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Triangulation

GIS  Triangulated Irregular Network  Trilateration
04/18/2014

Triangulation can also refer to the accurate surveying of systems of very large triangles, called triangulation networks.


Delanuy triangulation
A process to derive TINs. Delaunay triangulation: by definition, 3 points form a Delaunay triangle if and only if the circle which passes through them contains no other point.

Triangulation of a point set is an important method with many applications including finite element simulations.

Delaunay Triangulation
Delaunay triangulation - [3D analysis] A technique for creating a mesh of contiguous, nonoverlapping triangles from a dataset of points.

Delaunay triangulation
See Also: Delaunay triangles, Thiessen polygons, Voronoi diagram ...

TRIANGULATION
3-3. During special surveys when the need to locate the position of a point that cannot be occupied arises, triangulation is necessary. This technique places special demands on the recon party.

Triangulation Station
A point on the Earth, the position of which is determined by triangulation. Also called trig point.
Triangulation Station in the Santa Monica Mountains, California.
GIS Acronyms that start with T ...

Triangulation
In the past it was difficult to accurately measure very long distances, but it was possible to accurately measure the angles between points many kilometres apart, limited only by being able to see the distant beacon.

triangulation : A method of surveying in the location of an object may be calculated from the known locations of two other objects.

Triangulation
A method of determining the location of an unknown point, as in GPS navigation, by using the laws of plane trigonometry.
TRK
See Track.

Aerial Triangulation - (a.k.a. aerotriangulation) The mathematical process of establishing precise and accurate relationships between the individual photographic film coordinate systems and a defined datum and projection.

aerial triangulation - The process of developing a network of horizontal and vertical position from a group of known positions using measurements taken from aerial photographs and mathematical computations.

Triangulation from the satellite is the basis of the system.
To triangulate, the GPS measures the distance using the travel time of the radio message.
To measure travel time, the GPS need a very accurate clock.

Triangulation
A land surveying process, using simple trigonometry, in which the length of a line between two points and the angle or bearing from these two points to a third point is used to calculate the distance to that point.
True North ...

Triangulation - (1) The process of subdividing a 2-D geographic space into triangular-shaped units in digital terrain modeling. (2) The geodetic surveying process that establishes a network of horizontal control points for mapping purposes.

The Triangulation method does the transformation quite differently. It divide the image space into many small triangles based on your selected control points and generates a formula for each triangle.

Delaunay triangulation and Voronoi diagram example:
Delaunay Triangulation (left pane), Voronoi diagram (center pane), and both (right pane)
EXAMPLE
Commands used with the Spearfish dataset to create the above figure.

With the triangulation method, one first needs to know the horizontal distance to the object. If this is not known or cannot be measured directly, it is determined as explained in the triangulation article.

Delaunay triangulation: An optimal partitioning of the space around a set of irregular points into non-overlapping triangles and their edges.
DEM (Digital elevation model): A raster format gridded array of elevations.

Small area triangulation
SAW
Spill analysis workstation; Surface acoustic wave ...

4 GPS triangulation
GPS errors Although the GPS looks like a perfect system, there are a number of sources of errors which are difficult to eliminate (figure 6.5).

triangulation - Method of extending horizontal position on the surface of the Earth by measuring the angles of triangles and the included sides of selected triangles.

The first step in triangulation is to pick three topographic features that you can see and can identify on your map (mountains are ideal). Start with the first feature you have chosen and determine the bearing between you and it, as outlined above.

Brunson Electronic Triangulation System
BEV
Bundesamt fur Eich- und Vermessungswesen (Austria) ...

Delaunay triangulation p. 153 a network that connects each point in a set of points to its nearest neighbors; topological 'dual' of the Voronoi network. DEM p.

The second application, the Delone triangulation, is directly related to our topic. First we should consider that three points determine a plane.

The technique used to generate the TIN object, known as Delaunay triangulation, produces a set of triangles that are as equi-angular as possible.

In the 17th century there is the development of surveying equipment and triangulation methods, including the logarithms, theodolite, pendulum clock, and barometric level.

These discrepancies are the differences in coordinate (x and y) values derived by comparing the data being tested with values determined during aerotriangulation or by an independent survey of higher accuracy. All remaining inputs and processes (e.g.

A GPS based solution might be simpler and more economical than alternative techniques such as radio tower triangulation, leading to lower consumer costs.

The work consists in capturing topographic features in 3D based on photographs in the aerotriangulation database, according to ...

Surface models are formed using proven and tested triangulation methods and may represent existing topography, design, or a combination thereof.

On a trip in the Algoma District our group was trying to identify exactly where we were on a long shoreline using triangulation and comparing our grid references.

Careful 'mission planning' is essential to avoid times when the satellites offer a poor configuration for triangulation or when a reduced number of satellites are visible from the observation site.

It contains several different interpolation techniques including Inverse Distance, Kriging, Minimum Curvature, Polynomial Regression, Triangulation, Nearest Neighbor, Shepard's Method, Radial Basis Functions, Natural Neighbor, Moving Average, ...

The network itself contains a series of triangles, which is constructed by connected the points within a group of triangles called a Delaunay triangulation. There are two separate ways to construct a TIN.

When satellites are spread across the sky far from each other, the triangulation calculations result in precise locations. When satellites are bunched closely together, the location obtained is imprecise. DOP includes specific sources of imprecision: ...

One useful field instrument for determining location on the Earth's surface under field conditions is a GPS. A GPS uses triangulation and a network of satellites to calculate location to an accuracy of less than 30 meters.

This process is called triangulation and was the basis for Ordnance Survey's original creation of detailed mapping for the whole of Britain.

The very high accuracy, multi-dimensional network of stations being established within Canada through the cooperative efforts of the Federal and provincial governments. It is the Canadian replacement of the convetnional geodetic triangulation network ...

3D coordinates of earth features can be determined via stereoscopy (triangulation from two offset images of a similar location).Projected Coordinate SystemA method used to represent the curved, 3D surface of the earth on a 2D plane.

See also: See also: Information, Geographic, Model, Location, Map

GIS  Triangulated Irregular Network  Trilateration
04/18/2014

 
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