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Those aspects (components/processes/functions) of ecosystems, human health, and environmental welfare considered to be important and potentially at risk from human activity or natural hazards. Similar to the term "valued environmental components" used in environmental impact assessment.

7 - Radiative forcing (RF) of climate change during the Industrial Era shown by emitted components from 1750 to 2011.

Components and Viewpoints
Integrated water resources management begins with the term "water resources management" itself, which uses structural measures and nonstructural measures to control natural and human-made water resources systems for beneficial uses.

Components of Solar Panels for Electricity By Peter Smith
The efficacy of solar panels for electricity may be reduced by smog in the air, angle of panel relative to the sun, clouds, rain and wind. That is why .... panels and that the components are not being destroyed by rust.

Time to look at the tree bole. The bole is the main stem of a sapling or mature tree (a bole is forestry jargon for a tree trunk).

Common ~ of explosive materials, which will explode if activated by very high temperatures or shocks. 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) is a nitroaromatic. Some are listed as cancer-causing chemicals under Proposition 65.
Non-attainment pollutants ...

The living ~ of an Ecosystem.
Water from toilets, kitchen sink, or other dirty sources, which may be contaminated with microorganisms or harmful bacteria.

physical ~
physical life The period during which it is physically possible to provide planned project services by operation, maintenance, and replacement of project facilities. It may be equal to, but is generally greater than economic life.

Principal ~ Analysis ("PCA")
Filed under:
A procedure by which a spatiotemporal data set is decomposed into its leading patterns in both time (see ‘Principal Component') and space (see ‘Empirical Orthogonal Function') based on an orthogonal decomposition of the data ...

Certain gaseous ~ of the atmosphere, called greenhouse gases, transmit the visible portion of solar radiation but absorb specific spectral bands of thermal radiation emitted by the Earth.

valued ecosystem ~ (VECs): In environmental impact assessment, these are ~ of ecosystems perceived to be important to society as economically important resources, as rare or endangered species or communities, or for their cultural or aesthetic significance.

The conservation of ~ of biological diversity outside their natural habitats.
Definition source
Convention on Biological Diversity (art.2).

Gas Chromatography Analytical process by which chemical mixtures are separated into individual ~ for quantitative and perhaps qualitative analysis. Geothermal Energy Utilizing heat that is generated from the earth's interior.

Because they are not destroyed in the lower atmosphere, they drift into the upper atmosphere where their chlorine ~ destroy ozone. chloroplast An organelle in the cells of green plants. It contains chlorophyll and functions in photosynthesis and protein synthesis.

General Circulation Model (GCM) A numerical representation of the climate system based on the physical, chemical, and biological properties of its ~, their interactions and feedback processes, and accounting for all or some of its known properties.

Ecosystem A holistic concept of the plants, the animals habitually associated with them and all the physical and chemical ~ of the immediate environment or habitat which together form a recognizable self-contained entity. The concept is due to Tansley (1935).

The cycle by which carbon in various forms moves between the various ~ of the Earth's biosphere, between the atmosphere, hydrosphere (seas and oceans), lithosphere (rocks, soils and mineral deposits, including fossil fuels) and biological material including plants and animals.

The endocrine system has many ~, located virtually all over the body, and these ~ include the hypothalamus, pituitary, pineal, thyroid, and parathyroid glands, the kidney, heart, stomach, and intestines, along with fat cells, testes, and ovaries.

The purpose of the IPCC is to assess information in the scientific and technical literature related to all significant ~ of the issue of climate change. The IPCC draws upon hundreds of the world's expert scientists as authors and thousands as expert reviewers.

Contribution of a specified component (or ~) to the toxicity of a mixture of related substances.
Note 1: The amount-of-substance (or substance) concentration of total toxicity equivalent is the sum of that for the ~ B, C … N.

The three arrows on the symbol represent different ~ of the recycling process. The top arrow represents the collection of recyclable materials (e.g. an aluminum can, a piece of white office paper, a plastic #2 milk jug) for processing.

Ozone reacts directly with some hydrocarbons such as aldehydes and thus begins their removal from the air, but the products of ozonolysis are themselves key ~ of smog.

The major ~ of Passive House Design include a super insulated thermal envelope that eliminates all thermal bridging elements that conduct heat and cold transfer between the exterior and interior of the home.

Reconstructed Source: Facility in which ~ are replaced to such an extent that the fixed capital cost of the new ~ exceeds 50 percent of the capital cost of constructing a comparable brand-new facility.

Aluminium is one of the main ~ of the most common rock species. Increased acidification in the soil releases aluminium which travels in the and then runs into the sea and lakes where it has a negative effect on the reproductive capability of fish and birds, for example.

