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HumanitiesWeb.org - Glossary definition: Three-Dimensional Three-Dimensional
Having, or appearing to have, height, width, and depth.


Three-dimensional
Having three dimensions height, width and depth.
Throwing ...

three-dimensional. Having height, width, and depth. Also referred to as 3-D.
tint. Color lightened with white added to it.
tone. Color shaded or darkened with gray (black plus white).

three-dimensional Having height, width, and depth.
throwing The process of forming clay objects on a potter's wheel.
tint A hue with white added.

three-dimensional
Something that is three-dimensional (3-D) sticks out into space, like a box, and has height, width, and depth.
time-based
An artwork in which time plays an important role. Time-based mediums include film, video, sound, performance, etc.

Three-dimensional form, often implying bulk, density and weight. Also, the illusion of such a form on a two-dimensional surface.
Master Mold
The plaster shape from which repeated copies of a mold can be made.

three-dimensional - Having, or appearing to have, height, width, and depth. Also see chiaroscuro, compass rose, direction, form, illusion, mass, perspective, sculpture, shadow box, space, statue, two-dimensional, and wireframe.

Three-dimensional form
Objects which have height, width, and depth.
Thumbnail sketches
Small drawings used to develop an idea or composition.

A three-dimensional work of art. Such works may be carved, modeled, cast or otherwise constructed or assembled using a variety of materials.
serigraph ...

A three-dimensional work of art, or the art of making it. Such works may be carved, modeled, constructed, or cast. Sculptures can also be described as assemblage, in the round, and relief, and made in a huge variety of media.
Secondary colors ...

A three-dimensional composition made from a variety of traditionally non-artistic materials and objects.
Glossary
Geometry and Magic
In the late 1940s and early 1950s Nevelson traveled to Central America, where she was enchanted by the 'world of geometry and magic'3 of the Mayan ruins she saw.

A three-dimensional example of Art Deco is found in the glass creations of the Frenchman, Rene Lalique. While he was a classic artist of Art Nouveau, he produced a special series of Art Deco glasses and bowls with geometric, floral, and stylized bird decorations.

A three-dimensional work of art which may be carved, modeled, constructed, or cast.
Shape:
The element of art that has two dimensions: length and width.

In this three-dimensional sculpture, the movement is implied. Shiva is shown in the dance of destruction and recreation of the universe. His hair (some of it has been broken off) streams out on either side of Shiva's head, while his arms shift position as they are repeated from left to right.

Creating three-dimensional forms on a two dimensional surface.
Learn to draw in three dimensions
Basic Lessons in Perspective - Learn to Draw Online ...

Working in three-dimensional, mixed media assemblage, I am conceptually concerned with the interplay between heart/mind experience and contemporary, cultural power structures typified in themes of power and powerlessness, oppression and resistance, life and death.

FORM a three-dimensional shape, such as the human form or an abstract form.
FOUND OBJECT an object which an artist has not made, but has chosen to exhibit as a work of art. It can be a natural object, such as driftwood, or a man-made object such as a bottle.

Traditional three-dimensional art of the indigenous people of the Northwest Coast can be characterized as highly sculptural, including relief and sculpture in the round, with geometrically stylized totemic"memorial"symbols integrated into the composition of the piece (89.4.1963).

The mass of three-dimensional shapes in space.
visual economy
As used in art, a paring down to the essential elements required to achieve a desired effect.

helix - A three-dimensional spiral; a curve that lies on a cylinder or cone. Spirals — helixes and volutes — are among the ten classes of patterns. The chirality of a helix is the direction of its turning, or handedness.

Sculpture: Any three-dimensional form created as an artistic expression. Sculpture is primarily concerned with space: occupying it, relating to it, and influencing the perception of it.

modeling - Three-dimensional effect created by the use of changes in color, the use of lights and darks, cross-hatching, etc.

Description of three-dimensional work that is the counterpart of collage, which is two-dimensional. Assemblage is composed of non-art materials, often found objects, that are seemingly unrelated but create a unity. It originated with Pablo Picasso and George Braque and Cubism.

From rabbinical literature dealing with the issue, it appears that the main aversion has always been against three-dimensional art, which might simulate the implements of the Temple. Indeed, there has been hardly any Jewish sculpture prior to the modern era.

Three-dimensional - Three-dimensional refers to something having depth, or composed of elements arrange at various distances from the spectator ...more info
Tonal Range - In art, tonal range is the range from light throug to dark of an object or of an entire painting ...more info ...

The important thing to know about assemblage is that it is "supposed" to be three-dimensional and different from collage, which is "supposed" to be two-dimensional (though both are similarly eclectic in nature and composition). But! ...

While portal guardians are three-dimensional at the front, their sides are only carved in relief.4 They take the form of animals (real or imaginary) or animals with human heads. (Animal-human hybrids are another common feature of traditional art throughout the world.G48) ...

