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Peritonitis: Overview
The peritoneum is the membrane that lines the abdominal cavity and covers organs. When it becomes inflamed, the disease is called peritonitis.

Peritonitis is inflammation of the membranes of the abdominal wall and organs. Peritonitis may be caused by the rupture of infected organs such as the appendix or bowel. Symptoms include strong abdominal (stomach) pain.

Peritonitis - dialysis associated
Dialysis-associated peritonitis is inflammation of the lining of the abdominal cavity (peritoneum) that occurs in someone who receives peritoneal dialysis.

Peritonitis - dialysis associated
Alternate Names : Dialysis-associated peritonitis
Definition ...

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What is peritonitis?
~ is an infection caused by an inflammation of the lining of the abdominal cavity, known as the peritoneum. The peritoneum, a thin, clear membrane, normally covers all the abdominal organs and the inside walls of the abdomen.

~ Definition
~ is an inflammation or infection of the peritoneum. The peritoneum is a thin tissue lining that covers the inside of the abdominal cavity. It also covers the outside of the intestines and other abdominal organs.

~ - spontaneous
~ - secondary
~ - dialysis associated
Images ...

~ is an infection of the peritoneum, the thin lining of the abdominal wall that also covers the organs within the abdomen such as the stomach and liver. It's caused by bacterial or fungal infection usually resulting from a rupture to the abdominal wall.

~ requires prompt medical attention to fight the infection and, if necessary, to treat any underlying medical conditions. Treatment of peritonitis usually involves antibiotics and, in some cases, surgery.

Type: Term
1. Inflammation beginning in the deeper layer of the peritoneum which is next to the viscera or the abdominal wall.

Acute Peritonitis

more about Acute Peritonitis
Acute peritonitis is an inflammatory process within the abdominal cavity. It is usually due to a bacterial infection and is treated with antibiotics.

In a 2012 review by Siple et al,[5] they show several case studies and cohorts of patients with cirrhosis and chronic liver disease who were on proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) for a prolonged duration who were at significantly increased risk for the development of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis.

The area of a patient's peritoneal cavity is three times that of his skin, and is a huge area to become infected. So it is not surprising that the mortality from peritonitis is about 10%, even in good units.

pert nats noun inflammation of the peritoneum as a result of bacterial infection COMMENT Peritonitis ...
peritonsillar ...

Inflammation of the peritoneum (the lining of the abdominal cavity).
Persistent Generalized Lymphadenopathy (PGL) ...

~: Inflammation of abdominal area.
Pernicious Anśmia: Anśmia caused by vitamin B12 deficiency.
Pertussis: Whooping cough.

Definition The peritoneum is the tissue that lines the abdominal cavity that houses stomach, intestines and other organs. An inflammation of the peritoneum mainly due to bacterial or fungal infection and sometimes with chemical...
0 ...

~: ~ is inflammation of the peritoneal cavity. The most serious cause is perforation of the GI tract (see Acute Abdomen and Surgical Gastroenterology: Acute Perforation), which produces immediate chemical inflammation followed shortly by infection from intestinal organisms.

~ is an infection of the peritoneum that can develop in several ways. Many abdominal organs contain germs that do not occur elsewhere in the body. If they spill their contents into the peritoneum, infection is the result.

SYMPTOMS"Severe abdominal pain and tenderness, rigidity of the abdominal muscles, fever, rapid pulse, sunken eyes, vomiting, and a pinched expression of the face.
CAUSES"Peritonitis is serious and frequently fatal. Take the person to the hospital.

~ is a serious condition. It requires immediate treatment. If not promptly treated, it can be fatal.
Primary peritonitis—occurs when there is a buildup of fluid in the abdomen. This is called ascites . It is caused by chronic liver disease, among other conditions.

~ - spontaneous
Abdominal exploration is surgery to examine the contents of the abdomen. Surgery that opens the abdomen is called a laparotomy. Laparotomy may also be done to treat certain health problems and conditions.

~: Symptoms and Treatments: BCM Dept of Surgery
AllRefer Health - Alcoholic Liver Disease (Cirrhosis or Hepatitis - Alcoholic, Laennec's Cirrhosis, Liver Disease due to Alcohol) ...

