ALP isoenzyme test
Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) is a substance found in all body tissues. There are many different forms of ALP. Each type has a different chemical structure, called an isoenzyme.
Alternate Names : Alkaline phosphatase isoenzyme test
ALP Isoenzyme Test
Overview & Description
Preparation & Expectations
Results and Values
isoenzyme test Results
Review Date: 05/07/2009
Reviewed By: David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine; Jatin M.
The ALP isoenzyme test is a laboratory test that measures the amounts of different types of ALP in the blood.
See also: Alkaline phosphatase test
How the Test is Performed ...
Lower-than-normal levels (hypophosphatasemia) may be due to:
Wilson's disease ...
Abbreviation: ' ALP '
Category: Medical Abbreviations [Slang]
Meaning: Acute Lead Poisoning - Gunshot Wound ...
(alkaline phosphatase) isoenzyme
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ALP: Elevated levels occur in diseases that impair bile formation (cholestasis). ALP may also be elevated in many other liver disorders, as well as some lung cancers (bronchogenic carcinoma) and Hodgkin's lymphoma.
If the level is high, more tests may be done to find the cause.
Healthwise Staff ...
According to the ALP's Jonathan Berger, "a minister of state could issue a licence 'for a public purpose', acting in terms of Section 4 of the Patents Act.
Alkaline phosphatase (). This enzyme is found in the liver, bones, intestines, kidneys, and other organs. Kids and teens normally have higher levels of than adults, even when they're healthy, due to bone growth.
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Tests: Levels of blood cholesterol, liver enzymes in the bloodstream (alkaline phosphatase, or , and serum gamma glutamyl transpeptidase, or GGTP), serum bilirubin, and urine bilirubin are often elevated.
The typical indication is a rise in the enzyme alkaline phosphatase (ALP). The other liver enzymes are usually increased but not as much as ALP. The level of serum bilirubin (bile pigment) is a useful guide to the progress of the disease.
GGT is often measured relative to another enzyme, alkaline phosphatase (). If both are elevated, doctors will suspect problems with the liver or the bile ducts. If GGT is normal and is elevated, this could indicate bone disease.
An enzyme produced mostly in the bile ducts and measured in liver function tests (LFT). The enzyme is also produced by bone cells and therefore, is not a specific test for liver.
Alkaline phosphatase (). This enzyme occurs mainly in liver cells next to bile ducts, and in bone. The blood level is raised in some types of liver and bone disease.
For example, ALP is also made by the bones. This means that sometimes abnormal results of this test may be caused by conditions or diseases in parts of the body other than the liver.
test - leukocytes
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Alanine Aminotranferase (ALT)
Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP, Alk Phos)
Gamma Glutamyl Transferase (Gamma GT, GGT)
Total Protein (TP) ...
The most common liver enzyme levels that are tested include GGT (gamma-glutamyl transferase), ALT/SGPT (alanine amino transferase), AST/SGOT (aspartate aminotransferase), (alkaline phosphatase) abnormal liver function tests may result from ...
BUN (blood urea nitrogen) and creatinine: Evaluates your kidney function.
Liver function tests: Includes ALP (alkaline phosphatase), ALT (alanine aminotransferase), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and bilirubin, among others.
See also: Bleeding, Hepatitis, Liver disease, ALT, Jaundice