A fistula is an abnormal connection between an organ, vessel, or intestine and another structure. Fistulas are usually the result of injury or surgery. It can also result from infection or inflammation.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search ...
Medical Specialties: Gastroenterology, Obstetrics/gynecology, Urology
Clinical Definition ...
Anal fistula surgery is a very common procedure for patients who develop an abnormal passage way in this area of the body. This surgery is called a fistulotomy. It is performed under anesthesia. The fistula is cut open and the contents are then scraped and flushed out.
Fistula placement for hemodialysis
An arteriovenous (AV) fistula is created by connecting one of your arteries to one of your veins using your own vessels. It is best if the decision to have the fistula surgery is made well before you need dialysis.
1. transposition of the portal circulation to the systemic by making an anastomosis between the vena cava and portal vein and then ligating the latter close to the liver.
What is an anal ~?
An anal ~ is an abnormal tunnel between the anal canal and the outer skin of the anus. The anus is the opening of the rectum where bowel movements (BMs) leave the body.
Anal ~s and Crohn's Disease
Slideshow: Common Dental Problems and Procedures
Dental (Oral) Health Quiz
Slideshow: 10 Secrets to Brighter, Whiter Teeth ...
Anal ~s and Crohn's Disease
Crohn's disease may cause sores, or ulcers, that tunnel through the intestine and into the surrounding tissue, often around the anus and rectum.
What is an anal ~?
The anus is the external opening through which feces are expelled from the body. Just inside the anus are a number of small glands. If one of these glands become blocked, an abscess-an infected cavity-may form.
An anal ~ is an abnormal tunnel under the skin that connects the anal canal in the colon to the skin of the buttocks. Most anal ~s form in reaction to an anal gland that has developed an abscess, or a pus-filled infection.
~s may arise from developmental cysts of the neck region, such as thyroglossal duct, dermoid, sebaceous, preauricular, and branchial arch cysts. Nasopalatine duct cysts occasionally secrete fluid to the anterior palate and the site of the duct.
A ~ may increase the chances of respiratory problems. If the ~ is from the upper pouch or is the H-type, symptoms may only be seen when the baby eats. With a ~ of the upper pouch, when the baby eats there may be severe respiratory symptoms.
A ~ (say 'fist-you-lah') is a connection between 2 of the body's tubes. A tracheoesophageal (say "tray-key-oh-ee-sof-ah-gee-all') ~ is when the trachea (the breathing tube that connects the nose and mouth with the lungs) and the esophagus (the swallowing tube) are connected.
A ~ may be able to heal on its own over 2-8 weeks. Talk with your doctor about the best plan for you. Treatment options include the following:
Nutritional support may be needed while the ~ is healing: ...
Anal ~ is the medical term for an infected tunnel that develops between the skin and the muscular opening at the end of the digestive tract (anus). Most anal ~s are the result of an infection in an anal gland that spreads to the skin. Surgery is usually needed to treat anal ~.
Anal ~e are more common in men, and occur between 20 and 40 years of age. A study that was published in 2007 and looked at four different European countries, including England, found that there are between one and three cases of anal ~e for every 10,000 people.
Anal ~ also present with a feeling of lump near anus, associated with stabbing/throbbing pain. There may be leakage of foul smelling pus or mucous or faecal matter from the ~'s external opening. This may lead to soiling the inner garments.
An AV ~ is an artery and a vein swen together.
Arteriovenous ~ (AV ~) ...
An AV ~ can usually be created and can function well with no adverse affects in a person whose veins are large enough.
Genital ~ is a condition in which the genital tract and the urinary and intestinal tract become connected (usually in the vagina) by a leak in the system.
Mammary-duct ~ is a communication between a subareolar duct and skin, usually occurring in the periareolar region. It often occurs spontaneously following underlying periductal mastitis but can also occur following incision and drainage of a nonlactating breast abscess.
Colovaginal ~ is one form of genitourinary ~. It is also sometimes classed under a type of gastro-intestinal ~.
It refers to a communication between the colon (practically the rectum or sigmoid colon) with the vagina.
The more you know about your health, the better prepared you are to make informed healthcare decisions. Our health library gives you the information you need to take charge of your health.
TOFS (Tracheo-Oesophageal ~ Support)
The Organisation is a Registered Charity in England and Wales No. 327735, established in 1982. It provides support and information to families of children with TOF/OA and VACTERL Association.
Pulmonary arteriovenous ~ is a condition in which an abnormal connection (~) develops between an artery and vein in the lungs. As a result, blood passes through the lungs without receiving enough oxygen.
Arteriovenous malformation - pulmonary ...
