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Muscle spasm

Disease  Muscle Soreness  Muscle Spasticity

Muscle spasms
This is a very common issue that many people face. Muscle spasms do not discriminate to age or gender so just about anyone can be affected by them. Depending on your situation, muscle spasms may or not may be a serious issue.

Muscle spasm facts
Spasms may affect many different types of muscles in the body, leading to many different symptoms and presentations.
Spasms of skeletal muscles are most common and are often due to dehydration and electrolyte abnormalities.

Muscle Spasm - Muscle Cramp
Overview, Causes, & Risk Factors
Symptoms & Signs
Diagnosis & Tests
Prevention & Expectations
Treatment & Monitoring
Attribution ...

Muscle Spasms
What is a muscle spasm?
Otherwise known as muscle cramps, spasms occur when a muscle involuntary and forcibly contracts and cannot relax. These are very common and can affect any muscle. Typically, they involve part or all of a muscle, or several muscles in a group.

Muscle Spasms in Children
Children can suffer from muscle spasms too. There could be a number of reasons for muscles in children. Low levels of potassium in the body may cause the onset of muscle spasms. Other more serious conditions include epilepsy, head trauma or a high fever.

~s and cramps occur when a muscle contracts involuntarily and painfully. There are a number of causes of ~s, ranging from nutritional deficiency to serious nervous system conditions.

~s are involuntary contractions of a muscle. People often have "tight" muscles in their neck, back, shoulder, or legs. These are ~s. Athletes sometimes get cramps in their muscles during strenuous activity. These cramps are also spasms.

~s can be caused by a variety of things. If you are experiencing frequent spasms you may want to take note of what you may be doing to cause them. Some of the causes can be: ...

If you have a musculoskeletal problem-such as headache, back or neck pain- fibromyalgia or other conditions that cause spasms that have not responded to nondrug therapies, then pain relievers such as acetaminophen (Tylenol and generics) or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, ...

~s in the back can occur when any part of the back is irritated. ~s are often an attempt by the body to protect a sore back. ~s also occur when the spinal nerves are irritated or damaged.

msl spzm noun a sudden contraction of a muscle
muscle spindle ...

~s and Cramps
~s and cramps are spontaneous, often painful muscle contractions.
Muscular Dystrophy ...

~s and spasticity
Tremors or spasms of some of your muscles may occur. This is usually due to damage to the nerves that supply these muscles. Some muscles may contract (shorten) tightly and can then become stiff and harder to use. This is called spasticity.
Pain ...

~s, stiffness and weakness (myotonia). Medications that may be used to help manage myotonia associated with MD include mexiletine (Mexitil), phenytoin (Dilantin, Phenytek), baclofen (Lioresal), dantrolene (Dantrium) and carbamazepine (Tegretol, Carbatrol).
Muscle deterioration.

Use: ~ of stomach.
This medicine is indicated for the symptomatic relief of stomach and bowel cramps associated with irritable bowel syndrome and period pain.

~s often occur when a muscle is overused or injured. Working out when you haven't had enough fluids (you're dehydrated) or when you have low levels of minerals such as potassium or calcium can also make you more likely to have ~s.

~s are different than muscle twitches, which are covered in a separate article.
Common Causes
~s can cause cramps and are usually brought on by the following: ...

~s around joints affected by juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) can cause significant pain and movement problems. Each child may respond differently, so choose the therapy that makes your child feel better.

~, tightness, contractions, or cramps
Muscle Cramps involves the painful contraction of various muscles, usually felt in the calf (behind the leg) or in the foot, but can occur anywhere in the body.

~ in the piriformis muscle, either because of irritation in the piriformis muscle itself, or irritation of a nearby structure such as the sacroiliac joint or hip
Tightening of the muscle, in response to injury or spasm
Swelling of the piriformis muscle, due to injury or spasm ...

