Fine motor control
Fine motor control is the coordination of muscular, bone (skeletal), and neurological functions to produce small, precise movements. The opposite of fine motor control is gross (large, general) motor control.
refers to the ability to make slight, precise movements, such as using the fingers to pick up and handle small objects. It had been believed that improvements in continued only until ages 8 to 10.
Fine motor control
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Gross motor control
Loss of in the face and neck that prevents efficient chewing and swallowing
Inability to close the lips together properly, allowing food to spill out of the mouth ...
This category includes problems with the muscles of the mouth that do not allow the child sufficient fine motor control over the muscles to produce all speech sounds.
Decreased coordination and tremor may cause difficulties with writing, keyboard operation, or manipulation of small objects. Soft, monotonous speech may impair communication skills.
Loss of coordination or loss of fine motor control (ability to perform complex movements)
Poor gag reflex, swallowing difficulty, and frequent choking ...
Possibly more stiffness and loss of (finger dexterity) than weakness (hand grip)
Brain imaging with CT or MRI
Myelopathies (involving upper or lower motor neuron dysfunction or both) ...
Inability to lift arms and hands completely, or numbness and tingling
Difficulty with fine motor control (eg, buttoning a shirt)
Muscle weakness in legs, difficulty walking
Loss of bladder control ...
The motor disorder may range from difficulties with to severe spasticity (see MUSCLE SPASTICITY) in all limbs.
Spastic — A condition in which the muscles are rigid, posture may be abnormal, and fine motor control is impaired.
Spasticity — Increased mucle tone, or stiffness, which leads to uncontrolled, awkward movements.
Difficulty walking (for example, one foot or leg may drag)
Difficulty with (for example, difficulty with writing or buttoning a shirt)
Difficulty speaking, swallowing or eating
Trouble walking or balancing
Problems flexing neck
Problems with fine motor control (eg, buttoning a shirt)
Bowel or bladder problems
Weakness below waist or in all four limbs ...
These activities can include all kinds of activities of daily life like getting dressed, making a sandwich or getting to a doctor's appointment and so forth. Tasks requiring (buttoning, using utensils, for example) are ...
Motor symptoms include a loss of fine motor control leading to clumsiness, poor balance and tremors. Behavioral changes may include apathy, lethargy and diminished emotional responses and spontaneity.
Physical therapy can improve and overall body strength. Occupational and speech-language therapy can help breathing, speech, and swallowing difficulties.
The system that depends on vestibular function, vision, and proprioception to maintain posture, navigate in one's surroundings, coordinate motion of body parts, modulate fine motor control, and initiate the vestibulooculomotor reflexes.
See also: Trauma, Weakness, Prevention, Palsy, Paralysis