Guard hairs: The longest, outer hairs of the cat's coat.
Guard Hairs - long, bristly hairs making up the outercoat
Cats lose guard hairs so coat becomes soft and fuzzy; may lose whiskers
None, hair will regrow after chemotherapy discontinued; may regrow in a different color or texture ...
In winter, the guard hairs measure 7 cm, the tip hairs 5.5-6 cm, and the underfur 4.5-5.5 cm. Corresponding measurements in the summer are 5-6.7 cm, 4.5-6 cm, and 5.3 cm.
While many cats have three distinct hair types in their coat, guard hairs, awn hairs and down hairs, the Turkish Van only has one. This makes their coat feel like cashmere or rabbit fur, and the coat dries quickly when wet.
Protective water repellent, oily guard hairs cover over a moderate thick, insulating, woolly undercoat. The sign of a good coat is that it almost never mats. It could be said the most glorious part of their winter coat is a very impressive mane.
Though the breed has a plush coat, it consists mainly of long guard hairs, while the lack of a dense undercoat results in, according to the Cat Fanciers' Association, "reduced shedding and matting".
This small to medium sized cat's most distinctive feature is its fur, which is short with a distinct wave or curl and lacks primary guard hairs. Each individual hair is 'waved', which produces an overall rippling effect to the fur. A Rex's coat is plush and wonderfully soft to the touch.
The awn and down coats are dense, soft, and close to the body, but the guard hairs, which form the outer coat, are wiry, short, sparse, and prone to breakage; there is some risk of temporary bald patches because of this fragility, ...
Devon Rex - a mutation cat breed with a fine undercoat of wavy thin hairs as well as some guard hairs, giving it a bit more lumpy appearance than the Cornish Rex.
Sphynx or Canadian Hairless - this cat is not truly hairless, but has a "peach fuzz" type of coat and somewhat wrinkly skin.
Guard hairs desirable.
COAT: Distinguishing double coat, consisting of a dense undercoat, covered by long, glossy and smooth water-resistant guard hairs hanging down the sides. The bib consists of three separate sections; short collar at neck, side mutton chops and frontal ruff.
Although completely lacking guard hairs-the long, stiff, outer hairs that act as a barrier against the elements-the Cornish Rex's coat is made up of the soft inner down and awn hairs, with down hair predominating. The lack of guard hairs make the Cornish Rex's coat very soft touch.
Some time in the spring they take off their “winter underwear,' the downy undercoat that provides warmth, and the long non-tangling outer guard hairs that act as protection from rain and snow. The contrast can be quite extreme.
Coat Type, Color & Grooming: The Ragdoll coat is moderately long, with abundant guard hairs, shorter fur on front legs, longer on rear legs. A wide array of pointed colors is available in bi-color, van, mitted, shaded and smoke patterns:
Colourpoint - Point coloured mask to the face, ...
While the Cornish's coat lacks guard hairs, the Devon's coat contains all three hair types (guard, awn, and down), but the guard hairs are typically fragile and stunted, and the whisker hairs are often missing altogether.
The Siberian cat has three types of fur known as guard hairs, awe hairs and down. Since it was initially a Russian cat these hairs provided protection during cold times while having a coat easy to care for. The fur is glossy and textured and matting of fur is rare.
One of the distinguishing features of this breed is the thick double coat, consisting of a dense undercoat covered by long, glossy and smooth water-resistant guard hairs hanging down the sides.
Females may also have a silkier, thinner coat but the longer protective coat of guard hairs should always be over a resilient, slightly woolly undercoat which makes the hair stand out. Chartreux cats have a coat that is medium short, soft, and dense.
The Devon Rex looks similar in appearance to the Cornish Rex, but has guard hairs and sheds. The Devon Rex mutation is different from the Cornish Rex mutation in that the Devon has shortened guard hairs, while the Cornish Rex lacks guard hairs altogether.
The coat is velvety soft, being mainly "down" fur, although there are a few guard hairs which break the smoothness (these guard hairs are also softer than those found in other cats).
The coat is three layers with extra-long guard hairs, a mid-coat, and a plush undercoat which adds up to lots of shedding. Regular grooming is required to control shedding.
