The danger of lead poisoning:
According to the US Environmental Protection Agency, lead poisoning, once a major environmental health hazard, has declined greatly in the past two to three decades.
Sources of lead exposure in Australia include paint, toys, lead-based jobs and hobbies, dust, soil, fishing sinkers, water, food and air pollution. Lead can be a hazard when swallowed or breathed in.
Lead is a heavy metal that has been used in manufacturing, paint, and other products for many years. It can also be found in certain home remedies, imported pottery, candy, spices and cosmetics.
Overview, Causes, & Risk Factors
Symptoms & Signs
Diagnosis & Tests
Prevention & Expectations
Treatment & Monitoring
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~ is entirely preventable. The key is stopping children from coming into contact with lead and treating children who have been poisoned by lead.
The danger of ~
According to the EPA, ~, once a major environmental health hazard, has declined greatly since the 1970s and continues to decrease. However, about 500,000 children under age 5 in the U.S. have elevated levels of lead in their blood.
Medical Specialties: Family practice, Internal medicine, Pediatrics ...
What is ~?
Lead is present in small amounts in the air, soil, household dust, food, drinking water, and products like some cheap jewelry or toys. ~ occurs when lead builds up in the body. The build-up can take place over months or years.
~ occurs when lead builds up in the body, often over a period of months or years. Even small amounts of lead can cause serious health problems. Children under the age of 6 are especially vulnerable to ~, which can severely affect mental and physical development.
~ is diagnosed with a simple blood test.
Blood tests can also be used for lead screening. Because there are often no early symptoms, a blood test is the best way to identify children at risk of ~ at an early stage.
Prevent ~ - lead rap, 4:08 [English]
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If You Don’t Know, Ask About Lead, 4:15 [Spanish]
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Real Player ...
In adults, ~ happens when levels of lead in the blood become elevated. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) requires that workplaces take action when a worker's blood lead level exceeds 25 micrograms per deciliter (mcg/dL).
~ is one of the most common environmental child health problems. ~ unless you have him or her tested. A blood test takes only ten minutes, Concern over the health risks of ~, especially to children, isn't new.
Although ~ is often associated with the paint of older homes, children may be exposed to lead if the soldering on water pipes is new. In fact, lead may be found in many parts of a home, including soil, food or even the air.
~ and heavy metal toxicity
Chelation therapy using EDTA is the medically accepted treatment for ~. EDTA is injected intravenously and once in the bloodstream, it traps lead and other metals, forming a compound that the body can get rid of in the urine.
~ occurs when a person swallows, absorbs, or inhales lead in any form. The result can be damaging to the brain, nerves, and many other parts of the body.
Learning Disorders ...
~ in Children
Facts about lead exposure
~ is a totally preventable disease.
~ in Children: Questions Before Screening
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~ is a serious and sometimes fatal condition. It occurs when lead builds up in the body. Lead is a highly toxic metal and a very strong poison. It is found in lead-based paints, including paint on the walls of old houses and toys. It is also found in: ...
~: Lead is a highly toxic substance. Lead exposure can produce a wide range of adverse health effects. Both adults and children can suffer from the effects of ~, but childhood ~ is much more frequent.
Preventing ~ in Construction Workers
DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 91-116a (April 1992)
Protecting Workers Exposed to Lead-Based Paint Hazards, A Report to Congress
DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 98-112 (January 1997) ...
~ can be a significant factor.
Eating too much sugar or sugar foods, smoking during pregnancy, oxygen deprivation at birth, prenatal trauma.
Artificial food additives, preservatives and foods containing salicylates, other food additives.
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1. Dhaliwal G, Cornett PA, Tierney LM. Hemolytic anemia. Am Fam Physician. 2004;69 (11): 2599-606. Pubmed citation
2. Petz LD, Garratty G. Drug-induced haemolytic anemia. Clin Haematol. 1976;4 (1): 181-97. Pubmed citation
~ can be either immediate (acute) or long-term (chronic). Infants and children are especially sensitive to neurotoxic effects of lead, and they are more likely to experience acute poisonings than adults.
Prolonged use of nasal decongestants
Medications e.g. estrogen, phenothiazines ...
Porphyria (several types)
Decreased levels may occur with chronic liver disease.
What the risks are ...
