Vulcanite is compressed (vulcanized)rubber. Vulcanite was a less expensive material than jet and used for similar jewelry items.
(also called ebonite) is a hard, moldable, polished dark colored (ranging from brown to black) early rubber. was produced by adding sulfur to vulcanized rubber. It was used for combs, ornaments, and buttons.
Vulcanite: A hard, moldable dark brown or black plastic used for memorial pieces in the mid-Victorian period.
A hard, moldable dark brown or black early plastic sometimes erroneously called "gutta percha". This material was used for memorial pieces in the mid-Victorian period.
vulcanite - Hard rubber used for pulleys on watchmakers lathes or handles on tools. Formerly used as substitute for jet for mourning jewelry.
Search vandyke collar A collar of linen or lace having a deeply indented or scalloped edge, first seen in the late seventeenth century portraits of Anthony Van Dyck. A synthetic hard rubber developed in the late nineteenth ...
Vulcanite, vulcanized natural or synthetic rubber, thus not a mineral due to organic composition, lack of crystal structure, and not naturally occurring.
Water, a liquid (but naturally occurring ice is a mineral).
Ebonite (also called ) is a hard, moldable, polished dark colored (ranging from brown to black) early rubber. Ebonite was produced by adding sulfur to vulcanized rubber. It was used for combs, ornaments, and buttons.
The earliest plastics, like vulcanite, Bakelite, celluloid and lucite were used for a wide variety of purposes, including among them gem simulation.
Ebonite: An early rubber produced by adding sulfur to vulcanized rubber. It is dark, moldable and hard. Also known as . It is sometimes confused with gutta percha. Combs and buttons are some of its uses.
Known as mourning jewelry, Queen Victoria wore it in tribute to her deceased husband. The pieces were black and made of various types of materials: gutta percha, vulcanite, bog oak, ebonite and black glass.
Imitations abound and therefore buying real Jet is quite a task. French Jet is black glass made in USA. Dyed horn and plastics, , a sulpherized rubber, or the sap of the Mayan tree is also passed off as Jet.
This period was preceded by the Georgian period, and succeeded by the Edwardian period after Victoria died in 1901, and her son Edward became king VulcaniteA hard, ...
See also: Jewelry, Jewel, Black, Glass, Color