai, when it's not!.

Bonsai ~s
There are many important decisions to make when you decide to grow a bonsai tree. First you must know which specie you would like to plant.


1. Roots

The roots along with the trunk are fundamental to a bonsai plant. They are
the starting point of making a quality bonsai. In root training, a surface root
structure, called nebari, is important to demonstrating the plant's natural

Simple ~s and Techniques
Every experienced bonsai enthusiast has his/her own personal idea of what bonsai is to them and what defining factors make them aesthetically appealing.
"Don't be drawn into the trap of taking everything that this person says as gospel!" ...

Display ~s
Discuss this article >>
Text byMorten Albek (C)
Photos: Morten Albek and Higuchi Takeshi ...

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This ~ is far is very different from traditional bonsai shapes  when it comes to the roots. 
On most bonsai, nebari is important (the spread of the roots at the base of the tree.)
With neagari, roots are supposed to extend from one half up to two thirds thirds of the height of the tree.

This ~ is the same as cascade ~, but includes multiple turns on the tree cascading downwards.
Related posts:
Bonsai Training
Your Guide to Cascade Bonsai
Step by step guide how to pick a pre-bonsai or nursery plant
Shohin Bonsai ...

This ~ is quite a simple one that can be achieved by many methods. At an early age, the bonsai can be trained to an angle by means of wiring the trunk until it is in position.

This ~ is unusual in that the tip of the trunk is not the highest point of the tree. The image created is one of a tree growing out of the side of a cliff with the tree cascading downwards. A cascade can have a small head of upward growth.

Cascade ~s are among the hardest to achieve. Generally, Junipers are the most commonly shaped trees; their hardiness and malleable nature makes them perfect for creating bonsai trees cascade ~! ...

Bonsai Tree ~s: Slanting - trunk leaning to one side, with branches on both sides - apex to one side of the base
Bonsai Tree ~s: Semi Cascade - growing in a gentle downwards and horizontal direction, but not below the base of the pot ...

Five Main ~s
There are more than twenty distinct bonsai tree ~s.
They are all based on the five inclinations of the trunk: ...

It is a natural ~ which most people will be familiar with as it is one of the most dramatic ~s of tree. It is often favoured by those new to bonsai who are usually unaware that it is very difficult to create a successful windswept bonsai.

Another American ~ that is sure to happen is the California Oak. There is nothing else like them in the world and each species has its individual quirks, that will vary from region to region, sometimes in as little as forty miles.

Category:Japanese ~ of gardening
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search ...

California Juniper Raft ~
Hello again, today's project is on another California Juniper. This tree is growing in what is called a raft ~, which is reminiscent of a tree that has fallen over while the root ball stays intact.

Informal upright - This ~ seeks to mimic what a tree will look like when exposed to the elements. Although its trunk and branches may have bends, it still conveys a sense of balance and symmetry.

~s emulate trees that have developed according to the forces of nature. It is easy to go around blinkered to the wonderful diversity of tree shapes. Once you are into bonsai that “luxury' is no longer an option.

Chinese Elm bonsai may be shaped in any bonsai ~, except formal upright. Twisty trunk can be formed from early growing stage. This type of plant is especially suited for the broom form of bonsai. 'S' shaped trunk ~ is well-known among its imports.

Bonsai come in various ~s. Below are some of the most commonly encountered ones: ...

Chokkan - Formal upright: Design is created from a tree with a straight trunk. Branches are selected in an alternating pattern, right - back - left or vica-versa with the largest space between branches toward the bottom of the tree.

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Basic ~s
When shaping a tree, you must first decide which ~ is best suited to the tree's natural design. There are complex array of different shapes and ~s to choose from.

Bonsai ~s:
While the climatic conditions are a factor, you must also consider the ~ or form you desire when choosing a bonsai tree. Some ~s can be created with a variety of species, while others work best with specific types of bonsai trees and plants.
Formal Upright: ...

Common ~s
There are many different ~s of bonsai, but some are more common than others are. These include formal upright, informal upright, cascade, semi-cascade, raft, literati, and group / forest.

Chokkan ~ (Formal upright)
This is a most complex ~ with very specific rules for branch placement, pot selection and such. It is NOT a ~ for beginners, and even experienced artists approach this one with caution. Some of the sub-categories of uprights include: ...