~s, particularly in the hindlegs, usually in unfit dogs, with excessive excitement, or high environmental temperatures.
heat cramp
a form of equine colic after vigorous exercise with heavy sweating. Caused by electrolyte loss. Signs include muscle tremor and rigidity.

Note: Paradichlorobenzene mothballs are not very toxic. They have replaced the more toxic camphor and naphthalene types.
Home Care ...

~s or twitching
Pain, especially in the hand, arm, fingers or neck
Paleness or other skin color changes of the hands and possibly feet ...

~s and muscle rigidity in the chest, abdomen and extremities
Fever and profuse sweating
High blood pressure ...

~s in hands and feet
Numbness and tingling in the arms or around the mouth
Palpitations ...

~s in the head or neck
Before the Procedure
Your physician will explain the procedure to you and offer you the opportunity to ask any questions that you might have about the procedure.

~s (especially of the head, face, and neck)
trembling and shaking of the hands
jerky movements of arms, legs, or eyes
changes in mood or behaviour
skin rash, hives, itching
shortness of breath
swelling of hands, feet, or face ...

~s can happen to anyone, at any age. To make matters worse, a charley horse can occur at any time-day or night. The spasms may even wake you up in the middle of the night.
Still, charley horses tend to occur more often in
the elderly
the obese ...

~s of the eye or eye lid
Symptoms of eye strain are often relieved by resting the eyes, changing the work environment, and/or wearing the proper glasses. The symptoms of eye strain may resemble other eye conditions. Always consult your adolescent's doctor for a diagnosis.

~s, Cramps, and Charley Horse: Causes and Treatments
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Heat Cramps Basics
Fatigue May Be Prime Cause of Muscle Cramps ...

~s or myoclonus of palatal muscles or those of the middle ear (stapedius, tensor tympani) may cause perceptible noise, typically a rhythmic clicking. Such spasms may be idiopathic or caused by tumors, head trauma, and infectious or demyelinating diseases (eg, multiple sclerosis).

~s, and has been associated with heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure and weak bones.
Green leafy vegetables, wholegrains and nuts.

~s [Muscle cramps]
"Professional Guide to Signs & Symptoms (Fifth Edition)" (2006)
[ read ]
Abdominal rigidity [Abdominal ~, involuntary guarding]
"Professional Guide to Signs & Symptoms (Fifth Edition)" (2006)
[ read ] ...

Aplastic anemia, agranulocytosis, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, and hemolytic anemia.

Painful ~s
Some people may experience only pain and tingling at the wound site and some spasms in nearby muscles. But as the toxin spreads to nerves supplying muscles, most people have stiffness of the jaw and neck, difficulty swallowing and irritability.

Masseter ~ is much more common than malignant hyperthermia, occurring in 0.3-1% of children. This creates a worrisome situation for the practitioner in which strong contraction of all the masseter muscles clench the mandible.

Those with ~s may be prescribed a muscle relaxant like diazepam along with a pain reliever.
Pain relievers may also be applied as creams, ointments or sprays over the affected area.
Hot and cold compresses ...

Involuntary ~s, dizziness, jitteriness, puckering of the mouth
Phenergan (promethazine hydrochloride)
Dizziness, dry mouth, nausea and vomiting, rash ...

- If it is a ~, wring a towel out of hot water and lay it on the area.
- A coughing spasm can be relieved by the tincture or an emetic.
"Also see "Antispasmodic Tincture" and "Epilepsy." ...

Symptoms: ~s, lack of coordination, balance problems, blurred vision, cognitive impairment
Mimics: Viral infection, lupus, Alzheimer's, bipolar disorder ...

In most cases, ~s are relatively mild and will resolve within a few minutes. Any residual discomfort or soreness usually disappears within a day or two. There may be ongoing (chronic) ~s with medical conditions such as multiple sclerosis, spastic cerebral palsy, and torticollis.

~s - This is a common cause of a crick in both children and teens and account for more than half of reported cricks overall. ~s can also be caused by problems with the facet joint.
Cervical radiculopathy - This is pain in the neck caused by nerve irritation.