Abnormal passage in any organ of the biliary tract or between biliary organs and other organs.
Abnormal communication between two arteries that may result from injury or occur as a congenital abnormality.
fstjl noun a passage or opening which has been made unusually between two organs often near the rectum ...
~ in ano ...
~s. These are drainage passages from internal tissues to the skin surface.
What causes a branchial cleft abnormality?
~: An abnormal opening between two body areas.
Frozen Section: A sliver of frozen biopsy tissue. A frozen section provides a quick preliminary diagnosis, but it's not 100 percent reliable.
An abnormal opening between two parts of the body or between the inside of the body and the outside.
Five year survival ...
~ An abnormal opening or passage between two organs or between an organ and the surface of the body. ~s may be caused by injury, infection or inflammation, or may be created during surgery.
~: An abnormal opening between two organs (between the bladder and vagina in women or the bladder and the rectum in men).
foreskin: The loose fold of skin that covers the head of the penis.
gene: The basic unit capable of transmitting characteristics from one generation to the next.
A ~ was the first sign
When Spencer was in first grade, he had a perianal ~, a lesion on his bottom that was so painful he had to sit on a pillow at school. He had another at age 8. Even though the doctors said they were unusual, they didnt attribute them to Crohns.
Anal ~ - An anal ~ is an abnormal narrow tunnel-like passageway, which is the remnant of an old anal abscess after it has drained. It connects the mid portion of the anal canal (at the anal gland) to the surface of the skin.
Anal ~. An anal ~ is an abnormal tunnel between the anal canal and the outer skin of the anus that often drains pus or liquid, which can soil or stain clothing. An anal ~ may irritate the outer tissues or cause discomfort.
ASK Your Health Question
It's FREE and you'll get a response within 24 hours ...
There are no known ways to prevent anal abscesses or subsequent ~s because the cause of the original infection of anal glands is unknown.
Anal ~ - channel that develops between the anus and the skin. Most ~s are the result of an abscess (infection) that spreads to the skin.
Analgesia - absence of pain in response to stimulation that would normally be painful.
Analgesic - any drug intended to alleviate pain.
caused by the spread of alveolar periostitis or abscess. The ~ discharges from the tooth root to the side of the face below the eye, the maxillary sinus or the nasal cavity. Called also malar abscess, gum boil.
dental fluorosis ...
A bladder ~ occurs when you have an injury or defect that allows bacteria from your intestines to enter your bladder. Bladder ~s can occur due to surgical injuries or bowel diseases such as inflammatory bowel disease, ulcerative colitis, or Crohn's disease.
~ Involving Female Genital Tract
~, Vesicovaginal; Female Urinary-genital Tract ~ ...
~ in Ano
An abnormal opening on the cutaneous surface near the anus, usually resulting from a local abscess of the crypt and common in Crohn's disease. A perianal ~ may or may not communicate with the rectum. Also called Anal ~. [Moseby's Medical Dictionary].
~s, which are abnormal holes between the gastrointestinal tract and other areas of the body, such as the vagina, bladder and skin. ~s can easily become seriously infected and cause other problems.
Growth problems in children
Higher risk of colorectal cancer ...
~s—abnormal connections between the intestine and other organs or tissues, such as the bladder, vagina, or skin
~, mass, and abscess development is common.
~s do not occur.
Perianal lesions are significant in 25 to 35% of cases.
~s can occur at any age. Some ~s are congenital, which means they occur during the development of a baby. They are seen in infants and are more common in boys. Other ~s develop suddenly due to diseases or after trauma, surgery, or local infection.
~ (an abnormal opening) between the rectum and bladder is a rare complication
There may be other risks depending on your specific medical condition. Be sure to discuss any concerns with your physician prior to the procedure.
Before the Procedure ...
~: This is an abnormal internal connection between organs or structures such as the bladder, ureters, or urethra. This can cause incontinence.
Traumatic incontinence: This is incontinence that occurs after injury to your pelvis (such as a fracture) or as a complication of surgery.
An abnormal or surgically made passage between two hollow organs.
~: An abnormal passageway in the body. A ~ may go from the body surface into a blindpouch or into an internal organ or go between two internal organs.
A ~ between the windpipe and esophagus can cause food and saliva to enter the lungs and possibly cause pneumonia. Symptoms of a ~ include severe coughing and trouble breathing.
Trach Tube Complications ...
A-V ~ (trauma, inflamation or surgery induced)
hyperthyroidism (weight loss, tachycardia, diarrhea, tremor)
thiamine deficiency (ETOH abuse, confusion, extremity numbness/difficulty walking)
Paget's disease( 50, slowly progressive multi-site bone pain, leg bowing) ...
