(at'ro-fe) (Greek. A - want of + trophe - nourishment)
A diminution of a tissue.
Related Category: Pathology
(t´rf), diminution in the size of a cell, tissue, or organ from its fully developed normal size. Temporary atrophy may occur in muscles that are not used, as when a limb is encased in a plaster cast.
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Atrophy is the wasting away of normally developed tissue (which may be forming an organ such as the skin) due to cell degeneration.
Atrophy of tissue can occur for various reasons, including - for example, ageing, disuse, or undernourishment.
Lipoatrophy is the term describing the localized loss of fat tissue.
Optic Atrophy 2, X-Linked
The optic nerve connects the eye to the brain and carries visual signals from the retina that enables us to see. Consequently, any disease that damages this nerve can result in vision loss.
Optic atrophy is a condition that affects the optic nerve, which carries impulses from the eye to the brain. (Atrophy means to waste away or deteriorate.) ...
Alternate Names : Muscle wasting, Wasting, Atrophy of the muscles
Optic Atrophy, Hereditary
Definition of medical terminology for Optic Atrophy, Hereditary.
Muscle Atrophy and Motor Neuron…
Muscle atrophy and motor neuron degeneration in human NEDL1 transgenic mice. J Biomed… more…
Nuchal Translucency Measurement in… ...
Vaginal Atrophy (Atrophic Vaginitis)
What Is It?
Vaginal atrophy is a change of the vagina that develops when there is a significant decrease in levels of the female hormone estrogen. The condition also is called atrophic vaginitis.
Gyrate atrophy of the choroid and retina
(also known as gyrate atrophy)
On this page: ...
By Jane Anderson, About.com Guide
About.com Health's Disease and Condition content is reviewed by the Medical Review Board ...
Muscle Atrophy - loss of muscle mass, may be partial or complete wasting away of muscle. In eating disorders this is a primary symptom of protein deficiencies in the diet.
Atrophy is a partial or complete wasting away of any given body part. Most commonly, however, muscles atrophy for a variety of reasons.
Disuse atrophy occurs from a lack of physical exercise. In most people, muscle atrophy is caused by not using the muscles enough.
Vaginal atrophy, also called atrophic vaginitis, is thinning, drying and inflammation of the vaginal walls due to your body having less estrogen.
Vaginal atrophy is the medical term that refers to the thinning of the wall of the vagina that occurs during menopause (the time when menstrual periods have ceased) in women. Prior to menopause, the vaginal lining appears plump, bright red, and moist.
Cerebral atrophy is a common feature of many of the diseases that affect the brain. Atrophy of any tissue means loss of cells. In brain tissue, atrophy describes a loss of neurons and the connections between them.
Cerebellar atrophy is a degeneration of the cerebellum, a section of the brain responsible for balance, voluntary muscle movements, and posture.
Vaginal Atrophy Definition
Atrophic vaginitis involves redness, itching, and dryness of the vagina. Over time there may be narrowing and shrinkage of the vaginal opening and the vagina itself.
Optic nerve atrophy (ONA) is mild to severe damage to the optic nerve that can adversely affect central vision, peripheral vision and color vision.
facial hemiatrophy of Romberg
Synonyms: facial hemiatrophy
The information shown above for facial hemiatrophy of Romberg is provided by Stedman's.
acute yellow atrophy of liver or yellow atrophy of liver
Extensive and rapid death of the parenchymal cells of the liver, sometimes accompanied by fatty degeneration. Also called Rokitansky's disease.
Weakening and atrophy (shrinking) of the muscles around the chest and abdomen can cause skeletal deformities, such as scoliosis of the spine (see below).
Essential iris atrophy is a very rare, progressive disorder of the eye characterized by a pupil that is out of place and/or distorted, areas of degeneration on the iris (atrophy), and/or holes in the iris.
Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is a rare condition that causes symptoms similar to Parkinson's disease. However, patients with MSA have more widespread damage to the autonomic nervous system.
Multiple system atrophy is a relentlessly progressive neurodegenerative disorder causing pyramidal, cerebellar, and autonomic dysfunction.
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a rare, inherited disease, occurring in 1 in 6,500 live births. It results in loss of nerve cells in the spinal cord and weakness of the muscles connected with those nerves.
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a group of inherited diseases that cause muscles to lose function. The progressive muscle deterioration causes weakness and eventually leads to death.
multiple system atrophy
Parkinson's Disease Basics
Diagnosing Parkinson's Disease
Symptoms of Parkinson's Disease
Treatment Options for Parkinson's Disease
Clinical Trials in Parkinson's Research ...
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a genetic condition that results in poor motor skills as a result of weakened muscles. Muscles are weakened due to dysfunctional spinal cord cells and motor nerves.
Multiple System Atrophy
Multiple System Atrophy
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Post-polio muscular atrophy (PPMA) Index
Definition of Post-polio muscular atrophy (PPMA)
Causes of Fatigue Slideshow Pictures ...
Treatment for infantile spinal muscular atrophy
Infantile SMA is a fatal disorder and there is no cure. Treatment can only ease any associated complications.
