Vulcanite is compressed (vulcanized)rubber. Vulcanite was a less expensive material than jet and used for similar jewelry items. Vulcanite is sometimes erroneously called gutta percha which is actually a substance from the Malayan palaquium tree of which very little survived.
Vulcanite (also called ebonite) is a hard, moldable, polished dark colored (ranging from brown to black) early rubber. Vulcanite was produced by adding sulfur to vulcanized rubber. It was used for combs, ornaments, and buttons. It is not the same as gutta percha.
Vulcanite: A hard, moldable dark brown or black plastic used for memorial pieces in the mid-Victorian period.
A hard, moldable dark brown or black early plastic sometimes erroneously called "gutta percha". This material was used for memorial pieces in the mid-Victorian period.
vulcanite - Hard rubber used for pulleys on watchmakers lathes or handles on tools. Formerly used as substitute for jet for mourning jewelry.
vulcanizer - A heated press used to vulcanize rubber molds and to make metal molds for the production of wax patterns.
Search vandyke collar A collar of linen or lace having a deeply indented or scalloped edge, first seen in the late seventeenth century portraits of Anthony Van Dyck. ~ A synthetic hard rubber developed in the late nineteenth century to imitate jet.
Synthetic diamond, not naturally occurring like most other synthetic gems, but difficult to distinguish from naturally occurring forms.
~, vulcanized natural or synthetic rubber, thus not a mineral due to organic composition, lack of crystal structure, and not naturally occurring.
Ebonite (also called ~) is a hard, moldable, polished dark colored (ranging from brown to black) early rubber. Ebonite was produced by adding sulfur to vulcanized rubber. It was used for combs, ornaments, and buttons. Ebonite is sometimes confused with gutta percha.
The earliest plastics, like ~, Bakelite, celluloid and lucite were used for a wide variety of purposes, including among them gem simulation.
Ebonite: An early rubber produced by adding sulfur to vulcanized rubber. It is dark, moldable and hard. Also known as ~. It is sometimes confused with gutta percha. Combs and buttons are some of its uses.
Ebony: A dense, hard and dark wood used sometimes in jewelry.
Following Albert's death in 1861, she continued to wear jewelry. Known as mourning jewelry, Queen Victoria wore it in tribute to her deceased husband. The pieces were black and made of various types of materials: gutta percha, ~, bog oak, ebonite and black glass.
Brooches, rings, pendants, earrings bracelets, rosary beads, pins and necklaces are made from this. Imitations abound and therefore buying real Jet is quite a task. French Jet is black glass made in USA. Dyed horn and plastics, ~, a sulpherized rubber, ...
This period was preceded by the Georgian period, and succeeded by the Edwardian period after Victoria died in 1901, and her son Edward became king ~A hard, moldable dark brown or black early plastic sometimes erroneously called "gutta percha".
See also: What is the meaning of Jewelry, Jewel, Black, Glass, Color?