The Smithfield dogs, as they were called, had thick coats that had suited them well back in London, but that weighed too heavy on them in Australia. Ranchers complained as well that the Smithfields bit too hard and barked too much, making their cattle anxious and prone to lower weights.
Dogs the settlers brought with them from Europe, called Smithfield and the Old Smooth Collie (not the smooth collie known today), were not able to handle the long distances and inhospitable climate of the new continent. So ranchers began experimenting with new crosses.
The Black Bobtail, and other breeds such as the Smithfield Collie, would run and bark after the cattle, scaring them and working the meat off of them, and essentially, working themselves down to nothing. Surviving in such intense heat was difficult for a breed from a different country.
First there was an unsuccessful attempt to cross Smithfield with Dingo in 1830 - the red short-tailed dogs, though worked in silence, were biting the cattle too hard. The dogs, bred by crossing the Rough Collie with the Bull Terrier were also rejected.
Ranchers began with British shepherd dogs called Smithfields that were brought to Australia by colonists in the 1800s. The Smithfield was big, black, and bobtailed and had a long rough coat.
The first claims it to be Thomas Simpson Hall, who crossed herding dogs from the north of England, Smithfields, with indigenous Australian dingoes to create the first antipodean sheepdog, Hall’s Heeler, around 1830.
Originally developed to herd cattle on large ranches, the Australian Cattle Dog was constructed from a mix of breeds like the Smithfield and the Old Smooth Collie. Pioneer settlers in the 19th century brought dogs with them from Europe and began to experiment with new crosses.
The breed originated in Australia from cross breeding a dingo with a Smithfield and until 1988 the dog was not recognized as a true breed. The loyal and energetic Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog stands at 17 to 20 inches and weighs 35 to 50 pounds.
First there was the crossing of the dingo with an English breed of dog, the Smithfield, and the progeny from these were crossed with the smooth-coated blue merle Collie (commonly referred to today as the German Coolie).
The origins of the breed began with a cross between the dingo (Australia's native wild dog) and a now-extinct British herding dog called the Smithfield Collie.
For the Australian Cattle Dog it all started in the nineteenth century when the English settlers made their way to Australia. They had livestock to look after and the dogs they brought with them, called Smithfield - the Old Smooth Collie, not the one we know today - didn´t adapt to the hot, ...
Australia, from crossing the Australian Dingo, Smooth-haired Blue Merle Collie, and either Northern English herding dogs or Smithfields
herding cattle ...
Gilsland Show results
Hexham Courant, United Kingdom - Aug 8, 2008
The Black Fell Terrier cup for best terrier other than Jack Russell or Border: Wendy Wright, Bertie. Tractors: 1, Daniel Little, Smithfield. ...
Both red and blue Stumpy Tails are extremely faithful and tireless workers. They are not Australian Cattle Dogs with docked tails, but are cousins to that breed, and both share a similar history. They are a cross of the Smithfield and Dingo, accomplished by a drover named Tim-mons.
See also: What is the meaning of Breed, Breeder, Collie, Dingo, Puppy?