ATROPHY: A wasting away, in the size of a cell, tissue, organ or part. (When muscles are not innervated, they atrophy.)
AVULSION: Tearing away. The nerve root has been torn out of the spinal cord.
trfi noun the wasting of an organ or part of the body verb of an organ or part of the body to waste ...
A withering or reduction in size of a tissue or part of the body.
Condition in which the body's immune system fights and rejects its own tissues.
Wasting away of tissue, frequently related to decreased use or decreased blood supply.
An attack initiated by the body's immune system against its own tissues.
atrophy: When an organ diminishes in size.
benign: Not malignant; not cancerous.
cancer: An abnormal growth that can invade nearby structures and spread to other parts of the body and may be a threat to life.
Small depressions in the subcutaneous tissues just under the skin that form when a person keeps injecting insulin into the same spot.
Lipoatrophy: Loss of fat under the skin resulting in small dents. Lipoatrophy may be caused by repeated injections of insulin in the same spot.
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optic atrophy wasting of the optic disc that results from partial or complete degeneration of optic nerve fibers and is associated with a loss of visual acuity ...
Gastric atrophy (GAS-trik AT-ro-fee): A condition in which the stomach muscles shrink and become weak. It results in a lack of digestive juices.
Vaginal atrophy is a condition caused by the decline in estrogen production and characterized by the thinning and inflammation of the vaginal walls.
After the menopause the levels of hormones in your body fall - particularly the level of oestrogen. Oestrogen is the hormone that keeps the vaginal wall strong and resistant.
Vaginal atrophy involves the drying and thinning of the tissues of the vagina and urethra. This can lead to dyspareunia (pain during sexual intercourse), as well as vaginitis, cystitis, and urinary tract infections.
Thinning and irritation of the folds of the walls of the vagina caused by the normal reduction in the secretion of estrogen during perimenopause and after menopause.
vaginal contraceptive film / vcf ...
Atrophy of bones, commonly of the carpal or tarsal bones, following a slight injury such as a sprain.
See: causalgia, reflex sympathetic dystrophy.
Synonyms: acute reflex bone atrophy, posttraumatic osteoporosis, Sudeck's syndrome.
Atrophy of the cerebral cortex best manifests itself through the dramatic way in which the brain shrinks. Since cerebral functioning is responsible for intellectual reasoning, any impairment in this area results in acute mental instability.
Atrophy means to shrink.
An increase in cell production. The cells are slightly abnormal although they are not cancer cells. Can occur in the breast, womb or other parts of the body.
atrophy - wasting, shrinkage of muscle tissue or nerve tissue.
avascular necrosis - death of tissue due to depletion of blood supply.
Atrophy (loss of muscle mass)
Duchenne muscular dystrophy
Inflammation of the muscle
Myopathic changes (destruction of the muscle)
Necrosis (tissue death) of muscle
Traumatic muscle damage ...
atrophy ; autosomal ; autosomal recessive ; brachycephaly ; bulging eyes ; cell ; chronic ; coronal ; coronal suture ; craniosynostosis ; DNA ; DNA replication ; gene ; genome ; genome instability ; hypertelorism ; malformation ; mutation ; ...
Atrophy of the iris provides further evidence of a prior attack if it occurred 3 or more weeks prior to the eye examination. The atrophied part of the iris appears gray.
Acute Angle-Closure Glaucoma Treatment ...
A kind of atrophy; a wasting of flesh without fever or apparent disease. The continuous low condition of nutrition as it is caused by bad nourishment or occurs normally in old age. [Appleton1904].
ATROPHY"Alternate Douche, massage.
CONTRAINDICATIONS"During acute stage, carefully avoid cold applications unless very short and preceded by heat; avoid percussion applications so long as tenderness exists, that is, all forms of the Douche.
Lipoatrophy findings are as follows:
Temporal wasting and loss of subcutaneous fat from the cheeks (buccal fat pad) produces an emaciated appearance with prominent nasolabial creases (see image below) Facial HIV-associated lipodystrophy in a patient ...
Optic Atrophy, Unspecified
Optic atrophy is a shrinking or wasting (degeneration) of nerve fibers that carry impulses for the sense of sight (optic nerve fibers).
Ventricular septal defect
more symptoms...» ...
Fat pad atrophy -- loss of fatty cushion at the bottom of foot.
Arthritis -- gout, Rheumatoid Arthritis
Broken heel ...
Muscular atrophy: Muscle atrophy refers to a decrease in the size of skeletal muscle, which occurs due to age, lack of use, body wasting (such as in cancer), or diseases such as muscular dystrophy (a genetic, ...
Epidermal atrophy with papillary dermal scarring, patchy lymphocytic infiltrates and melanin incontinence
Other features of lichenoid keratosis found in all subtypes are: ...
Testicular atrophy (softer and smaller), failure to impregnate
Tanner stage, inquire regarding previous sperm banking, determine testicular size and consistency, LH, FSH, testosterone: (1) for failure of pubertal development, ...
Testicular Atrophy - Shrinking of the testicles is another sign of varicoceles. Often, once the testicle is repaired it will return to normal size.
