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ABO incompatibility

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ABO incompatibility
ABO incompatibility is a reaction of the immune system that occurs if two different and not compatible blood types are mixed together.

ABO Incompatibility Reaction
Written by Helen Colledge and Elizabeth Boskey, PhD Medically Reviewed by George Krucik, MD View disclaimer
Blood Type
Causes and Risk Factors
Prevention ...

ABO incompatibility is a reaction of the immune system that occurs if two different and not compatible blood types are mixed together.
Causes, incidence, and risk factors ...

ABO incompatibility can be a very serious problem that can even result in death. With the right treatment, a full recovery is likely.
Kidney failure
Low blood pressure needing intensive care
Death ...

ABO incompatibility: A type of blood incompatibility, found rarely. Transfusion reactions may occur as a result of such incompatibility
Aborad: In a direction away from the mouth; opposite of orad.

ABO Incompatibility Reaction Information, Symptoms and Treatments on Yahoo! Health
What Is ABO Incompatibility ...

ABO incompatibility
Rh incompatibility
Outlook (Prognosis)
The severity of this condition can vary widely. In some instances, the baby has no symptoms of the disease. In other cases, it can lead to death of the baby before or shortly after birth.

ABO incompatibility, another form of fetomaternal incompatibility, can also occur and can lead to hemolytic disease of the newborn.
Causes ...

ABO incompatibility
Other blood group incompatibilities such as c, E, Kell(K)
Based on history ...

ABO incompatibility (Mother has type O blood, baby does not)
Rh incompatibility (Mother is Rh negative, baby is not)
Cephalohematoma or other birth injury
Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency
High levels of red blood cells (polycythemia) ...

An ABO incompatibility reaction can occur if you are given the wrong type of blood during a blood transfusion. It is a rare, but serious and potentially fatal, response by your immune system to incompatible blood.

An ABO incompatibility between a pregnant woman and her baby is a common cause of HDN but seldom requires treatment. This is because the majority of ABO antibodies are IgM, which are too large to cross the placenta.

existing between individuals, blood groups are significant in blood transfusions, maternal-foetal incompatibilities (erythroblastosis foetalis), tissue and organ transplantation ABO Blood Group One of the four blood groups A, B, AB, or O comprising the ABO system ABO Incompatibility A type ...

One complication that may occur is a reaction to an incompatible blood type (transfusion reaction, ABO incompatibility, hemolytic reaction). Symptoms include chest pain, trouble breathing, fever and chills, and low blood pressure.

ABO incompatibility may cause hemolysis by a similar mechanism. ABO incompatibility usually occurs in type O mothers. Mothers with type A, B, or AB blood make anti-A or anti-B antibodies that are predominantly IgM and are incapable of crossing the placenta.

Most commoncauses of anemia in neonates are blood loss (placenta previa, abruptio placenta,fetomaternal transfusion, twin-to-twin transfusion, birth trauma,GI bleeding, repeated phlebotomy) and hemolysis (ABO incompatibility,Rh incompatibility, disseminated intravascular coagulation, ...

In cases of ABO incompatibility, the reaction is invariably severe and leads to destruction of circulating donor RBCs, respiratory collapse and acute renal failure.
Transfusion associated circulatory overload (TACO)
Transfusion associated lung injury (TRALI) ...

Hemolytic reactions occur when the recipient's serum contains antibodies directed against the corresponding antigen found on donor red blood cells. This can be an ABO incompatibility or an incompatibility related to a different blood group antigen.

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See also: See also: Fusion, Anemia, Prevention, Jaundice, Kidney

Disease  Abnormal posturing  Abortion

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