No cold weather ~s
Paramyotonia congenita sufferers find that muscle stiffness may be made worse by exercise, especially in cold weather.
Symptoms - Food - General ...

Any involuntary ~s or loss of control over muscles are symptoms that you should discuss with your doctor.
Even though you may not be able to prevent dystonia, genetic testing can reveal if you have a genetic mutation that can cause dystonia.

Relieve pain and ~s
Allow wearing of splints/orthoses
Promote hygiene
Prevent contractures ...

Drugs help control ~s and seizures.
Botulinum toxin or implantable pumps to deliver the medication baclofen—may be used for spasticity (increased muscle tone)
Glycopyrrolate (eg, Robinul)—may help with drooling
Pamidronate (eg, Aredia)—may help with osteoporosis ...

Drugs help control ~s and seizures.
Glycopyrrolate (eg, Robinul, Cuvposa)-to decrease drooling
Pamidronate (eg, Aredia)-to treat osteoporosis
Medicines that may be used to treat spasticity: ...

Persistent ~s
Long-term use of typical antipsychotic medications may lead to a condition called tardive dyskinesia (TD). TD causes muscle movements a person can't control. The movements commonly happen around the mouth.

Heat can help relax ~s and relieve chronic pain. Ultrasound involves the use of high frequency on soft-tissue injuries. The sound waves penetrate and may warm tissues deep in the body. Electrical muscle stimulation uses an electric current to reduce pain and ~.

Drugs that lessen the severity of intestinal ~s (cramps).
A surgical procedure in which the portion of the stomach is removed that produces the hormones that cause acid secretion.
Anus ...

For this reason, many potential drugs remain untested Testosterone Naturally occurring androgenic hormone Tetany ~ TF Tube Feeding Thalamus Part of the brain Therapeutic Range Maximum effectiveness of a drug is generally found only for a narrow range of dosages.

baclofen (BAK-loh-fen) A drug that is used to treat certain types of ~s and is being studied in the treatment of liver cancer. Baclofen relaxes muscles by blocking certain nerve receptors in the spinal cord. It is a type of antispasmodic. Also called Kemstro and Lioresal.

For several decades the term "tropical spastic paraparesis" (TSP) has been used to describe a chronic and progressive disease of the nervous system that affects adults living in equatorial areas of the world and causes progressive weakness, stiff muscles, ~s, sensory disturbance, ...

Steinert's (Myotonic) MD is the most common adult form and is typified by prolonged ~s and the inability to voluntarily relax them. Muscle weakness can also be a facet of the disease, along with cataracts, cardiac abnormalities, and endocrine disturbances (such as diabetes).

Heat cramps: Painful ~s in the abdomen, arms, or legs following strenuous activity. The skin is usually moist and cool and the pulse is normal or slightly raised. Body temperature is mostly normal.

~s are not uncommon following laminectomy. Pain relief and antispasmodic medication are given regularly.
Note is made of your ability to pass urine, as sometimes this may be affected immediately following surgery.

In some people with enuresis, too many ~s can prevent the bladder from holding a normal amount of urine. Some teens and adults also have relatively small bladders that can't hold a large volume of urine.

Abdominal ~
Abdominal Pain
Abdominal Swelling
Abdominal Symptoms
Abnormal Vaginal Bleeding
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About Osteoporosis ...

Dystonia is characterised by brief episodes of ~s which usually deteriorate with emotional stress and exhaustion. Foot cramps and pulling of the neck muscles are common problems.

Scientists have not yet found a drug that works selectively on the urethral sphincter muscles, but drugs used to reduce ~s or tremors are sometimes used to help the sphincter relax.

Try holding a hot water bottle or heat pack to your neck to reduce any pain and ~s.
Sleep on a low, firm pillow at night. Avoid using two pillows as this may force your neck to bend unnaturally.

Dangerously high blood pressure, rapid changes in heart rate, high fever, muscle stiffness, and sudden ~s have resulted from the combination of antidepressants, such as venlafaxine, and members of another class of antidepressants known as monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors.

