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Proportion refers to the relative size and scale of the various elements in a design. The issue is the relationship between objects, or parts, of a whole.

A principle of design, it refers to the relationship of elements to the whole and to each other; a ratio. Often proportion is allied with another principle of art, emphasis.


Proportion concerns the relationships (in terms of size) of the parts of persons, buildings, or objects. "Correct proportions" may be judged intuitively ("that statue's head seems the right size for the body").

proportion. The size relationships of one part to the whole and of one part to another.
rectilinear. Formed or enclosed by straight lines to create a rectangle.

Proportion: a sense of appropriateness in the size relationship of different parts of a work.

Proportion- The relation of one thing to another with respect to size and placement.
Radial balance- A type of balance in which lines or shapes spread out from a center point.
Realism- Art style which renders life in a life-like way.

PROPORTION the relationship of one object to another in size, shape, number or degree.
RAINBOW an arc of colors made from the sun and refraction of water.
RADIAL DESIGN branching out from the middle.

A principle of art referring to the relationship of various elements of art to the whole composition and to each other; also refers to size relationships.
Repetition: ...

proportion: the relationship in size of one component of a work of art to another.
R ...

Size relationships between parts of a whole, or between two or more objects perceived as a unit.

The relation of one part to the whole or to the other parts (e.g., the size of a head relative to a body). Proportion also refers to the relative sizes, or scale, of the visual elements in a composition.
Protrude ...

proportion The size relationship of parts to a whole and to one another.

The harmonious relation of parts to each other or to the whole. The relationship or comparison of two or more images or objects in terms of size, weight, and emphasis.

In painting, sculpture and architecture, the ratio between the respective parts and the whole work. The following are important: 1.

Refers to the harmonious relation of parts to each other or to the whole.
Pulley ...

altered proportion - A technique used by an artist to change the size relationship of shapes in an artwork.
Also see miniature, monumental, and proportion.

Proportion is another crucial aspect that needs to be considered for wall art. When designing a small space, try to find prints that are sized appropriately (18x24 in., 9x12 in.) and then nicely hang the series horizontally or vertically.

A principle of design. Proportion may be described as the relationship between objects with respect to size, number, etc.
Representational art.
Art whose subject matter contains recognizable images from real life.

The dimensions, or scale, of the various parts of an image or object, in relation to each other and to the object as a whole. The golden ratio 1:1.618 is considered an elegant proportion.
SCALE: ...

Scale or relationship of one part of a work of art to the other and to the whole. Figure (adult seven-and-a-half heads high). Three-and-a-half heads from waist to top of head; four from waist to ties. Arms fall at mid-thigh. Portrait.

proportion - A principle of design, proportion refers to the comparative, proper, or harmonious relationship of one part to another or to the whole with respect to size, quantity, or degree; a ratio.

Study of proportions (Vitruvius Man)
study of the porportions of the head and body ...

Rhythmic proportions in Sonata III of Sonatas and Interludes for prepared piano ...

Canon of proportions- A set of ideal mathematical ratios in art based on measurements of the human body.
Caricature- An artwork that exaggerates individual peculiarities usually with humorous or satirical intent.

scale: proportion or measurement.
sequence: a series of images, drawings, or art works that shows the development of an idea or story line.
sgraffito: a technique that involves scratching through one layer to reveal another.

The greater proportion of the art in stone that has survived was used to decorate sacred structures. Secular monuments certainly existed, and monarchs and nobles built themselves imposing palaces and mansions.

Hierarchic Proportion
Use of unnatural proportion to reveal the relative importance of figures.
High Key ...

Only a small proportion of Plato's works was known during the Middle Ages in western Europe, though indirect knowledge of Platonic doctrine through many late ancient sources secured a significant fortuna down to the 15th century.

in painting, sculpture and architecture, this describes the ratio between the respective parts and the whole work, as annunciated (for instance) in the Canon of Proportion, ...

Proportion - Proportion is the relation of one part to another and the relation of these parts to the whole ...more info ...

Encounter with proportion and perspective
The first Italian journey
At the end of May 1494 Durer returned to Nuremberg where he married shortly afterwards on 7 July. The family chronicle provides the following information about this: ...

FACEMAP: a proportional map of the human features
FANTASY: product of the imagination
FAUVES: the name given to a group of young painters around 1905-10 who used vibrant, unnatural colors. Matisse and Derain were leading members.

