1. Stricture of the lacrimal duct.
Spinal Stenosis Health Center
Spinal stenosis occurs when the spinal cord in the neck (cervical spine) or the spinal nerve roots in the lower back (lumbar spine) are compressed.
The pathway in the human body in which the spinal cord and nerves run through is called the spinal canal. When the spinal canal narrows it will increase the pressure that is put on the nerves. This condition is called spinal stenosis.
The aorta is the main artery carrying blood out of the heart. When blood leaves the heart, it flows through the aortic valve, into the aorta. In aortic stenosis, the aortic valve does not open fully. This decreases blood flow from the heart.
Alternate Names : Pseudo-claudication, Central spinal stenosis, Foraminal spinal stenosis
(Mitral Valve ~-Child)
by Marjorie Montemayor-Quellenberg, MA and Marjorie M. Montemayor, MA ...
The most common cause of aortic ~ is age-associated degeneration and calcification of the aortic valve, which often causes symptoms in elderly patients.
Aortic ~ is the abnormal narrowing of the aortic valve. Symptoms include breathlessness, fainting, coughing at night and pains in the chest (from angina). Treatment includes medications and surgery.
In boys the meatus is the opening through which urine passes. Sometimes, particularly in circumcised boys, irritation of the tip of the penis causes scar tissue to form around the meatus, making it smaller.
Sometimes the opening of the penis where urine passes can become blocked and can cause various problems with urination. The following information should help you understand this condition and how it can be treated.
What is meatal ~?
Spinal ~ Guide
Cary Cook BSN RN
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Mitral ~ -- Adult
Mitral ~ -- Adult
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Overview, Causes, & Risk Factors
Symptoms & Signs
Diagnosis & Tests
Prevention & Expectations
Treatment & Monitoring
Medical Specialties: Family practice, Orthopedics, Physical medicine & rehab
Clinical Definition ...
Pyloric ~: Incidence, age and sex
It is more often seen in boys than girls, with a ratio of 4:1. The diagnosis is often made by the time the child is 6 months old. It is not a very common condition in the general population.
Signs and symptoms of pyloric ~: Diagnosis ...
Pyloric ~ can contribute to:
malnutrition: food does not move into the small intestine where it would normally be digested and used by the body
dehydration: a baby with this condition is at an increased risk for dehydration due to frequent vomiting ...
When ~ occurs in the lower back, it is called lumbar spinal ~. It often results from the normal aging process. As people age, the soft tissues and bones in the spine may harden or become overgrown.
Dacryo~, or ~ of the tear duct, is a congenital blockage of the tear duct, occurring in approximately 5% of babies. In these infants, the opening of the tear duct, a passage that drains tears from the eyes into the nose, fails to open before birth.
Aortic ~ is narrowing of the aortic valve, impeding delivery of blood from the heart to the body.
Aortic ~ can be caused by congenital bicuspid aortic valve, scarred aortic valve of rheumatic fever, and wearing of aortic valve in the elderly.
Mitral ~ is a heart valve disorder that involves the mitral valve. This valve separates the upper and lower chambers on the left side of the heart. ~ refers to a condition in which the valve does not open fully, restricting blood flow.
Spinal ~, a condition that causes narrowing around the spinal cord and nerves.
In spinal ~, one or more areas in the spine narrow - especially in the upper or lower back - putting pressure on the spinal cord or on the roots of these branching nerves.
Aortic ~ (AS) is narrowing of the aortic valve obstructing blood flow from the left ventricle to the ascending aorta during systole. Causes include a congenital bicuspid valve, idiopathic degenerative sclerosis with calcification, and rheumatic fever.
Aortic ~ may be present from birth (congenital), or it may develop later in life (acquired). Children with aortic ~ may have other congenital conditions.
Spinal ~ is a condition in which the spinal canal narrows and pinches the nerves, resulting in back and leg pain.
Aortic ~ refers to a condition that causes obstruction to blood flow between the left ventricle and the aorta. There are a variety of causes, including muscular obstruction below the aortic valve, obstruction at the valve itself, or aortic narrowing immediately above the valve.
Aortic ~ means that when the aortic valve opens, it does not open fully. It is narrowed (stenosed) when it is open. Therefore, there is a partial restriction of blood flow from the left ventricle into the aorta.
Spinal ~ is a narrowing of the open spaces within your spine, which can put pressure on your spinal cord and the nerves that travel through the spine. Spinal ~ occurs most often in the neck and lower back.
Mitral ~ restricts the flow of blood into your left ventricle and your aortic ~ restricts the flow of blood out of your ventricle, causing the ventricle itself to become small and stiff, with thickened walls.