Colic is attacks of abdominal pain, caused by ~s in the intestines. Colic is common in infants. Milk and soy allergies are particularly common in infants and young children.

Once the bacteria are in the body, they produce a neurotoxin (a protein that acts as a poison to the body's nervous system) known as tetanospasmin that causes ~s. The toxin first affects nerves controlling the muscles near the wound.

When injected into muscle in tiny amounts, botulinum A (Botox) can stop or reduce ~ by blocking nerve signals to the muscle. This treatment has been used since the early 1990s to relieve severe ~s around the eyes and in the neck, arms, legs, hands, and feet.

Symptoms that may occur with neck pain include neck tenderness, neck ~, and neck stiffness. Symptoms associated with serious causes of neck pain include arm weakness, leg weakness, arm numbness, leg numbness, loss of bladder control, loss of bowel control, and an inability to walk.

Words are often cut off or are difficult to start because of ~s. Therefore, speech may be choppy. The voice of someone with adductor spasmodic dysphonia is commonly described as strained or strangled and full of effort.

Cramps, tetany: Intermittent paroxysmal ~s that can develop secondary to purging as well as: insufficient nutrition, caloric intake and mineral and vitamin deficiency. Potassium deficiency can contribute to tetany, and muscle weakening can evolve into proximal muscle atrophy.

The jaw is "locked" by ~s, giving the name "lockjaw" (also called "trismus"). Muscles throughout the body are affected, including the vital muscles necessary for normal breathing.

Abnormal ~s in an arm or a leg are usually the first sign. These unusual movements initially occur while a person is doing a specific action, such as writing or walking. In some affected people, dystonia later spreads to other parts of the body and may occur at rest.

Severe muscle pain and ~s of the involved area, which may progress to the abdomen, back, and other areas
Pain usually begins within 30 minutes to 2 hours at the site of the bite and is followed by painful muscle cramping in 3 to 4 hours.
Muscle fasciculations ...

Local tetanus causes ~s at or near the wound that has been infected with the bacteria. Cephalic tetanus primarily affects one or more muscles in the face. No muscles elsewhere are involved, unless the disease progresses to generalized tetanus.

Later symptoms include severe ~s, seizure-like activity, and severe nervous system disorders. Generally, between 10% and 20% of tetanus cases result in death, though fatalities are more likely among patients older than 60 years of age, and among unimmunized individuals.

These symptoms include ~s, tetany, and seizures. Laboratory testing indicates hypomagnesemia (decreased serum magnesium levels), hypocalcemia (decreased serum calcium levels), and little to no measurable parathyroid hormone levels.

GERD and other gastrointestinal problems such as ulcers, ~s in the esophagus, a gallbladder attack, and pancreatitis can all cause chest pain and other symptoms that mimic those of a heart attack or angina, a crushing type of chest pain caused by decreased blood flow to the heart.

... A 'charley horse' is a ~, caused by muscle over-use, injury, dehydration or mineral deficiencies. To ease the pain of a ~, try massage or stretches -- and up your intake of bananas.
Question 2 of 20 ...

Apply to the affected area to relieve ~.
Heating pad
Be sure to protect any type of heating pad device from coming in direct contact with the skin. Precautions should be taken to avoid burns, especially if you have nerve damage, such as from diabetes or other conditions.

Loperamide (Imodium), diphenoxylate and atropine (Lomotil), and opiates-These medicines reduce ~s in the gastrointestinal tract, which slows transit time and increases absorption. Infants and people with bloody diarrhea should avoid these medicines.

Masseter ~, Mating Behaviors, Animal, Maximal Tolerated Dose, MEA 1, Meningioma, Multiple, Model, Space, Neuropil Thread, Nicotinic Cholinergic Agonist, Oncogene Protein myb, Organ Survival, Orthomyxoviruses Type B, Vaccine, Pertussis, Vertebral Arteries, Physician-Nurse Relations, ...

dystonia involuntary ~s that produce peculiar postures of different body parts
echolalia imitation of sounds without comprehension of their meaning ...