In Parmigianinos Madonna with the Long Neck (1534-40), Mannerism makes itself known by elongated proportions, affected poses, and unclear perspective. ... Adoration, by Peter Paul Rubens. ...

The sensitized gelatin layer hardens in proportion to the amount of light received - hardened gelatin becomes non-absorbent, whereas non-exposed areas will remain soft and receptive to water.

In capitalistsociety, hypocrisy and cynicism have now lost all sense of proportionand are becoming more outrageous every day.

When we look at icons, we are struck by their apparent simplicity, by their overemphasized flatness, unreal colors, lack of perspective, and strange proportions.

From Brunelleschi he acquired a knowledge of mathematical proportion that was crucial to his revival of the principles of scientific perspective.

A proportion, also known as the Golden Mean, which has been employed for centuries by artists in the composition of paintings.

Sections called ornaments (door- and window-frames, elements proportioning walls, e.g. pilasters, engaged columns, cornices) in Renaissance architectural descriptions were separated from the wall-face as if picture-frames and were carved from stones ...

By the late 15th century the novelty of the first explosive advances of Renaissance style had given way to a general acceptance of such basic notions as proportion, contraposto (twisted pose), and linear perspective; ...

They focused on the laws of proportion for architecture, the human body, and space. The term Early Renaissance encompasses most 15th century art.

Golden section: or cut or mean: See section on Proportion; geometrical proportion - going back to Plato and Euclid - often used by artists and architects consciously or unconsciously in the composition of their paintings and buildings.

The gelatine hardens in proportion to the amount of light received, the unexposed parts remaining soft and capable of retaining moisture, and the printing can therefore be done, ...

Paintings contained artificial color and unrealistic spatial proportions. Figures were often elongated and exaggerated, positioned in imaginative and complex poses.

It was during this time that the artists and artisans portrayed perfectly proportioned bodies of young, buff men (and women). In fact, no human body - ever was - or ever will be, as well proportioned as the Greek statues.

This is a style of art in which traditional adherence to realism and proportion is overridden by the intensity of an artist's emotional response to the subject.

Bronze - An alloy of copper and tin, sometimes containing small amounts of other elements in varying proportions such as zinc and phosphorus. Harder and more durable than brass and used extensively since antiquity for casting sculpture.

After the realistic depiction of the human form and the mastery of perspective achieved in high Renaissance Classicism, some artists started to deliberately distort proportions in disjointed, irrational space for emotional and artistic effect.

The ancient Greeks and Romans, with their emphasis on perfect proportions, were the model exponents.

An alloy of copper and tin, sometimes containing small proportions of other elements such as zinc or phosphorus. It is stronger, harder, and more durable than brass, and has been used most extensively since antiquity for cast sculpture.

The Ionic order is based on a set of proportions and includes a particular kind of column base and lintel as well as capital. The order was also used by the Romans.

Collectively these works and others of the period show his increasing technical mastery of the woodcut and engraving media, his understanding of human proportions based on passages by the ancient Roman writer Vitruvius, ...

Donatello showed himself in this so admirable, both for proportion and execution, that truly it may be compared to any ancient work.

Scale refers to relative dimensions, without difference in proportion of parts, ...

A form of INTAGLIO printing whereby the whole PLATE is roughened to produce a burr which will carry INK. The artist then scrapes down the burr in proportion to the degree of lightness required.

scale - the relationship between the size or intensity of surface qualities which establishes a sense of relative proportion and emphasis.

Day 16: Resizing Methods - Here you'll learn 5 easy methods for creating a drawing that is larger or smaller than your original reference photo. One of the methods involves using a proportional divider, ...

I see every thing I paint in this world, but everybody does not see alike. To the eyes of a miser a guinea is more beautiful than the sun, and a bag worn with the use of money has more beautiful proportions than a vine filled with grapes.

An art and design principle concerned with the arrangement of one or more elements in a work of art so that they appear symmetrical (even) or asymmetrical (uneven) in design and proportion.

A distorted or monstrous projection or representation of an image on a plane or curved surface, which, when viewed from a certain point, or as reflected from a curved mirror or through a polyhedron, appears regular and in proportion; ...

See also: See also: Painting, Sculpture, Renaissance, Classic, Movement

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