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Any change made by an artist in the size, position, or general character of forms based on visual perception, when those forms are organized into a pictorial image. Any personal or subjective interpretation of natural forms must necessarily involve a degree of distortion.

distortion. Condition of being twisted or bent out of shape. In art, distortion is often used as an expressive technique.
dominance. The importance of the emphasis of one aspect in relation to all other aspects of a design.

distortion - the modification and exaggeration of visual qualities to enhance expressive impact.
dominance - emphasizing an idea and/or particular visual components (through repeated use, intensity of color, and/or relative scale) to the degree that all other aspects of a work become subordinate.

Distortion of a clay form caused by uneven stresses during shaping, drying or firing. The process of preparing the warp for beaming on the loom, including measuring, establishing the cross, and chaining.
A thin, translucent layer of pigment, usually watercolor. Coloring oxide mixed with water.

Extreme distortion of body characterizes El Greco's last works-for example, the "Adoration of the Shepherds" (Prado Museum, Madrid), painted in 1612-14 for his own burial chapel.

Also see ~, graffiti, font, fontography, graphic design, ligature, logo, text, type, typeface, and typography.

distort, ~ - To change the way something looks - sometimes deforming or stretching an object or figure out of its normal shape to exaggerate its features - making it more interesting or meaningful.

Study for ~s; Isometric Systems in Isotropic Space"Map Projections: The Cube, 1978
Agnes Denes (American, born 1931)
Watercolor on graph paper, pen and ink on clear plastic overlay
17 x 14 in. (43.2 x 35.6 cm)
Gift of Sarah-Ann and Werner H. Kramarsky, 1983 (1983.501.3)
© Agnes Denes ...

While these ~s are often not immediately obvious they can sometimes produce a general feeling of unease in the viewer, who often doesn't realize why the figures seem at once life-like and inherently two-dimensional.

A ~ of sensory perception, such as a mirage in the desert. Each of the human senses (sight, smell, hearing, taste, and touch) can be deceived by illusions, but visual illusions are the most well known.

~ - ~ presupposes a norm or order from which to depart and in representation it must have a recognisable reference to the norm which is distorted for example a distorted circle ...more info ...

expressionism The broad term that describes emotional art, most often boldly executed and making free use of ~ and symbolic or invented color. More specifically, Expressionism refers to individual and group styles originating in Europe in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

FORESHORTENING: the technique of ~ in perspective in order for the subject to appear 3-dimensional
FORM: a three-dimensional shape, such as the human form or an abstract form
FOUND OBJECT: an object which an artist has not made, but has chosen to exhibit as a work of art.

He accomplishes his aim through ~, exaggeration, primitivism, and fantasy and through the vivid, jarring, violent, or dynamic application of formal elements.

It is important that it should be reasonably stout; plate glass is best, and it should be of a good quality so that there will be no ~s in the glass to falsify the image created.
Glaze ...

Fauvism The name "wild beasts" was given to the group of early 20th-century French painters because their work was characterized by ~ and violent colors. Henri Matisse and Georges Rouault were leaders of this group.

The term has been described as "marked by a senseless, disorienting, often menacing complexity: Kafkaesque bureaucracies"[54] and "marked by surreal ~ and often a sense of impending danger: Kafkaesque fantasies of the impassive interrogation, the false trial, the confiscated passport ...

"Learning to appreciate ~ is like learning to appreciate olives and clams." (Old Sculplin Gallery) Fauvism, Cubism, Futurism, Constructivism, Surrealism and Abstract Expressionism continued the march of Abstraction into the 20th Century.

The emotional content of images can be powerfully affected by ~s of form and color. Late 19th century antecedents of the Expressionist movements can be seen in the work of Gauguin and Van Gogh.

Vermeer voluntarily imitated a ~ of the camera obscura which cannot be perceived in normal circumstances by the naked eye.

As a matter of fact, there is no mystery about these ~s of nature about which we still hear complaints in discussions on modern art. Everyone who has ever seen a Disney film or a comic strip knows all about it.

A compression artifact is a noticeable ~ of an image or loss of image quality due to lossy compression techniques. Compression is a way to reduce file size by sacrificing image quality. Compression artifacts occur in image file formats such as JPG.

If there is blurring, ~ or a lot of 'noise', I am forced to interpret certain details, which potentially could deviate from an exact likeness. Usually these problems occur with small mobile photo images, or particularly old photographs, so this is not often an issue.

A term used to denote the use of ~ and exaggeration for emotional effect, which first surfaced in the art literature of the early twentieth century. When applied in a stylistic sense, with reference in particular to the use of intense colour, agitated brushstrokes, and disjointed space.

Abstract/Abstraction abstract means the modification of a (usually) natural form by simplification or ~. Abstraction is the category of such modified images. Also see Non-Objective.

One seeks a proper tone of reverence without awe, feeling without sentimentality, truth without dogma, ~ without anarchy, repetition without cliché.