Pyloric ~ happens when the muscle below the stomach is thick and tight. Food cannot pass easily from the stomach to the intestine.
Signs and symptoms of pyloric ~
The symptoms of pyloric ~ usually appear between 2 and 6 weeks of life but may occur later.
Tracheal ~ occurs because of damage to endotracheal tissue that causes cicatricial ~.
Preventable tracheal ~ by de V. van Niekerk, J.P. / South African Medical Journal ...
Pulmonary ~, also known as pulmonary valve ~, is a rare disorder of the heart's pulmonary valve that slows or restricts the flow of blood from the heart to the lungs.
In pulmonary ~, the flow of blood from the right ventricle to the pulmonary artery is obstructed by narrowing at the pulmonary valve. The greater the constriction, the harder the right ...
Aqueductal ~ (AS) is a the most common cause of congenital obstructive hydrocephalus, but can also be seen in adults as an acquired abnormality.
Aortic valve ~ is a narrowing of the aortic valve. The aortic valve allows blood to flow from the heart's lower left chamber (ventricle) into the aorta and to the body. ~ prevents the valve from opening properly, forcing the heart to work harder to pump blood through the valve.
Renal artery ~ is the narrowing of one or both renal arteries. 'Renal' means 'kidney' and '~' means 'narrowing.' The renal arteries are blood vessels that carry blood to the kidneys from the aorta-the main blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to arteries throughout the body.
Mitral Valve ~
The heart is a beating muscle that pumps blood throughout the body. Inside the heart, four valves direct blood flow in the appropriate path. However, a valve that has become narrowed or thickened can compromise blood flow.
Laryngotracheal ~ (Laryngo-: Glottic ~; Subglottic ~; Tracheal: narrowings at different levels of the windpipe) is a more accurate description for this condition when compared, ...
Congenital Aortic ~
Heart Valve Disease ...
Supravalvar aortic ~ (usually membranous) sometimes associated with pulmonary valvular or peripheral arterial ~ but with normal facies and mentality; autosomal dominant inheritance.
Compare: Williams syndrome.
Lumbar spinal canal ~ is not the same as a ruptured disk. A ruptured or "herniated" disk usually pinches 1 or 2 nerves at a time. The pain caused by a ruptured disk in the lumbar spine is usually easy to diagnose and is known as sciatica.
~ is cardiac disorder in which one or multiple valves of the heart are narrow. This narrowing will then cause the respective valve(s) to open incorrectly, restricting blood flow not only though the heart, but to the rest of your body.
The narrowing or constriction of a blood vessel or valve in the heart.
A disease of the heart muscle that causes it to lose its pumping strength.
~ - The opening of the valve is too narrow, and this interferes with the forward flow of blood
Regurgitation - The valve doesn't close properly. It leaks, sometimes causing a significant backflow of blood.
~ (narrowing) - if the aortic valve becomes narrowed and obstructs the blood flowing through it, or
regurgitation (leaking) - if the aortic valve leaks and blood flows back through the it into the left ventricle. This is also known as incompetence or a leaking valve.
~ (or narrowing of the valve). The valve(s) opening becomes narrowed, limiting the flow of blood out of the ventricles or atria. The heart is forced to pump blood with increased force in order to move blood through the narrowed or stiff (stenotic) valve(s).
A swelling, constriction or narrowing of a duct or passage. See PV ~.
(~, Aortic-Child; AS-Child)
by Michelle Badash, MS and Rebecca J. Stahl, MA
Restenosis of a Stent-Widened Coronary Artery
The illustration shows the re~ of a stent-widened coronary artery. In
figure A, the expanded stent compresses plaque, allowing normal blood flow.
Spinal ~ is a narrowing of the spinal canal. The spinal canal is located within the backbone. It is a small space that holds the nerve roots and spinal cord. If this space becomes smaller, it can squeeze the nerves and the spinal cord.
Spinal ~ - a condition that causes a narrowing of the canal that holds the spinal cord and many nerve roots. This may cause pressure on the sciatic nerve.
Spondylolisthesis - a condition where one vertebra slips forward over another vertebra causing pressure on the sciatic nerve.
Airway ~ (Laryngotracheal ~)
A narrowing of the airway can lead to wheezing, hoarseness and shortness of breath.
Alcoholic Hepatitis ...
Narrowing of Mitral Valve
Obstruction of Blood Flow Mitral Valve ...
etk ste nss noun a condition in which the aortic valve is narrow caused by rheumatic fever
aortic valve ...