~, Unspecified
~ is an acute or chronic inflammation of the membrane (peritoneum) that lines the wall of the abdomen and covers the abdominal organs.

Stomach and Duodenal Ulcers (Peptic Ulcers)
Ulcerative Colitis ...

~ is also a medical emergency and is treated with surgery. If you have symptoms of peritonitis, you must be seen by your healthcare provider or go to the emergency room as soon as possible.

~ is a very serious abdominal infection. It may develop if the ulcer eats completely through the wall of the stomach or intestine.
If your health care professional suspects that you have a peptic ulcer, he or she may recommend one of the following tests: ...

What are the potential complications of abdominal swelling?

~ (inflammation of the lining of the abdominal cavity)
Perforation of the intestinal wall (rare)
There may be other risks depending upon your specific medical condition. Be sure to discuss any concerns with your physician prior to the procedure.

~, which can occur if the infected or inflamed pouch ruptures, spilling intestinal contents into your abdominal cavity. This can cause an inflammation of the lining of your abdominal cavity (peritoneum). ~ is a medical emergency and requires immediate care.
Rectal bleeding.

~ Puerperali
Latin for Puerperal ~.
Example from an 1858 Church Record in MŁnster, Switzerland ...

~ is a medical emergency. If you or a family member develops signs of this abdominal infection, go to an emergency room immediately. Even with prompt treatment, ~ can be extremely serious.

Inflammation of the peritoneal membrane, usually caused by infection.
phosphorus: ...

When ~ occurs, the abdomen feels very tender. Pain often worsens when the area is touched or palpated. The abdomen may stick outward farther than normal and feel hard.
In addition to the general symptoms of perforation, symptoms of ~ may include: ...

Acute ~ (inflammation of certain tissues in your abdomen)
Injuries of the cervical spine
Perforation of organs of the upper GI tract ...

Detect ~
Find the cause of fluid in the abdomen
Remove large amounts of fluid from the peritoneal space in people who have liver disease ...

To avoid ~, you must be careful to follow the correct procedures exactly and learn to recognize the early signs-fever, unusual color or cloudiness of the used fluid, and redness or pain around the catheter.

Polymicrobial ~ including Pantoea agglomerans from teething ... by Jones, Deborah P. / Southern Medical Journal ...

I believe it's ~ that is the immediate hazard when stuff goes rotten in the pockets. This seems a likely complication if the diverticulitis flare-upsd aren't managed by evacuation, successfully.

Prognosis is poor Bile ~ Inflammation of the peritoneum which is caused by the escape of bile into the peritoneal cavity Bile Reflux Reflux of bile mainly into the upper digestive tract, ...

~ Inflammation of the thin tissues that line the abdomen and the abdominal organs. periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) Damage to white matter brain tissue as a result of a lack of oxygen or blood flow to the brain prior, during or after birth.

Deep ulcers can puncture holes in the bowel wall, leading to infection in the abdominal cavity (~) and in adjacent organs.

Inflarnmation of the lining of the abdominal cavity (peritoneums usually due to intestinal perforation.
The presence of several polyps.
Any mass of tissue that protrudes from the mucous lining of an organ such as the intestine.
Polysaccharides ...

Benign paroxysmal ~
Familial paroxysmal polyserositis
Hereditary Periodic Fever Syndromes
Mediterranean Fever, Familial
Periodic Disease
Periodic ~
Recurrent polyserositis
Reimann periodic disease
Siegal-Cattan-Mamou disease
Wolff Periodic Disease ...

Cirrhosis Complications: Spontaneous Bacterial ~
Cirrhosis Complications: Variceal Bleeding
Cirrhosis: Beta-Blockers for Portal Hypertension and Varices
Cirrhosis: Sodium and Ascites
Cirrhosis: Surgical Shunts for Portal Hypertension ...

What Are the Most Common ~ Symptoms?
What Is Quincke's Edema?
What Are the Common Causes of Umbilical Bleeding?
What Is the Meningitis Incubation Period?
How Do I Overcome a Fear of Sharks?
What Is a Helping Behavior?
Is It Safe to Wear a Tampon while Swimming?

