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Picture Plane
When an artist creates an impression of space within a painting the picture plane is the transparent division between this fictive internal space and the real space outside, in which the viewer is placed.

HumanitiesWeb.org - Glossary definition: Picture Plane Picture Plane
Theoretical spatial plane corresponding to the surface of the canvas.

Mondrian, Piet
Composition with Large Blue Plane, Red, Black, Yellow, and Gray
Oil on canvas
60.5 x 50 cm (23 3/4 x 19 5/8 in)
Dallas Museum of Art ...

Any flat level or surface.
Point of view
A position from which something is observed or considered; a standpoint which is either a physical location or one in the mind.

Plane: a shape which is essentially two-dimensional in nature but who's relationship with other shapes may give an illusion of the third dimension.

PLANE something that is flat or level.
PLEIN AIR French for "in the open air," in art, it means sketching and/or painting out-of- doors.

"Airplane" Dress, spring/summer 2000 (remade 2006)
Hussein Chalayan (British, born Cyprus, 1970)
Fiberglass, metal, cotton, synthetic; L. at center back 37 in. (94 cm)
Purchase, Friends of The Costume Institute Gifts, 2006 (2006.251a-c) ...

Airplane visit to Art Barge; Saturday critique
Color slides
1962, 1964 ...

focal plane - In photography, an image line at right angle to the optical axis passing through the focal point. This forms the plane of sharp focus when a camera is set on infinity.
Also see aperture, camera, focal length, and f/stop.

Picture Plane - An imaginary flat surface that is assumed to be identical to the surface of a painting. Forms in a painting meant to be perceived in deep three-dimensional space are said to be'behind' the picture plane.

Picture Plane
(painting) The actual working surface of a two-dimensional piece of art.

Picture plane The region of the oil painting which lies directly behind the frame and separates the viewer's world from that of the picture.

picture plane The two-dimensional picture surface.
pigment Any coloring agent, made from natural or synthetic substances, used in paints or drawing materials.

picture plane - The flat surface on which an image is painted, and that part of the image which is closest to the viewer.

The plane occupied by the physical surface of the picture.

Picture Plane: This phrase denotes the spatial plane corresponding to the actual surface of the painting.
Pigment: A pigment is the coloring agent in paint or dye.

plane - Any flat level or surface. An example of a work in which planes are an important element: ...

With planes and shapes flattened, and color muted, Whistler's portrait demonstrates his devotion to aestheticism and art for art's sake.

A minor planet 3469 Bulgakov discovered by Soviet astronomer Lyudmila Georgievna Karachkina in 1982 is named after him.[13]
Salman Rushdie said that The Master and Margarita was an inspiration for his novel The Satanic Verses.[14] ...

The basic plane is in general rectangular or square, thus it is composed of horizontals and verticals lines which delimitate it and define it as an autonomous being which will serve as support to the painting communicating it its affective tonality.

Plane - In two-dimensional art, plane refers to a flat or level surface of a material body which can also be imagined in space ...more info ...

We were born on planet Earth. We were hurled onto planet Auschwitz. And then were hurled back again, with virtually nothing in common with anyone.

The main floor of a building, usually above the ground floor, containing the public rooms. picture plane ...

The regularity of planes and the uniformity of style in this London
street constitute a fine example of early 19th-century town planning.
Karl Friedrich Schinkel, Schauspielhaus, Berlin, 1818-21.

Cubism is based on the simultaneous presentation of multiple views, disintegration, and the geometric reconstruction of objects in flattened, ambiguous pictorial so space; figure and ground merge into one interwoven surface of shifting planes.

DEPTH: the illusion of space in a picture plane.
DESIGN: the organization of line, form, color, value, texture and space in an eye-pleasing arrangement
DETAILS: dealing with some item by showing all of the particulars ...

It is full of emblems of voyages Cornell never took, a little box of mummified waves and shrunken exotic coasts, peninsulas, planets, things set in compartments, with a drop-in panel containing twenty-one compasses, ...

say that to people socially and politically uneducated as wethen were - we who, on one hand, came for the most part from thepetite-bourgeoisie, and on the other, were all by vocation possessedwith the desire to intervene upon the artistic plane - the ...