Also called lumbar spinal ~, this condition is characterized by the abnormal narrowing of the upper or lower spinal canal. This narrowing puts pressure on the spinal cord and the sciatic nerve roots.
This is a narrowing of the opening in the mitral valve. It restricts blood flow through your heart.
Aortic ~ (AS). In AS, the aortic valve between the left ventricle and the aorta did not form properly and is narrowed. This makes it difficult for the heart to pump blood to the body.
Aortic ~ accounts for approximately 5 percent of all CHD. Aortic ~ is a narrowing of the aortic valve. The aorta is the large artery that supplies oxygen-rich blood to the body. The aortic valve is within the heart's left ventricle and acts as the entrance to the aorta.
Mitral ~ (MS):
Heard best towards the axilla
Can be accentuated by having the patient role onto their left side while you listen with the bell of your sthethescope.
Associated with a soft, low pitched sound preceding the murmur, called the opening snap.
The scarring around a patient's duodenal ulcer sometimes obstructs his pylorus, especially if he does not have his earlier ulcer symptoms treated. He may come to you saying that he has been vomiting for days or weeks.
~ (tightness) happens when the leaflets do not open wide enough and only a small amount of blood can flow through the valve. ~ occurs when the leaflets thicken, stiffen, or fuse together.
A constriction or narrowing of a duct or passage; a stricture. [Heritage]
~, Mitral Valve
Stents for Heart Attack and Unstable Angina
Stress Echocardiogram ...
~: narrowing or tightening of an opening or passage in the body.
STEROID: a family of substances that share a similar chemical structure, including certain hormones (e.g., testosterone) and various drugs.
Aortic ~ - Symptoms, Treatment Of Aortic Valve ~
Aortic ~ ...
Aortic ~, JPEG, Deficiency Disease, HDL Lipoprotein, Delayed Nidations, Diphosphatidylglycerols, Endorphin, gamma, Endothelium Derived Vasoconstrictor Factor Receptors, Erythrocyte Survival, Extracts, Pancreatic, Fever, Yellow, Guanosinetriphosphatases, Human Immune-Response Antigens, ...
Spinal ~ (a narrowing of the spinal canal that presses on the spinal cord or nerves)
Spondylitis (infection or inflammation of the spinal joints) ...
A stiffening of the aortic valve (the valve between the left ventricle and the aorta).
A stiffening of the pulmonary (or pulmonic) valve (the valve between the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery).
bicuspid aortic valve ...
Spinal ~ - narrowing of the spinal column
What the risks are
There is low radiation exposure. X-ray machines are checked on a regular basis to make sure they are as safe as possible. Most experts feel that the risk is low compared with the benefits.
Spinal ~ online factsheet, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Christer, P.O. Carlsson, MD, PhD, et al. Acupuncture for Chronic Low Back Pain: A Randomized Placebo-Controlled Study with Long-Term Follow-up. The Clinical Journal of Pain 2001:17:296-305.
Pyloric ~ will need to be corrected by surgery, and recovery will be complete. Vomiting in a child under four can also be due to intussusception where one part of the bowel is telescoped into another.
Pyloric ~ is an obstruction in the intestine due to a larger-than-normal size of the muscle fibers of the pylorus (lower stomach opening). Pyloric ~ is a common hereditary condition that affects males more than females, and occurs in one per 750 births.
Pyloric ~: Pyloric ~ is a rare condition that occurs when babies are born with abnormally large muscles at the opening at the bottom of the stomach (pylorus). The pylorus connects the stomach to the small intestine.
cervical ~ (a cervix that is very narrow or closed)
abnormal cervical mucus
cervicitis, which is inflammation or infection of the cervix
In rare cases, a woman's body is allergic to sperm and destroys it.
Cervical ~ is a blockage of the cervical canal from either a congenital defect or from complications of surgical procedures.
Causes and Development ...
Carotid ~: Abnormal narrowing of the carotid artery, often a preamble to a stroke.
Renal Artery ~
Coronary Angioplasty And Rotablator Atherectomy Trial; Coronary Artery Risk Assessment And Treatment ...
Renal artery ~ (narrowing of the arteries leading to your kidneys)
Adrenal gland disease (Cushing's disease) or adrenal tumors
Preeclampsia (hypertension and increased urine protein levels sometimes caused by pregnancy)
Thyroid disease ...
Lumbar canal ~ (LCS) is the narrowing of the spinal canal or the tunnels through which nerves and other structures communicate with that canal.
