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Atrophy

Disease  Atrophoderma  ATR-X
04/17/2014

Atrophy (definition)
(at'ro-fe) (Greek. A - want of + trophe - nourishment)
A diminution of a tissue.


Term Definition
Atrophy
To shrink.
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Atrophy is the wasting away of normally developed tissue (which may be forming an organ such as the skin) due to cell degeneration.
Atrophy of tissue can occur for various reasons, including - for example, ageing, disuse, or undernourishment.

Lipoatrophy is the term describing the localized loss of fat tissue.

Optic Atrophy 2, X-Linked
The optic nerve connects the eye to the brain and carries visual signals from the retina that enables us to see. Consequently, any disease that damages this nerve can result in vision loss.

Optic Atrophy
Optic atrophy is a condition that affects the optic nerve, which carries impulses from the eye to the brain. (Atrophy means to waste away or deteriorate.) ...

Muscle atrophy
Alternate Names : Muscle wasting, Wasting, Atrophy of the muscles
Definition ...

Optic Atrophy, Hereditary
Medical Dictionary
Definition of medical terminology for Optic Atrophy, Hereditary.

Muscle Atrophy and Motor Neuron…
Muscle atrophy and motor neuron degeneration in human NEDL1 transgenic mice. J Biomed… more…
Nuchal Translucency Measurement in… ...

Vaginal Atrophy (Atrophic Vaginitis)
What Is It?
Vaginal atrophy is a change of the vagina that develops when there is a significant decrease in levels of the female hormone estrogen. The condition also is called atrophic vaginitis.

Villous Atrophy
By Jane Anderson, About.com Guide
About.com Health's Disease and Condition content is reviewed by the Medical Review Board ...

Muscle Atrophy
Muscle Atrophy - loss of muscle mass, may be partial or complete wasting away of muscle. In eating disorders this is a primary symptom of protein deficiencies in the diet.

Atrophy is a partial or complete wasting away of any given body part. Most commonly, however, muscles atrophy for a variety of reasons.

atrophy ; autosomal ; autosomal dominant ; autosomal recessive ; cell ; chromosome ; contracture ; distal ; DNA ; DNA replication ; enzyme ; gene ; inheritance ; joint ; juvenile ; motor ; motor neuron ; muscle tone ; mutation ; nerve cell ; neuron ; ...

Disuse atrophy occurs from a lack of physical exercise. In most people, muscle atrophy is caused by not using the muscles enough.

Muscle atrophy Treatment
Review Date: 11/13/2008
Reviewed By: David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine; and Daniel B.

Vaginal atrophy (atrophic vaginitis) is thinning and inflammation of the vaginal walls due to a decline in estrogen.

Vaginal atrophy is the medical term that refers to the thinning of the wall of the vagina that occurs during menopause (the time when menstrual periods have ceased) in women. Prior to menopause, the vaginal lining appears plump, bright red, and moist.

Cerebral atrophy is a common feature of many of the diseases that affect the brain. Atrophy of any tissue means loss of cells. In brain tissue, atrophy describes a loss of neurons and the connections between them.

Sudeck's atrophy is reasonably common - it may occur after as many as 5% of traumatic injuries. RSDS frequently occurs between the ages of 40 and 60 but also can occur in children and the elderly. It is more common among women.

Cerebellar atrophy is a degeneration of the cerebellum, a section of the brain responsible for balance, voluntary muscle movements, and posture.

Optic nerve atrophy (ONA) is mild to severe damage to the optic nerve that can adversely affect central vision, peripheral vision and color vision.

facial hemiatrophy
Type: Term
Definitions:
1. atrophy, usually progressive, affecting the tissues of one side of the face.

Weakening and atrophy (shrinking) of the muscles around the chest and abdomen can cause skeletal deformities, such as scoliosis of the spine (see below).

Multiple system atrophy is an uncommon, progressive nervous system (neurological) disorder that affects many areas of your brain and nervous system.

Spinal muscular atrophy is a rare degenerative problem that affects the spinal cord and nerves, resulting in muscle wasting and weakness.
What causes spinal muscular atrophy?

Multiple system atrophy is a relentlessly progressive neurodegenerative disorder causing pyramidal, cerebellar, and autonomic dysfunction.

Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a rare, inherited disease, occurring in 1 in 6,500 live births. It results in loss of nerve cells in the spinal cord and weakness of the muscles connected with those nerves.
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Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a group of inherited diseases that cause muscles to lose function. The progressive muscle deterioration causes weakness and eventually leads to death.

Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a genetic condition that results in poor motor skills as a result of weakened muscles. Muscles are weakened due to dysfunctional spinal cord cells and motor nerves.

Spinal Muscular Atrophy
All information must be taken into account when considering the duration of disabling effects and the duration of disabling effects must be based on the particular circumstances of the individual claimant.

Multiple System Atrophy
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Multiple System Atrophy
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Post-polio muscular atrophy (PPMA) Index
Definition of Post-polio muscular atrophy (PPMA)
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classified based on clinical, genetic, and neuropathological findings and there is significant controversy and confusion in the medical literature because of its association with two distinct groups of disorders, specifically multiple system atrophy ...