A variety of inflammatory conditions within the abdomen may present with nausea and vomiting including cholecystitis, appendicitis, pancreatitis, inflammatory bowel disease, cholangitis and ~.

Those with ~ (e.g. appendicitis) prefer to lie very still as any motion causes further peritoneal irritation and pain. Contrary to this, patients with kidney stones will frequently writhe on the examination table, unable to find a comfortable position.

~, an inflammation usually caused by an infection of the lining of the abdomen
urinary tract infection
hernia, or a bulging of internal organs or tissues through an abnormal opening in the muscle wall
menstrual cramping ...

Although patients doing Continuous Cycler-assisted Peritoneal Dialysis and Nocturnal Intermittent Peritoneal Dialysis at night with the help of a cycler handle the catheter much less, there is still a chance of ~, ...

POMS, Diisocyanate, Tolylene, Disopyramide Phosphate (1:1), (R)-Isomer, Enterocolitis, Necrotizing, Family Size, Expected, Feline infectious ~ virus, Ganglia, Basal, Heart Volumes, Hydrolase, Acetylcholine, Hypha, Inactivators, Complement 1, Invertebrate Ganglions, ...

In cases of untreated appendicitis, the appendix can rupture, spilling pus and infective material into the abdomen and causing a serious condition called ~.

Appendicitis can cause a medical emergency that requires the prompt removal of this tissue to prevent a fatal condition called ~. ~ is an extreme inflammation of the lining of the abdominal cavity caused by a burst or perforated appendix.

The resulting infection and inflammation creates a serious situation known as ~. ~ is the name used when large parts of the abdominal cavity are inflamed. People with ~ always have a fever, and the belly often feels hard and bloated.

Clostridium sordellii [klo-strid-ee-um sore-dell-ee-I] is a rare bacterium that causes pneumonia, endocarditis, arthritis, ~, and myonecrosis.

Infections may cause a condition called ~, which occurs when the abdominal lining becomes inflamed. If the appendix ruptures, the patient may start to feel better. However, soon after, the abdomen may swell because it becomes full of gas and fluid.

Severe flare-ups can involve high fever, intolerable abdominal pain, and ~. If the inflammation is located higher in the colon, frequent stooling (as many as 20 a day) can occur. Stress can worsen symptoms but doesn't necessarily cause the disease.

Obtain a medical history, noting GI or biliary disorders that may cause ~ or ascites, such as cirrhosis, hepatitis, or inflammatory bowel disease. (See Detecting ascites, page 4.) Also, note chronic constipation.

Untreated, PID can cause infertility and can also lead to chronic infection or even ~.
Pelvic Pain
Pelvic pain is a common complaint among women. Its nature and intensity may fluctuate, and its cause is often obscure.
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) ...

Rupture of the appendix may further lead to either abscess (pus filled cavity) around appendix or a more critical condition called ~ which is inflammation of the lining of the abdominal wall. Immediate medical attention is mandatory in ~.

Patients may also develop abdominal infections (called ~) due to the intestinal complications of ETL. ~ in these patients is often fatal, especially if patients are immune suppressed from chemotherapy at the time.

Spontaneous Acute Bacterial ~; Systolic Arterial Blood Pressure
Adrenocortical Autoantibody; African American; Aggregated Albumin; [bacterial] Aggregative Adherence; Agranulocytic Angina; Alcohol Abuse ...

Perforation of the intestinal wall
~ (inflammation of the lining of the abdominal cavity) and infection
If not treated quickly, ~ can lead to death.
Diagnosis TOP ...

Swollen liver and spleen.
Granulomata in liver and spleen.
Cellulitis over the abdomen or in the leg.
Lesions vary from acute to chronic in the various forms of the disease.

The medical term for this is ~. Notify your pediatrician at once or contact a local hospital emergency department. While you wait to see the doctor, instruct your teen to lie down and be still. Any kind of movement, including coughing or taking a deep breath, can exacerbate the pain.

