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Mulching: Spread Organic Materials In Fall To Protect Plants, Improve Soil
By The Old House Web
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Plant in well prepared soil. The soil can have 50% more organic material added than you would for other vegetables.
Spinach and some of the seeds in the Mesclun Mix should be planted in mid April or as soon as the ground can be worked.

Organic material - All vegetables need a healthy amount of organic material in the soil they grow in. Organic material serves many purposes. Most importantly, it provides many of the nutrients that plants need to grow and thrive.

Organic Material
Most anything that was a plant will naturally decompose.

Organic materials
Manure is excellent for a mulch or for incorporating into the soil. Only aged manure should be used, as there is chance of burn from fresh manure. All types add organic matter and are good soil builders.

Organic Materials To Avoid
Someday when your compost pile has shrunk and looks disappointedly small, you may scour your yard and home for organics to add to it. Some of those materials do not belong in your backyard compost pile.

Organic material Any material which originated as a living organism.
Ornamental Showy or visually pleasing.

OMRI- Organic Materials Review Institute
This national nonprofit organization produces a list of which input products are allowed for use in organic production and processing.

Other Organic Materials
Mulch looks nice and benefits your garden.

Organic materials which have not broken down sufficiently (fresh manures, manures with lots of wood shavings, fresh leaf piles, etc.) should be turned into the garden in the fall or a few weeks before planting or applied only in small quantities.

Organic materials decompose in nature to feed soil and make it healthy. You can imitate nature in your own yard by composting your yard waste and kitchen waste.

Organic materials, also known as organic amendments, break apart tight clays and hold water and nutrients in loose sands. Organic materials include compost, peat and manure.

Organic materials such as straw, hay, shredded leaves or grass clippings work well as mulches. You can apply dry materials such as old hay three to six inches deep.

Organic material can be added to soil in the form of compost, leave, grass clippings or decomposed manure. Mixing organic material into the soil prior to planting can give your plants the boost they need to growth and be productive.

Organic material is a natural part of soil and the cycle of life. All plants and animals eventually die and fall to the earth. There they decay, helped by other creatures such as insects, worms and microorganisms.

Organic material also encourages the development of fruit by retaining moisture and releasing micronutrients. You can add manure, peat moss or compost up to a year before planting your trees.

Organic material composes only about 1% of the soil in Oklahoma. It may be higher, up to 4-5% in the cooler upper mid West.

Organic materials can be added to the garden as individual fertilizer components. Wood ash can be used as a source of potassium in the garden. Grass clippings can also be used as potassium in the garden.

Organic material larger than 2 inches will slow down the compost process.
Nutrients
If grass clippings are not added to the compost occasionally add a high nitrogen fertilizer.

Organic Materials Review Institute - Certified Organic Seed and Planting Stock Sources, by Crop Category or Alphabetically.

All organic material will break down given enough time, but Costa needs a large volume as quickly as possible. To accelerate and control the decomposition, he is building a hot compost.

Add organic material, such as compost, manure, or shredded leaves to sandy soil to improve its ability to hold water and to clay soil to help it drain more quickly.
Photography by Suzanne DeJohn/National Gardening Association
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What Organic Materials Can Be Used in the Compost Pile
Most anything organic, but most popular materials are natural materials such as straw, leaves, pine straw, grass clippings, shrub clippings, garbage, fish scraps, water hyacinths, etc.

Mixing organic material (preferably compost) and natural soil amendments with your soil is of great importance to your success as a gardener (see Organic Matter Management).

As the organic material breaks downs it creates a soil warming effect.
And finally - it really works!
Worms.

Mulch: Organic material placed on the soil surface around plants to conserve moisture, prevent crusting, reduce soil erosion, control weeds and improve soil structure.

Compost
Organic material composed of decaying plant and animal matter for use in soil
Conifer
Woody trees and shrubs that produce cones. Common conifers include pines, firs, spruce, juniper, redwood and hemlocks ...

MANURE -- An organic material excreted by animals (usually from steer is sold commonly) this is used as a fertilizer and an amendment to enrich the soil.

Add Organic Material. For a healthy lawn, your soil must contain at least 2 to 5 percent of organic material. Your compost pile will provide you with these life giving nutrients.
Aerate the Area.

Add the necessary organic material (compost) and natural fertilizers in the appropriate quantities and work them into your soil as deeply as possible. Pitch forks are great for this as well as large shovels.

of organic material such as commercially prepared compost or manure and 2 - 3 small handfuls of a slow release fertilizer. Your local garden center can recommend the proper amendments to use based on the type of tree you're planting.

Any loose, usually organic material placed over the soil - such as ground bark, sawdust, straw or leaves - is a mulch. The process of applying such materials is called mulching. A mulch can serve various functions.

If manure and other organic material has not been used, apply fertilizer that contains both nitrogen and phosphorus before planting. All commercial fertilizers are labeled by the percentages of N-P-K; nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K).

Organic Matter or Organic Material
To a gardener, organic matter is something with organic compounds that you add to the soil as an amendment.

Soil amendment: Any organic materials you till into the soil to improve its texture and nutrient content.
Humus: The finished product of compost - a rich, black matter packed with nutrients that improves soil texture.

If your soil is heavy (clay), add organic material or plant in raised beds. Full sun is best, but eight hours will do.

Composting is nature's way of recycling and breaking down organic material back into the soil. You can add any plant material to the pile as long as it is disease-free.

For best results, incorporate organic material into the soil when planting.
Magnolias tolerate sun to partial shade, and open their sweetly scented blossoms in May and June.

Hunt around your town for a plentiful source of free organic material. You might try a horse farm, food processing plant, local wood shop, or grounds maintenance service.
Cover your pile for best results.