A sculpture is a three-dimensional object, which for the purposes of this article is man-made and selected for special recognition as art. A person who creates sculpture is called a sculptor.
Silhouette ...

assemblage: a three-dimensional art object made up of found materials or objects.
bas-relief: a composition in shallow relief on a flat or curved surface (for example, on a coin).

Sculpture - A three-dimensional form modeled, carved, or assembled.
Secondary Colors - A hue created by combining two primary colors, as yellow and blue mixed together yield green. In pigment the secondary colors are orange, green, and violet.

Sculpture - A three-dimensional work of art that is modeled, carved or assembled from a variety of materials (such as stone, metal, glass or arbitrary materials).

Maquette - the three-dimensional scale model of the set for a theatrical production intended as a guide for construction ...

In fact, this type of courtly art complemented the Tuscan artists' work in defining the rules of three-dimensional vision, which could sometimes become almost too cerebral. It took the truly universal genius of Leonardo da Vinci to bring the two strands together at the end of the century.

During the mid-sixties American painting was declared dead by various critics including Minimalist sculptor/critic Donald Judd citing three-dimensional, volumetric objects as the embodiment of visual truth.

bozzetto Strictly speaking, a small three-dimensional sketch in wax or clay made by a sculptor in preparation for a larger and more finished work. By extension, a rapid sketch in oil, made as a study for a larger picture. breviary A book of daily prayers and readings used by priest and monks.

Because a painted image is physically two-dimensional, a painter must have some tool to create a false, but convincing illusion of three-dimensionality. Value is that tool. The effects of value are most easily seen in a black and white drawing.

After 1908, Picasso joined with Braque and other like-minded artists to explore the representation of three-dimensional objects on a two-dimensional surface by means of overlapping planes.

It will appear to move correctly or appear stable and appropriately three-dimensional. But if the two subdivisions are not balanced in their response to an object, it may look peculiar.

His work also became more three-dimensional to the point where he started producing large, free-standing metal pieces, which, although they are painted upon, might well be considered sculpture.

Many of the pioneers in Constructivism had also studied Suprematist ideas, but they increasingly experimented with three-dimensional designs.

For example, in the Large Cardinal dating from 1526, which is a second copperplate portrait of Cardinal Albrecht of Brandenburg, the subject appears in profile and his shoulders are slightly slanted, giving him a more three-dimensional appearance.

He was fascinated not only by different motifs in, say, Taddeo Gaddi's or Ambrogio Lorenzetti's monumental frescoes, but - and in this respect he was unique in his own period - he adopted the essential greatness of their art: their method of representing three-dimensional space by the use of ...

The representation of three-dimensional objects on a flat surface so as to produce the same impression of distance and relative size as that received by the human eye.

"Assemblage is an artistic process in which a three-dimensional artistic composition is made from putting together found objects. It is the 3-dimensional cousin of collage.

An artistic genre of three-dimensional works designed to transform a viewer's perception of a space.

Perspective, which had been used since the Early Renaissance, was a geometric formula that solved the problem of how to draw three-dimensional objects on a two dimensional surface. CÚzanne felt that the illusionism of perspective denied the fact that a painting is a flat two-dimensional object.

Sharp angular shapes alongside soft curving lines do not attempt to be three-dimensional. This artists approach is well mannered and highly stylized: As were the aristocracy who frequently commissioned portraits from her. Tamara de Lempicka was an accomplished artist.

Cubism is essentially the fragmenting of three-dimensional forms into flat areas of pattern and color, overlapping and intertwining so that shapes and parts of the human anatomy are seen from the front and back at the same time.

Perspective in general is a means of constructing a convincing impression of three-dimensional space on a two-dimensional surface. Linear perspective primarily uses line to produce this effect. Aerial perspective, however, primarily uses tone and colour.

His were some of the earliest pieces to come off of the walls of cathedrals, occupying three-dimensional space. His figures use the classical contrapposto stance (relaxed and not rigid). His David is also believed to be the very first full-scale nude sculpture since ancient times.

A contour drawing has a three-dimensional quality, indicating the thickness as well as height and width of the forms it describes.

Paradoxically, it is CÚzanne's fidelity to what he saw that accounts for this "denial" of logic and three-dimensional space. It is not so much that he is deliberately flattening space.

With this new technique of pasting colored or printed pieces of paper in their compositions, Picasso and Braque swept away the last vestiges of three-dimensional space (illusionism) that still remained in their "high" Analytic work.

Cortona used a combination of parallel hatching and stumping to achieve the fine gradations of surface tone that give this head three-dimensional volume.

In a sense, all painting is based on tricks of visual perception: manipulating rules of perspective to give the illusion of three-dimensional space, mixing colors to create the impression of light and shadow, and so on.

Technique of representing three-dimensional space on a flat or relief surface giving a sense of depth. Linear perspective foreshortens objects as they recede into the distance with lines converging to a vanishing point.

Perspective: Representing three-dimensional volumes and space in two dimensions in a manner that imitates depth, height and width as seen with stereoscopic eyes.
Polychrome: Poly=many, chrome or chroma=colors. Can refer to artwork made with bright, multi-colored paint.