I have spinal ~ in my neck along with bone spurs. I am 35 yrs. old. Pain management helped me a lot. I had an RFA done over a year ago and have been pretty much pain free. The epidural injections didn't work for me but the Radio Frequency Ablation did. Ask about it; it works! ...
Fixed coronary ~
Acute plaque change (rupture, hemorrhage)
Coronary artery thrombosis ...
A gamma camera measures the dye and generates an image of the biliary system and gallbladder Biliary ~ Narrowing or constriction of a bile duct Biliary Stricture A narrowing of the biliary tract from scar tissue.
Renovascular hypertension results from ~, or narrowing, of one or both renal arteries. Alternative names include renal hypertension; hypertension - renovascular ...
The pathologic narrowing of a body opening, a hollow tube, or the digestive tract.
The alcohol form of a steroid.
An artificial opening. For example, an opening in the abdominal wall created by surgery.
When papillary ~ is present, endoscopic sphincterotomy may provide symptomatic relief of pain and jaundice in some, but not all patients [Cello, 1995].
Symptomatic spinal ~
Systemic lupus erythematosus and Pregnancy ...
(36 causes), Throat white patches (16 causes), Throat clearing (16 causes), Throat ulcers (19 causes), Post-nasal drip (41 causes), Dry throat (30 causes), Enlarged adenoids (7 causes), High arched palate (242 causes), Larynx symptoms (231 causes), Tracheal Deviation (15 causes), Tracheal ~ ...
Elective Stention of Symptomatic Basilar Artery ~. Stoke, 2000; 31:95-99.
Sacco RL, Elkind MS. Update on Antiplatelet Therapy for Stroke Prevention. Arch Intern Med, 2000; 160: 1579-1582.
Muir KW, Roberts M. Thrombolytic Therapy for Stroke.
alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder, alpha-fetoprotein test, amniocentesis, anemia, anovulation, ARBD, ARND, artificial insemination, asthenospermia, asthma, autoimmune disorders, birth control pills, birth defects, breech birth, breech presentation, cervical dilator, cervical ~, ...
Chlorpheniramine maleate Chlorpheniramine maleate and phenylpropanolamine hcl Chlorpromazine Chlorpromazine hcl Chlorpromazine hcl intensol Chlorpropamide Chlorpyrifos Chlortetracycline Chlorthalidone Chlorzoxazone Choa Chu Kang Polyclinic Choana Choanae Choanal Choanal atresia Choanal ~ ...
Pancreas divisum associated with minor papilla ~ causing recurrent pancreatitis. Because pancreas divisum is relatively common in general population, it is best regarded as variant of normal anatomy and not necessarily as cause of pancreatitis.
I have been diagnosed with spinal ~, arachnoiditis, facet disease, degenerative disc disease, arthritis, severe depression, migrain headaches, postoperative seroma and I have a remote hematoma. I have also had carpal tunnel surgery.
Meatal ~ - where the opening of the urethra becomes narrowed which makes it hard to pass urine. This is rare and should not happen with good post-circumcision care.
Excessive skin, skin bridging, stitch sinus are other rare problems that can occur and may need surgery to repair.
Osteoarthritis/spinal ~ - This is characterized by the constriction or narrowing of the vertebral canal, the space that surrounds the spinal column. ...
Complex Spinal Fusion for ~
With spinal fusion, a surgeon places bone grafts that "weld" two or more vertebrae together to prevent motion and stop pain.
The size of the kidneys and, in expert hands, the Doppler sonography of the renal arteries can help in evaluating narrowing of the arteries (~).
The Carotid Doppler Ultrasound Scan may be reported as normal, meaning normal blood flow and no evidence of carotid ~ (narrowing).
When there is some narrowing of the vessel, this usually reported in terms of a percentage, for example “70% ~'.
A form of cardiovascular disease called supravalvular aortic ~ (SVAS) occurs frequently in people with Williams syndrome. Supravalvular aortic ~ is a narrowing of the large blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the rest of the body (the aorta).
Tracheostomal ~ requiring stenting with laryngectomy tubes or further surgery
Dysphagia secondary to upper esophageal stricture after total laryngectomy, necessitating dilatation
Aspiration after partial laryngectomy, necessitating complete laryngectomy or tracheotomy ...
My mother-in-law was recenty diagnosed with severe aortic valve ~. She has developed bleeding somewhere in her digestive tract, causing severe anemia. Her cousin visited her at the hospital and promptly diagnosed her with celiac because she had a stool test that diagnosed her.
See also: What is the meaning of Stress, Heart Disease, Smoking, Aortic stenosis, Feeding?