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Thymoma

Disease  Thymic carcinoma  Thyroid cancer

Thymoma: Overview
Thymomas are rare tumors of the thymus gland. Rarely, other tumors such as lymphomas, leukemias and germ cell tumors can be found in the thymus gland. The commonest age to be diagnosed with a thymoma is between 40 and 60 years.


Thymoma and Thymic Carcinoma
(Also Called 'Malignant Thymoma', 'Thymus Cancer')
Thymoma and thymic carcinoma are diseases in which malignant (cancer) cells form on the outside surface of the thymus.

Thymoma and thymic carcinoma
This information is about tumours that affect the thymus gland.
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About thymoma
Cancer begins when normal cells change and grow uncontrollably, forming a mass called a tumor. A tumor can be benign (noncancerous) or malignant (cancerous, meaning it can spread to other parts of the body).

Thymoma and Thymic Carcinoma Treatment
[ patient ] [ health professional ]
Metastatic Cancer
Clinical Trials
Information and current news about clinical trials and trial-related data ...

Most mediastinal tumors in adults occur in the anterior mediastinum and are usually cancerous (malignant) lymphomas or thymomas. These tumors are most common in people ages 30 - 50.
Pictures & Images
Lungs ...

Thymoma
Main article: thymoma
Most common primary anterior mediastinal tumor (20%) in adults but rarely seen in children.

Thymoma and Thymic Carcinoma Treatment
General Information About Thymoma and Thymic Carcinoma
Thymoma and thymic carcinoma are diseases in which malignant (cancer) cells form on the outside surface of the thymus.

Thymoma and Paraneoplastic Myasthenia
Thymoma and paraneoplastic myasthenia gravis. Autoimmunity. 2010 Aug;43(5-6):413-27… more…
[Autoimmune Polyendocrine Syndrome Type… ...

Thymoma
Our experts provide a thorough evaluation and personalized treatment for patients diagnosed with thymoma.
Thyroid Cancer ...

Thymoma
A tumour of the thymus gland, an organ that is part of the lymphatic system and is in the chest, behind the breastbone.
Thymus ...

Thymoma
Tumor in the thymus, a lymph organ located in the chest.
Tissue
Collection of cells of the same type. There are 4 basic tissue types in the body: epithelial, connective, muscle and nerve.

Thymoma - mediastinal; Lymphoma - mediastinal
Updated by: Benjamin Medoff, MD, Assistant Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Pulmonary and Critical Care Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital.

Definition Thymomas are the most common tumor of the thymus. Description The thymus is located in the upper chest just below the neck. It is a small organ that produces certain types of white blood cells before birth and during childhood.

Individuals with thymoma only or MG-related thymoma will require regular, detailed follow-up examinations and possible chemotherapy or radiotherapy.

Also called type C thymoma.
Permalink for thymic carcinoma
thymidine A chemical compound found in DNA. Also used as treatment for mucositis.
Permalink for thymidine ...

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Thymoma and Thymic Carcinoma Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Health Professional Information [NCI]
Thymoma and Thymic Carcinoma Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI]
Thyroid and Parathyroid Ultrasound - Medical Test ...

My 67-year-old wife has been diagnosed with what appears to be a thymoma according to her CT and PET scans. We have seen doctors at Moffitt in FL, where we live and a thoracic surgeon at Sloan-Kettering and M.D. Anderson.

Critical pathologic evaluation of mediastinal tumors is essential, because a variety of neoplasms with specific therapeutic implications can arise in this location (eg, mediastinal germ cell tumor, lymphoma, thymoma).

The cause is not known but it tends to develop in some people who have a thymoma (a growth of the thymus gland), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) - also known as lupus - or thyrotoxicosis (overactive thyroid).

Chest CT scan is done to investigate the thymus as 10 per cent of patients with MG have a tumour of the thymus (a thymoma) that is usually benign.

In the 15 percent of people with myasthenia gravis who have a thymoma, the tumor needs to be removed due to its potential transformation into a malignancy.

Thymectomy Trial in Non-Thymomatous MG Patients Receiving Prednisone Therapy
This trial determines if thymectomy combined with prednisone therapy is more beneficial in treating non-thymomatous MG than prednisone therapy alone ...

Some people with myasthenia gravis turn out to have a thymoma (a tumour in the thymus). This is a type of cancer, but very few people die of thymomas (see "Treatment and Prevention").
Symptoms and Complications of Myasthenia Gravis ...

Examples of ectopic sites include thymoma, medullary carcinoma of the thyroid, pheochromocytoma, islet cell tumours of the pancreas and oat cell carcinoma of the lung.

Pemphigus vulgaris may be occurs in patients due to other autoimmune diseases, particularly myasthenia gravis and thymoma.
Pemphigus may also be occur due to reactions to medications, although this is rare.

However, some people with myasthenia gravis have an enlarged thymus gland or a tumour in the thymus gland called a thymoma, which is usually benign (non-cancerous), and this is thought to be involved.

A rare tumor of the thymus gland called a "thymoma"
Symptoms affect many muscles
How does JMG affect chewing and swallowing?

Family members with pemphigus
A history of having autoimmune diseases, such as myasthenia gravis , lupus , or thymoma
Age: middle to late adulthood
Jewish or Mediterranean descent
Regular use of certain drugs, including: ...

Cancer Chemotherapy
Radiation therapy
Pregnancy
Some forms may be associated with thymomas (the types that only affect red blood cells) ...

Myasthenia can occur in association with other autoimmune diseases most commonly thyroid disease, rheumatoid arthritis, and diabetes. A thymoma in the chest cavity is another association.
How is myasthenia gravis treated?

A thymectomy needs to be performed when a child has a thymoma, a rare tumor of the thymus.

sarcoidosis - a condition that causes small, fleshy, swellings in the tissue around organs, usually in the liver, lungs, and spleen
thymoma - a tumor of the thymus gland (located behind the breastbone, the thymus is part of the immune system) ...

Tensilon test-a dose of a medication called edrophonium chloride is given, which will briefly improve muscle weakness
CT or MRI scan of the chest-to look for a tumor of the thymus gland (thymoma) ...

Clinical manifestations may include diplopia, ptosis, and weakness of facial, bulbar, respiratory, and proximal limb muscles. The disease may remain limited to the ocular muscles. THYMOMA is commonly associated with this condition. (Adams et al.

In the nitrite-supplemented diet study only, the incidence of benign lymphocytic thymoma was increased in all treated groups of females. It was not determined if the nitrosated product is systemically absorbed.

See also: See also: Cancer, Tumor, Surgery, Carcinoma, Asthenia

Disease  Thymic carcinoma  Thyroid cancer

 
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