The peritoneum is the membrane that lines the abdominal cavity and covers organs. When it becomes inflamed, the disease is called peritonitis.
Peritonitis is inflammation of the membranes of the abdominal wall and organs. Peritonitis may be caused by the rupture of infected organs such as the appendix or bowel. Symptoms include strong abdominal (stomach) pain.
Peritonitis - dialysis associated
Dialysis-associated peritonitis is inflammation of the lining of the abdominal cavity (peritoneum) that occurs in someone who receives peritoneal dialysis.
Peritonitis - dialysis associated
Alternate Names : Dialysis-associated peritonitis
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What is peritonitis?
Peritonitis is an infection caused by an inflammation of the lining of the abdominal cavity, known as the peritoneum.
Peritonitis is an inflammation or infection of the peritoneum. The peritoneum is a thin tissue lining that covers the inside of the abdominal cavity.
Related Category: Pathology
(pr´´tn´ts), acute or chronic inflammation of the peritoneum, the membrane that lines the abdominal cavity and surrounds the internal organs.
Peritonitis - spontaneous
Peritonitis - secondary
Peritonitis - dialysis associated
Peritonitis is an infection of the peritoneum, the thin lining of the abdominal wall that also covers the organs within the abdomen such as the stomach and liver.
Peritonitis requires prompt medical attention to fight the infection and, if necessary, to treat any underlying medical conditions. Treatment of peritonitis usually involves antibiotics and, in some cases, surgery.
1. Inflammation beginning in the deeper layer of the peritoneum which is next to the viscera or the abdominal wall.
more about Acute Peritonitis
Acute peritonitis is an inflammatory process within the abdominal cavity. It is usually due to a bacterial infection and is treated with antibiotics.
Symptoms of PERITONITIS
View symptom groups below that present with PERITONITIS
case studies and cohorts of patients with cirrhosis and chronic liver disease who were on proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) for a prolonged duration who were at significantly increased risk for the development of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis.
The area of a patient's peritoneal cavity is three times that of his skin, and is a huge area to become infected. So it is not surprising that the mortality from peritonitis is about 10%, even in good units.
pert nats noun inflammation of the peritoneum as a result of bacterial infection COMMENT Peritonitis ...
Definition Peritonitis is an inflammation of the membrane which lines the inside of the abdomen and all of the internal organs. This membrane is called the peritoneum.
Inflammation of the peritoneum (the lining of the abdominal cavity).
Persistent Generalized Lymphadenopathy (PGL) ...
Infection of the peritoneum.
High blood pressure in the portal vein, which carries blood into the liver. This is a common complication of cirrhosis.
Peritonitis is inflammation of the peritoneum. The peritoneum is the membrane which lines part of the abdominal cavity and some of the organs in the abdomen.
Peritonitis: Inflammation of abdominal area.
Pernicious Anśmia: Anśmia caused by vitamin B12 deficiency.
Pertussis: Whooping cough.
Definition The peritoneum is the tissue that lines the abdominal cavity that houses stomach, intestines and other organs.
Peritonitis: Peritonitis is inflammation of the peritoneal cavity. The most serious cause is perforation of the GI tract (see Acute Abdomen and Surgical Gastroenterology: Acute Perforation), ...
Peritonitis is an infection of the peritoneum that can develop in several ways. Many abdominal organs contain germs that do not occur elsewhere in the body. If they spill their contents into the peritoneum, infection is the result.
SYMPTOMS"Severe abdominal pain and tenderness, rigidity of the abdominal muscles, fever, rapid pulse, sunken eyes, vomiting, and a pinched expression of the face.
Peritonitis - spontaneous
Abdominal exploration is surgery to examine the contents of the abdomen. Surgery that opens the abdomen is called a laparotomy. Laparotomy may also be done to treat certain health problems and conditions.
Peritonitis: Symptoms and Treatments: BCM Dept of Surgery
AllRefer Health - Alcoholic Liver Disease (Cirrhosis or Hepatitis - Alcoholic, Laennec's Cirrhosis, Liver Disease due to Alcohol) ...