Destructive Optical Microscopy An examination technique which uses complex optical microscopes to examine samples taken from an artwork at high magnifications using plane and cross polarizing light to identify components by cataloguing optical ...

The background and object planes interpenetrate one another to create the ambiguous shallow space characteristic of cubism. Some art historians speculate that Cubism originated in the work of Cezanne.

Elevation: An architectural drawing presenting a building as if projected on a vertical plane parallel to one of its sides.

We are also specialized to analyse spatially the forms of a landscape, reducing its confusing mixture of large masses and planes, blurred or acute fine detail, and shadowed, ...

The African continent is one of the most diverse countries on the planet, with many different ethnic societies. Most having their own unique culture and vision. So what is meant by 'Traditional' African Art?

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973) and Georges Braque (1882-1963) and considered to be "the" revolutionary movement of modern art, Cubism was a more intellectual style of painting that explored the full potential of the two-dimensional picture plane ...

During this period inventions such as photography, cinematography, sound recording, the telephone, the motor car and the airplane heralded the dawn of a new age.

The engineering concepts of aerodynamics in the 1930's, originally developed in connection with the airplane, were transferred to automotive design as well, particularly as cars became faster, and marketing of cars became more competitive.

Like the Cubists, Boccioni's pictorial language is based on shallow spaces and shifting planes.

After 1908, Picasso joined with Braque and other like-minded artists to explore the representation of three-dimensional objects on a two-dimensional surface by means of overlapping planes.


We wish to reassert the picture plane. We are for flat forms because they destroy illusion and reveal truth."
--Adolph Gottlieb and Mark Rothko, 1943 in a letter to The New York Times
When and where did Colorfield painting develop?

Ukiyo translates as "the floating world" - an ironic wordplay on the Buddhist name for the earthly plane, "the sorrowful world".

In realistic depiction, foreshortening is necessary because although lines and planes that are perpendicular to the observer's line of vision (central visual ray), and the extremities of which are equidistant from the eye, ...

Flying Black Hats: Biplane Tennis (1920's?)
Here are a couple of humorous photographs which relate to changes near the turn of the century.

Whereas analytical cubism fragmented figures into geometric planes, synthetic cubism synthesized (combined) near-abstract shapes to create representational forms, such as a human figure or still life. Synthetic cubism also tended toward multiplicity.

Analytic cubists reduced natural forms to their basic geometric parts and then tried to reconcile these essentially three-dimensional parts with the two-dimensional picture plane. Color was greatly subdued, and paintings were nearly monochromatic.

The shape or proportions of a picture plane.
A painting technique in which pigments are dispersed in plain water and applied to a damp plaster wall that becomes the binder as well as the support or painting surface; ...

--> From a magical ring of trees to a ringed planet, from shoeless boys in winter to ancient castles, with each painting, you embark on a unique adventure.

Using a computer, he calculated the positions of the stars and planets during the Neolithic age, finding that the placement of key stones lined up precisely with solstices and equinoxes.

Impassive and silent, these people from the margins of Parisian life are restricted to the narrow plane of the foreground.

" The speed of the car, the locomotive, and especially the airplane, changed the manner in which objects were seen--and this brought about changes in their form and design.

Artists use relative position on the picture plane to create the illusion of space. The higher up the objects are placed in the picture, the farther away we assume them to be. Objects placed lower in the picture appear nearer to us.

Day 8: How to Render Planes and Angles - How to Draw Rocks Step by Step - In this lesson you'll learn how to show different angles or 'planes' in your drawings, and you'll learn why this is important.

He said that, after making twenty pictures in which he had studied the velocity of automobiles, he understood that "the single plane of the canvas did not permit the suggestion of the dynamic volume of speed in depth ...

Here, the violin appears, thanks to the flat planes, tipped in different directions and how they interrelate with one another. The space is very well established and a certain movement exists in the painting.

Optical Art is a method of painting concerning the interaction between illusion and picture plane, between understanding and seeing. Op art works are abstract, with many of the better known pieces made in only black and white.

The Back Operation is situated on three planes formed on top of each other. The depth of the work is defined by the positioning of the characters in the scene.

Often the surfaces of the facets, or planes, intersect at angles that show no recognizable depth. The background and object (or figure) planes interpenetrate one another creating the ambiguous shallow space characteristic of cubism.

