(at'ro-fe) (Greek. A - want of + trophe - nourishment)
A diminution of a tissue.
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Lipoatrophy is the term describing the localized loss of fat tissue. This may occur as a result of subcutanous injections of insulin in the treatment of diabetes, from the use of human growth hormone or from subcutanous injections of Copaxone used for the treatment of multiple sclerosis.
Optic Atrophy 2, X-Linked
The optic nerve connects the eye to the brain and carries visual signals from the retina that enables us to see. Consequently, any disease that damages this nerve can result in vision loss.
Alternate Names : Muscle wasting, Wasting, Atrophy of the muscles
Optic Atrophy, Hereditary
Definition of medical terminology for Optic Atrophy, Hereditary.
Vaginal Atrophy (Atrophic Vaginitis)
What Is It?
Vaginal atrophy is a change of the vagina that develops when there is a significant decrease in levels of the female hormone estrogen. The condition also is called atrophic vaginitis.
Gyrate atrophy of the choroid and retina
(also known as gyrate atrophy)
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By Jane Anderson, About.com Guide
About.com Health's Disease and Condition content is reviewed by the Medical Review Board ...
Muscle Atrophy - loss of muscle mass, may be partial or complete wasting away of muscle. In eating disorders this is a primary symptom of protein deficiencies in the diet.
~ is a partial or complete wasting away of any given body part. Most commonly, however, muscles atrophy for a variety of reasons.
Disuse atrophy occurs from a lack of physical exercise. In most people, muscle atrophy is caused by not using the muscles enough. People with sedentary jobs, medical conditions that limit their movement, or decreased activity levels can lose muscle tone and develop atrophy.
Vaginal atrophy, also called atrophic vaginitis, is thinning, drying and inflammation of the vaginal walls due to your body having less estrogen.
Cerebral atrophy is a common feature of many of the diseases that affect the brain. Atrophy of any tissue means loss of cells. In brain tissue, atrophy describes a loss of neurons and the connections between them.
Cerebellar atrophy is a degeneration of the cerebellum, a section of the brain responsible for balance, voluntary muscle movements, and posture. People with damage to the cerebellum can experience symptoms like unsteady gait, poor muscle control, and trouble speaking or swallowing.
Vaginal Atrophy Definition
Atrophic vaginitis involves redness, itching, and dryness of the vagina. Over time there may be narrowing and shrinkage of the vaginal opening and the vagina itself.
Optic nerve atrophy (ONA) is mild to severe damage to the optic nerve that can adversely affect central vision, peripheral vision and color vision. ONA that occurs as a child may result in nystagmus (rhythmic involuntary eye movements) [See figures 1 and 2].
What causes optic nerve atrophy?
facial hemiatrophy of Romberg
Synonyms: facial hemiatrophy
The information shown above for facial hemiatrophy of Romberg is provided by Stedman's.
acute yellow atrophy of liver or yellow atrophy of liver
Extensive and rapid death of the parenchymal cells of the liver, sometimes accompanied by fatty degeneration. Also called Rokitansky's disease.
Weakening and atrophy (shrinking) of the muscles around the chest and abdomen can cause skeletal deformities, such as scoliosis of the spine (see below).
Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is a rare condition that causes symptoms similar to Parkinson's disease. However, patients with MSA have more widespread damage to the autonomic nervous system.
Multiple system atrophy is a relentlessly progressive neurodegenerative disorder causing pyramidal, cerebellar, and autonomic dysfunction. It includes 3 disorders previously thought to be distinct: olivopontocerebellar atrophy, striatonigral degeneration, and Shy-Drager syndrome.
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a rare, inherited disease, occurring in 1 in 6,500 live births. It results in loss of nerve cells in the spinal cord and weakness of the muscles connected with those nerves.
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a group of inherited diseases that cause muscles to lose function. The progressive muscle deterioration causes weakness and eventually leads to death.
multiple system atrophy
Parkinson's Disease Basics
Diagnosing Parkinson's Disease
Symptoms of Parkinson's Disease
Treatment Options for Parkinson's Disease
Clinical Trials in Parkinson's Research
Living and Coping with Parkinson's Disease
Multiple System Atrophy
Multiple System Atrophy
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Treatment for infantile spinal muscular atrophy
Infantile SMA is a fatal disorder and there is no cure. Treatment can only ease any associated complications.
~: A wasting away, in the size of a cell, tissue, organ or part. (When muscles are not innervated, they atrophy.)
AVULSION: Tearing away. The nerve root has been torn out of the spinal cord.
trfi noun the wasting of an organ or part of the body verb of an organ or part of the body to waste ...
~: When an organ diminishes in size.
benign: Not malignant; not cancerous.
cancer: An abnormal growth that can invade nearby structures and spread to other parts of the body and may be a threat to life.