Peritonitis is an acute or chronic inflammation of the membrane (peritoneum) that lines the wall of the abdomen and covers the abdominal organs.
Peritonitis is an inflammation or infection of the peritoneum. The peritoneum is a thin tissue lining that covers the inside of the abdominal cavity. It also covers the outside of the intestines and other abdominal organs.
There are several types: ...
Stomach and Duodenal Ulcers (Peptic Ulcers)
Ulcerative Colitis ...
Peritonitis is also a medical emergency and is treated with surgery. If you have symptoms of peritonitis, you must be seen by your healthcare provider or go to the emergency room as soon as possible.
Peritonitis is a very serious abdominal infection. It may develop if the ulcer eats completely through the wall of the stomach or intestine.
What are the potential complications of abdominal swelling?
Peritonitis (inflammation of the lining of the abdominal cavity)
Perforation of the intestinal wall (rare)
Nausea, vomiting, bloating, or rectal irritation caused by the bowel cleanse prep and/or procedure ...
Peritonitis, which can occur if the infected or inflamed pouch ruptures, spilling intestinal contents into your abdominal cavity. This can cause an inflammation of the lining of your abdominal cavity (peritoneum).
Latin for Puerperal Peritonitis.
Example from an 1858 Church Record in MŁnster, Switzerland ...
Peritonitis is a medical emergency. If you or a family member develops signs of this abdominal infection, go to an emergency room immediately. Even with prompt treatment, peritonitis can be extremely serious.
Peritonitis, a painful infection of the abdominal cavity
Abscesses, which become "walled off" infections in the abdomen
Obstruction or blockages of the intestine ...
Inflammation of the peritoneal membrane, usually caused by infection.
When peritonitis occurs, the abdomen feels very tender. Pain often worsens when the area is touched or palpated. The abdomen may stick outward farther than normal and feel hard.
Acute peritonitis (inflammation of certain tissues in your abdomen)
Injuries of the cervical spine
Perforation of organs of the upper GI tract ...
Find the cause of fluid in the abdomen
Remove large amounts of fluid from the peritoneal space in people who have liver disease ...
To avoid peritonitis, you must be careful to follow the correct procedures exactly and learn to recognize the early signs-fever, unusual color or cloudiness of the used fluid, and redness or pain around the catheter.
Polymicrobial peritonitis including Pantoea agglomerans from teething ... by Jones, Deborah P. / Southern Medical Journal ...
A person with peritonitis may be extremely ill, with nausea, vomiting, fever, and severe abdominal tenderness.
I believe it's Peritonitis that is the immediate hazard when stuff goes rotten in the pockets. This seems a likely complication if the diverticulitis flare-upsd aren't managed by evacuation, successfully.
Prognosis is poor Bile Peritonitis Inflammation of the peritoneum which is caused by the escape of bile into the peritoneal cavity Bile Reflux Reflux of bile mainly into the upper digestive tract, ...
peritonitis Inflammation of the thin tissues that line the abdomen and the abdominal organs.
Deep ulcers can puncture holes in the bowel wall, leading to infection in the abdominal cavity (peritonitis) and in adjacent organs.
Inflarnmation of the lining of the abdominal cavity (peritoneums usually due to intestinal perforation.
The presence of several polyps.
Benign paroxysmal peritonitis
Familial paroxysmal polyserositis
Hereditary Periodic Fever Syndromes
Mediterranean Fever, Familial
Reimann periodic disease ...
Cirrhosis Complications: Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis
Cirrhosis Complications: Variceal Bleeding
Cirrhosis: Beta-Blockers for Portal Hypertension and Varices
Cirrhosis: Sodium and Ascites
Cirrhosis: Surgical Shunts for Portal Hypertension ...
What Are the Most Common Peritonitis Symptoms?
What Is Quincke's Edema?
What Are the Common Causes of Umbilical Bleeding?
What Is the Meningitis Incubation Period?
How Do I Overcome a Fear of Sharks?
What Is a Helping Behavior?
Benign Paroxysmal Peritonitis
Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo
Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV)
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) Urinary Symptoms, How Bad are Your ...
