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Picture Plane
When an artist creates an impression of space within a painting the picture plane is the transparent division between this fictive internal space and the real space outside, in which the viewer is placed.


HumanitiesWeb.org - Glossary definition: Picture Plane Picture Plane
Theoretical spatial plane corresponding to the surface of the canvas.

Mondrian, Piet
Composition with Large Blue Plane, Red, Black, Yellow, and Gray
1921
Oil on canvas
60.5 x 50 cm (23 3/4 x 19 5/8 in)
Dallas Museum of Art ...

Plane
Any flat level or surface.
Point of view
A position from which something is observed or considered; a standpoint which is either a physical location or one in the mind.

PLANE something that is flat or level.
PLEIN AIR French for "in the open air," in art, it means sketching and/or painting out-of- doors.

"Air~" Dress, spring/summer 2000 (remade 2006)
Hussein Chalayan (British, born Cyprus, 1970)
Fiberglass, metal, cotton, synthetic; L. at center back 37 in. (94 cm)
Purchase, Friends of The Costume Institute Gifts, 2006 (2006.251a-c) ...

Air~ visit to Art Barge; Saturday critique
Color slides
1962, 1964 ...

focal plane - In photography, an image line at right angle to the optical axis passing through the focal point. This forms the plane of sharp focus when a camera is set on infinity.
Also see aperture, camera, focal length, and f/stop.

Picture Plane-An imaginary flat surface that is assumed to be identical to the surface of a painting. Forms in a painting meant to be perceived in deep three-dimensional space are said to be ?behind? the picture plane. The picture plane is commonly associated with the foreground of a painting.

Picture Plane
(painting) The actual working surface of a two-dimensional piece of art.

Picture plane The region of the oil painting which lies directly behind the frame and separates the viewer's world from that of the picture.

picture plane The two-dimensional picture surface.
pigment Any coloring agent, made from natural or synthetic substances, used in paints or drawing materials.

picture plane - The flat surface on which an image is painted, and that part of the image which is closest to the viewer.

PICTURE PLANE
The plane occupied by the physical surface of the picture.

~ - Any flat level or surface. An example of a work in which ~s are an important element: ...

With planes and shapes flattened, and color muted, Whistler's portrait demonstrates his devotion to aestheticism and art for art's sake.
Abstract art enables the artist to perceive beyond the tangible, to extract the infinite out of the finite.
Abstract Art (7064 words) ...

A minor planet 3469 Bulgakov discovered by Soviet astronomer Lyudmila Georgievna Karachkina in 1982 is named after him.[13]
Salman Rushdie said that The Master and Margarita was an inspiration for his novel The Satanic Verses.[14]
[edit] Bulgakov Museum in Moscow ...

The basic plane is in general rectangular or square, thus it is composed of horizontals and verticals lines which delimitate it and define it as an autonomous being which will serve as support to the painting communicating it its affective tonality.

~ - In two-dimensional art, plane refers to a flat or level surface of a material body which can also be imagined in space ...more info
Plein Air - Plein Air is a term used in painting and it refers to a painting done in the open air instead of the studio ...more info ...

We were born on planet Earth. We were hurled onto planet Auschwitz. And then were hurled back again, with virtually nothing in common with anyone. The incredulity all around us, our unfathomable presence, made people move, ever so slightly, away from our orbit.

The main floor of a building, usually above the ground floor, containing the public rooms. picture plane ...

The regularity of planes and the uniformity of style in this London
street constitute a fine example of early 19th-century town planning.
Karl Friedrich Schinkel, Schauspielhaus, Berlin, 1818-21.
This building represents a rationalist reworking by Schinkel of a classical Greek construction.

Screenshots from "Planet Half-life", created by GameSpy
An offshoot of game design are game modifications/Videogame art which involve the use of patched or modified computer and video games or the repurposing of existing games or game structures.

Cubism is based on the simultaneous presentation of multiple views, disintegration, and the geometric reconstruction of objects in flattened, ambiguous pictorial so space; figure and ground merge into one interwoven surface of shifting planes. Color is limited to neutrals.

DEPTH: the illusion of space in a picture plane.
DESIGN: the organization of line, form, color, value, texture and space in an eye-pleasing arrangement
DETAILS: dealing with some item by showing all of the particulars
DIPTYCH: two painted panels that are usually hinged together.

It is full of emblems of voyages Cornell never took, a little box of mummified waves and shrunken exotic coasts, peninsulas, planets, things set in compartments, with a drop-in panel containing twenty-one compasses, ...

I should say that to people socially and politically uneducated as wethen were - we who, on one hand, came for the most part from thepetite-bourgeoisie, and on the other, were all by vocation possessedwith the desire to intervene upon the artistic plane - the days ofOctober, ...

Destructive Optical Microscopy An examination technique which uses complex optical microscopes to examine samples taken from an artwork at high magnifications using plane and cross polarizing light to identify components by cataloguing optical properties.

The background and object planes interpenetrate one another to create the ambiguous shallow space characteristic of cubism. Some art historians speculate that Cubism originated in the work of Cezanne. For him, paintings should treat the forms of nature as if they were cones, spheres and cylinders.

