The Smithfield dogs, as they were called, had thick coats that had suited them well back in London, but that weighed too heavy on them in Australia.
Dogs the settlers brought with them from Europe, called Smithfield and the Old Smooth Collie (not the smooth collie known today), were not able to handle the long distances and inhospitable climate of the new continent.
The Black Bobtail, and other breeds such as the Smithfield Collie, would run and bark after the cattle, scaring them and working the meat off of them, and essentially, working themselves down to nothing.
It began when Smithfields were originally used in Australia for herding cattle, but they were noisy and bit too hard, so they were bred with the Dingo, or wild dog prevalent in Australia, and were then called "Timmins Biters," which were quieter, ...
The most popular working dog used by the early drovers was a breed brought out from England known as the Smithfield, a breed that eventually became one of the ancestors of the Australian Cattle Dog.
First there was an unsuccessful attempt to cross Smithfield with Dingo in 1830 - the red short-tailed dogs, though worked in silence, were biting the cattle too hard.
Ranchers began with British shepherd dogs called Smithfields that were brought to Australia by colonists in the 1800s. The Smithfield was big, black, and bobtailed and had a long rough coat.
The first claims it to be Thomas Simpson Hall, who crossed herding dogs from the north of England, Smithfields, with indigenous Australian dingoes to create the first antipodean sheepdog, Hall’s Heeler, around 1830.
Originally developed to herd cattle on large ranches, the Australian Cattle Dog was constructed from a mix of breeds like the Smithfield and the Old Smooth Collie.
First there was the crossing of the Dingo with an English breed of dog called the Smithfield (these dogs were naturally bob-tailed) which is where the gene comes from that is still present in the Stumpy today.
In 1840, new blood was introduced, including that of the extinct Smithfield, the native Dingo, the Kelpie, the Dalmatian, and the blue merle Smooth Collie.
The breed originated in Australia from cross breeding a dingo with a Smithfield and until 1988 the dog was not recognized as a true breed. The loyal and energetic Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog stands at 17 to 20 inches and weighs 35 to 50 pounds.
The origins of the breed began with a cross between the dingo (Australia's native wild dog) and a now-extinct British herding dog called the Smithfield Collie.
They had livestock to look after and the dogs they brought with them, called Smithfield - the Old Smooth Collie, not the one we know today - didn´t adapt to the hot, dusty and hash environmental conditions of Australia.
Australia, from crossing the Australian Dingo, Smooth-haired Blue Merle Collie, and either Northern English herding dogs or Smithfields
herding cattle ...
Gilsland Show results
Hexham Courant, United Kingdom - Aug 8, 2008
The Black Fell Terrier cup for best terrier other than Jack Russell or Border: Wendy Wright, Bertie. Tractors: 1, Daniel Little, Smithfield. ...
They are not Australian Cattle Dogs with docked tails, but are cousins to that breed, and both share a similar history. They are a cross of the Smithfield and Dingo, accomplished by a drover named Tim-mons.
See also: Collie, Dingo, Cattle Dog, Smooth, Australian Cattle Dog