Right upper quadrant tenderness ++++
Localized ~
Murphy's sign (arrest of respiration with palpation of the right upper quadrant)
Low grade fever and tachycardia are variably present in cholecystitis.

Abdominal infections: ~, appendicitis, diverticulitis
Severe generalized infections ( sepsis) ...

Ileus ¬- Necrotizing enterocolitis ¬- Meconium ~
Integument and
temperature regulation
Erythema toxicum ¬- Sclerema neonatorum ...

Rupture of abdominal or thoracic aorta aneurysm
Ectopic pregnancy
Diabetic ketoacidosis
Myocardial infarction or heart attack
~ or inflammation of the membrane like layer within the abdomen
Perforation of the stomach wall due to a peptic ulcer ...

About one fifth of the patients who undergo surgery turn out to have a ruptured (perforated) appendix. This causes ~ or inflammation of the peritoneum, which is the membrane around the internal organs.

Bacteria and partially digested food can spill through the opening into the sterile abdominal cavity (peritoneum). This causes ~, an inflammation of the abdominal cavity and wall.

reaction to anesthesia
infection at the incision site
a leaky stomach or intestine that can lead to ~, an infection of the abdominal cavity
a blood clot in the lung
bowel obstruction ...

Left untreated, an inflamed appendix will eventually burst, or perforate, spilling infectious materials into the abdominal cavity. This can lead to ~, ...

Alimentary Canal, Antacid, Colonoscopy, Diverticulitis, Diverticulosis, Duodenum, Dysphagia, Esophagitis, Hydrochloric Acid, Motility, Peptic Ulcer, Peristalsis, ~, Reflux, Sigmoidoscopy
Your Guide to Heartburn & GERD ...

A ruptured appendix can be life-threatening. When the appendix ruptures, bacteria infect the organs inside the abdominal cavity, causing ~. The bacterial infection can spread very quickly and be difficult to treat if diagnosis is delayed.

This allows the normally harmless E. coli bacteria that live in the gut to get into the abdomen and cause infection. For example, ~, or an abdominal abscess can occur after a burst appendix, or following a stab wound to the abdomen.

It may occur in individual organs alone or in all areas of the human body that have lining tissue including the lungs (pleuritis), the heart (pericarditis), and/or in the inner lining of the abdomen (~).

A twisting of the stomach or large intestine. May be caused by the stomach being in the wrong position, a foreign substance, or abnormal joining of one part of the stomach or intestine to another. Volvulus can lead to blockage, perforation, ~, and poor blood flow.

Frequently, food residue gets lodged in diverticula, providing a good environment for bacteria to grow and multiply. In severe cases, bacterial infection may spread outside the colon into the abdominal space-a serious and potentially fatal condition called ~.

collection of fluid in the abdominal cavity (ascites); alteration to the brain function caused by toxins not removed by the liver (hepatic encephalopathy); bleeding from dilated veins in the oesophagus (oesophageal varices); infection in the ascitic fluid (spontaneous bacterial ~); ...

enlarged veins in the esophagus and upper stomach that may bleed (variceal hemorrhage)
impaired mental function due to buildup of toxins (hepatic encephalopathy)
infection of the abdominal lining (bacterial ~)
combined kidney and liver failure (hepatorenal syndrome) ...

The Tenckhoff catheter may be selected for cyclic chemotherapy. There are some complications associated with the Tenckhoff catheters, namely microbial ~ (infection in the peritoneum) and occlusion (blocking) of the catheter so that chemotherapy cannot be infused.

Complete obstruction occurs in up to half of patients, depending on the location of the tumor. Long-term survival rates are poorer for patients who have obstruction at the time of diagnosis. Perforation is a surgical emergency and may precipitate complications such as ~ and abscess ...

Infection of a bone (osteomyelitis) may restrict movement in the affected arm or leg. Joint infection may cause swelling, warmth, redness, and tenderness over the joint. Infection of the inside lining of the abdomen (~) may cause a swollen abdomen and bloody diarrhea.

See also: See also: What is the meaning of Surgery, Abdomen, Fever, Antibiotic, Vomiting?

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