~e between the rectum and the vagina (RVFs) are less common than those between the bladder and the vagina (VVFs).
Anal ~e and other internal ~e may need to be treated to prevent further infection and complications.
Body-wide infection (sepsis)
Problem keeps coming back (recurrence)
An AV ~ requires advance planning because a ~ takes a while after surgery to develop—in rare cases, as long as 24 months. But a properly formed ~ is less likely than other kinds of vascular access to form clots or become infected.
If the ~ is looked after it can remain functional for a long time. Infection must be avoided and any small abrasion or wound treated. Keep the hand on the ~'s side warm at all times - wear a glove during cold winter days.
I have ~ from colon to bladder and vagina and frequent impacted colon and multiple diverticuli in sigmoid colon (MRI). It took so long to get diagnosed that I spent all my savings and was too sick to work full time so lost my health insurance.
An anal ~ can often be treated with medicines. But sometimes surgery to repair the ~ may be needed. Conservative treatment with antibiotics and medicines to reduce pain and inflammation is usually tried before surgery.
Cannula/~/heparin lock - hospitals have special policies regarding these devices. In general, blood should not be drawn from an arm with a ~ or cannula without consulting the attending physician.
Edematous extremities - tissue fluid accumulation alters test results.
To detect ~s , abnormal passages between two internal organs or between an internal organ and the body surface (such as an opening between the vagina and the rectum). The test involves injecting radiopaque dye into the vagina and taking X-rays of the area.
Voiding cystourethrogram ...
How is a ~ treated?
Medical Treatment: When a ~ is caused by Crohn's disease, your doctor may recommend treatment with medicines such as, metronidazole, Flagyl®, azathioprine, Imuran®, or infliximab, Remicade® ...
Perilymph ~ - leakage of inner ear fluid to the middle ear that occurs without apparent cause or that is associated with head trauma, physical exertion, or barotrauma.
Anal Abscess Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment Information on eMedicineHealth.com ...
Perilymphatic ~; Posterior Lung Fiber
Percutaneous Lung Needle Aspiration ...
Aortoduodenal ~s, representing 80% of all aortoenteric ~s, are a very unusual but catastrophic cause of bleeding from the upper GI tract. It is estimated that 0.4% to 4% of patients with aortic grafts develop an aortoenteric ~ [Champion,1982].
If you have kidney disease, restrict usage to ten days (maximum) to avoid a possible imbalance in excreted minerals Echinococcosis, Hepatic Helminth infection of the liver caused by Echinococcus granulosus or Echinococcus multilocularis Echography Scan Eck ~ An artificial ...
~s. Sometimes ulcers can extend completely through the intestinal wall, creating a ~ - an abnormal connection between different parts of your intestine, between your intestine and skin, or between your intestine and another organ, such as the bladder or vagina.
~. This is when the inflammation causes a channel to form between two parts of the body. For example, a ~ may form between a part of the small intestine and a part of the colon. ~s can also form between part of the gut and other organs such as the bladder or uterus (womb).
Anal ~s - abnormal ‘tunnels' join the anal canal to surrounding organs, usually other parts of the bowel.
Anal stenosis - the anal canal becomes abnormally narrowed either due to spasm of the anal sphincter or contraction of the resultant scar tissue.
An arteriovenous ~ is an abnormal channel or passage between an artery and a vein.
Asphyxia Neonatorum ...
Digestive System ~ - An abnormal passage communicating between any components of the digestive system, or between any part of the digestive system and surrounding organ(s).
Gastrointestinal Diseases - Diseases in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM.
See arteriovenous ~.
The amount of fluid a dialysis patient is allowed to drink each day.
Dural Arteriovenous ~: This is an abnormal connection between an artery and a vein in the membranes covering the brain.
Abnormal duct or passage in the esophagus wall formed after RF heat damage which is later eroded by gastric acids allowing blood from the heart to leak into the esophagus; a very rare complication (less than one in over 1000 cases) that can be fatal.
in children (9 causes), Barrett's esophagus-like weight loss symptoms (5 causes), Barrett's oesophagus-like weight loss symptoms (22 causes), Belching as in case of chronic digestive diseases (2 causes), Acute hemorrhagic pancreatitis (10 causes), Black stool (47 causes), Gastrojejunocolic ~ ...
Accordingly, complications such as intestinal strictures, ~s, and fissures are far more common in Crohn's disease than in ulcerative colitis.
Intestinal strictures and ~s do not always cause symptoms.