Banyan ~
The easy formation of aerial roots on Scheffleras allows them to make great banyan ~ trees. The logo tree of Fuku-Bonsai trained by David Fukumoto is a fabulous example of this ~.

Broom ~. It refers to a tree that grows upright from its root, extends branc...

~s: - five main (but over 30 in all):
1.Formal upright
2.Informal upright (curved trunk)
4.Half cascade
5.Cascade ...

My ~ has just happened, and derives from the overall appearance of trees in my parcel of nature and those in other parcels all around the country and world.

No ~ of gardening has generated so much fascinated attention in America as the Japanese, yet to create a truly authentic Japanese garden here is very difficult.

The ~ still requires a tapered trunk, however the trunk direction and branch positioning is more informal and closer to the way a tree would look when exposed to the elements.

What ~ does the tree naturally suggest?
Formal upright (primarily conifers);
Informal upright (most trees);
Windswept (especially junipers, pines, myrtle);
Cascade (many varieties, especially juniper, elephant's food, flowering types);
Broom-~ (especially, elm and zelkova); ...

Many ~s of bonsai feature a broadly triangle shape. Any new growth which breaks this outline can be removed to prevent the tree looking overgrown. You can also see that there are empty spaces between the branches. These empty spaces will fill up with new growth which should be pruned off.

Basic ~s
Bonsai can be loosely divided into tropical plants, deciduous shrubs and evergreens. There are several classifications, such as formal upright, informal upright, cascade and windswept.
Following are five ~s that seem to be agreed upon basic or fundamental designs.

Bonsai ~s ---
chokkan - Formal Upright
The chokkan bonsai typically has a single, upright trunk that tapers toward the top, branches are symmetrically balanced and well spaced.

Bonsai ~ - "Clump". More crowded in appearance than a group planting as the trunks all grow from the same point on the root mass.
Kan rei sha
Cloth used for frost protection in winter as well as sun protection in summer.

Bonsai ~s are traditional and come from the Japanese. They include formal upright, informal upright, windswept, cascade, and forest, and several others that are less used.

Two other ~s of bonsai mentioned include the literati and group/forest. In the first case, you have small amounts of branches, which are trained high up on contorted or twisted trunk. In fact, this particular ~ often includes an S-shape on the lower portion of the trunk.

Artistic ~s
Formal Upright (Chokkan) The pose of the plant is very close to 100% vertical. The objective is to show balance but not strict symmetry. This ~ is best for conifers. Informal Upright (Moyogi) The pose of this ~ is near vertical.

Choosing a ~
You should always remember that you are working with live material when structuring a bonsai.

The cascade ~ of bonsai represents a natural tree growing down the face of an embankment. A cascaded planting usually looks best in a deep round or hexagonal container.

This tree was ~d by the owner during a demonstration given at the Australian Plants as Bonsai show in 2003. The weeping ~ was adopted to replicate the naturally curved and. pendulous branches of old bottlebrush trees in nature.

Other bonsai ~s: slanting, broom, windswept, multiple trunk (twin, triple, or clump), and rock planting (on, in, or over a rock). Deserving special classification based on size is the miniature (Shohin) bonsai (less than 10 inches).
top of page How can I obtain bonsai material?

Root Over Rock ~:
roots are trained down over stone
roots trained into bed of soi
2 or more water drainage holes, 1 inch diameter ...

Wide spreading ~s look good in pots that flare outward at the top or have a lip on the outer rim
Tall slender trees are complemented by very simple round pots
Trees that cascade over the edge of the pot should be in deep special cascade pots.

broom ~ - A training form for bonsai which resembles an inverted broom with a single trunk dividing into many symmetric branchlets which subdivide into twigs and so forth. See Hokidachi ...

Shakan Bonsai ~ - All About The Shakan ~ Of Bonsai
Japanese bonsai sculptors have gotten into developing a lot of involved as well as meticulous types of bonsai wherein every component is situated exactly right. This is obvious within the shakan ~ of bonsai, or slanting, technique.

Clustered bonsai ~. Many seedlings placed with roots intertwined which will fuse together and appear as a single multi-trunk tree or group.
Ue tsuchi
Planting soil.