Assemblage differs from collage in (theoretically) being a three-dimensional artwork, whereas collage is two dimensional, though the boundary between the two can be blurred.
See Also:
References:
1. "Assemblage" in the Oxford Companion to Western Art, editor Hugh Brigstocke, p36.

perspective: system of representing three-dimensional objects on a two-dimensional surface, giving the illusion of depth in space. Linear perspective deals with drawing, and atmospheric perspective attempts to use color and value changes to get the effect of distance.

One way that a photograph differs from the way that we perceive things in reality is that our eyes see in stereoscopic vision, whereas a photograph flattens all sense of three-dimensional depth. To compensate for this difference, the stereograph was invented.

A certain amount of chiaroscuro has the effect of light modeling in painting, where three-dimensional volume is suggested by highlights and shadow.
(printmaking)The term has also been applied since the later 18th century to a printmaking technique using aquatint, xylography or china ink drawing.

Matisse's methodical studies led him to reject traditional renderings of three-dimensional space and to seek instead a new picture space defined by movement of colour.

A sculpture is considered three-dimensional. What do you think Fontana was suggesting by his comment that he wanted to explore the fourth dimension?
Research Questions ...

Perspective. A means of creating the illusion of depth or three-dimensionality on a two-dimensional surface, using linear perspective and reduced saturation to make objects appear smaller and farther away as they disappear into the horizon.

ASSEMBLAGE - A technique of combining various elements into a three-dimensional mixed-media construction. Contemporary artists seem to be particularly fond of using 'found objects.' Among African American artists, Lloyd Toone is a master of assemblage.

Schiacciato, or shallow relief, was a way of carving marble so as to give a three-dimensional impression on a flat surface. In effect, Donatello made his figures and scenes come to life, an innovation that helped catapult the art world into the High Renaissance.
Donatello Bibliography
Top ...

shadow box
A frame made from a deep molding in which three-dimensional objects may be displayed.

shrink wrap(ping)
(n) A clear plastic film which shrinks when heated. It comes in various qualities and thicknesses. (v) The act of wrapping an object in this film.

Form.
An element of design. Form is sculptural or three-dimensional shape (e.g., cube, pyramid, sphere).
Geometric shape.
A shape that is based on geometric figures (e.g., square, circle, triangle).

Atmospheric Perspective*
A device for suggesting three-dimensional depth on a two-dimensional surface. Forms meant to be perceived as distant from the viewer are blurred, indistinct, misty and often bluer.

chiaroscuro - The term chiaroscuro refers to the fine art painting modeling effect of using a strong contrast between light and dark to give the illusion of depth or three-dimensionality.

to describe the attempt to make a two-dimensional surface appear three-dimensional, by using the way the atmosphere and the light affect how we see things in the distance. In painting terms, this involves tone and colour rather than line.

It is impossible to see the whole of a fully three-dimensional object at once. To be fully viewed, it must be turned around or the observer must move around it, and by these actions the appearance is dynamic and constantly changing ...

An intaglio print made from a plate of board on which three-dimensional objects have been attached as in a collage.
Drypoint ...

Style: How did the artist or craftsperson execute his/her work? Are the figures in the work flat? Do the trees look three-dimensional? What colors were used and why? Looking into the style of a work will help you to better understand the artist's point of view.

Perspective: A technique for representing spatial relationships and three-dimensional objects on a flat surface so as to produce an effect similar to that as perceived by the human eye.
Pigment: Colored substances found in organic and inorganic sources; many are now prepared synthetically.

perspective A method of representing three-dimensional volumes and spatial relationships on a flat surface. photoengraving A photographic process of preparing plates in relief for letterpress printing. polychrome Of many or various colors. primary colors See colors, primary.

trompe l'oeil "Fool the eye" - something painted or otherwise presented in a way that is so realistic as to appear natural or three-dimensional.
turret A small, slender tower.

Led by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, the Cubists broke from centuries of tradition in their painting by rejecting the single viewpoint. Instead they used an analytical system in which three-dimensional subjects were fragmented and redefined from several different points of view simultaneously.

By wiping the glazes off as soon as they were applied, Rembrandt was able to create a bas-relief effect of remarkable three-dimensionality as the glaze remained in the nooks and crannies.

Artists emphasized transcendent time and place; the only worldly concern was with how one must behave in order to get into heaven. Thus the figures in Byzantine art tend to "hover" in space without weight and solidness, without inhabiting a three-dimensional space.

He painted in those styles until 1908. In 1908 Braque began to paint in the cubist style. Between 1908 and 1913 he began to study light and perspective. He used his studies to use shading of a cube to make it look both flat and three-dimensional at the same time.

At the same time as carrying the realistic tendencies of the 15th century to an extreme degree, he granted the geometry of the two-dimensional plane and the stereometry of three-dimensional space an importance unknown to the previous generation.

See also: See also: Painting, Movement, Sculpture, Composition, Expression

Fine arts  The ten  Three-dimensional space

 
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