Varicocele Diagnosis ...
atrophy of type I fibers
myopathy, congenital, with fiber-type disproportion
myopathy of congenital fiber type disproportion ...
A syndrome characterized by slowly progressive unilateral atrophy of facial subcutaneous fat, muscle tissue, skin, cartilage, and bone. The condition typically progresses over a period of 2-10 years and then stabilizes.
Optic nerve atrophy Degeneration of the optic nerve, which carries vision information from the eye to the brain. People who have optic nerve atrophy may have dimmed or blurred vision as well as a reduced field of vision.
Bad Blood: see syphilis
Bilious fever: intestinal or malarial fevers. See also typhus.
Biliousness: nausea, abdominal pains, headache, and constipation. Also jaundice associated with liver disease.
atrophy: Wasting away or shrinking. Neuronal atrophy is wasting away of neurons, a decrease in neuronal density.
BSE: Bovine spongiform encephalopathy, "mad cow disease"
cellular inclusion: Any small entity found within a cell.
atrophy (at-rO-fE) A wasting of tissues, organs, or the entire body.
Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is a rare disease. It is associated with progressive damage to the nervous system. MSA is sometimes called a Parkinson's plus syndrome because many of the symptoms are similar. MSA has debilitating effects on the brain.
Spinal Muscular Atrophy, The Alfred I. duPont Institute
MedTech1.com - Pyloroplasty
As the disease progresses, convulsions (seizures), shrinkage of the nerve to the eye (optic atrophy) and often blondness, heartburn (gastrointestinal reflux) and deterioration of swallowing develop.
Muscle wasting (atrophy) and advanced joint damage, causing reduced mobility in the affected part of your body
Irreversible skin damage
Multiple System Atrophy (MSA): disease with symptoms similar to Parkinson's including bradykinesia, poor balance, abnormal autonomic function, rigidity, difficulty with coordination, impotence, low blood pressure upon standing, ...
Spinal Muscular Atrophy Treatment Advances Using Stem Cells
Mechanism Behind ALS-Like Disease Revealed By Fruit Flies
Patients With Lou Gehrig's Disease May Benefit From Cisplatin ...
Spinal muscular atrophy is a term that describes a number of different conditions, all of which have in common the gradual deterioration of the voluntary muscles.
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a group of inherited disorders characterized by a loss of certain nerve cells called motor neurons. Motor neurons transmit nerve impulses from the brain or spinal cord (brainstem) to muscle or glandular tissue.
Multiple system Atrophy (MSA) is a sporadic, progressive disorder affecting four parts of the nervous system in varying degrees.
Apoplexy - Paralysis due to stroke.
Ascites - see dropsy.
Asphycsia/Asphicsia - Cyanotic and lack of oxygen.
Asthenia - see debility.
Atrophy - Wasting away or diminishing in size.
AnusThe opening at the end of the rectum where solid waste leaves the body. AtrophyWasting of the muscles AutoimmuneAn immune response by the body against one of its own tissues, cells, or molecules. Axilla ...
Spinal muscular atrophy is a genetic disease that affects the spinal cord and nerves, resulting in muscle wasting and weakness.
Spinal Tap or Lumbar Puncture ...
Multiple systems atrophy, corticobasal degeneration, vascular pseudo-parkinsonism and progressive supranuclear palsy may all appear similar to Parkinson's disease.
Definition Optic atrophy can be defined as damage to the optic nerve resulting in a degeneration or destruction of the optic nerve.
Multiple system atrophy (MSA) has features that overlap striatonigral degeneration, olivopontocerebellar atrophy, and Shy-Drager syndrome. Most patients with MSA exhibit symptoms similar to Parkinson disease.
Idiopathic thyroid atrophy-destruction of thyroid tissue for unknown reasons
Iodine deficiency-when a thyroid gland needs iodine to produce thyroid hormone (rare in the United States) ...
Cutaneous macular atrophy - Spotted skin rash.
Diplopia - A disorder of vision in which two images of a single object are seen because of unequal action of the eye muscles (double vision).
Rigid at birth with atrophy (not as well developed)
Abnormal bone position
Extrinsic clubfoot means the foot is flexible at birth, although the bones are out of position.
Common, important group of worldwide diseases that share clinical, biochemical, and morphologic features, but are due to different viruses Acute Yellow Atrophy Massive necrosis of the liver, ...
Inflammation and atrophy of the lining of the small intestine leads to impaired nutrient absorption.
"ether ", "eukaryote ", "eunuch ", "evisceration ", "exanthema ", "excoriation ", "exenteration ", "exophthalmos ", "exostosis ", "exotoxin ", "expectoration ", "extension ", "exteriorise ", "extirpation ", "extracranial ", "extraction ", "atrophy ", ...
X Linked Bulbo Spinal Atrophy
X Linked Lymphoproliferative Disorder
X Linked Lymphoproliferative Syndrome
X linked Recessive Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia
X Ray Absorptiometry, Dual Energy
X Ray Computed Tomography Scanner ...
See also: Cancer, Surgery, Sclerosis, Stroke, Hormone