Valued Environmental Attributes/~: Those aspects(~/processes/functions) of ecosystems, human health, and environmental welfare considered to be important and potentially at risk from human activity or natural hazards.

Tensor: In three dimensions, there are nine ~ of hydraulic conductivity or dispersion and, in matrix form, they form a second-rank symmetric tensor. When the principal directions of anisotropy coincide with the x, y, and z coordinate axes, the nine ~ reduce to three.

Details : I have used this term to mean the smaller ~ within the objects on the coins surface. In terms of an Irish modern coins this means features such as an animal's eye or feathers or on the obverse harp it means the pattern on the sound box or the bow.

environmental technology : An all-inclusive term used to describe pollution control devices and systems, waste treatment processes and storage facilities, and site remediation technologies and their ~ that may be utilized to remove pollutants or contaminants from, ...

Onboard Diagnostics: Devices that are incorporated into the computer systems of new motor vehicles to monitor ~ and systems that affect emissions when malfunctioning. If a problem is detected, the OBD system illuminates a warning lamp on the vehicle instrument panel to alert the driver.

White matter is one of the two ~ of the central nervous system and consists mostly of myelinated axons. White matter tissue of the freshly cut brain appears pinkish white to the naked eye because myelin is composed largely of lipid tissue veined with capillaries. Its white color is due to...

Interior Non-Structural ~ Reuse
Interior nonstructural ~ reuse is determined by dividing the area of retained ~ by the larger of (1) the area of the prior condition or (2) the area of the completed design.
BuildingGreen.com ...

Blood: Human blood, human blood ~, and products made from human blood.
Blood and Blood Products: Discarded waste human blood and blood ~ (e.g., serum, plasma), and disposable items containing free flowing blood and blood ~.

photovoltaic cells
technical ~ that converts solar light into an electric current
potential energy
energy of mass, e.g. as water, present on higher altitudes; the fall down to lower levels releases this energy which may be transformed in hydropower plants ...

Allergen extract: A mixture of allergenic ~. Standard doses thereof are used in conventional desensitization therapy.
Allergen tolerance: Non-reactivity to a certain allergen or reactivity only up to the level of a predefined minimal symptom score.

(1) To separate the individual ~ of compound particles by chemical or physical means or both. (2) To cause the particles of the disperse phase of a colloidal system to become suspended in the dispersion medium.
degradation ...

To save the time and hassle of unplugging all the ~ of a computer or an entertainment system, you could plug them into a power strip or surge protector that can be turned off with a single switch (surge protectors still work even if switched off).

Climate System. The ~ of the Earth system which affect climate, including: the atmosphere, oceans, glaciers, the solid Earth and the biosphere.
Climatologist. A person who studies climate.

FOG (Fats Oils and Grease) wastewater ~ from food preparation, animal or vegetable processing; largely insoluble in water, high COD and likely to float
solid particles smaller than 1Ám in a gaseous emission ...

FUDS has two major ~: inventory and remediation. In the inventory phase, projects are investigated to determine if the site is eligible. The remediation phase includes all of the ~ of the IR Program. The FUDS Program is implemented by the Army Corps of Engineers.

Disassembly of products so ~ can be reused or recycled.
demographic transition
A pattern of falling death rates and birthrates in response to improved living conditions; could be reversed in deteriorating conditions.

stockpile - nuclear weapons and ~ under custody of the U.S. Department of Defense.
straddling stocks - fish populations that straddle a boundary between domestic and international waters.

Although chemically inert in the lower atmosphere (troposphere), they are taken to very high altitudes where they are broken down into their ~ by the stronger sunlight (UV) at these altitudes. It is the chlorine formed in this process that causes the damage to ozone.

Secondary Effect- Action of a stressor on supporting ~ of the ecosystem, which in turn impact the ecological component of concern.
Secondary Materials- Materials that have been manufactured and used at least once and are to be used again.

Hedonic Pricing Approach : Derives values by decomposing market prices into ~ encompassing environmental and other characteristics through studying property values, wages and other phenomena.

Resolution: The breaking of an emulsion into its individual ~.
Resource: A person, thing, or action needed for living or to improve the quality of life.
Retrofit: Replacement of existing equipment with equipment that uses less water.

Biotic: the living ~ of an organism"s environment
Bioturbation: the disturbance of sedimentary deposits by living organisms

Diffusers and Grilles: ~ of the ventilation system that distribute and diffuse air to promote air circulation in the occupied space. Diffusers supply air and grilles return air.

System: the dynamic interrelationship of ~ designed to enact a vision.
Systems theory: The concept proposed to promote the dynamic interrelationship of activities designed to accomplish a unified system.