An antispasmodic is commonly prescribed, which helps to control colon ~s and reduce abdominal pain. Antidepressants may relieve some symptoms.

Tetanus toxoid prevents lockjaw, an illness which causes painful ~s and can be fatal. Everyone needs a tetanus shot at least once every 10 years. Persons who have not had a tetanus shot in the last five years and have a dirty cut or wound will generally be given one.

(2) If his weakness is severe (grade 0[nd]3) without ~s, he will probably recover.
(3) If his weakness is severe with extensor spasms, he has [mt]50% chance of a full recovery, and if not, he will probably have a partial recovery.

Essentially, the water based dye is more rapidly absorbed yet is associated with a higher incidence of ~ and discomfort.

Erivedge is not intended for pregnant women. It can also have side effects ranging from ~s and hair loss to vomiting and diarrhea. Patients are advised to discuss these risks with their physician before taking Erivedge.
Basal Cell Carcinoma Treatment Options Articles ...

More serious side effects: trouble with muscle control, ~s or cramps in the head and neck, fidgeting or pacing, tremors and shuffling of the feet (much like those affecting people with Parkinson's disease).

Jaw cramping
Sudden, involuntary muscle tightening - often in the stomach (~s)
Painful muscle stiffness all over the body
Trouble swallowing
Jerking or staring (seizures)
Fever and sweating
High blood pressure and fast heart rate ...

Multiple sclerosis symptoms can include loss of balance and coordination, problems walking or moving your arms and legs, tremors, ~s or numbness and fatigue.

Vaginismus is defined as persistent or recurrent involuntary ~s of the lower third of the vagina that prevent penetrative sexual intercourse. Involuntary muscle contractions of the PC (pubococcygeus) muscle close the entrance to the vagina preventing the penis from entering.

Diverticulitis is characterised by fever, abdominal pain and ~. Some degree of constipation may occur if the inflammation is around the colon.
Diagnosis ...

Abductor spasmodic dysphonia
A disorder in which sudden ~s cause the vocal folds (or vocal cords) to stay open. See spasmodic dysphonia.
Aberration ...

Blepharospasm (say: bleff-ero-spasm) is uncontrolled blinking or twitching of the eyelid, caused by ~s around the eye. Symptoms can range from mild and not disabling to quite severe in some cases.
Next: Symptoms
Bibliography ...

Many runners (and people over the age of 50) are familiar with painful ~s that frequently occur in the legs.
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What Causes Foot Pain?

Hypocalcaemia is pronounced high-po-kal-seem-ee-ah. It means too little calcium in the blood. It can cause ~s (called tetany), depression, seizures (fits) and numbness in the hands, feet and sometimes around the mouth.
Hypoparathyroidism ...

Possible symptoms include insomnia, hallucinations, trouble swallowing, fear of water (due to difficulty swallowing), confusion, convulsions, ~s, anxiety, and excitation.

Pain sometimes is caused by ~s that may result from irritation around the hip. Pain may be felt in other parts of the leg, such as the groin, thigh, or knee. When the hip is moved, the pain worsens. Rest often relieves the pain.

Symptoms may include diarrhea, fever, weakness, lightheadedness, rapid swelling at the site of the sting, ~, headache, drowsiness, fainting, seizures, nausea and vomiting. In most cases, symptoms resolve within 48 hours.

When patient is supine with hip flexed, dorsiflexion of the ankle causing pain or ~ in the posterior thigh indicates lumbar root or sciatic nerve irritation.
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Like some other medical terms, it can be used to refer to a variety of disorders, from benign ~ which can occur with muscle injury or excessive activity to seizure activity due to epilepsy. Therefore it is not a specific term that implies any one particular disease or pathology.

See also: See also: What is the meaning of Surgery, Injury, Stress, Prevention, Infections?

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