By Colleen Vanderlinden
Definition: Loam is the ideal garden soil for growing most plants. It is porous, nutrient-rich, and retains moisture. Loam is composed of equal parts of the three main soil types: clay, silt, and sand.
loam (syn. loamy soil)
1. A generally fertile and well-drained soil, containing clay, sand, and a significant amount of decomposed organic matter. 2. Any soil.
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Loam: As you've probably already guessed, loam is a combination of sandy and clay soils. In fact, most people tend to have some sort of this combination in their lawns.
Loam: The ideal soil holds air, water, and nutrients in a balance of sand, silt, clay, and organic matter. It's easy to work. A handful of loam holds its shape when squeezed, and crumbles when squeezed harder.
Any good well-kept garden soil fits this category. Yearly additions of organic matter help develop a good loam. Where a poor soil is to be planted for the first time, amend it by mixing in at least 4 inches of organic matter.
Sandy loam ...
Loam: An ideal soil for gardening and agriculture made of a combination of sand, silt and clay in roughly equal proportions.
Considered to be one of the best kinds of soil, it contains a near equal mix of clay, silt, sand and organic material.
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Gardeners call loam a soil that is rich in organic material, does not compact easily, and drains well after watering. It is the ideal soil.
Loam: Good soil, usually easy to work, with equal proportions of silt, sand and clay and with a high proportion of humus.
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Soil that contains relatively equal parts of clay, sand and silt.
Loam is the term for a soil that has a favorable mix of sand and clay. It falls in between in most soil characteristics. It cultivates moderately well and is often fertile. Loam also holds moisture well.
Loam - A fertile soil of clay, sand and organic matter.
Manure - Organic matter used as organic fertilizer and contributes to the fertility of the soil by adding nutrients such as nitrogen, that is trapped by bacteria in the soil.
Loam A rich soil composed of clay, sand, and organic matter.
Lobed Divided deeply, as applied to leaves.
Lustrous Having a slight metallic gloss, less reflective than glossy.
LOAM - Good quality soil. Adequate supplies of clay, sand, and fiber must be present. Crumbly to the touch. Ideal for most gardening.
loam A soil with roughly equal influence from sand, silt, and clay particles.
lodge To fall over, usually due to rain or wind. Corn and tall grasses are examples of plants susceptible to lodging.
The ideal soil for a lawn is a loamy soil with a mix of clay, silt and sand. Too much clay, however, can compact the soil preventing the flow of oxygen and nutrients. Compacted clay-heavy soil can be aerated before fertilizing.
In loam (good garden soil): add 7 to 8 pounds per 100 square feet.
In heavy clay: add 8 to 10 pounds per 100 square feet.
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Sandy Loam - A combination of sandy soil and loam. Sand content provides good drainage. Loam contains more body and is a combination of silt, sand, and clay.
Spent Flowers - Dead or dying flowers.
Loam: Loam is a type of soil that contains a balanced mix of clay, sand and silt. A loose, moist loam that is dark in color is the best soil for the greatest number of plants.
Loam is the growing medium most home gardeners can only dream about, a combination of clay, sand & silt that drains well while retaining nutrients & allowing plants to root easily.
Loam soil: The best kind of soil. It's a combination of sand, silt, and clay. Loam absorbs water readily and stores it for plants to use.
Water at the Right Time of the Day
Early moring or night is the best time for watering to reduce evaporation.
Loam and silt feel smooth and retain their shape for longer that sandy soil, but not as rigidly as clay
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Loam: It has the consistency of rich, moist chocolate cake mix. Ideal. But don’t eat it.
Clay: It’s dense and tempts you to fashion a piece of pottery.
Loam is often used interchangeably with topsoil. However, a loam is soil with a certain mixture of ingredients such as sand, clay and silt. Buying soil in bulk allows a homeowner to create a mixture that best fits his needs.
Loam soils contain somewhat equal proportions of sand, silt and clay. Loam soils hold moisture and nutrients around the root zone, and drain well enough to deliver needed oxygen to the roots.
Soil that contains clay and sand
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A soil that contains a good balance of clay, sand and humus or decayed organic matter.
LOAM -- Good quality soil used in preparing compost. Adequate supplies of clay, sand and fiber must be present.
Good loam should be used for the topsoil - e.g., well-rotted manure, humus, peat moss, well-sifted leaf mold or heavy sand. Wood ashes are fine for spring, and lime may be used for loosening the soil.
Sandy Loam: Sandy loam is considered the ideal garden soil and consists of a mix of the three basic textures. However, don't run out to buy sand to add to your clay soil or vice versa. Mixing sand and clay will give you cement.
A silt loam will have a fairly high organic matter content--perhaps as much as 5 or 6 percent. This organic matter is sometimes called humus.
A sandy-loam soil could also be added to a 1.5 to 2 inch depth to help protect foliage from early emergence. This added soil depth will delay emergence the following year. Use care to not change grade too much around other landscape plants.
Of light loam, a few months from the common, one-third part, the best rotten dung, one-third part, leaf mould, and heath earth equal parts, making together one-third part: the whole well mixed for use.
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See also: Plant, Soil, Planting, Growing, Gardening