I will work on and ~ any healthy bonsai-stock or bonsai. Even though I may do all the work, it will still be a collaboration and discussion before I start. The tree(s) can be dropped off or I can come and work at your place.
To see a progression of a how tree styling works, click here.

Bunjin - a traditional Japanese bonsai ~; also called literati. This is a tree that has a tall, slender trunk with foliage growing only near the top; illustrating maturity and the casting off of material things.

' Any tree from 4 inches to full size can be ~d to conform to Bonsai standards. In Japan, park trees are pruned and bent to evoke more impact than one left to it's own devises.

Specifically, pines have served as the ~ models for bonsai, with downsloping lower branches alternating from outside curves with well-defined foliage planes eventually culminating in a broad rounded apex.

Bonsai is a representation of many things: of the environment from which the tree comes, of the person who ~s it, and most importantly, bonsai is an expression of culture. At Mirai, the garden, school, and facilities are constantly evolving.

Illustrations of bonsai ~s.
Bonsai Plant Guide
Trees and shrubs are suitable for traditional bonsai. Specialty nurseries often have a wide selection of dwarf and semidwarf varieties of many species.

They are generally ~d very simply with a twist or two onto the trunk and are invariably grafted onto the stronger Black Pine base. Some varieties have very dense needle growth while others have very short needle clusters.

The art of bonsai can fit into any life ~. These little trees will captivate and entertain you with great rewards. Whether your considering a new hobby or an experienced pro you will find what you need here. Bonsai trees, Free care instructions, Supplies, Tools, and more.

The plant can be shaped and ~d to suit individual tastes and is most often made to appear as a miniature tree, to be able to achieve this the plant must be able to be pruned regularly and so easily managed shrubs or trees are generally chosen for bonsai.

Because the environment and nature is different in each country, the shohin-bonsai must accordingly be ~d to fit this. Therefore several ~s coexist.
Morten Albek, Shohin-bonsai Europe
If so - what do you think about the new ways of doing bonsai compared to the traditional way?

30. Fukinagashi - a traditional Japanese bonsai ~; also called windswept. This is a tree that has its trunk and branches swept back in one direction; illustrating a tree exposed to very forceful winds.
31. Genus - a unit of classification for a group of closely related plants.

If you understand the above sequence of how a tree developed its form over the years, you'll be in a better position to continue to maintain the shape of your tree, to improve it, and to even re~ it.

There is no shortage of ~s, glazing, colors or shape as ceramic pots are available as rectangular, oval, square, lotus as well as a for a 'water and land' presentation.
Glazed or Unglazed?

Japanese concave cutters, also known as Mataeda Hasanmi, are necessary to ~ bonsai and pre-bonsai nursery stock; they are specifically designed to cut branches flush to the trunk and its particular design ensures that there is no western bonsai cutter equivalent to Japanese concave cutters.

Review : A simple, straight-forward guide to bonsai that covers the basics in depth looking at things such as selecting a hardy specimen; the essentials of pruning, wiring, and aging; different bonsai ~s; keeping your bonsai healthy through watering, feeding, ...

What is Bonsai? A good place to start.
What are Bonsai ~s An introduction to bonsai ~s
What are Bonsai Sizes Bonsai Sizes and introduction
How to Bonsai?: For beginners ...

A young bonsai being pruned for the first time requires particular care, since its basic shape and ~ will be decided then. When the tree gets a little older, branches are cut to achieve a better balance, taking into consideration things like the direction, density and length of the branches.

Usually the younger the tree, the cheaper, but it's all down to ~, and the way it looks which puts the price up.
Saying bonsai trees are an investment, no-one likes spending a lot of money on something that keels over with roots reaching for the sky, within a matter of weeks.

In nature, succulents follow such bonsai ~s as broom, informal upright, slanted, prostrate, semicascade, windswept, literati, and grotesque. Bonsai artists are also creating new interpretations of these traditional stylistic models based on the growth habits of succulent species.

During this period the Japanese developed a passion for growing plants and gardens and in this period Bonsai ~s appear on prints and illustrations along with life's events and landscapes.

See also: See also: What is the meaning of Bonsai, Tree, Growing, Plant, Trunk?

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