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Hard frost

Gardening  Hard freeze  Hard pruning

Hard Frost Protection
You can give tender plants some hard frost protection by covering garden beds with sheets of plastic or tarps that trap the heat radiated by the earth.

hard frost
A frost where both the air and the soil has dropped below freezing. Many plants can survive a light frost but cannot survive a hard frost.
GardenWeb Glossary of Botanical Terms
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When temperatures fall below 28 Fahrenheit for a few hours. Tender plants may very well be killed by a hard frost, ...

Hard frosts are an organic gardeners best friend. They help condition soil by freezing the moisture within large clods and splitting them apart, ...

1. Before hard frosts begin, hoe soil over beets, carrots, and other root crops to protect any exposed shoulders, but keep the green leaves uncovered to let the plants continue to grow and sweeten.

Harvest after a hard frost or in early spring before new growth starts. To harvest in spring, place a 3- to 5-inch soil mulch over the parsnips. Parsnips are not poisonous if harvested in early spring.
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After fall's first hard frost, you should cut back the entire plant to the ground. Some gardeners have a difficult time cutting their plants back so drastically. Don't worry though; you will have beautiful plants again in the spring.

To protect roses using soil, after the first hard frost mound soil around the base of the canes. To reduce wind whipping, either tie the canes together or cut the canes to a manageable length and mound soil 8 to 10 inches around the canes.

For a late fall harvest, plant seeds according to the date predicted for the first hard frost, which in most locations means 25 degrees or lower.

Plant crocus corms in fall, six to eight weeks before a hard frost is expected and when soils are below 60 degrees F. This is usually during September and October in the North, and October and November in the South.

To get started, punch holes in the tops and bottoms of your containers, fill them with moistened seed starting mix, and sow your seeds after there are several hard frosts.

Dahlias are tender plants, so in areas prone to hard frosts, it's advisable to dig up the plants and overwinter them in a dry, cool spot. Do this after the foliage has been blackened by frost in the autumn.

We waited until the last predicted hard frost (crossing fingers that there won't be any more) before transplanting them outdoors.

After your plants have been killed back by hard frost, cut them back to the ground and provide a light airy mulch of evergreen branches or similar material.

Day-neutral strawberries will continue to set and ripen fruit all summer long until a hard frost puts them into dormancy. Day-neutral refers to the light sensitivity of the variety.

Generally, after the first hard frost, the foliage of most perennials starts to die and wither. There are two philosophies on when to remove the dead foliage. One approach is to immediately remove the dead foliage.

You can plant your garlic after your last hard freeze and it will even tolerate a hard frost unscathed. Once your garlic blooms it should be ready to dig up.

You can if you heavily mulch after the first hard frost in the fall (usually around the end of September). Cover your carrots with about 12 to 18 inches of dried tree leaves/straw mix.

They've been growing a long time and have been through several hard frosts. That makes them big, but lovely and sweet. The carrots have been growing since March and have reached a reasonable size.

Hard frosts do kill the leaves of this grass, which means only regions with mild winters generally see this grass grow all season long.

Dahlias will succumb to a hard frost. Dig up the tubers, and place them in a bed of dry sand. Store them in your cellar over the winter and replant them in the spring. You can mark the tubers with the flower color if desired.

Before hard frost, cover un-harvested carrots and beets with a 12-18″ layer of straw or leaves. (The shoulders of beets are susceptible to frost damage, so be sure to cover them before heavy frost). Lift back the mulch and harvest as needed.

To do this, simply wait until after a good hard frost (which kills the adult moths) and then (a) cut back all iris leaves to a couple of inches and (b) remove all dead leaves and stalks as well as any debris and mulch that's near the plants.

For transplants, start seeds 8 to 10 weeks before the last hard frost.

The rule of thumb is to remove winter mulch in the spring, when all danger of a hard frost is past. That's sometimes very hard to judge, as anyone who's experienced an Easter snowstorm can attest.