~ resulting from pica may be treated by chelating medications, which are drugs that remove lead or other heavy metals from the bloodstream.
~, infections of the central nervous system, or treatment for cancers, such as leukemia, can also increase the risk for learning disabilities.
What factors are not considered risk factors?
~, or plumbism, a disease of occupations, which is itself the cause of organic disease, particularly of the nervous and urinary systems.
~ associated with Ayurvedic medications-five states, 2000-2003. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Web site. Accessed on February 14, 2008.
~ ... mania, feelings of elation
Lidocaine toxicity ... excitement
Lithium toxicity ... giddiness
Lobelia poisoning ... euphoria
Loquat poisoning ... excitement
Lupus ... mania ...
Acute ~, 185 Grain Injection - 9mm Gunshot Wound
Acute ~, 240 Grain Injection 44 Calibre Magnum Wound ...
In adults, ~ occurs when symptoms such as abdominal pain, anemia , or neuropathy (numbness and tingling) in extremities occur in the presence of significantly elevated blood levels of lead.
stnzm noun ~
st rass noun an obsessive sexual urge in a man NOTE A similar condition in a woman is called nymphomania ...
Symptomatic ~ in childhood generally develops at blood lead levels exceeding 3.9 umol/L (80 ug/dL) and is characterized by abdominal pain and irritability followed by lethargy, anorexia, pallor (resulting from anemia), ataxia, and slurred speech.
Treatment of ~ consists of separating the child from the source of lead exposure. Chelation is used only when separation fails to drop the lead fast enough or far enough or when the lead level is in the potentially encephalopathogenic range (
Vitamin or iron deficiency
Newborn Testing for Sickle Cell Anemia and G6PD Deficiency ...
~ is a medical condition, also known as saturnism, plumbism or painter's colic, caused by increased blood lead levels. Lead may cause irreversible neurological damage as well as renal disease, cardiovascular effects, and reproductive toxicity.
~ articles: ...
Blood lead level (~)
Stool for botulinum toxin (infant botulism)
Sweat test and genetic testing (cystic fibrosis) ...
~ in Children: Questions Before Screening
Lice: Cleaning Lice From Combs, Clothing, and Other Items
Lice: Removing Nits From Hair
Little Leaguer's Elbow (Medial Apophysitis)
Measles (Rubeola) ...
Cerebritis - Inflammation of cerebrum or ~.
Chilblain - Swelling of extremities caused by exposure to cold and then heat; extremities turn black and itch unbearably.
Childbed - Childbirth.
Child bed fever - Infection following birth of a child; puerperal fever.
~ in Children
~ is a totally preventable disease. Children ages 1 to 3 who live in low-income housing built before 1978 are especially at risk.
Mushroom Poisoning in Children ...
Be aware of possible sources of ~, such as old paints, vapors from working with lead-coated metals, and alcohol distilled in recycled car radiators.
Follow your health care provider's directions for using all medications, including over-the-counter medications.
Screening tests may require performing a blood test for hidden conditions such as ~. Iron-deficiency anemia is routinely screened for in the blood at 1 year.
Failure to utilize (for example ~, chronic diseases)
Chronic blood loss is the most common cause of iron deficiency anemia. It must be remembered that anemia in iron deficiency develops slowly. The type and severity of the anemia varies with time. The development stages are: ...
Thanatophoric, Hospital Nursing Staffs, Hypertensin, Imagings, Echo-Planar, Inert Gas Narcoses, Infrared Rays, Lateral Sinus Thromboses, Libraries, Gene, Lymphocyte Subtypings, Management, Continuous Quality, Meningitides, Bacterial, Multiple System Atrophy Syndrome, Neurologic ~, ...
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD)
Communicable Diseases Control
Communicable Disease Reporting
Community-Associated Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (CA-MRSA) ...
It can also be related to ~ in children.
Anemia develops slowly after the normal iron stores in the body and bone marrow have run out. In general, women have smaller stores of iron than men because they lose more through menstruation. They are at higher risk for anemia than men.
It is also caused by ~ in children.
In young patients it is more likely to be caused by poor intake in the diet. In older patients there is more likely to be an underlying cause of blood loss and this should be investigated by further tests.