Elevation: An architectural drawing presenting a building as if projected on a vertical plane parallel to one of its sides.
Egg Tempera: A painting medium in which pigment is mixed with water-soluble glutinous materials such as size or egg yolk. Also called poster color, poster paint.

We are also specialized to analyse spatially the forms of a landscape, reducing its confusing mixture of large masses and planes, blurred or acute fine detail, and shadowed, moving ensembles to the clarity of perspective and the mental map that perspective makes possible.

The African continent is one of the most diverse countries on the ~t, with many different ethnic societies. Most having their own unique culture and vision. So what is meant by 'Traditional' African Art? This generally refers to the more popular and recognized style of African Art.

Invented by Pablo Picasso (1881-1973) and Georges Braque (1882-1963) and considered to be "the" revolutionary movement of modern art, Cubism was a more intellectual style of painting that explored the full potential of the two-dimensional picture ~ by offering different views of the same ...

During this period inventions such as photography, cinematography, sound recording, the telephone, the motor car and the air~ heralded the dawn of a new age.

The engineering concepts of aerodynamics in the 1930's, originally developed in connection with the air~, were transferred to automotive design as well, particularly as cars became faster, and marketing of cars became more competitive.

Like the Cubists, Boccioni's pictorial language is based on shallow spaces and shifting ~s. However, more than any other artists in the modern period, Boccioni and the futurists focus on depicting optical and temporal space, which reflects the dynamic speed and noise of the modern age.

After 1908, Picasso joined with Braque and other like-minded artists to explore the representation of three-dimensional objects on a two-dimensional surface by means of overlapping ~s.

FORESHORTENED ~S AND LINES
LESSON II. PARALLEL AND EQUAL LINES NOT FORESHORTENED.
VERTICAL LINES
LESSON III. THE HORIZONTAL CIRCLE
LESSON IV. PARALLEL LINES
LESSON V.PARALLEL RETREATING HORIZONTAL LINES
LESSON VI. THE SQUARE
LESSON VII. THE APPEARANCE OF EQUAL SPACES ON ANY LINE
LESSON VIII.

We wish to reassert the picture ~. We are for flat forms because they destroy illusion and reveal truth."
--Adolph Gottlieb and Mark Rothko, 1943 in a letter to The New York Times
When and where did Colorfield painting develop?

Ukiyo translates as "the floating world" - an ironic wordplay on the Buddhist name for the earthly ~, "the sorrowful world". Ukiyo was the name given to the lifestyle in Japan's urban centers of this period - the fashions, the entertainments, and the pleasures of the flesh.

In realistic depiction, foreshortening is necessary because although lines and ~s that are perpendicular to the observer's line of vision (central visual ray), and the extremities of which are equidistant from the eye, will be seen at their full size, ...

Flying Black Hats: Bi~ Tennis (1920's?)
Here are a couple of humorous photographs which relate to changes near the turn of the century. Votes for Women is a staged photo, where men are making fun of the women's movement's efforts to establish rights for women.

Whereas analytical cubism fragmented figures into geometric ~s, synthetic cubism synthesized (combined) near-abstract shapes to create representational forms, such as a human figure or still life. Synthetic cubism also tended toward multiplicity.

Analytic cubists reduced natural forms to their basic geometric parts and then tried to reconcile these essentially three-dimensional parts with the two-dimensional picture ~. Color was greatly subdued, and paintings were nearly monochromatic.

The shape or proportions of a picture ~.
Fresco
A painting technique in which pigments are dispersed in plain water and applied to a damp plaster wall that becomes the binder as well as the support or painting surface; ...

--> From a magical ring of trees to a ringed ~t, from shoeless boys in winter to ancient castles, with each painting, you embark on a unique adventure.

Using a computer, he calculated the positions of the stars and ~ts during the Neolithic age, finding that the placement of key stones lined up precisely with solstices and equinoxes. He also proposed that the site was used to predict eclipses and other cosmic phenomena.

Impassive and silent, these people from the margins of Parisian life are restricted to the narrow ~ of the foreground. Presented with neutral detachment, they do not interact, appearing equally unconnected to each other and the vague, undefined setting they inhabit.

" The speed of the car, the locomotive, and especially the air~, changed the manner in which objects were seen--and this brought about changes in their form and design. For example, people would be depicted in a moving open automobile with their hair and scarves pinned straight back in the wind.

Artists use relative position on the picture ~ to create the illusion of space. The higher up the objects are placed in the picture, the farther away we assume them to be. Objects placed lower in the picture appear nearer to us.

Day 8: How to Render ~s and Angles - How to Draw Rocks Step by Step - In this lesson you'll learn how to show different angles or '~s' in your drawings, and you'll learn why this is important. Nolan will also help you figure out which direction to shade in.

He said that, after making twenty pictures in which he had studied the velocity of automobiles, he understood that "the single ~ of the canvas did not permit the suggestion of the dynamic volume of speed in depth ...

Here, the violin appears, thanks to the flat ~s, tipped in different directions and how they interrelate with one another. The space is very well established and a certain movement exists in the painting.