Small depressions in the subcutaneous tissues just under the skin that form when a person keeps injecting insulin into the same spot. Injecting around the depressed area can very slowly fill in the depression (over a period of many months).
Lipo~: Loss of fat under the skin resulting in small dents. Lipo~ may be caused by repeated injections of insulin in the same spot.
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optic ~ wasting of the optic disc that results from partial or complete degeneration of optic nerve fibers and is associated with a loss of visual acuity ...
Muscle ~ is when muscles waste away. The main reason for muscle wasting is a lack of physical activity. This can happen when a disease or injury makes it difficult or impossible for you to move an arm or leg.
Gastric ~ (GAS-trik AT-ro-fee): A condition in which the stomach muscles shrink and become weak. It results in a lack of digestive juices.
Gastroenterologist (GAS-tro-en-ter-OL-o-jist): A doctor who specializes in diagnosing and treating disorders of the digestive system.
Vaginal ~ is a condition caused by the decline in estrogen production and characterized by the thinning and inflammation of the vaginal walls. The condition can make sexual intercourse painful for women, which can ultimately decrease their interest in sex.
gastric ~ A condition in which the stomach muscles shrink and become weak. The digestive (peptic) glands may also shrink, resulting in a lack of digestive juices.
gastric cancer Cancer that forms in tissues lining the stomach. Also called stomach cancer.
After the menopause the levels of hormones in your body fall - particularly the level of oestrogen. Oestrogen is the hormone that keeps the vaginal wall strong and resistant. It increases the blood supply and the level of secretions and makes the wall softer and more stretchy.
Vaginal ~ involves the drying and thinning of the tissues of the vagina and urethra. This can lead to dyspareunia (pain during sexual intercourse), as well as vaginitis, cystitis, and urinary tract infections.
Relaxation of the pelvic muscles ...
Thinning and irritation of the folds of the walls of the vagina caused by the normal reduction in the secretion of estrogen during perimenopause and after menopause.
vaginal contraceptive film / vcf ...
~ of bones, commonly of the carpal or tarsal bones, following a slight injury such as a sprain.
See: causalgia, reflex sympathetic dystrophy.
Synonyms: acute reflex bone ~, posttraumatic osteoporosis, Sudeck's syndrome.
~ of the cerebral cortex best manifests itself through the dramatic way in which the brain shrinks. Since cerebral functioning is responsible for intellectual reasoning, any impairment in this area results in acute mental instability.
~ - wasting, shrinkage of muscle tissue or nerve tissue.
avascular necrosis - death of tissue due to depletion of blood supply.
~ (loss of muscle mass)
Duchenne muscular dystrophy
Inflammation of the muscle
Myopathic changes (destruction of the muscle)
Necrosis (tissue death) of muscle
Traumatic muscle damage
A continuous decline of a body part or tissue, usually a muscle, following a period of disuse or immobility.
~ ; autosomal ; autosomal recessive ; brachycephaly ; bulging eyes ; cell ; chronic ; coronal ; coronal suture ; craniosynostosis ; DNA ; DNA replication ; gene ; genome ; genome instability ; hypertelorism ; malformation ; mutation ; ocular proptosis ; oligodactyly ; patella ; poikiloderma ; ...
~ of the iris provides further evidence of a prior attack if it occurred 3 or more weeks prior to the eye examination. The atrophied part of the iris appears gray.
Acute Angle-Closure Glaucoma Treatment ...
A kind of ~; a wasting of flesh without fever or apparent disease. The continuous low condition of nutrition as it is caused by bad nourishment or occurs normally in old age. [Appleton1904].
~"Alternate Douche, massage.
CONTRAINDICATIONS"During acute stage, carefully avoid cold applications unless very short and preceded by heat; avoid percussion applications so long as tenderness exists, that is, all forms of the Douche.
Optic ~, Unspecified
Optic ~ is a shrinking or wasting (degeneration) of nerve fibers that carry impulses for the sense of sight (optic nerve fibers). Optic ~ is a sign of chronic optic nerve disease that can permanently impair vision or cause blindness.
Ventricular septal defect
more symptoms...» ...
These ocular manifestations tend to occur in patients with other extrapulmonary disease.
Fat pad ~ -- loss of fatty cushion at the bottom of foot.
Arthritis -- gout, Rheumatoid Arthritis
Broken heel ...
Muscular ~: Muscle ~ refers to a decrease in the size of skeletal muscle, which occurs due to age, lack of use, body wasting (such as in cancer), or diseases such as muscular dystrophy (a genetic, hereditary muscle disease caused by progressive muscle weakness).