Abdominal tap can also help diagnose infection (peritonitis) or may be used after traumatic injury to look for bleeding.
A variety of inflammatory conditions within the abdomen may present with nausea and vomiting including cholecystitis, appendicitis, pancreatitis, inflammatory bowel disease, cholangitis and peritonitis.
Those with peritonitis (e.g. appendicitis) prefer to lie very still as any motion causes further peritoneal irritation and pain.
peritonitis, an inflammation usually caused by an infection of the lining of the abdomen
urinary tract infection
hernia, or a bulging of internal organs or tissues through an abnormal opening in the muscle wall
menstrual cramping ...
A colonoscopy can perforate the inflamed and infected diverticula, and cause peritonitis.
A barium enema X-ray involves placing a fluid containing barium (a substance that shows up on X-rays) into your bowel via your rectum.
Although patients doing Continuous Cycler-assisted Peritoneal Dialysis and Nocturnal Intermittent Peritoneal Dialysis at night with the help of a cycler handle the catheter much less, there is still a chance of peritonitis, ...
POMS, Diisocyanate, Tolylene, Disopyramide Phosphate (1:1), (R)-Isomer, Enterocolitis, Necrotizing, Family Size, Expected, Feline infectious peritonitis virus, Ganglia, Basal, Heart Volumes, Hydrolase, Acetylcholine, Hypha, Inactivators, Complement 1, ...
In cases of untreated appendicitis, the appendix can rupture, spilling pus and infective material into the abdomen and causing a serious condition called peritonitis.
Appendicitis can cause a medical emergency that requires the prompt removal of this tissue to prevent a fatal condition called peritonitis.
The resulting infection and inflammation creates a serious situation known as peritonitis. Peritonitis is the name used when large parts of the abdominal cavity are inflamed.
Clostridium sordellii [klo-strid-ee-um sore-dell-ee-I] is a rare bacterium that causes pneumonia, endocarditis, arthritis, peritonitis, and myonecrosis.
Infections may cause a condition called peritonitis, which occurs when the abdominal lining becomes inflamed. If the appendix ruptures, the patient may start to feel better.
Complications include hemorrhage, bile peritonitis, penetration of viscera, and pneumothorax. Rarely, death occurs as a direct result of liver biopsy (0.009%-0.12%).
Severe flare-ups can involve high fever, intolerable abdominal pain, and peritonitis. If the inflammation is located higher in the colon, frequent stooling (as many as 20 a day) can occur.
Obtain a medical history, noting GI or biliary disorders that may cause peritonitis or ascites, such as cirrhosis, hepatitis, or inflammatory bowel disease. (See Detecting ascites, page 4.) Also, note chronic constipation.
Infection that spreads into the abdominal cavity is called peritonitis. Peritonitis requires immediate surgery to clean the abdominal cavity and remove the damaged part of the colon. Without surgery, peritonitis can be fatal.
Untreated, PID can cause infertility and can also lead to chronic infection or even peritonitis.
Pelvic pain is a common complaint among women. Its nature and intensity may fluctuate, and its cause is often obscure.
Rupture of the appendix may further lead to either abscess (pus filled cavity) around appendix or a more critical condition called peritonitis which is inflammation of the lining of the abdominal wall.
Patients may also develop abdominal infections (called peritonitis) due to the intestinal complications of ETL. Peritonitis in these patients is often fatal, especially if patients are immune suppressed from chemotherapy at the time.
Spontaneous Acute Bacterial Peritonitis; Systolic Arterial Blood Pressure
Adrenocortical Autoantibody; African American; Aggregated Albumin; [bacterial] Aggregative Adherence; Agranulocytic Angina; Alcohol Abuse ...
Perforation of the intestinal wall
Peritonitis (inflammation of the lining of the abdominal cavity) and infection
If not treated quickly, peritonitis can lead to death.
Diagnosis TOP ...
On October 3, 1995 I entered the hospital with an acute case of perforated diverticulitis, and peritonitis. The peritonitis, a severe infection in the abdomen, was trying to destroy my organs. As a result of this I ended up having a colostomy.