Abdominal pain, abdominal wall inflammation, achalasia, acid reflux, anal ~, appendicitis, bleeding stomach ulcers, bloating, Chinese restaurant syndrome, colic, colonic spasm, colonoscopy, digestive enzyme, digestive enzyme insufficiency, digestive tonic, digestion, difficulty swallowing, ...
Carotid artery-cavernous sinus ~. This is an abnormal connection between a very large artery and a very large venous pool within the cranial cavity. It is usually the result of severe head trauma. Treatment is nonsurgical, requiring the services of a radiologist.
CR, DDX, Developmental Gerstmann Syndrome, Esophageal ~, Fructosamine, Fructose Biphosphatase Deficiency, Glucose-6-Phosphatase Deficiency, Glutamine, Head, Sperm, Health Education, Hydrolase, Long-Chain Fatty-Acyl-CoA, Immunoglobulins, Membrane-Bound, Inbred Strain of Mice, ...
Crohn's is associated with an increased risk for other digestive problems, including bowel obstructions, ~s (small ulcerlike sores inside the intestine or rectum), fissures (small cracks in the intestinal tract), and infections.
~s, which are sores that tunnel through from the GI tract to another organ, other parts of the intestine, or the skin surface (they may end up in the bladder or vagina, or they may exit the body near the anus) - ~s are often very painful ...
The most common delayed complication is ~ formation, which may occur in up to 25% of platoplasties. A ~ is simply an unintentional connection, or hole, between the nose and the mouth.
Another complication is the formation of a ~, an abnormal passageway between two organs that do not normally connect with one another.
Because of the clotting issues with dialysis grafts, a growing number of patients are having an arteriovenous ~, which is a connection created surgically by joining a vein and an artery in the forearm that allows blood from the artery to flow into the vein, thus providing access for dialysis.
Individuals may have a tracheoesophageal ~, which is an abnormal connection (~) between the esophagus and the trachea.
Sometimes these deep ulcers turn into tracts-called ~s. In 30% of people with Crohn's disease, these ~s become infected. Patients may also develop a shortage of proteins, calories, or vitamins. They generally do not develop unless the disease is severe and of long duration.
When the rectum is not connected to the anus but there is a ~ present, stool will leave the baby's body through the ~ instead of the anus. This can cause infections.
It is the first medication approved by the FDA specifically for treatment of Crohn's disease, and for treatment of open and draining ~s. Antibiotics may be prescribed to treat bacterial overgrowth in the small intestine caused by stricture, ~s, or prior surgery.
Oesophagus: rare, stomach (2-20%): granulomatous gastritis, pseudo-post Bilroth-I appearance, ramshorn sign, antral-duodenal ~, duodenum (4-10%): almost always associated with gastric involvement, bulb and proximal half of duodenum, small bowel (80%): regional enteritis, ...
Tracheoesophageal ~. This occurs when a tumor creates a hole between your esophagus and windpipe, leading to coughing and gagging when you swallow.
It also can cause sores, ulcers, ~s which can be treated with medicine although surgery is sometimes required. Patients can also have nutritional problems. Inadequate diets lead to loss or poor absorption of the needed proteins. Scientists call it mal-absorption.
In some cases, an anal ~ causes persistent drainage. In other cases, where the outside of the tunnel opening closes, the result may be recurrent anal abscesses. The only cure for an anal ~ is surgery.
Causes of Anal Abscesses ...
If a perforation, obstruction, abscess or ~ is present, further treatment is often needed. Recurrent episodes or a severe episode of diverticulitis may also require surgery to remove the diseased portion of the colon. If the surgery is done on an emergency basis two surgeries may be required.
TE stands for tracheoesophageal ~, which is a persistent connection between the trachea (the windpipe) and the esophagus (the feeding tube).
R stands for renal or kidney anomalies.
L is often added to stand for limb anomalies (radial agenesis).
Antibiotics may reduce the amount of drainage and may help heal ~s and abscesses in those with Crohn's disease.
Other medications may help relieve symptoms may include laxatives, anti-diarrhoeals, pain relief tablets, iron supplements.
Occasionally, an infected lymph node may form a tunnel (~) through the skin and drain (leak fluid). Cat scratch disease is a common cause of chronic swollen lymph nodes in children.
A person who has had contact with a cat may show common symptoms, including: ...
Surgery can relieve symptoms and correct problems like strictures, ~e, or bleeding in the intestine. Surgery can help relieve Crohn's disease symptoms. But, since Crohn's disease occurs in patches, surgery cannot cure the disease.
See also: What is the meaning of Surgery, Cancer, Bleeding, Kidney, Nutrition?