In borderline hardy areas, mulch with several centimetres of organic material, such as shredded leaves or compost, over winter. For added protection, erect a windbreak made of burlap attached to sturdy stakes around (but not touching) the plants.

Prepare the soil for planting by digging over and adding plenty of organic material, such as well-rotted manure or leaf mould - this will help to improve the soil's moisture-retaining ability and fertility.

Worms feed on decaying organic material and soil. Their digestive system concentrates the organic and mineral concentrations of the food they eat, so the castings are richer in available nutrients than the soil1 around them.

0, well mulched with organic material. Rhododendrons thrive in a moist, well-drained, humus-filled soil, enriched with peat moss or leaf mold. You only need to amend the soil if it is devoid of organic matter or if the pH is too high.

Mold spores are everywhere, and can grow on almost any organic material. Mold likes high temperatures (mid 70F), high humidity, darkness, and stagnant air.

Composting is the simple process of controlling the decomposition of organic materials so that they can be used as a soil amendment.

The best way to improve the soil condition is to add organic material such as straw, grass clippings and leaves.

Organic materials for composting all contain nutrients that provide energy and growth for microorganisms. These organic materials each have their own ratio of carbon to nitrogen (C:N) in their tissues (Table 1).

Organic materials used for compost should include a mixture of brown organic material (dead leaves, twigs, manure) and green organic material (lawn clippings, fruit rinds, etc.). Brown materials supply carbon, while green materials supply nitrogen.

Think about making use of the pile of organic materials as a growing medium. Throw in a few spuds, and keep piling more materials around them as they shoot, to encourage more roots and potentially more potatoes.

Soils should contain five percent organic material. Nearly all soils, whether clay, sandy or humus, benefit from the addition of organic matter.

In addition to man-made fertilizers, there are natural, organic materials that can be used to feed your lawn. A mulch mower chops up grass clippings and distributes them back onto the lawn, thereby returning nitrogen to the soil.

Carrots prefer a light soil which has been improved with lots of well-rotted organic material fully dug into the soil. Carrots grown on heavy soil, or where organic material is not well-rotted, will become misshapen and grow 'forked.

Fresh organic materials lose more than half their volume by the time they are fully decomposed. The best option, if available, is to add compost to the soil. After a few years of large additions you can decrease the amount to 1 in. each year.

Earthworms pull leaves, manure and other organic material from the earth's surface down below to use as food or as a plug for their burrows.

Remove weeds and spade in rich organic material. You'll have plenty of time to do this, since cucumbers are subtropical vines that prefer the sunny days and balmy nights of summertime.

It is best to used organic material that has been sterilized, but using grass clippings or tree leaves will help. Improving the soil is a continuing process so expect to add more organic material each season.

The water retention in light, sandy soil can be greatly increased by the addition of organic materials, and this in turn creates an ideal environment in which the worms will thrive.

The best gardens are rich in organic materials. Over time, your plants consumes the rich nutrients present in the soil. Those nutrients need to be replaced for future crops.

A layer of loose organic material spread thickly over the ground, to minimize weeds, help the intended plants retain moisture (keeps as much water from evaporating from the soil), ...

When planting in a container, always use potting soil that contains perlite or bark so the pot has good drainage and enough organic material to absorb and hold moisture.

COLD COMPOST: A method by which organic material just rots on its own. It may take months or years to naturally decompose. There may be a significant amount of weed seeds. And, there may be the danger of some disease organisms still in the compost.

A layer of material spread on top of the soil around plants. Organic material such as shredded bark, compost or leaf mold retain moisture and insulate roots. Inorganic material such as black plastic suppress weeds and retain moisture in the soil.

Composting lawn and garden waste is a great way to obtain organic material for your garden while reducing the environmentally negative aspects of trucking yard waste to the landfill.

Compost
A garden additive made from organic material such as garden & kitchen refuse that has been stored in such a way that air, moisture and sometimes worms will break down the materials into a homogeneous substance.

A bin into which is placed organic materials (grass clippings, leaves,vegtable and fruit peelings) in order to create compost.
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C:N ratio The ratio of carbon (C) to nitrogen (N) in organic materials. Materials with a high C:N ratio (high in carbon) are good bulking agents in compost piles, while those with a low C:N ratio (high in nitrogen) are good energy sources.

Compost - Decayed organic material used as a plant fertilizer.
Conifer - A cone-bearing tree or shrub, often evergreen, usually with needle-like leaves.

The selection and testing of undisturbed soils, buried materials such as wood, firepit remains, and other organic materials, for measurement of radioactive carbon 14 with a half-life of approximately 5,500 years, ...

Mulching
Cover spring-flowering bulb plantings with 2 to 4 inches of organic material after cold weather arrives in fall. Avoid unshredded leaves because they can mat down tightly. Remove the mulch in early spring.

Remove black plastic mulch or cover it with organic mulch. Cover soil with organic material such as compost to moderate temperature and retain moisture.
Monitor plants for insect problems and begin controls immediately.

California Integrated Waste Management Board
Information and resources for organic materials management and home gardening, including grasscycling, home composting, and worm composting.

These networks and tunnels are literally a transport system for nutrients and organic material.

Digging over roughly in the autumn, leaving a good surface area exposed to frost and adding plenty of bulky organic material can help to improve the condition and drainage of a clay soil.

You will need a lot of soil and organic material to make a raised bed that is of a decent size, but it is still easier to have the nursery dump a load of each where you want your bed than to dig through clay and rocks to make your bed.

standing crop search for term- weight or organic material that can be sampled or harvested at any one time from a given area, but may not necessarily include the entire plant.

See also: See also: Organic, Plant, Soil, Gardening, Flower

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