Emotion is expressed through ~ and exaggeration of colour and shape and surface texture - aiming for maximum emotional impact.

All the colour has undergone an equal ~ and keying up. The terracotta of flowerpots and the rusty red of masts and furled sails become a blazing Indian red: the reflections of the boats, turning at anchor through the razzle of light on the water, are pink; the green of the left wall, ...

In Mannerist painting, this was expressed mainly through severe ~s of perspective and scale; complex and crowded compositions; strong, sometimes harsh or discordant colors; and elongated figures in exaggerated poses.

expressionism Refers to art that uses emphasis and ~ to communicate emotion. More specifically, it refers to early twentieth century northern European art, especially in Germany c. 1905-25. Artists such as Rouault, Kokoschka, and Schiele painted in this manner.

He complained of his failure at rendering the human figure, and indeed the great figural works of his last years-such as the Large Bathers(circa 1899-1906, Museum of Art, Philadelphia)-reveal curious ~s that seem to have been dictated by the rigor of the system of color modulation he ...

Abstract - forms which depict the essence of an object through simplification or ~.
Representational- resembles forms in a manner similar to how the senses perceive them (naturalistic).
Trompe-L'oeil - an artwork which is so focused on realism that it can "fool the eye".

French for, "wild beasts", an early 20th-century group of French painters whose work was characterized by ~ and violent colours; A style 20th-century Parisian painting characterized by areas of bright, contrasting colour and simplified shapes.

Descriptions of it (the color wheel or color solids, for example) are all necessary ~s.

The realistic presentation of subject matter in an artwork, along with the elements of art found in it; avoiding ~s, exaggerations, or embellishments. This aesthetic quality is favored by imitationalism. In describing a work, one makes an inventory of its literal qualities.

REALISM - The depiction of figures, objects or scenes with minimal ~ or stylization. examples
RELIEF PRINT(ing) - distinguished by a 'stamped' appearance, a method of printing from a raised surface. (See printmaking terms) ...

Matisse's concepts of altering and rearranging the parts of the human form helped to change sculpture in the 20th century. In fact, the aesthetic ~ that later sculptors developed further and more systematically, originated with Matisse.

Foreshortening is when an object appears compressed when seen from a particular viewpoint, and the effect of perspective causes ~. Particularly effective when well rendered on the picture plane to create the illusion of a figure in space.
French Impressionism ...

Realism: A style of painting which depicts subject matter (form, color, space) as it appears in actuality or ordinary visual experience without ~ or stylization.
Remarque: A sketch or watercolor, usually handmade by the artist, which may accompany a special fine art edition.
S ...

The characteristics of their work which suggested the name include abstract shapes, brilliant, often clashing colours, and ~s of figurative forms. Such devices, although now admired, were then condemned because they contravened the conventions of an academic artistic training.

Artist group active in Dresden, Germany, from 1905 to 1913, and closely associated with the development of Expressionism. The group is associated with an interest in the ~ of reality and expressive use of color to respond to the turmoil of modern urban society.
Multimedia ...

The result, particularly in Marxist thought, is a ~ of reality to maintain authority over it. Various applications of this sense of the word can be found in feminist and other types of critical activity, often very politically oriented.

Paintings like this are devices of pure design and color to sensitize and play tricks on the eyes: vibrating color combinations, perspective dislocations, moiré-like patterns, illusory ~s of form caused by alternating positive and negative designs, reversible images, ...

Realism a style of art in which the subject matter is portrayed as it appears in actuality and without ~ or stylization ...

An early-20th-century movement in painting begun by a group of French artists and marked by the use of bold, often distorted forms and vivid colors. It was essentially an expressionist style, characterized by bold ~ of forms and exuberant color.

Mannerism is the name given to the style of followers of Raphael and Michelangelo in Italy from about 1520-1600. It is characterized by artificiality, elegance and the sensuous ~ of the human figure.
Maquette ...

A style that developed in the sixteenth century as a reaction to the classical rationality and balanced harmony of the High Renaissance; characterised by the dramatic use of space and light, exaggerated colour, elongation of figures, and ~s of perspective, scale, and proportion.

Fauvism An art move­ment in the early twentieth century whose main exponent was Matisse. A group of artists, including Matisse. exhibited at the Paris Salon show of 1905 and were nick­named les Fauves or 'the wild beasts' as their works were full of ~, ...

Like the Impressionists, Cezanne made no attempt to tell stories with his paintings. Instead he focused on form and mass, often distorting the proportions of his subject matters. Cezanne's use of ~ was a big influence on the Cubist movement.

Some believe Munch had an anxiety attack and The Scream is often compared to the kind of ~s people with depersonalization disorder suffer.

One thing that is not evident in the central photo is the curved surface on which it is painted. Michelangelo's mastery of perspective and forshortening allows the viewer to see the figure at a distance without the ~ that a lesser painter would have achieved.

See also: See also: What is the meaning of Painting, Movement, Expression, Sculpture, Composition?

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