Granulomata in liver and spleen.
Cellulitis over the abdomen or in the leg.
Lesions vary from acute to chronic in the various forms of the disease.
Ulcers (Gastric and Duodenal)
Tonsillitis (especially in young children)
Excessive intake of contaminated food ...
Acute abdominal pain may require urgent surgery such as for a twisted ovarian cyst, ectopic pregnancy, intestinal obstruction, appendicitis, peritonitis, perforated peptic ulcer, perforated diverticulitis, or abdominal aortic aneurysm.
An infection inside the abdomen known as peritonitis occurs when the appendix perforates.
How often does appendicitis occur?
Most cases of appendicitis occur when a child/young adult is between the ages of 6 and 20.
The medical term for this is peritonitis. Notify your pediatrician at once or contact a local hospital emergency department. While you wait to see the doctor, instruct your teen to lie down and be still.
Right upper quadrant tenderness ++++
Murphy's sign (arrest of respiration with palpation of the right upper quadrant)
Low grade fever and tachycardia are variably present in cholecystitis.
Abdominal infections: peritonitis, appendicitis, diverticulitis
Severe generalized infections ( sepsis) ...
Ileus ¬- Necrotizing enterocolitis ¬- Meconium peritonitis
Erythema toxicum ¬- Sclerema neonatorum ...
A normally saprophytic mitosporic Chaetothyriales fungal genus. Infections in humans include phaeohyphomycosis, peritonitis, and chromoblastomycosis. Exophiala jeanselmei (previously Phialophora jeanselmei) is an etiological agent of maduromycosis.
Myocardial infarction or heart attack
Peritonitis or inflammation of the membrane like layer within the abdomen
Perforation of the stomach wall due to a peptic ulcer ...
About one fifth of the patients who undergo surgery turn out to have a ruptured (perforated) appendix. This causes peritonitis or inflammation of the peritoneum, which is the membrane around the internal organs.
Bacteria and partially digested food can spill through the opening into the sterile abdominal cavity (peritoneum). This causes peritonitis, an inflammation of the abdominal cavity and wall.
reaction to anesthesia
infection at the incision site
a leaky stomach or intestine that can lead to peritonitis, an infection of the abdominal cavity
a blood clot in the lung
bowel obstruction ...
Also, people on peritoneal dialysis sometimes get hyperlipidemia (high levels of certain fatty substances in the blood) or peritonitis (an infection in the belly).
If not treated by surgical removal (appendicectomy) of the appendix, appendicitis may progress to cause an abscess, or generalised peritonitis. Recurrent pains in the lower abdomen might also be expected.
Left untreated, an inflamed appendix will eventually burst, or perforate, spilling infectious materials into the abdominal cavity. This can lead to peritonitis, ...
Alimentary Canal, Antacid, Colonoscopy, Diverticulitis, Diverticulosis, Duodenum, Dysphagia, Esophagitis, Hydrochloric Acid, Motility, Peptic Ulcer, Peristalsis, Peritonitis, Reflux, Sigmoidoscopy
Your Guide to Heartburn & GERD ...
If you have appendicitis, your pain will increase when the doctor suddenly releases the pressure after gently pressing on your lower right belly area. If you have peritonitis, touching the belly area may cause a spasm of the muscles.
When the appendix ruptures, bacteria infect the organs inside the abdominal cavity, causing peritonitis. The bacterial infection can spread very quickly and be difficult to treat if diagnosis is delayed.
coli bacteria that live in the gut to get into the abdomen and cause infection. For example, peritonitis, or an abdominal abscess can occur after a burst appendix, or following a stab wound to the abdomen.
It may occur in individual organs alone or in all areas of the human body that have lining tissue including the lungs (pleuritis), the heart (pericarditis), and/or in the inner lining of the abdomen (peritonitis).
gets lodged in diverticula, providing a good environment for bacteria to grow and multiply. In severe cases, bacterial infection may spread outside the colon into the abdominal space-a serious and potentially fatal condition called peritonitis.
See also: Surgery, Abdomen, Fever, Antibiotic, Antibiotics