Ecosystem: The interacting plants, animals, and physical ~ (sunlight, soil, air, water) of an area.
Effluent: Waste liquid flowing into a river or lake from a house, industry, sewage treatment plant, or other source.

Mechanical Separation: sorting of waste into various ~ using mechanical means, such as cyclones, trommels, and screens.
Metabolites: breakdown chemical products resulting when a pesticide passes through a biological system.

Pollution -- An alteration in the character or quality of the environment, or any of its ~, that renders it less suited for certain uses.

Inert ingredient
Pesticide ~ such as solvents, carriers, dispersants, and surfactants that are not active against target pests. Not all inert ingredients are innocuous.(1) ...

The technique is used to determine the reliability of a component, or system of ~, based on the probability of a component or system failure. The technique is used extensively in the nuclear industry and usually forms a major part of Safety Cases.

A component or ~ of the climate system where a greenhouse gas or a precursor of a greenhouse gas is stored. Trees are "reservoirs" for carbon dioxide.

General Circulation Model (GCM): A computer model of the basic dynamics and physics of the ~ of the global climate system (including the atmosphere and oceans) and their interactions which can be used to simulate climate variability and change.

It is an expression of the effect of the physical ~ of the land -especially the soil, but including climate - on determining whether a specific land use is likely to cause damage. If land is used beyond its capability, degradation results.

A condition that is determined to be characteristic of its natural region and likely to persist, including abiotic ~ and the composition and abundance of native species and biological communities, rates of change and supporting processes.
ecological system or ecosystem ...

Advanced chemical oxidation processes use (chemical) oxidants to reduce COD/BOD levels, and to remove both organic and oxidisable inorganic ~.

Cradle to cradle
This is a construction and production ethos proposed by Walter R. Stahel that aims to make all ~ of a made object reusable or disposable with no negative ecological effects.

Ecosphere: Refers to the entire global ecosystem that comprises atmosphere, lithosphere, hydrosphere, and biosphere as inseparable ~.
Ecosystem - an interconnected and symbiotic grouping of animals, plants, fungi, and microorganisms.

Climate change is projected to reduce water resources on many small islands and to adversely affect the livelihoods of island communities by undermining fisheries, tourism and other core ~ of island economies.
Diplomats Overrule Scientists on Certainty of Global Warming Effects ...

Single-celled organisms, free-living or parasitic, that break down the wastes and bodies of dead organisms, making their ~ available for reuse by other organisms.
Baseflow ...

Patch Dynamics: how similar ~ (patches) in an environment interact with each other. Used to study how patches of invasive species impact an ecosystem, among other things.

The objectives is to improve the accuracy of the forecast through averaging the various forecasts, which eliminates non-predictable ~, and to provide reliable information on forecast uncertainties from the diversity amongst ensemble members.

A family of chemicals commonly used in air conditioners and refrigerators as coolants and also as solvents and aerosol propellants. CFCs drift into the upper atmosphere where their chlorine ~ destroy ozone. CFCs are thought to be a major cause of the ozone hole over Antarctica.

Nitrogen Oxide (NO)
A gas that produces a brownish colour when emitted into the atmosphere before it is oxidized relatively quickly to nitrogen dioxide. It is one of the ~ of nitrogen oxides and takes part in forming ground-level ozone.

Ecological/Environmental Sustainability: Maintenance of ecosystem ~ and functions for future generations.
Ecological Exposure: Exposure of a non-human organism to a stressor.

Dematerialisation: Companies are beginning to reduce the physical materials that go into the manufacture, delivery and use of their products. Sometimes it just means use, others it means redesigning products so that ~ can be recaptured for reuse or recycling at the end of their useful ...

mixture of relatively volatile hydrocarbons, with or without small quantities of additives, obtained by blending appropriate refinery streams to form a fuel suitable for use in spark-ignition engines. Motor gasoline includes both leaded and unleaded grades of finished gasoline, blending ~, ...

(trees, shrubs, palms, bamboos, etc.) are deliberately used on the same land-management units as agricultural crops and/or animals, in some form of spatial arrangement or temporal sequence. In agroforestry systems there are both ecological and economic interactions between the different ~.

The air along the path that the light from the laser travels, including the pollution scatters and absorbs the light. The reduction in the intensity of the light is measured as light extinction. Diagrams of the standard transmissometer ~ are provided below.

ionization energy Energy required to remove an electron from a specific atom. ionizes When a substance breaks into its ionic ~. isotopes Elements with the same number of protons but have different numbers of neutrons, and thus different masses.

See also: See also: What is the meaning of Water, Table, Region, Climate, Pollution?

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