biomorphic - An attribute related to organic, since it describes images derived from biological or natural forms; it was a term frequently used in early- to mid-20th century art. The art of Miro, Arp and Calder contains examples of these simplified organic forms.
Biomorphic images derived from biological or natural forms; it was a term frequently used in early- to mid-20th century art
Biomorphic- adjective used to describe forms that resemble or suggest forms found in nature.
Black figure- A style or technique of ancient Greek pottery in which black figures are painted on a red clay ground.
Organic, irregular shapes that relate to natural forms and processes.
Derived from the Greek words bios (life) and morphe (form), a term referring to abstract forms or images that evoke associations with living forms such as plants and the human body.
Jean (Hans) Arp. Merz 5, Arp Mappe: 7 Arpaden (Arp Portfolio: 7 Arpades). 1923 ...
Abstract art whose shapes resemble living organisms. The shapes are rounded and graceful appearing and have the contours of plants and animals rather than hard-lined geometric forms. Surrealist Yves Tanguy often used ~ shapes in his paintings.
Bloomsbury Group ...
An abstract form whose contours are related to plant and animal shapes rather than to geometric shapes.
Bird's Eye ...
Echoing biological form. Irregular in shape. [See Judy Chicago's Study for The Dinner Party: Monochrome Plate #2 - Blue in this presentation.]
~ form - An abstract form whose shapes are more organic than geometric, more curvaceous than linear. Much of the work of Hans [Jean] Arp (German-French, 1887-1966) was composed as ~ forms.
The cutting and chipping away of wood, plaster, stone, or marble to alter the original form.
Also see biomorphic, edge, ellipse, curve, oblong, sphere, and volume.
ox gall, oxgall or ox-gall - A waterless, oil- and water-soluble, translucent, nearly transparent brown liquid, ox gall is the bile taken from the gall bladder of a cow.
Throughout the 1940s, Noguchi's sculpture drew from the ongoing surrealist movement; these works include not only various mixed-media constructions and landscape reliefs, but lunars - self-illuminating reliefs - and a series of biomorphic sculptures made of interlocking slabs.
Mark Rothko took an interest in biomorphic figures, and in England Henry Moore, Lucian Freud, Francis Bacon and Paul Nash used or experimented with Surrealist techniques.
There is much debate over the relevance and significance of his 1980s paintings, many of which became clean, sparse, and almost graphic, while alluding to the biomorphic lines of his early works.
Two important sources for this type of abstract art are: Organic Abstraction (also called Biomorphic abstraction) and Surrealism. Famous examples include several canvases by Kandinsky like Composition No.
By the early 1930s, Picasso had turned to harmonious colors and sinuous contours that evoke an overall biomorphic sensuality.
Their early works feature pictographic and biomorphic elements transformed into personal code. Jungian psychology was compelling too, in its assertion of the collective unconscious. Directness of expression was paramount, best achieved through lack of premeditation.
This movement could be effected by air or touch, as in the case of Alexander Calder's mobiles: his Arc of Petals (1941) combines subtle lines and biomorphic forms with natural movement to examine the behavior of an object in space. Or, as was more often the case, the movement was mechanized.
ORGANIC having a quality that resembles living things, also referred to as
biomorphic, free flowing, non-geometric.
ORIGAMI Japanese art of paper folding.
PAINT apply liquid color to a surface.
A style of decoration and architecture emphasizing fluid, biomorphic lines and swirling motifs.
His work in Paris is characterized by the introduction of biomorphic forms, the incorporation of sand with pigment in well-defined areas of the painting and a new delicacy and brightness in his colour harmonies. He preferred pastel hues to the primary colours he had used in the 1920s.
The common iconographic vocabulary of the relevant works includes a skull, a bowl, a jug, a massive arrow, lettering, balls, stars, a silhouette of a male figure, a picture or pictures within the picture, irregular biomorphic shapes filled by stripes or some other regular pattern.
See also: What is the meaning of Painting, Expression, Movement, School, Sculpture?