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Aflatoxins

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Aflatoxins
Dr Jeremy Jones et al.
Aflatoxins are naturally occuring mycotoxins that are produced by Aspergillus species, especially Aspergillus flavus. They are acutely toxic and carcinogenic.


aflatoxins: cancer-causing substances produced by a fungus that sometimes contaminates peanuts, corn, grains and nuts, primarily in developing countries where the food supply is not well-regulated.

aflatoxins (AF-la-TOK-sins): Substances made by a fungus that is often found on poorly stored grains and nuts. Aflatoxins have been implicated as a factor in the etiology of primary liver cancer.

Aflatoxins are toxins produced by a mold that grows in nuts, seeds, and legumes.
Function ...

Aflatoxins (aspergillus)
Herbal remedies
Senecio, crotaliaria, comfrey: (pyrrolidizine alkaloids) ...

Aflatoxins, alanine aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, ALP, alpha-fetoprotein, ALT, angiosarcoma, ascites, aspartate aminotransferase, AST, bilirubin, cancer, choangiocarcinoma, cirrhosis, HBV, HCV, hemangiosarcoma, hemochromatosis, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, hepatoblastoma, ...

Aflatoxins, produced by molds (in nuts and milk)
Growth-promoting hormones (in dairy products and meat) ...

Aflatoxins are known to inibit the synthesis and transport of lipids in the liver. Deficiencies of fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E, and K) are also sometimes seen in aflatoxicosis.

Exposure to aflatoxins. For people living in Africa and parts of Asia, consuming foods contaminated with aflatoxins greatly increases the risk of liver cancer.

Aflatoxins are known to cause cancer in animals. The fungi that produce aflatoxin grow on crops such as peanuts (especially) and wheat, corn, beans and rice. Aflatoxin is a problem particularly in undeveloped and developing countries.

Some of these fungi (primarily Aspergillus flavus) produce the very lethal mycotoxins called aflatoxins. Aflatoxins are remarkably potent, often causing disease even when ingested in minute amounts.

Aflatoxins, cancer-causing substances made by a type of plant mold, have also been implicated. Aflatoxins can contaminate wheat, peanuts, rice, corn, and soybeans. These are rare problems in most developed countries like the U.S.

In some parts of the world, toxins (aflatoxins) generated by fungi (aspergillus flavus and aspergillus parasiticus) found on nuts and meal stored under hot, humid conditions are a common cause of liver cancer.

Benzene and other chemicals
Certain poisonous mushrooms and a type of poison that can grow on peanut plants (aflatoxins)
Certain viruses
Radiation
Sunlight
Tobacco ...

Another tumor that is much more prevalent in other parts of the world compared with the U.S. is liver cancer. This cancer is often caused by viral infections with Hepatitis B and C, and is also linked with exposure to aflatoxins, which can be found in certain contaminated foods.
Prevention ...

Most patients with primary liver cancer have suffered previously from liver disease such as chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis or, in the less developed world, have been exposed to poisons from plants (aflatoxins).

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See also: See also: What is the meaning of Cancer, Tumor, Carcinoma, Hepatitis, Stomach?

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