You probably know that bonsai are the miniaturized versions of the big, aged trees found in nature. But do you know that bonsai have their miniature versions as well? These bonsai trees are commonly known as shohin bonsai and mame bonsai. 'Shohin' is a Japanese word.
Styles and Styling
INTERNATIONAL BONSAI ACADEMY with Walter Pall - Episode XI - Dilemmas, small things big difference
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Imagine yourself in the middle of the African savanna. Acaccia trees in endless fields of grass, with slow moving herds of Wildebeeste, Zebra and Giraffe. Passing herbivores nibble on the branches within reach, resulting in only the highest branches having foliage.
The two basic styles of bonsai are the classic (koten) and the informal or `comic` (bunjin). In the former, the trunk of the tree is wider at the base and tapers off towards the top; it is just the opposite in the `bunjin`, a style more difficult to master.
Raft-style, or Netsuranari, bonsai mimic a natural phenomenon that occurs when a tree topples onto its side (typically due to erosion or another natural force). Branches along the top side of the trunk continue to grow as a group of new trunks.
Broom style Bonsai
The broom style is suited for deciduous trees with extensive, fine branching. The trunk is straight and upright and does not continue to the top of the tree; it branches out in all directions at about 1/3 the height of the tree.
Why Have Style Classifications?
Many may ask what the purpose of this intricate style classification system is for Bonsai trees. The main purpose for the system is standardization, but it also has an aesthetic function.
Bonsai Styles, some pointers
The problem with providing a set of styles for folk who are new to the hobby is that it is easy to lead them to believe that, if their tree doesn't conform to one of the styles, it's a bad bonsai, when it's not!.
BONSAI STYLE----SECRET OF SHAPING
The roots along with the trunk are fundamental to a bonsai plant. They are
the starting point of making a quality bonsai. In root training, a surface root
structure, called nebari, is important to demonstrating the plant's natural
Simple Styles and Techniques
Every experienced bonsai enthusiast has his/her own personal idea of what bonsai is to them and what defining factors make them aesthetically appealing.
"Don't be drawn into the trap of taking everything that this person says as gospel!" ...
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Text byMorten Albek (C)
Photos: Morten Albek and Higuchi Takeshi ...
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This style is far is very different from traditional bonsai shapes when it comes to the roots.
On most bonsai, nebari is important (the spread of the roots at the base of the tree.)
With neagari, roots are supposed to extend from one half up to two thirds thirds of the height of the tree.
This style is the same as cascade style, but includes multiple turns on the tree cascading downwards.
Your Guide to Cascade Bonsai
Step by step guide how to pick a pre-bonsai or nursery plant
Shohin Bonsai ...
This style is unusual in that the tip of the trunk is not the highest point of the tree. The image created is one of a tree growing out of the side of a cliff with the tree cascading downwards. A cascade can have a small head of upward growth.
Cascade styles are among the hardest to achieve. Generally, Junipers are the most commonly shaped trees; their hardiness and malleable nature makes them perfect for creating bonsai trees cascade style! ...
Bonsai Tree Styles: Slanting - trunk leaning to one side, with branches on both sides - apex to one side of the base
Bonsai Tree Styles: Semi Cascade - growing in a gentle downwards and horizontal direction, but not below the base of the pot ...
It is a natural style which most people will be familiar with as it is one of the most dramatic styles of tree. It is often favoured by those new to bonsai who are usually unaware that it is very difficult to create a successful windswept bonsai.
Another American style that is sure to happen is the California Oak. There is nothing else like them in the world and each species has its individual quirks, that will vary from region to region, sometimes in as little as forty miles.
California Juniper Raft Style
Hello again, today's project is on another California Juniper. This tree is growing in what is called a raft style, which is reminiscent of a tree that has fallen over while the root ball stays intact.
Styles emulate trees that have developed according to the forces of nature. It is easy to go around blinkered to the wonderful diversity of tree shapes. Once you are into bonsai that “luxury' is no longer an option.
Chinese Elm bonsai may be shaped in any bonsai style, except formal upright. Twisty trunk can be formed from early growing stage. This type of plant is especially suited for the broom form of bonsai. 'S' shaped trunk style is well-known among its imports.
Bonsai come in various styles. Below are some of the most commonly encountered ones: ...
Chokkan - Formal upright: Design is created from a tree with a straight trunk. Branches are selected in an alternating pattern, right - back - left or vica-versa with the largest space between branches toward the bottom of the tree.
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While the climatic conditions are a factor, you must also consider the style or form you desire when choosing a bonsai tree. Some styles can be created with a variety of species, while others work best with specific types of bonsai trees and plants.
Formal Upright: ...
There are many different styles of bonsai, but some are more common than others are. These include formal upright, informal upright, cascade, semi-cascade, raft, literati, and group / forest.
Chokkan Style (Formal upright)
This is a most complex style with very specific rules for branch placement, pot selection and such. It is NOT a style for beginners, and even experienced artists approach this one with caution. Some of the sub-categories of uprights include: ...
My style has just happened, and derives from the overall appearance of trees in my parcel of nature and those in other parcels all around the country and world.
What style does the tree naturally suggest?
Formal upright (primarily conifers);
Informal upright (most trees);
Windswept (especially junipers, pines, myrtle);
Cascade (many varieties, especially juniper, elephant's food, flowering types);
Broom-style (especially, elm and zelkova); ...
Many styles of bonsai feature a broadly triangle shape. Any new growth which breaks this outline can be removed to prevent the tree looking overgrown. You can also see that there are empty spaces between the branches. These empty spaces will fill up with new growth which should be pruned off.