Josef Albers (1888-1976) worked with large flat, geometric planes of solid colors to demonstrate theories of color contrasts and optical effects created by color.

The first object of the painter is to make a flat plane appear as a body in relief and projecting from that plane. -- Leonardo da Vinci Quote

You do ill if you praise, but worse if you censure, what you do not understand. -- Leonardo da Vinci ...

In the two dimensional plane, the creation of space is limited and defined. Space on a two dimensional surface can be created by overlapping shapes and vanishing points.
The gradation of values to create the illusion of light.

Orthogonal- Any line running back into the representational space of a picture perpendicular to the imagined picture plane.

Blending: Fusing two color planes together so no discernable sharp divisions are apparent.
Blocking in: The simplifying and arranging of compositional elements using rough shapes, forms, or geometric equivalents when starting a painting.

The Cubist style emphasized the flat, two-dimensional surface of the picture plane, rejecting the traditional techniques of perspective, foreshortening, modeling, and chiaroscuro and refuting time-honoured theories of art as the imitation of nature.

The Colour-Field painters, championed by Mark Rothko and Morris Louis, were known for their large planes of colour and deep attraction to myth and spirituality.

We see that Suprematism has swept away from the plane the illusions of two-dimensional planimetric space, the illusions of three-dimensional perspective space, and has created the ultimate illusion of irrational space, ...

The front of the picture plane (usually at the bottom of the picture).
The main part of the picture that draws the viewer's attention.

The space between two lines or planes that intersect.
A collection of static images joined together and shown consecutively so that they appear to move.

shape. A two-dimensional area or plane that may be open or closed, free-form or geometric. It can be found in nature or is made by humans.

Cues indicating an object's position in relation to the picture plane and to other objects, reflecting 3-D space on 2-D surfaces. Techniques include overlap, relative size or scale, highlighting/shading, aerial and vanishing-point perspective.

In all-over space, the forms are seen as occupying the same spatial depth, usually on the picture plane; also, they are all seen as possessing the same degree of importance in the painting.

Bas relief: the lowest degree of relief, in which all the carving lies within the hollowed-out area below the surface plane, and through an illusion of depth and roundness, looks like raised relief. See also Relief
Bozzetto: see Maquette ...

The area of a picture that appears closest to the viewer. It is often at the bottom of the picture plane.
An element of design. Form is sculptural or three-dimensional shape (e.g., cube, pyramid, sphere).

United States. Also known as Cubist Realism. Realistic rendering with emphasis on geometric forms and flat planes. Emphasis on sharply defined detail. Related to Magic Realism.

Art Deco ...

A structural distortion of the support whereby the support has become twisted, turned or bent out of shape; no longer flat or in plane. Warping Examples
Water Damage: ...

He gradually began to reject the idea of the artist depicting a subject from just one viewpoint. Instead he presented it from many different viewpoints in an abstract fragmented form, with all the planes overlapping and interpenetrating, ...

Sfumato - From the Italian work for 'smoke', a technique of painting in thin glazes to achieve a hazy, cloudy atmosphere, often to represent objects or landscape meant to be perceived as distant from the picture plane.

postmodernism seeks to recover truths and values from various forms of premodern thought and practice. Constructive postmodernism wants to replace modernism and modernity, which it sees as threatening the very survival of life on the planet.

Surrealism occupied artists in diverse locations, including Europe, the United States, South America, and Mexico. The concept that the human mind could transcend the earthly plane was a central way to view the "absolute reality" described by Breton.

Artists such as Ellsworth Kelly, he felt, had moved away from the dogmatic attitudes of artists such as Mondrian and van Doesburg, and were using broad, flat color planes and hard edges in a more open manner.

Minimal artists focused on colour, formation, and geometric shape. Sometimes artwork was devised on a mathematical grid map. Artists used repetition and large planes of pure colour, often applying paint directly from the tube.

Often the surfaces intersect at seemingly random angles, removing a coherent sense of depth. The background and object planes interpenetrate one another to create the shallow ambiguous space, one of cubism's distinct characteristics.

See also: See also: Painting, Movement, Expression, Sculpture, Composition

Fine arts  Pittura metafisica  Planographic

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