Epidermal ~ with papillary dermal scarring, patchy lymphocytic infiltrates and melanin incontinence
Other features of lichenoid keratosis found in all subtypes are: ...
Cerebral ~ (Collection: Mental Health )
The Cerebral Cortex is the outer layer of the brain - the wrinkly stuff that looks like a walnut shell. The various lobes of the Cortex are responsible for doing different jobs that help a person to be conscious.
Testicular ~ - Shrinking of the testicles is another sign of varicoceles. Often, once the testicle is repaired it will return to normal size.
Diagnosis is fairly simple through either physical or diagnostic examination.
~ of type I fibers
myopathy, congenital, with fiber-type disproportion
myopathy of congenital fiber type disproportion ...
Optic nerve ~ Degeneration of the optic nerve, which carries vision information from the eye to the brain. People who have optic nerve ~ may have dimmed or blurred vision as well as a reduced field of vision. They may also have difficulty seeing contrast and fine detail.
Bad Blood: see syphilis
Bilious fever: intestinal or malarial fevers. See also typhus.
Biliousness: nausea, abdominal pains, headache, and constipation. Also jaundice associated with liver disease.
~: Wasting away or shrinking. Neuronal ~ is wasting away of neurons, a decrease in neuronal density.
BSE: Bovine spongiform encephalopathy, "mad cow disease"
cellular inclusion: Any small entity found within a cell.
~ (at-rO-fE) A wasting of tissues, organs, or the entire body. attenuation (u-ten-yU-A-shun) Loss of energy of a beam of radiant energy due to absorption, scattering, beam divergence, and other causes as the beam propagates through a medium.
Multiple system ~ (MSA) is a rare disease. It is associated with progressive damage to the nervous system. MSA is sometimes called a Parkinson's plus syndrome because many of the symptoms are similar. MSA has debilitating effects on the brain.
Spinal Muscular ~, The Alfred I. duPont Institute
MedTech1.com - Pyloroplasty
Muscle ~. Slow-growing nerves can take several years to regenerate. During that time, lack of use may cause the affected muscles to degenerate.
As the disease progresses, convulsions (seizures), shrinkage of the nerve to the eye (optic ~) and often blondness, heartburn (gastrointestinal reflux) and deterioration of swallowing develop. Most children with Canavan disease die in the first decade of life.
Muscle wasting (~) and advanced joint damage, causing reduced mobility in the affected part of your body
Irreversible skin damage
Multiple System ~ (MSA): disease with symptoms similar to Parkinson's including bradykinesia, poor balance, abnormal autonomic function, rigidity, difficulty with coordination, impotence, low blood pressure upon standing, excessive or reduced sweating, and constipation.
Spinal muscular ~ is a term that describes a number of different conditions, all of which have in common the gradual deterioration of the voluntary muscles.
Sports are group games and individual activities involving physical activity and skills.
Spinal Muscular ~ Treatment Advances Using Stem Cells
Mechanism Behind ALS-Like Disease Revealed By Fruit Flies
Patients With Lou Gehrig's Disease May Benefit From Cisplatin ...
Spinal muscular ~ (SMA) is a group of inherited disorders characterized by a loss of certain nerve cells called motor neurons. Motor neurons transmit nerve impulses from the brain or spinal cord (brainstem) to muscle or glandular tissue.
Multiple system ~ (MSA) is a sporadic, progressive disorder affecting four parts of the nervous system in varying degrees.
Aphthous stomatitis - see canker.
Apoplexy - Paralysis due to stroke.
Ascites - see dropsy.
Asphycsia/Asphicsia - Cyanotic and lack of oxygen.
Asthenia - see debility.
~ - Wasting away or diminishing in size.
Anti-emeticSomething that can help or prevent sickness. AnusThe opening at the end of the rectum where solid waste leaves the body. ~Wasting of the muscles AutoimmuneAn immune response by the body against one of its own tissues, cells, or molecules. Axilla ...
Spinal muscular ~ is a genetic disease that affects the spinal cord and nerves, resulting in muscle wasting and weakness.
Spinal Tap or Lumbar Puncture ...
Multiple system ~
Multiple system ~ with postural hypotension
Muscle contraction headache
Muscle strain, forearm
Muscle strain ...
Multiple systems ~, corticobasal degeneration, vascular pseudo-parkinsonism and progressive supranuclear palsy may all appear similar to Parkinson's disease.
Multiple system ~ (MSA) has features that overlap striatonigral degeneration, olivopontocerebellar ~, and Shy-Drager syndrome. Most patients with MSA exhibit symptoms similar to Parkinson disease.
Idiopathic thyroid ~-destruction of thyroid tissue for unknown reasons
Iodine deficiency-when a thyroid gland needs iodine to produce thyroid hormone (rare in the United States)
Subacute thyroiditis-following a viral upper respiratory tract infection ...