Anemia can be caused by heavy menstrual bleeding, stomach ulcers, colon cancer, inflammatory bowel disease, some tumors, Addison's disease, thalassemia, ~, sickle cell disease, or reactions to some chemicals and medicines.
Chinese Child Abuse? High ~ Levels In Watchdog Report
Discovery Of Bitter Blocker Increases Understanding Of Taste, Opening Doors To Better Nutrition And Therapeutic Compliance
Complications Arise When Patients Fail To Properly Take Oral Chemo ...
Lead screening - Because ~ can cause autistic-like symptoms, the National Center for Environmental Health recommends that all children with developmental delays be screened for ~.
Heavy metal poisoning such as ~
Hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid)
Multiple sclerosis (disease that affects the brain and spinal cord causing weakness, coordination, balance difficulties, and other problems) ...
If infants, children, or adolescents have rapid growth spurts, they may get iron deficiency anemia. ~ can also lead to this condition in children.
CDC Warns About Eye Cosmetics Containing Lead
Source of infant ~ is a kohl-like powder used on eyelids as a folk remedy.
Playing Computer Games With Your Eyes?
It's possible now, with eye-tracking devices.
Complications associated with pica eating disorder are ~, iron-deficiency anemia, intestinal perforation, malnutrition, dental injury or abdominal problems.
For example, among many other topics, the NIEHS is currently studying breast and testicular cancer; ~; birth and developmental defects; agricultural pollution; neurologic disorders; sterility; and ways to replace animals as subjects in research.
Hyperactivity can also occur because of problems with hearing or vision. Overactive thyroid, ~, depression, a lack of sleep, anxiety, or a range of other psychiatric illnesses can also be associated with the disorder.
To reduce environmentally related health conditions like ~, asthma, and injury in all infants and children.
To decrease tobacco use in Indiana.
Diseases of the nervous system, such as Hirschsprung's disease or diseases affecting the whole nervous system such as spinal cord damage
People appear to be driven to consume these substances by nutritional deficiencies, but pica is not necessarily correlated with poor nutritional status. The nutritional hazards most frequently associated with pica are ~ and iron deficiency anaemia.
Hirschsprung's disease - a condition where the nerves of the large intestine (colon) are not properly formed at birth
Thyroid problems- usually underactive thyroid
Celiac disease- a severe wheat intolerance
Hormonal problems that cause abnormal blood calcium levels ...
If parasthesia seems to occur when taking a medication, check it out to see if this is a listed side effect, or call a pharmacist or doctor for more information. Some substances cause hand tingling and one of the most concerning is exposure to lead. ~ easily leads to parasthesia and ...
Bacteria (the most common cause of gastro) - such as Salmonella and Campylobacter
Parasites - an uncommon cause in Australia, eg Giardia lamblia
Bacterial toxins - by-products of bacteria contaminate food
Chemicals and drugs - for example ~ and antibiotics ...
Your doctor may consider a different diagnosis or refer you to a specialist if you have a history of a developmental disorder, seizures, sleep apnea, hearing or vision problems, a thyroid disorder, ~ or low blood sugar (hypoglycemia).
Drugs and medications.
Infections such as gastroenteritis, appendicitis, hepatitis, pyelonephritis, pneumonia and urinary tract infections may cause abdominal pain. Tummy ache may also result from obstruction of the intestines, a hernia, sickle cell disease, migraine, ~ and conditions outside the abdomen such ...
Known causes include head injuries, brain tumors, ~, maldevelopment of the brain, genetic and infectious illnesses. But in fully half of cases, no cause can be found. Medication controls seizures for the majority of patients.
The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends that all toddlers get tested for lead in the blood at 1 and 2 years of age since young kids are at risk for ~ if they eat or inhale particles of lead-based paint.
An untreated underactive thyroid gland.
Peripheral arterial disease (narrowing of the leg arteries which causes poor circulation).
Some uncommon disorders of nerves.
Rare causes include: cirrhosis of the liver; ~; sarcoidosis.
Serum iron may be increased in hemolytic, megaloblastic, and aplastic anemias, and in hemochromatosis, acute leukemia, ~, pyridoxine deficiency, thalassemia, excessive iron therapy, and after repeated transfusions.
See also: What is the meaning of Poisoning, Prevention, Cancer, Injury, Kidney?