Unlike the Cornish rex coat that lacks guard hairs, the Devon's coat has all three hair types: guard, awn and down. However, the guard hairs are fragile and stunted, and the whiskers are often missing altogether.
The shorter-haired Manx has a dense double coat with a thick, short underlayer and a longer, coarser outcoat made up of guard hairs.
Longhaired cats have very long guard hairs (up to 12.5cms) coupled with plentiful long down hairs making the coat extremely full and dense.
Primary Hairs: The outer coat of a cat, also known as guard hairs.
Its fur also lacks guard hairs, which is what gives it the “washboard' appearance. The curls are much looser on this Rex than the Cornish Rex.
Shedding season brings with it almost daily combing because as that soft downy coat sheds for the summer, it wraps around those longer, outer guard hairs, creating a nightmare of mats and tangles. During the summer and winter months, the Wegie is actually two cats in one.
The coat is wavy (known as a marcel wave) in appearance with curly whiskers & eyebrows. The typical cat has three types of hair, guard hairs, awn hairs & down hairs (the undercoat). The Cornish Rex coat completely lacks the guard hairs, giving it an incredibly soft feel.
The shorthaired coat is thick with outer guard hairs that give off a glossy look. The longhaired coat feels silky to the touch. The coat is available in nearly every color and pattern, with the more popular looks being color pointed, bicolor, solid and tabby.
The coat is very short, fine, soft and wavy due to lack of guard hairs.
The whiskers and eye brows are crinkled.
All colours and patterns are recognized. Any amount of white is permitted. The description of
colours is listed in the general list of colours.
This breed has no outer guard hairs in the coat, leaving only a woolly, short coat. The cat has the slender Oriental body type, a Roman nose and large ears that are wide at the base and rounded at the tips. Many coat colours and patterns are accepted.
UNDERCOAT - The wooly or down hairs under the longer guard hairs.
UNDERCOLOR - The part of the hair shaft closest to the skin, in a smoke, the unpigmented portion of the hair shaft, in tabbies, the ground color.
UNDERSHOT - Projecting from below.
Rex: Type of coat with no guard hairs but a soft and curly undercoat. .
Ringworm: Contagious skin disease caused by a fungus.
Roman nose: Nose type with an arch and low set nostrils.
The German Rex has an unusual coat with no guard hairs. It's silky, short and curls naturally.
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The Cornish Rex has a short coat that is soft and silky with no harsh guard hairs. The fur lies in tight waves close to the skin and tends to be especially short and wavy on the chest and belly.
The color of the Russian Blue may be an even bright blue to lighter shades. There may be a silvery sheen made by the guard hairs being silver-tipped. There should be no tabby markings and a difference in color between the ground color and tipping color.
The Cornish Rex is characterized by the wavy coat and arched back. The coat is short, very soft, silky with no guard hairs and comes
Colors and Patterns
Various colors with specific eye colors ...
In the spring, these cats shed their downy undercoat that provides warmth and the long, non-tangling outer guard hairs that act as protection from rain and snow
Breed History ...
An early breed of shorthaired cat believed to originate in the cold northern regions of Russia, the Russian adapted to this harsh climate by developing, not a long furry coat, but a short, thick, seal-like one. It is, in fact, a double coat, there being an outer coat of remarkably strong guard hairs ...
Legs: medium, hind legs longer than frontlegs
Paws: large, round
Tail: long and bushy.
Coat: distinguishing double coat, consisting of a dense undercoat, covered by long, glossy and smooth water-resistant guard hairs hanging down the sides ...
The coat of the Norwegian Forest Cat is so dense that you need a generous amount of shampoo to make sure that the lather gets through the water-repellent guard hairs. The thicker hairs on the back make it almost waterproof. In winter, the undercoat is extremely thick.
The coat is low maintenance with little tendency to mat and little shedding compared to other breeds. There is also a tendency for this breed to cause fewer allergies in humans than with other breeds, probably due to fewer guard hairs.
The coat is short, lies close to the body and is completely free of guard hairs. The coat is incredibly soft to the touch and warm and falls in washboard waves. The colors range from pure white, black, blue, red, and cream to the "smokes" (black, blue etc) and tabby colors and patterns.
See also: What is the meaning of Coat, Breeder, Breeding, Blue, Shorthair?