Treatment for infantile spinal muscular atrophy
Infantile SMA is a fatal disorder and there is no cure. Treatment can only ease any associated complications.

atrophy
trfi noun the wasting of an organ or part of the body verb of an organ or part of the body to waste ...
atropine ...

Atrophy
A withering or reduction in size of a tissue or part of the body.
Autoimmunity
Condition in which the body's immune system fights and rejects its own tissues.

Atrophy
Wasting; degeneration of a body part through lack of activity or nourishment.
Auscultation ...

Atrophy-A wasting or decrease in size of a muscle or other tissue.
Cerebellum-The part of the brain involved in coordination of movement, walking, and balance.
Degeneration-Gradual, progressive loss of nerve cells.

atrophy: When an organ diminishes in size.
benign: Not malignant; not cancerous.
cancer: An abnormal growth that can invade nearby structures and spread to other parts of the body and may be a threat to life.

Lipoatrophy
Small depressions in the subcutaneous tissues just under the skin that form when a person keeps injecting insulin into the same spot.

Lipoatrophy: Loss of fat under the skin resulting in small dents. Lipoatrophy may be caused by repeated injections of insulin in the same spot.
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Muscle Atrophy
Muscle atrophy is when muscles waste away. The main reason for muscle wasting is a lack of physical activity. This can happen when a disease or injury makes it difficult or impossible for you to move an arm or leg.

vaginal atrophy - often a symptom of menopause; the drying and thinning of the tissues of the vagina and urethra. This can lead to dyspareunia (pain during sexual intercourse) as well as vaginitis, cystitis, and urinary tract infections.

Gastric atrophy (GAS-trik AT-ro-fee): A condition in which the stomach muscles shrink and become weak. It results in a lack of digestive juices.

Vaginal atrophy
After the menopause the levels of hormones in your body fall - particularly the level of oestrogen. Oestrogen is the hormone that keeps the vaginal wall strong and resistant.

vaginal atrophy
Thinning and irritation of the folds of the walls of the vagina caused by the normal reduction in the secretion of estrogen during perimenopause and after menopause.

Atrophy of bones, commonly of the carpal or tarsal bones, following a slight injury such as a sprain.
See: causalgia, reflex sympathetic dystrophy.
Synonyms: acute reflex bone atrophy, posttraumatic osteoporosis, Sudeck's syndrome.

Atrophy of the cerebral cortex best manifests itself through the dramatic way in which the brain shrinks. Since cerebral functioning is responsible for intellectual reasoning, any impairment in this area results in acute mental instability.

Atrophy means to shrink.
Atypical hyperplasia
An increase in cell production. The cells are slightly abnormal although they are not cancer cells. Can occur in the breast, womb or other parts of the body.

atrophy - wasting, shrinkage of muscle tissue or nerve tissue.
avascular necrosis - death of tissue due to depletion of blood supply.

Atrophy (loss of muscle mass)
Dermatomyositis
Duchenne muscular dystrophy
Inflammation of the muscle
Muscular dystrophy
Myopathic changes (destruction of the muscle)
Necrosis (tissue death) of muscle
Necrotizing vasculitis
Traumatic muscle damage ...

Atrophy
A continuous decline of a body part or tissue, usually a muscle, following a period of disuse or immobility.

atrophy ; autosomal ; autosomal recessive ; brachycephaly ; bulging eyes ; cell ; chronic ; coronal ; coronal suture ; craniosynostosis ; DNA ; DNA replication ; gene ; genome ; genome instability ; hypertelorism ; malformation ; mutation ; ...

Atrophy of the iris provides further evidence of a prior attack if it occurred 3 or more weeks prior to the eye examination. The atrophied part of the iris appears gray.
Acute Angle-Closure Glaucoma Treatment ...

Atrophy. [Dunglison1868].
A kind of atrophy; a wasting of flesh without fever or apparent disease. The continuous low condition of nutrition as it is caused by bad nourishment or occurs normally in old age. [Appleton1904].

Spinal Muscular Atrophy Treatment Advances Using Stem Cells
Mechanism Behind ALS-Like Disease Revealed By Fruit Flies
Patients With Lou Gehrig's Disease May Benefit From Cisplatin ...

Spinal muscular atrophy is a term that describes a number of different conditions, all of which have in common the gradual deterioration of the voluntary muscles.
Sports ...

Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a group of inherited disorders characterized by a loss of certain nerve cells called motor neurons. Motor neurons transmit nerve impulses from the brain or spinal cord (brainstem) to muscle or glandular tissue.

AnusThe opening at the end of the rectum where solid waste leaves the body. AtrophyWasting of the muscles AutoimmuneAn immune response by the body against one of its own tissues, cells, or molecules. Axilla ...

See also: See also: Symptom, Cancer, Surgery, Sclerosis, Weakness

Disease  Atrophoderma  ATR-X
04/17/2014

 
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