Cutaneous macular ~ - Spotted skin rash.
Diplopia - A disorder of vision in which two images of a single object are seen because of unequal action of the eye muscles (double vision).
Common, important group of worldwide diseases that share clinical, biochemical, and morphologic features, but are due to different viruses Acute Yellow ~ Massive necrosis of the liver, ...
Inflammation and ~ of the lining of the small intestine leads to impaired nutrient absorption. Cell adhesion molecules molecules on the outside surfaces of cells that bind to other cells or to the extracellular matrix (material surrounding cells).
", "oesophagitis ", "oesophagus ", "ESR ", "ether ", "eukaryote ", "eunuch ", "evisceration ", "exanthema ", "excoriation ", "exenteration ", "exophthalmos ", "exostosis ", "exotoxin ", "expectoration ", "extension ", "exteriorise ", "extirpation ", "extracranial ", "extraction ", "~ ", ...
X Linked Bulbo Spinal ~
X Linked Lymphoproliferative Disorder
X Linked Lymphoproliferative Syndrome
X linked Recessive Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia
X Ray Absorptiometry, Dual Energy
X Ray Computed Tomography Scanner
X Ray Computed Tomography Scanners ...
Medical Glossary for x'sX Antigen, LewisX ChromosomeX Chromosome GenesX Chromosome InactivationX Chromosome, HumanX ChromosomesX Chromosomes, HumanX Hapten, LewisX InactivationX InactivationsX Linked AdrenoleukodystrophyX Linked Bulbo Spinal ~X linked Bulbospinal Muscular ~X Linked ...
More recently it has been suggested that long-term use of PPIs in patients with Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection may increase the development of gastric mucosal ~. Increased gastric mucosal ~ may result in intestinal metaplasia and thus increase the risk of gastric cancer.
One of the interesting facts about fibroids is that, regardless of the size, fibroids commonly ~ once menopause arrives and a woman's ovaries are no longer making estrogen.
The distinctive clinical features of dementia in Parkinson's disease (PDD) and Parkinson's plus Alzheimer's disease (PD + AD) suggest different patterns of cerebral ~ in these conditions.
De ziekte van Alzheimer wordt gekenmerkt door algemene ~ die (terug sterft) van de hersenschors met accumulatie van proteïnen in neuritic (seniele) plaques in de schors en neurofibrillary verwarring in de hersenen. Het aanvankelijke symptoom van de ziekte is gewoonlijk amnesie.
Doctors claim they have never seen such bad ~ but frankly, from what I have read here and on many other sites (like Knee Geeks, etc.), I don't honestly think a patellectomy should be done at all unless everything else has been exhausted. treatment-wise.
Chonic glaucoma causes the discs to become deeper and wider, and the remaining rims of disc tissue to ~. One eye is commonly affected more than the other, so that a definite difference between a patient's two eyes is probably abnormal.
~ of the endometrium, which is thinning and drying of the lining of the uterus
~ of the vagina, which is thinning and drying of the lining of the vagina
polyps (small growths) in the uterus or on the cervix
hyperplasia (overgrowth of the cells) of the lining of the uterus ...
Chronic subdural hematoma may occur in patients who have had ~ (shrinkage) of their brain tissue. These include the elderly and chronic alcoholics. The subdural space increases and the bridging veins get stretched as they cross a much wider distance.
Estrogen therapy is used to treat certain conditions, such as delayed onset of puberty and menopausal symptoms such as hot flashes and symptomatic vaginal ~.
In advanced carpal tunnel, there may be ~ of the thenar eminence (due to denervation of the muscle as well as disuse ~) and associated decrease in motor strength. The Abductor Pollicis Brevis (APB) muscle receives sole innervation from the median nerve.
Hemihypertrophy (one side too big) or hemi~ (one side too small) are rare limb length discrepancy conditions. In these conditions, the arm and leg on one side of the body are either longer or shorter than the arm and leg on the other side of the body.
Known as vaginal ~, the problem affects 10 to 40 percent of post-menopausal women. Symptoms may include dryness, itching, burning, irritation, a feeling of pressure, and pain or light bleeding with sex.
The symptoms of cirrhosis include: yellowing of the skin (jaundice); circulatory changes - reddening of the palms (palmar erythema), cyanosis, spider veins; endocrine changes - loss of libido and hair loss, males could experience breast enlargement (gynaecomastia), testicular ~ and impotence ...
An inherited autoimmune response may cause gastric mucosal ~ and, consequently, decreases hydrochloric acid and intrinsic factor production. Intrinsic factor deficiency impairs vitamin B12 absorption.
See also: What is the meaning of Cancer, Surgery, Stroke, Sclerosis, Injury?