Optical Art is a method of painting concerning the interaction between illusion and picture ~, between understanding and seeing. Op art works are abstract, with many of the better known pieces made in only black and white.

The Back Operation is situated on three ~s formed on top of each other. The depth of the work is defined by the positioning of the characters in the scene. Brouwer also accentuated space and dimension by the shadow contrasts he created and the light sources which he painted in the dim lit room.

Often the surfaces of the facets, or ~s, intersect at angles that show no recognizable depth. The background and object (or figure) ~s interpenetrate one another creating the ambiguous shallow space characteristic of cubism.

Josef Albers (1888-1976) worked with large flat, geometric ~s of solid colors to demonstrate theories of color contrasts and optical effects created by color.

The first object of the painter is to make a flat ~ appear as a body in relief and projecting from that ~. -- Leonardo da Vinci Quote

You do ill if you praise, but worse if you censure, what you do not understand. -- Leonardo da Vinci ...

In the two dimensional ~, the creation of space is limited and defined. Space on a two dimensional surface can be created by overlapping shapes and vanishing points.
Light
The gradation of values to create the illusion of light.

Orthogonal- Any line running back into the representational space of a picture perpendicular to the imagined picture ~. in linear perspective, all orthogonals converge at a single vanishing point in the picture and are the basis of the grid that maps out the internal space of the image.

Blending: Fusing two color ~s together so no discernable sharp divisions are apparent.
Blocking in: The simplifying and arranging of compositional elements using rough shapes, forms, or geometric equivalents when starting a painting.

“The modern painter cannot express his age, the air~, the atom bomb, the radio, in the old forms of the Renaissance or of any other past culture.'
Minimalist Yves Klein saw the forms and lines of previous art as:
“…bars on the window of a prison.' ...

Front formed on two or more ~s. Specifically, the word is now used to describe
a bookcase or cabinet in which a center section projects forward from the two end sections.
BROKEN PEDIMENT; BROKEN ARCH: ...

The Cubist style emphasized the flat, two-dimensional surface of the picture ~, rejecting the traditional techniques of perspective, foreshortening, modeling, and chiaroscuro and refuting time-honoured theories of art as the imitation of nature.

shape
A two-dimensional area or ~ that may be open or closed, free form, or geometric. It can be found in nature or is made by humans.
silhouette
An outline like a shadow, it shows the shape and edges of a thing, but does not reveal anything else.

Section (architectural plans) - a cross section (also simply called a section) is a vertical ~ cut through the structure in the same way as a floor plan is a horizontal ~ viewed from above ...

We see that Suprematism has swept away from the ~ the illusions of two-dimensional planimetric space, the illusions of three-dimensional perspective space, and has created the ultimate illusion of irrational space, with its infinite extensibility into the background and foreground." ...

The front of the picture ~ (usually at the bottom of the picture).
FOCAL POINT:
The main part of the picture that draws the viewer's attention.

In all-over space, the forms are seen as occupying the same spatial depth, usually on the picture ~; also, they are all seen as possessing the same degree of importance in the painting.

Bas relief: the lowest degree of relief, in which all the carving lies within the hollowed-out area below the surface ~, and through an illusion of depth and roundness, looks like raised relief. See also Relief
Bozzetto: see Maquette ...

Foreground.
The area of a picture that appears closest to the viewer. It is often at the bottom of the picture ~.
Form.
An element of design. Form is sculptural or three-dimensional shape (e.g., cube, pyramid, sphere).


United States. Also known as Cubist Realism. Realistic rendering with emphasis on geometric forms and flat ~s. Emphasis on sharply defined detail. Related to Magic Realism.


Art Deco ...

Sfumato - From the Italian work for 'smoke', a technique of painting in thin glazes to achieve a hazy, cloudy atmosphere, often to represent objects or landscape meant to be perceived as distant from the picture ~.

Constructive postmodernism seeks to recover truths and values from various forms of premodern thought and practice. Constructive postmodernism wants to replace modernism and modernity, which it sees as threatening the very survival of life on the ~t.

Surrealism occupied artists in diverse locations, including Europe, the United States, South America, and Mexico. The concept that the human mind could transcend the earthly ~ was a central way to view the "absolute reality" described by Breton.

critic, used the term in the late 1950s to distinguish the new nonobjective, geometrical painting from prewar varieties. Artists such as Ellsworth Kelly, he felt, had moved away from the dogmatic attitudes of artists such as Mondrian and van Doesburg, and were using broad, flat color ~s and ...

Minimal art merely strived to be aesthetically pleasing and interesting. Minimal artists focused on colour, formation, and geometric shape. Sometimes artwork was devised on a mathematical grid map. Artists used repetition and large ~s of pure colour, often applying paint directly from the tube.

Often the surfaces intersect at seemingly random angles, removing a coherent sense of depth. The background and object ~s interpenetrate one another to create the shallow ambiguous space, one of cubism's distinct characteristics.

See also: See also: What is the meaning of Painting, Movement, Expression, Sculpture, Composition?

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