The Kalmyk people came to Russia in the 17th century and were of Mongolian origin, bringing livestock & horses with them. The horse earned a reputation for being hardy & possessing notable endurance, even if they were not especially beautiful to look at.
- Kalmyk -
This breed was once bred by the nomadic Kalmyk tribe, which dwelled ont eh steppes between the Caspian Sea and Manytchem, the estuary of the river Don. At one time the Kalmyk was spread as far out as Altay, where they were crossbred with the Kirgiz horse.
Kalmyk - mostly bay and sorrel
Karabair - bay, chestnut, gray, or black
Karabakh - chestnut or bay with a golden tint
Karacabey - extinct
Karachai - dark brown and black
Karakacan - almost all are bay in color ...
The new breed was developed by crossing native Kazakh steppe horses with Russian Don, Stralets, Astrakhan (improved Kalmyk) and halfbred Thoroughbred stallions. Nevertheless, at the onset the crossbreeding was unsuccessful.