Bonsai can be loosely divided into tropical plants, deciduous shrubs and evergreens. There are several classifications, such as formal upright, informal upright, cascade and windswept.
Following are five styles that seem to be agreed upon basic or fundamental designs.
Bonsai style - "Clump". More crowded in appearance than a group planting as the trunks all grow from the same point on the root mass.
Kan rei sha
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Two other styles of bonsai mentioned include the literati and group/forest. In the first case, you have small amounts of branches, which are trained high up on contorted or twisted trunk. In fact, this particular style often includes an S-shape on the lower portion of the trunk.
Formal Upright (Chokkan) The pose of the plant is very close to 100% vertical. The objective is to show balance but not strict symmetry. This style is best for conifers. Informal Upright (Moyogi) The pose of this style is near vertical.
Choosing a Style
You should always remember that you are working with live material when structuring a bonsai.
This tree was styled by the owner during a demonstration given at the Australian Plants as Bonsai show in 2003. The weeping style was adopted to replicate the naturally curved and. pendulous branches of old bottlebrush trees in nature.
Other bonsai styles: slanting, broom, windswept, multiple trunk (twin, triple, or clump), and rock planting (on, in, or over a rock). Deserving special classification based on size is the miniature (Shohin) bonsai (less than 10 inches).
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Root Over Rock Style:
roots are trained down over stone
roots trained into bed of soi
2 or more water drainage holes, 1 inch diameter ...
Wide spreading styles look good in pots that flare outward at the top or have a lip on the outer rim
Tall slender trees are complemented by very simple round pots
Trees that cascade over the edge of the pot should be in deep special cascade pots.
Shakan Bonsai Style - All About The Shakan Style Of Bonsai
Japanese bonsai sculptors have gotten into developing a lot of involved as well as meticulous types of bonsai wherein every component is situated exactly right. This is obvious within the shakan style of bonsai, or slanting, technique.
I will work on and style any healthy bonsai-stock or bonsai. Even though I may do all the work, it will still be a collaboration and discussion before I start. The tree(s) can be dropped off or I can come and work at your place.
To see a progression of a how tree styling works, click here.
Bunjin - a traditional Japanese bonsai style; also called literati. This is a tree that has a tall, slender trunk with foliage growing only near the top; illustrating maturity and the casting off of material things.
Specifically, pines have served as the style models for bonsai, with downsloping lower branches alternating from outside curves with well-defined foliage planes eventually culminating in a broad rounded apex.
Bonsai is a representation of many things: of the environment from which the tree comes, of the person who styles it, and most importantly, bonsai is an expression of culture. At Mirai, the garden, school, and facilities are constantly evolving.
Illustrations of bonsai styles.
Bonsai Plant Guide
Trees and shrubs are suitable for traditional bonsai. Specialty nurseries often have a wide selection of dwarf and semidwarf varieties of many species.
They are generally styled very simply with a twist or two onto the trunk and are invariably grafted onto the stronger Black Pine base. Some varieties have very dense needle growth while others have very short needle clusters.
The art of bonsai can fit into any life style. These little trees will captivate and entertain you with great rewards. Whether your considering a new hobby or an experienced pro you will find what you need here. Bonsai trees, Free care instructions, Supplies, Tools, and more.
The plant can be shaped and styled to suit individual tastes and is most often made to appear as a miniature tree, to be able to achieve this the plant must be able to be pruned regularly and so easily managed shrubs or trees are generally chosen for bonsai.
Because the environment and nature is different in each country, the shohin-bonsai must accordingly be styled to fit this. Therefore several styles coexist.
Morten Albek, Shohin-bonsai Europe
If so - what do you think about the new ways of doing bonsai compared to the traditional way?
30. Fukinagashi - a traditional Japanese bonsai style; also called windswept. This is a tree that has its trunk and branches swept back in one direction; illustrating a tree exposed to very forceful winds.
31. Genus - a unit of classification for a group of closely related plants.
If you understand the above sequence of how a tree developed its form over the years, you'll be in a better position to continue to maintain the shape of your tree, to improve it, and to even restyle it.
There is no shortage of styles, glazing, colors or shape as ceramic pots are available as rectangular, oval, square, lotus as well as a for a 'water and land' presentation.
Glazed or Unglazed?
Japanese concave cutters, also known as Mataeda Hasanmi, are necessary to style bonsai and pre-bonsai nursery stock; they are specifically designed to cut branches flush to the trunk and its particular design ensures that there is no western bonsai cutter equivalent to Japanese concave cutters.
Review : A simple, straight-forward guide to bonsai that covers the basics in depth looking at things such as selecting a hardy specimen; the essentials of pruning, wiring, and aging; different bonsai styles; keeping your bonsai healthy through watering, feeding, ...
A young bonsai being pruned for the first time requires particular care, since its basic shape and style will be decided then. When the tree gets a little older, branches are cut to achieve a better balance, taking into consideration things like the direction, density and length of the branches.
Usually the younger the tree, the cheaper, but it's all down to style, and the way it looks which puts the price up.
Saying bonsai trees are an investment, no-one likes spending a lot of money on something that keels over with roots reaching for the sky, within a matter of weeks.
In nature, succulents follow such bonsai styles as broom, informal upright, slanted, prostrate, semicascade, windswept, literati, and grotesque. Bonsai artists are also creating new interpretations of these traditional stylistic models based on the growth habits of succulent species.