November is the month when the hard frosts and heavy rain usually arrive so it's important to grab whatever time you can on the plot in case you don't get another chance.
An allotment in November, soil turned over and lime applied
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After there have been a couple of hard frosts (but before temperatures drop to below 20 degrees (F)), cover the strawberry bed with 3" of mulch. Straw and hay make wonderful mulch for strawberries.

If you live in zone 9 or above, your freesias can remain in the ground, but if you're below zone 9, dig them up after the first hard frost, and remove the dead foliage.

Many perennials grown in regions with extreme winters can be considered annuals because they will die back due to the hard frosts in the fall. We refer to these perennials as 'tender perennials.

In the Coastal South and Tropical South it's an evergreen shrub. In the Lower South it dies back to the ground after a hard frost but returns the next season to bloom fine. Just cut the stems back to the ground after a hard frost.

In the fall, after several hard frosts when the ground is frozen, mulch with straw or chopped leaves 4-6' inches deep.
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Daylilies ...

For fall crops, plant eight weeks before the first hard frost to produce good-sized plants before the days become too cold for further growth.

those of us without a cold frame or hoop house to protect plants from a hard frost). Just know that while it's not too late to plant now, your yields will not be as great as they will be for the gardeners who planted a few weeks ago.

Geraniums are perennials that require special care in the winter because they cannot survive hard frosts. You can, however, overwinter your geraniums and replant them every spring.
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Move Geraniums Indoors From Your Garden ...

All year if cloche protection in hard frost.
3 months
Attractive flowers. Can be grown indoors. Suitable for containers ...

The tubers do not form till late summer to autumn so yields can be low if you get early hard frosts, unless you protect the plants. When freshly harvested the tubers have a pleasant acid-lemon flavour and can be eaten raw or cooked.

Make sure you get them in before the first hard frost.
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The gourds should be harvested before chance of a a hard frost, with a few inches of stem left attached to the fruit. The gourds should be handled carefully, to avoid bruising or scratching the skin of the fruits.

The semi-hardy ones will be injured by a hard frost, but will grow in cool weather and not be harmed by a light frost.

Protect it on the first cool or light frost nights, but bring it indoors when hard frost is likely. Place the plant in a sunny, cool room. It needs 40- to 50-degree temperatures from Nov. 1 to Jan. 1.

In most parts of the country, it is best to inoculate your logs around the time of the last hard frost of the spring. However, growers in some areas have had good success with inoculating in the fall.

Wintertime fresh fruits can tolerate a couple of extremely mild frosts in autumn, but needs to be collected ahead of hard frost. Winter weather kinds have to have a extended growing period and much more backyard area for expansive crops.

Dry weather accelerates the process. For best results, choose early varieties, start plants in individual containers, and transplant after the hard frost in the spring. Late spring-seeded Chinese cabbage will also go to seed.

Summer squash is best harvested young and tender. Outside skin should be soft. Winter squash should have a hard outside skin. Harvest winter squash before hard frost.
Tomatoes ...

Tender fruit trees were trained along south-facing walls that radiated heat to protect them from hard frosts, while soft fruits were grouped together under netted frames to defend them against birds.

Brussels sprouts, also a member of the cabbage family, may not have enough time to mature if they are planted in July. However, they are very tolerant to frosts. If planted early enough to form small heads before frost, they will withstand hard ...

Cut back foliage When foliage turns brown (after a hard frost), cut it to the ground.
Stake tall varieties Add peony rings or guards to support tall varieties that flop.

If you live in a region where this occurs regularly in winter, lift canna rhizomes and winter store them. After a hard frost, the foliage of your cannas will die back. Cut the stems back to about six inches.

The leaves curl in cold winter weather, exposing the central part of the leaf but not the edges, resulting in the area near the main vein becomes desiccated and turns brown. To prevent this, water plants thoroughly before the first hard frost, ...

Any free draining soil in the garden, or free draining potting mix in containers is suitable. My own experience suggests that keeping the bulbs out of strong sunshine is best, and protection from hard frosts is advised.

See also: See also: Frost, Plant, Soil, Flower, Spring

Gardening  Hard freeze  Hard pruning

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