ALP isoenzyme test
Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) is a substance found in all body tissues. There are many different forms of ALP. Each type has a different chemical structure, called an isoenzyme. Its structure depends on where in the body it is produced.
ALP Isoenzyme Test
Overview & Description
Preparation & Expectations
Results and Values
ALP isoenzyme test Results
Review Date: 05/07/2009
Reviewed By: David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine; Jatin M.
The ALP isoenzyme test is a laboratory test that measures the amounts of different types of ALP in the blood.
See also: Alkaline phosphatase test
How the Test is Performed ...
Lower-than-normal ALP levels (hypophosphatasemia) may be due to:
Wilson's disease ...
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Category: Medical Abbreviations [Slang]
Meaning: Acute Lead Poisoning - Gunshot Wound ...
~ (alkaline phosphatase) isoenzyme
Hepatitis Central, Alkaline Phosphatase, ~, Current Information On Hepatitis C & treatments for the medical professional and patient.
~: Elevated levels occur in diseases that impair bile formation (cholestasis). ~ may also be elevated in many other liver disorders, as well as some lung cancers (bronchogenic carcinoma) and Hodgkin's lymphoma.
If the ~ level is high, more tests may be done to find the cause. The amounts of different types of ~ in the blood may be measured and used to determine whether a high level is from the liver or bones. This is called an alkaline phosphatase isoenzymes test.
Why It Is Done ...
According to the ~'s Jonathan Berger, "a minister of state could issue a licence 'for a public purpose', acting in terms of Section 4 of the Patents Act." Berger argues there is a strong case for the Minister of Health to be forced to use this power.
Alkaline phosphatase (~). This enzyme is found in the liver, bones, intestines, kidneys, and other organs. Kids and teens normally have higher levels of ~ than adults, even when they're healthy, due to bone growth.
Acetaminophen, aflatoxins, alanine aminotransferase, albumin, alkaline phosphatase, ~, alpha- fetoprotein, ALT, Amanita phalloides, ammonia, APAP, ascetic, ascites, aspartate aminotransferase, Aspergillus flavus,AST, asterixis, beta-blocker, bile, biliary epithelial cells, bilirubin, cirrhosis, ...
Tests: Levels of blood cholesterol, liver enzymes in the bloodstream (alkaline phosphatase, or ~, and serum gamma glutamyl transpeptidase, or GGTP), serum bilirubin, and urine bilirubin are often elevated.
The typical indication is a rise in the enzyme alkaline phosphatase (~). The other liver enzymes are usually increased but not as much as ~. The level of serum bilirubin (bile pigment) is a useful guide to the progress of the disease.
The latter is clinically indistinguishable from infantile hypophosphatasia, but serum alkaline phosphatase (~) activity is normal. Pseudohypophosphatasia has been suggested as a possible consequence of a mutant TNSALP gene that still has activity in vitro but not in vivo.
GGT is often measured relative to another enzyme, alkaline phosphatase (~). If both are elevated, doctors will suspect problems with the liver or the bile ducts. If GGT is normal and ~ is elevated, this could indicate bone disease.
An increased level of these enzymes may mean injury to the liver and the death of liver cells.
Alkaline phosphatase (~). An increased ~ level may mean blockage of bile ducts.
Gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT).
Alkaline phosphatase (~). This enzyme occurs mainly in liver cells next to bile ducts, and in bone. The blood level is raised in some types of liver and bone disease.
Albumin. This is the main protein made by the liver, and it circulates in the bloodstream.
For example, ~ is also made by the bones. This means that sometimes abnormal results of this test may be caused by conditions or diseases in parts of the body other than the liver. You may need to have more blood tests to find out which part of the body the extra enzyme is coming from.
~ test - leukocytes
» Icterus (Jaundice)
» Gram Stain of Tissue Biopsy
» Foundation of the American Academy of Ophthalmology
» Fluorescein Eye Stain
» Cryptosporidiosis (Cryptosporidium Infection)
» Chicory ...
Alanine Aminotranferase (ALT)
Alkaline Phosphatase (~, Alk Phos)
Gamma Glutamyl Transferase (Gamma GT, GGT)
Total Protein (TP) ...
reverse albumin/globulin ratio (low albumin, high globulin)
monoclonal gammopathy (IgA and/or IgG peak)
proteinuria: Bence Jones proteins in urine (Ig light chains)
decreased or normal ~ unless there is a pathologic fracture due to impaired osteoblastic function.
The most common liver enzyme levels that are tested include GGT (gamma-glutamyl transferase), ALT/SGPT (alanine amino transferase), AST/SGOT (aspartate aminotransferase), ~ (alkaline phosphatase) abnormal liver function tests may result from primary liver injury and/or disease states that ...
BUN (blood urea nitrogen) and creatinine: Evaluates your kidney function.
Liver function tests: Includes ~ (alkaline phosphatase), ALT (alanine aminotransferase), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and bilirubin, among others.
See also: What is the meaning of Hepatitis, Jaundice, Bleeding, Liver disease, ALT?